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LIFE OF THE REV. WILLIAM TENNENT. .

. (From the Assembly's Missionary Magazine.] Among the duties which every than common obligation, to hand generation owes to those which down to posterity the principal are to succeed it, we may reckon events of their lives, together the careful delineation of the with such useful inferences as characters of those whose exam- they naturally suggest. A negple deserves, and may invite imi- lect of this duty, even by persons tation. Example speaks louder who may be conscious of the than precept, and living practi- want of abilities necessary for the cal religion has a much greater complete biographer, is greatly effect on mankind than argument culpable ; for, if the strictest or eloquence. Hence, the lives attention be paid to the truth of of pious men become the most the facts related, and all exa important sources of instruction aggeration or partial representaand warning to posterity ; while tion be carefully avoided, the their exemplary conduct affords want of other furniture can be no the best commentary on the excuse for burying in oblivion religion they professed. · But that conduct, which, if known, when such men have been re- might edify and benefit the markably favoured of God, 'with world. unusual degrees of light and The writer of these memoirs knowledge, and have been hon- has difficulties of a peculiar kind oured by the special and extraor- to encounter, in attempting to dinary influences of his Holy sketch the life of that modest, Spirit, and by the most manifest humble, and worthy man, whose and wonderful interpositions of actions, exercisesand sentidivine Providence in their be- ments he wishes to record. half, it becomes a duty of more Worldly men, who are emulous,

We understand, that these Memoirs are from the pen of a learned lay. man, eminent for his piety, eloquence and liberality, and the intimate friend of Mr. Tennent. His narrative may, therefore, be relied on as authentic. Vol. II, No. 1.

to transmit their names to follow. lieved unreservedly on his own ing ages, take care to leave such word, it was he. He possessed materials for the future historian, an integrity of soul and a soundas may securethe celebrity which ness of judgment, which did acthey seek.' But the humble tually secure him an unlimited follower of the meek and lowly confidence from all who knew Jesus, whose sole aim is the glo- him. Every species of decepry of God, in the welfare of im- tion, falsehood, and exaggeration mortal souls, goes on, from day he abhorred and scorned. He to day, as seeing Him who is was an Israelite indeed, in whom invisible, careful to approve him there was no guile. With such self anly to the Searcher of materials, then, as have been hearts, regardless of worldly mentioned, and for a work of fame or distinction, and leaving it such character as has been hintto his heavenly Father to reward ed, the writer has undertaken his him openly, in the day of final ac-, task. He has undertaken what count. The writer of such a he would most gladly have reman's life must principally rely signed to an abler hand; but on a personal acquaintance with from which, as no other offered, him, and the communications of he dared not withhold his own. his intimate friends, for the infor- He could wish that speculative mation which shall be imparted and even unbelieving minds. to the public. In these circum-, might be instructed and convincstances it is peculiarly embarrass- ed by these memoirs. But his ing if some of the facts to be re- principal object, and that in which corded are of such a nature, that he trusts he shall not be entirely it is most desirable to have their disappointed, is to direct, assist, authenticity, so fully established, and comfort pious souls, groanthat incredulity shall be con- ing under the pressure of the founded, and the sneer of the calamities which they often have sceptical and profane lose its ef- to endure in their pilgrimage fect. But the writer of the through the wilderness of this following narrative, though pla- world. ced in these circumstances, and The late Rev. WILLIAM TEN having such facts to detail, has NENT, of Freehold, in the county nevertheless determined to pro- of Monmouth, in the State of ceed. He has refreshed and, New Jersey, of whom. we write, corrected his own recollection, was the second son of the Rev. by the most careful inquiries that William Tennent, minister of he could possibly make of oth- the gospel at Neshaminy, in ers, until he is well assured, that Bucks county, in the state of what he shall state is incontesta. Pennsylvania. This last gentleble truth. From the very nature man was originally a minister of of several things, of which an ac- the church of England, in the count will be given, they do not then kingdom of Ireland, where indeed admit of any other direct he was born and received his testimony than that of the re- education. He was chaplain to markable man to whom they re- an Irish nobleman, but being late. ' But if there ever was a conscientiously scrupulous of person, who deserved to be be- conforming to the terms impo

sed on the clergy of that king. divinity, he determined to set up dom, he was deprived of his liv. a school for the instruction of ing. He now became acquaint- youth, particularly of those deed with the famous Gilbert Ken- signed for the gospel ministry, nedy, of

a Presbyterian as the best service he could renminister, who had also been per- der to God and his new adopted -secuted for his religious princi- country ; education being then ples, and soon after married his at a very low ebb. There apdaughter. Finding it difficult to peared, in his apprehension, a continue at home with any satis- very large field for the propagafactory degree of usefulness, and tion of the gospel, could a suffihis family increasing, after a few cient number of faithful labouryears he determined to emigrate ers be found for so great a barto America, where he was en- vest. A learned ministry, he couraged to hope for a greater well knew, was necessary to the liberty of conscience, as well as sure foundation of the church of the prospect of being employed Christ, especially in a new counin extending the Redeemer's try, so peculiarly exposed to kingdom in that new world. He every invader, and where the arrived at Philadelphia in the enemy might so successfully sow summer of 1718, with his wife, tares an ong the wheat. In pursufour sons, and one daughter. ance of this design, he establishHis sons were, Gilbert, who was ed an academy, and built a house, afterwards the pastor of the sec- since known by the name of the ond Presbyterian church in Phila- log-college. delphia ; William, the subject of Soon after his arrival in Bucks these memoirs ; John, who be-county, on full consideration, he came pastor of the church at left the church of England, and, Freehold, and died at the age of to enlarge his sphere of usefultwenty-five years; and Charles, ness, determined to join the Presafterwards minister of the Pres- byterian church. Accordingly, byterian Church at Whiteclay he applied to the synod of Philacreek, whence he removed to delphia for admission into their Buckingham, in Maryland. communion ; and, on due exami

William Tennent, the father, nation, and complying with their on his first coming to America, stated rules, he was very cordial, settled at East Chester, in the ly received. At the first meetthen province of New York, and ing of the synod afterwards, he afterwards removed to Bedford. addressed that venerable body, in In a short time he was called to an elegant Latin oration, which Bucks county, in Pennsylvania, added greatly to his celebrity, and preached at Bensalem and and increased the hopes of his Smithfield; but soon after set- friends as to the success of the tled permanently at Neshaminy, institution he had founded. To in the same county. Being skill. erect and support such an impored in the Latin language, so as to tant seminary of learning, out of speak and write it almost as well his own private purse, at that as his mother tongue, a good early period, in a new country proficient also in the other learn- just rising from a savage wildered languages, and well read in ness, and to devote himself to so

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