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Literary Intelligence.

VACCINATION.

of deaths from this disease was as five Dr. DE CARRO, of Vienna, has re- to four. ceived accounts from the East Indies, Hence it would appear that inoculathat no less than 145,840 persons were tion has done a great injury to socievaccinated there between Sept. 1, ty at large, and the difficulty of ex1802, and April 30, 1804. The Ras tending it generally so as to convert jah of Tanjore is a zealous supporter it truly into a public benefit is attend. of vaccination ; and the Devan of Tra. ed with almost insuperable difficulty. vamore bas himself submitted to the For, to make a law, that inoculation process. Among the vaccinated per shall be general and periodical, ap. sons were 4141 Brahmins, 41,806 Mal pears both cruel and arbitrary, abars, 10,926 Mahometans.

where security of life cannot be given Chris. Observ. to all ; and is what no government,

grounded on the basis of general SMALL POI DESTROYS, VACCINA liberty, would venture to adopt.

TION SAVES, THE LIVES OF But through the kindness of Divine THOUSANDS.

Providence the means of obviating FROM a statement of facts extract- all these difficulties and dangers have ed chiefly from a late work, published at length been placed within our in London in favour of vaccination, power, by the invaluable discovery it appears, that the Small Pox has made public by Dr. Edward Jenner, destroyed more lives, than all the that the Cow Pock, which has never wars throughout the world.

been known to prove fatal, effectually To lessen in some degree this secures the constitution from the attacks destruction of the human race, in- of either the natural or inoculated Small oculation was introduced, by which Pox. the mortality of the disease was pre- The following annual statement of vented, as far as it respected those, deaths by the Small Pox within the who submitted to the operation. London bills of mortality, in the pre

But as the benefit of inoculation sent century, has lately been publishcannot be extended to society, as is ed by the Jennerian Society of that observed by a popular writer, by any city. other means than by making the prac. A. D. 1800 . . . . (deaths 2409 tice general; while it is confined to a 1801 . . . . . . . . . 1461 few it must prove hurtful to the 1802 ...

· · · · · · · · · 1579 whole. By means of it the contagion 1803 . . . . . . . . . 1173 is spread and is communicated to ma. 1804 .. ny, who might otherwise have never As the society remarks, it is hoped had the disease. Accordingly it is the knowledge of these facts will be found that more persons die of the strongly promotive of the beneficial Small Pox now than before inocula- practice of Vaccine inoculation ; it tion was introduced ; and this impor. appearing that the fatal disease of tant discovery, by which alone more Small Pox has progressively declined lives might be saved than by all the as the inestimable discovery of Dr. other endeavours of the faculty, is in Jenner has been introduced. a great measure lost by its benefit not Vaccination was introduced into being extended to the whole com. Vienna in 1801. Its effects in demunity. Dr. Heberden in his ob. creasing the deaths by Small Pox are servations on the increase and de. evident from comparing the deaths crease of different diseases observes, since that period with those of the that he examined carefully the bills preceding years. of mortality, and comparing the de. In 1800, 835 died of Small Pox. struction occasioned by the Small Pos 1801 . 164 in Great Britain before and since

1802 .. 61 inoculation, reluctantly was brought to 1803 .. this melancholy conclusion, that at the 1804 . 2 only. present period, the proportional increase

622

A Comparative View of the Natural Small Pox, Inoculated Small Pox, and Vaccination, in eine

their Effects on Individuals and Society.

NATURAL SMALL POX.

INOCULATED SMALL POX.

VACCINATION
For twelve centuries this disorder has been known to For the most part mild, but sometimes Is an infallible pre-
continue its ravages, destroying every year an immense pro- violent, painful, loathsome and dangerous to ventive of the Small
portion of the population of the world.

life; always CONTAGIOUS, and therefore gives | Pox, always mild, free
It is in some few instances mild, but for the most part rise to the Natural Small Pox, and has actual- from pain or dan-
violent, painful, loathsome, dangerous to life, and always ly, by spreading the disease, increased the gen- ger, never fatal, not
CONTAGIOUS.

eral mortality seventeen in every thousand. contagious.
One case in three dangerous, one in six dies. At least One in forty has a dangerous disease, one No eruption but
half of mankind have it, consequently one in twelve of the hu- in three hundred dies. And in London, one in where vaccinated. No
man race perish by this disease. In London three thousand an hundred.

confinement, loss of
die annually, forty thousand in Great Britain and Ireland. Eruptions are sometimes very considerable, | time, or expense nec-

The eruptions are numerous, painful, and disgusting. confinement, loss of time, and expense cer essary. No precau.
Confinement, loss of time and expense are certain, and more tain, and more or less considerable; prepa tion, no medicine re.
or less considerable. Precautions are for the most part ration by diet and medicine necessary, ex quired, no consequent

unavailing. Medical treatment necessary, both during the tremes of heat and cold dangerous ; during 1 deformity. No sub-
Il disease, and afterwards. It occasions pitts, scars, seams, ill health, teething and pregnancy to be avoid. sequent disease.

&c, disfiguring the skin, particularly the face. The subse- ed, medical treatment usually necessary.
quent diseases are scrophula in its worst forms; diseases of When the disease is severe, deformity proba-
the skin, glands, joints, &c. and loss of sense, sight or hear.ble, and subsequent disorders as in the Natu-
ing frequently follow.

ral Small Pox.

Vaccination.

[Aug.

[graphic]

use.

.

Parents and others are earnestly rior advantages of the Cow Pock may requested to attend seriously to the be fully experienced by the objects of preceding comparison, and to the fol. this charity;" lowing certificate and recommenda. Therefore, Resoloed, That we do tion :

entirely accord with the sentiments Philadelphia, April 12, 1803. of the physicians ; and earnestly re. We the subscribers, Physicians of Gommend to the poor of the city, to Philadelphia, having carefully consid. embrace the mans now offered of ered the nature and effects of the new- preserving themselves and families ly discovered means of preventing, from a dangerous and loathsome disby Vaccination, the fatal consequen- ease by the newly discovered and ces of the Small Pox, think it a duty happy mode of inoculation for the thus publicly to declare our opinion, Cow Pock; which will be daily per. that inoculation for the Kine or Cow formed by the physicians at the Dis. Pock, is a certain preventive of the pensary. Small Pox; that it is attended with Published by Order of the Board of no danger, may be practised at all Managers, ages and seasons of the year, and we William WHITE, President. do therefore recommend it to general April 25, 1803. John Redman, John Porter, After a mature consideration of W. Shippen,

Felix Pascalis, the preceding statement of facts and A. Kuhn,

James Stewart, recommendations, we would venture Samuel Duffield, James Dunlap, to ask every person of reflection, Benj. Rush, James Proudfit, WHETHER IT IS JUSTIFIABLE TO Thomas Parke, Thos. T. Hewson, CONTINUE TO INOCULATE FOR THE Benj» Say, James Gallaher, SMALL Pox! Philip S. Physick, Charles Caldwell, (Ext. from a pamphlet pub. Phil. C. Wistar, jun. Thos, C. James, Sami. P. Griffitts, Wm. P. Dewees, John R. Coxe, Benj. S. Barton, Jas. Woodhouse, Isaac Sermon, NEW GERMAN PUBLICATIONS. Sam). F. Conover, George Pfeiffer, Essay on the German inhabitants of the Pl. F. Glentworth, Jos. P. Minnick, Austrian dominions. 2 vols. 8vo. L. Perkins,

Wm. Barnwell, Vienna. Wm. Currie, Adam Seybert, The author of this work is Mr. M. Leib,

James Mease, Joseph Rohrer, Commissary General Wm. J. Jacobs, John C. Otto, of the Police at Lemberg, who, by bis Isaac Cathrall, J. Reynolds, frequent journies in all parts of the John Keemle, J. Church, Austrian territories, has examined 1. C. Rousseau, Arthur Blayney. almost every thing in person ; and has Rene La Roche, Monges,

collected many important facts relative Elijah Griffiths, William Budd, to the statistical history of these Geo. F. Alberti, Joseph Pfeiffer, states, Joseph Strong, Edw. Cutbush. This work, with the following,

combine a mass of information al. Philadelphia, May 26, 1806. most wholly new. They are divided N. Chapman, Peter Miller, into, 1. Population. 2. Bodily Con. John S. Dorsey, Joseph Parrish, stitution. *3. Food. 4. Dresses. Isaae Cleaver, S. Bleight. 5. Occupations. 6. Arts and LaWm. Shaw,

bours. 7. Character. 8. Religion.

9. Manners of the inhabitants. PHILADELPHIA DISPENSARY. The number of the German inhabi.

The attending and consulting phy- tants of the Austrian States, is sicians having informed the mana. 6,300,000, making not more than one gers, «That they had, for these fourth part of the wbole population, eighteen months past, inoculated for but by far the most important part in the Cow Pock, and found it mild, un respect to activity, commerce, indusattended with danger, and a full se- try, and ingenuity in general. curity against the Small Pox, and ex- The Austrian has considerable pressing their wishes that the supe. bodily strength, and loves good

sheer. The Emperor Joseph II. increased, as to form one sixth part added greatly to the advantages of of the population. Eclectic Review. his people, by infusing and directing a spirit of activity, of industry, and

RUSSIA. of commercial adventure among COUNT Potocki has lately pubthem. Arts and letters are in es. lished, in 1 vol. 4to. a History of the teem ; and especially music and en- Primitive Inhabitants of Russia, with graving; in which Austria and Bo. a full explanation of their local cus. hemia have produced excellent pro. toms and national traditions, illustrafessors. Letters, properly speaking, tive of the Fourth Book of Herodo. enjoyed but a small period of liberty, tus. It is the result of researches and that was during the reign of Jo. and travels continued during twenty seph II.

years; and is explanatory of the

Mosaic history, concluding with a Essay on the Fews of the Austrian commentary on the tenth chapter of monarchy. By the same author. Genesis.

This part of our author's labours A committee of censure is es. is the most interesting, as it contains

tablished at Petersburgh over the various plans for rendering the Jews Press, composed of three members useful to the community.

and a secretary, receiving together The general principle adopted by salaries, which amount to 5370 rou. M. R. is, that the state, which ad. bles. If a writer thinks they have mits Jews to the privileges of citi. treated him with injustice, he can zenship, has a right to exact from appeal to the supreme direction of them all the duties, which belong to studies. The censors have not the that station : and his conclusion is, power to suppress a work on account that so long as this people are suffer. of some reprehensiblc passages ; but ed to evade the occupations of agri. it is their duty to point them out to culture, trades, and regular com the author, that he may correct merce ; so long as they are permit. them ; but they are forbidden to ted to pursue their vagabond irregu. make the correction themselves. larities, usury, and traffic ; so long A splendid embassy is about to be will they be miserable as a people, sent from the Russian government and a dead weight on well organized to China, from which great advanta. states. It is truly remarkable, that ges, both commercial and scientific, all the endeavours of the Emperor are expected. Joseph, whether by persuasion, en. The emperor has granted to the couragement, or even by constraint, Jews the privilege of educating their effected nothing. Their number in children in any of the schools and the Austrian territories is estimated universities of the empire; or the ese at 422,698. At Lemberg, the coun. tablishment of schools at their own try of the author, they are so greatly expense.

Christian Ob.

List of Dew publications.

The advantages of God's presence the Washington Society, and publish, with his people in an expedition ed at their request. By James Muir, against their enemies: A sermon D. D. pastor of the Presbyterian preached at Newbury, May 22, 1755, church at Alexandria. Alexandria. at the desire and in the audience of S. Snowden. Col. Moses Titcomb, and many oth. A sermon preached in Sharon, Verers enlisted under him, and going mont, March 12, 1806, at the ordina. with him in an expedition against the tion of the Rey. Samuel Bascom. By French. By John Lowell, A. m. pas. the Rev. Tilton Eastman, pastor of toy of a church in Newbury. Newbu. the Congregational church in Ran. ryport. E. W. Allen. 1806. dolph, Vt. Hanover, N.H. 1806.

The Messiah's reign ; a sermon Moses Davis. preached on the 4th of July, before The Commonwealth's Man, in a

series of letters, addressed to the cit. 1806. By Thaddeus Mason Harris, izens of New York. By James minister of the church in Dorchester. Smith, m. D. New York. A. For- Boston. E. Lincoln. man. 1806. The Young Convert's Companion,

IN THE PRESS. being a selection of hymns for the use Home, a poem. Boston. Samuel of Conference Meetings. Original H. Parker.“ and Selected. With music adapted Johnson's Dictionary of the English to a variety of Particular Metres. Language in miniature. Boston. Boston. E. Lincoln.

· William Andrews. The Contrast: or, the Death Bed The Wife. Boston. A. Newell. of a Freethinker and the Death Bed The works of the Right Honorablo of a Christian, exemplified in the last Edmund Burke. Boston. J. West hours of the Hon. Francis Newport, and 0. C. Greenleaf. and Dr. Samuel Finley. pp. 16 8vo. The baptism of believers only, and Boston. E. Lincoln.

the particular communion of the BapAn apology for the rite of infant tist churches explained and vindicat. baptism, and for the usual modes of ed. By Thomas Baldwin, D. D. Bos. baptizing; in which an attempt is ton. Manning and Loring. made to state fairly and elearly the arguments or proof of these doc. WORKS PROPOSED TO BE PUBLISH. trines; and also to refute the objec

ED. tions and reasonings alleged against Means of preserving health, and them by the Rev. Daniel Merrill, and preventing diseases ; founded princiby the Baptists in general. By John pally on an attention to air and cli. Read, D.D. pastor of a church and mate, drink, food, sleep, exercise, congregation in Bridgewater.

clothing, passions of the mind, and A sermon delivered to the First retentions and excretions. With an Church in Boston, on the Lord's day appendix, containing observations on after the calamitous death of Mr. bathing, cleanliness, ventilation, and Charles Austin, member of the senior medical electricity; and, on the abuse class in the university of Cambridge, of medicine. Enriched with apposite which happened Aug. 4, 1806, in the extracts from the best authors. De19th year of his age. By William signed not merely for physicians, but Emerson, pastor of the church. Sec. for the information of others. New ond Edition. Boston. Belcher and York. Shadrach Ricketson. Armstrong

Philosophical remarks on the Chris. A discourse delivered before the tian religion ; by the Rev. J. Moir, Humane Society of the Common. M. A. Philadelphia. Robert Mills. Wealth of Massachusetts, June 10, Subscriptions received by E. Lincoln.

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