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called on his patient on his way, continued perfectly resigned to but could spend but a few min- the divine will, until death was utes with him. He, however, swallowed up in victory, on the examined carefully into Mr. T.'s 8th day of March, 1777. His complaints, and the symptoms 'body was buried in his own attending the disorder. With church, at Freehold, a numerous great candour the physician in- concourse of people, composed, formed his patient, that the at- not only of the members of his tack appeared unusually violent; own congregation, but of the inthat the case required the best habitants of the whole adjacent medical aid, and that it was out country, attending his funeral. of his power to attend him. He Mr. Tennent was rather more feared that, at his advanced age, than six feet high ; of a spare there was not strength of nature thin visage, and of an erect carsufficient to overcome so severe riage. He had bright, piercing a shock, and that his symptoms eyes, a long, sharp nose, and a scarcely admitted of a favourable long face. His general counteprognostic. The good old man nance was grave and solemn, but received this news with his at all times cheerful and pleasant usual submission to the divine with his friends. It may be said will; for, as he had always con- of him with peculiar propriety, sidered himself as bound for that he appeared, in an extraoreternity, he had endeavoured so to dinary manner, to live above the live, that when the summons world, and all its allurements. should come, he would have He seemed habitually to have nothing to do but to die. He such clear views of spiritual and calmly replied, “I am very sen- heavenly things, as afforded him sible of the violence of my disor- much of the foretaste and enjoyder, that it has racked my con ment of them. His faith was stitution to an uncommon de really and experimentally “the gree, and beyond what I have substance of things hoped for, ever before experienced, and and the evidence of things unthat it is accompanied with seen." Literally his daily walk symptoms of approaching disso- was with God, and he lived as lution ; but, blessed be God, I seeing him who is invisible.” have no wish to live, if it should The divine presence with him, be his will and pleasure to call was frequently manifested in his me hence.” After a moment's public ministrations, and in his pause, he seemed to recollect private conduct. His ardent soul himself, and varied the expres- was seldom satisfied, unless he sion thus : "Blessed be God, I was exerting himself, in some have no wish to live, if it should way or other, in public or pribe his will and pleasure to call vate, in rendering kind offices me hence, unless it should be to and effectual services of friendsee a happy issue to the severe ship, both in spiritual and temand arduous controversy my poral things to his fellow men. country is engaged in; but, Take him in his whole demeaneven in this, the will of the our and conduct, there are few of Lord be done."
whom it might more emphaticalDuring his whole sickness, hely be said, that he lived the life,
and died the death of the right- Sir ?” Mr. Tennent answered, eous.
“ You have been sending your He was well read in divinity, whole congregation, synod and and was of sound orthodox prin- all, to perdition, and you have ciple. He professed himself a not even saved yourself. Whenmoderate Calvinist. The doc- ever I preach, I make it a rule to trines of man's depravity ; the save myself,” and then abruptly atonement of the Saviour ; the left him, without his knowing, absolute necessity of the all. who spoke to him. powerful influence of the Spirit At Mr, Tennent's death, the of God, to renew the heart and poor mourned for him, as their subdue the will ; all in perfect patron, their comforter and supconsistence with the free agency port ; and the rich lamented of the sinner, were among the over him as their departed pasa leading articles of his faith. tor and friend, The public, at These doctrines, indeed, were large, lost in him a firm asserter generally interwoven in his pub- of the civil and religious interlic discourses, whatever might ests of his country. He was be the particular subject discuss. truly a patriot, not in words and ed. His success was often an. pretences, not in condemning all swerable to his exertions. His who differed from him to propeople loved him as a father; scription and death, but in acting revered him as the pastor and in such a manner, as would have bishop of their souls ; obeyed rendered his country most hap. him as their instructor ; and de- py, if all had followed his exam. lighted in his company and pri- ple. He insisted on his own vate conversation as a friend and rights and freedom of sentiment, brother. He carefully avoided but he was willing to let others making a difference between his enjoy the same privilege ; and doctrines publicly taught and his he thought it of as much imporprivate practice. Attending a tance to live and act well, as to synod, a few years before his think and speak justly. . death, a strange clergyman, May all, who read the me, whom he never had before seen, moirs of this amiable and useful was introduced to the synod, and man, fervently and constantly asked to preach in the evening. beseech that God, with whom is Mr. Tennent attended, and was the residue of the Spirit, that much displeased with the ser- their life may be that of the mon. As the congregation were righteous, so that their latter "going out of the church, Mr. end may be like his : and that
Tennent in the crowd, coming the Great Head of the church, up to the preacher, touch while he removes faithful and ed him on the shoulder, and said, distinguished labourers from the
My brother, when I preach, gospel vineyard, may raise up I'take care to save myself, others, who shall possess, even a " Whatever I do with my congre- double portion of their spirit, gation.” The clergyman look- and, who shall be even more ed 'behind him with surprise, successful in winning souls unto and seeing a very grave man, Jesus Christ, the great Bishop *said, “What do you mean of souls.
standing this judicious counsel, LIFE OF LUTHER.
Melancthon began to countc(Continued from page 9.)
nance them, attended their meet
ings, and even procured scholABOUT this period, that spirit ars for them. Carlostadt also of fanaticism which afterwards favoured their schemes ; and is raged with such violence, and said to have gone so far as to was productive of so much disor- barn every classical author which der and bloodshed in Germany, he possessed, declaring that hufirst began to appear. Stork, a man learning was unnecessary, clothier at Zwickaw, a town of and the Holy Spirit the only inUpper Saxony, as the leader of a structor who ought to be attended sect, chose, from among his fel. to. Luther determined to leave low-tradesmen twelve apostles his retreat, to correct, if possible, and seventy-two disciples, who these fatal mistakes of his friends all enthusiastically imagined that and fellow-citizens, and wrote the they had received clear and com Elector that this was his determimanding intimations from God, nation. Accordingly, though the with whom they had familiar Elector dissuaded him in the communications, of their being most urgent terms, by stating called to preach the gospel. the probable effect which this Their pretended revelations, step might have on the reformtheir fantastic dreams, and celes- ation in general, he was firm tial visions, of which they talked to his resolution, trusting in the with great solemnity and appear- protection of the God of heaven.* ance of veracity, not only im « God,” said he, “ calls and imposed on the ignorant and super- pels me; I will not resist the stitious, but startled Carlostadt call :—the consideration either and Melancthon, who knew not of your displeasure or of your what to think of them. In this favour, nay, the hatred and fury perplexity, they wrote an account of the whole world are to be disof all the circumstances to the regarded, when the state of religElector, and requested an inter- ion requires it." With confi. view with Luther, in whose dis- dence, he added, “I am firmly cernment they had full confi- persuaded that my word, or the dence. The Elector, though beginning of the gospel preached prejudiced against these impos. by me, is not of myself, but of tors, listened to Melancthon's God. Nor shall any form of letter, and though he refused to persecution, or death, make me set Luther at liberty, he recom- think otherwise, if God stand by mended caution towards the fa- me. And I think, I more natics, to prevent the spread of than conjecture when I say, that their opinions at Wittemberg. neither terror nor cruelty shall Luther, however, being consult- be able to extinguish this light of ed by letter, advised Melancthon life.”+ In pursuance of his purto distrust the high pretensions pose he left his retreat, which he of the fanatics, and to require the same proof of their divine
Beausobre, tom. ii. p. 205--216. mission which the apostles gave, Seckend. 6 118. Add. by working miracles. Notwith- † Seckend. $ 120.p. 196,
used to call his Patmos, on the it, he only earnestly exhorted 4th of March, 1522 ; having been them to renounce their opinions concealed in it exactly ten as the illusions of frenzied minds, months."* To justify, in some or the suggestions of a lying measure, this conduct, at Freder spirit. Their indignation was ic's request, who trembled for the raised almost to madness; they consequences of his enlargement, accused him of blasphemy, and he wrote a letter to him, in which left him with the most outrahe stated, that he had left his geous threatenings, and conficonfinement for three reasons : dence in their own miraculous because he was under the strong- powers. To prevent the effects est obligation to carry on the re- of Carlostadt's rashness, he also formation which he had begun; published a small treatise, On because the people over whom Communion under both kinds, with he was appointed to labour en- animadversions on the changes treated his presence; and be- which had been introduced, in cause he was anxious to check which he recommended, that, in the rising spirit of sedition, which the ordinary worship, the bread had appeared among these fa- only, should continue to be used, natics.t
but that the cup also should be He arrived at Wittemberg the given to those who wished it; 6th of March, and was received that confession should precede with great joy by the people. communicating, but that none He immediately declared his dis should be compelled to confess ; satisfaction with Carlostadt's pre- that images should be allowed to cipitation in new modelling the remain, and priests have the libform of religious service, and a- erty of marrying.S With what. bolishing images, as well as in ever moderation he wrote concountenancing the seditious and cerning the mode of communion, fanatical disciples of Stork. he shewed none to the Pope and Whether Luther adopted this Bishops, who did not cease, in measure from a wish to preserve the spirit of their furious bull, to moderation, and to please the do all in their power to persecute Elector, who had advised caution him, but published a small vol. and deliberation, or from jealousy ume, entitled, Against the Misnaof the honour which Carlostadt med Spiritual Order of the Pope would derive from executing a and Bishops, in which he com. plan which had been pointed out pressed every argument which to him, is now difficult to be de. he could think of, to prove, that termined; both may, perhaps, they were any thing but messen: have been combined in giving gers of Christ, in a state of conthis direction to his conduct. demnation, and the cause of ruin. He, however, gave audience to ing the souls of the people. the fanatics in presence of This treatise, though agreeable Melancthon : and after hearing to the people, who saw, with in silence, their narrative, in- pleasure, the vices and authority stead of condescending to refute of those powerful prelates, whose
• Seck. 5119. Add. + Ib. $120.
| Beausob. tom. i. p. 227.
tyranny they felt without daring sus Christ. It reached into to complain, reprehended and re- places where the name of Luther pressed, roused the indignation, was unknown, carried salvation not only of the bishops, but of all into the meanest dwellings, spake the nobility who had any interest in the truth to kings and princes ; ecclesiastical benefices.* Much and testified to all to whom it injury was also, about this time, came, that a general reformation done, by the licentiousness of ma- was more necessary than ever. py of the monks, who had embrac Emser wrote a criticism on it, ed Luther's doctrine respecting and began another version which vows, not from conviction, but as was not printed till 1527 ; but he a cloak for their sins. Luther, discovered such ignorance both to discountenance this threaten- of the original Greek, and of his ing evil, composed a second own language, that Luther, occuwork on monastic vows, in which pied with more important affairs, he denounced the licentious as resolved to oppose him only with well as the lazy monks as ene silence and contempt. In conmies of the cross of Christ, and a sequence, however, of Emser's disgrace to the religion which misrepresentations, several of the they professed.
princes of the Empire, particuBut the translation of the Bi- larly the Archduke of Austria, ble into German, which Lu- the Duke of Bavaria, George ther had begun, during his con. Duke of Saxony, Henry of Brunscealment in the castle of Wart. wick, and some time afterwards, burg, the first part of which, con- the Elector of Brandenburg, ortaining the New Testament, was dered Luther's translation to be published in Sept. 1522, gave a suppressed, and all the copies blow to the interests of Rome far that could be got committed to more decisive and fatal than any the flames. The reformer, with which it had yet received. He his usual boldness, and with even revised it with the assistance of more than his usual virulence, Melancthon ; and, on finishing attacked these imprudent prinit, immediately commenced a ces, in a treatise, On the Secular version of the Old Testament, in Power ; 'which established the which he was assisted by Justus authority of magistrates on the Jonas, and several other of his foundation of Scripture, and the learned friends. It instantly conditions of men ; but denied spread throughout the whole of the lawfulness of the power Germany. The elegance of the which they usurped over the faith. style recommended it to the well and conscience of their subjects ; informed ; and its cheapness to and exhorted the inhabitants of the lower orders of the people. Bavaria, Misnia, and BrandenThose who had favoured the re- burgh, not to destroy the Scripformation, saw, in its truths, the tures ; though, at the same time, authority of God, and from being he commanded them not to asthe adherents of Luther, were sault the officers who might be led to become the disciples of Je- appointed to search for them.
His sentiments respecting per. . Seckend. 6 123. Ibid 5 124.
s Sectendorf, S 125, 126.