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"TO CORRESPONDENTS.

• T's “ Observations on the account given in Rev. xx. 4 6, of the first and second resurrection, shall appear in our next number

B's critical observations on several texts of Scripture, are approved, & on file.

A review of Mrs. Warren's History of the American Revolution, and of D. Mason's sermon, on Messiah's Reign ; and also Memoirs of the late Rev. John Sergeant, father of the present missionary of that name, and of the Rev. John Moorhead, are received, and are intended for publication next month.

We thank our respected correspondent Beta, for the letters he has sent us, “ from an aged clergyman, to a young student in divinity."

The attention of our readers, and particularly of magistrates and legislators, is invited to the piece on the execution of laws, which will well reward a careful perusal,

TO THE PUBLIC.

AGREEABLY to an intimation in the Panoplist for October, the Editors of that work beg leave to state to their patrons in particular, and to the public in general, to whom they hold themselves responsible for the profits of their work, which are pledged to “ charitable uses,” that their success, notwithstanding many obstacles thrown in their way, has much surpassed their expectations ; that the avails of the Panoplist have enabled them to discharge all its debts for the first year, though increased by various necessary expenditures, which will not occur in future ; and that a balance remains for “charitable uses,” the exact amount of which, for reasons following, has not yet been ascertained.

The Editors have experienced very considerable difficulties in closing their accounts for the first year, arising from unavoidable imperfection in their ear ly arrangements, and the scattered and distant situation of many of the subscribers and agents, from some of whom arrearages are yet due. Most of these inconveniences, they think, will not occur again.

The profits already received, have been disposed of as follows: To "the Evangelical Society” in Vermont, established to aid) pious and ingenious young men, in indigence, to acquire educa. S 8100 00

tion for the work of the gospel ministry, To the Hampshire Missionary Society

108 00 To the Berkshire Missionary Society,

21 35

229 35 Beside the above, there is at least an equal sum, for like charitable uses, in uncollected debts, and in the Numbers of the first volume of the Panoplist unsold, in the hands of the Editors and their agents. When the amount of this unestimated property shall be ascertained, it will be carried to the credit of the charity fund, at the close of this year, when the Editors intend to exhibit an official report under the hands of the Trustees. In the mean time, they offer their grateful acknowledgments to their numerous subscribers for their past encouragement; and as this work is not intended to enrich its Editors, but to enlighten the minds, and do good to the souls of their fellow-men, to explain and defend the doctrines, and to recommend the precepts of the gospel, and to collect a fund for the benefit of the poor, they confidently sqlicit continued patronage from the friends of evangelical truth.

OR,

THE CHRISTIAN'S ARMORY.

No. 20.]. JANUARY, 1807.

[No. 8. Vol. II.

Biography.

MEMOIRS OF JOHN HOWARD, ESQ. From Dr. Samuel Stennett's Sermon, occasioned by his death, which hap,

pened January 20, 1790.

I shall not take up your time knowledge of the world than he, with the particulars of his having conversed with personbirth, education, and fortune. ages of the first rank in life, and The advantages of this kind with with those in the meanest stawhich Providence indulged him, tions; with characters eminent and of which he was truly sensi- for virtue and piety, and the most ble, were of trifling considera. abandoned and wretched; so no tion, when brought into view man was more fully persuaded with those personal endowments, than he of the universal depravie natural and religious, by which ty of human nature. With the he was distinguished from most discernment both of a Philosoother characters.

pher and a CHRISTIAN he enterHe possessed a clear under- ed into the principles, maxims, standing, and a sound judgment; and views of men of all ranks which were enriched and im- and conditions of life ; and knew proved by a variety of useful how to apply the knowledge he knowledge. And as he had a thus acquired to the most imtaste for polite literature, so he portant purposes. . was well versed in most of the His moral endowments were modern languages, which he perhaps more extraordinary than took no small pains to acquire, those just mentioned. Here he that he might be the better ena, shone with distinguished lustre. bled to carry his benevolent The two virtues of Fortitude and purposes into effect. He had a Humanity were the prominent just idea of the civil and relige features in his countenance. ious rights of mankind, accom. Nor could his modesty conceal panied with a true sense of the them from the public eye, no, worth, importance, and dignity not from the view of all Europe. of man as a reasonable, social, They were interwoven with his and immortal creature. And as nature, and always acted in unino man had a more extensive son with each other. Vol. II. No.8. WW

Such was the firmness of his prevail on him when on the camind, that no danger could de- reer of duty and danger, in the ter him from his duty ; not the least to relax his painful exerpainful fatigues of long and tions. hazardous journies ; not the per- co

« Firm to the mast with chains himils of seas infested with merciless

self he bound, barbarians ; not the loathsome Nor trusted virtue to th’ enchanting infection of dungeons ; not the sound.” dread of assassination by the wron hands of miscreants, who draw

With this Roman fortitude their gains from the vitals of

was united uncommon Humanity.

He felt for the miseries of inanthose committed to their custo

kind in general. He felt for the dy, nor the apprehension of the plague in a ship with a foul

w miseries of the oppressed. Yea, bill, and in the confinement of a

he felt for the miseries of the Lazaretto; no danger, however

guilty, for he well remembered formidable, could shake his reso

that we are all guilty before God lution. “Having made up bis

Their distresses existed not in inind to his duty," as he told

his imagination only ; they me when expressing my appre

were realized to his eye, his ear, hensions for his safety, “he

his touch. As the Poet expressthrusted all consequences from

es it, when speaking of hin, his view, and was resolved to “He quitted bliss. that rural scenes follow wherever Providence led.” bestow, And in. a letter I received from To seek a nobler amidst scenes of wo, hini, when just embarking on a To traversc seas, range kingdoms, dangerous ocean, with the pros

and bring home,

Not the proud monuments of Greece pect before him of performing a

or Rome, forty-two daysquarantine, he thus But knowledge such as only dunexpresses himself, “ I bless God, geons teach, my calm spirits and steady resolu. And only sympathy like his could

reach." tion have not yet forsaken me.”

He was superior too to the The number of prisons he frowns and the contempt of the visited, at the hazard of his health envious and the avaricious, who and life, it would be difficult to represented him as petulantly collect. Nor did he stop at the officious, or extravagantly insane. iron gate of the most gloomy Disappointments he did meet dungeon. He entered those with, and obstructions were dreary mansions of silence and thrown in the way of some of his darkness, and, in some instances, benevolent plans. But none of of cruel oppression ; poured these things moved him. And tears of commiseration on the more than one instance I might wretched inhabitant; and with mention of his asserting the his own hand ministered assistcause of the oppressed, in the ance, while his heart was meditaface of a kind of opposition ting plans of more general and which would make most men effectual relief. “The imprese tremble. Nor, on the other sions, says he, which these scenes hand, could the Syren song of of misery, made on my mind, no case, indulgence, and pleasure, length of time can efface." It may therefore casily be imagin. There is one more trait in his ed that, with a sensibility pecu- character which must not be Jiar to himself, he affixed that ex overlooked, and that is his pressive motto to bis book, Temperance. Such a mastery “ Ah! little think the gay

he obtained over himself, that a Whom pleasure, power, and affluence little food, and that chiefly of the surround,

vegetable kind, satisfied the deHow many pine in want, and dun mands of nature ; and with one • geon-glooms;

night's rest out of three he could, Shut from the common air."

Thomson.

for a long course of time, pursue

his journies. No consideration Here I might paint, but I shall . could prevail on him to partake rather leave it to you to imagine, of the luxuries of the most ele, the extatic joy which many gant table, or to allow bimself groaning under oppression felt, more rest than was absolutely at starting into life and happiness, necessary. Nor yet was he inthrough the interposition of this fluenced, in this kind of discitheir generous Patron; and the pline he observed, by cynical gratitude too, which even those austerity. He found this mode who justly suffered imprison- of living most agreeable to his ment felt, for the alleviation of constitution, and best qualified their miseries by his kind offices. him for those active exertions,

His disinterestedness also in which were the pleasure of his these exertions for the good of life. mankind, is deserving of our Such were the moral endowparticular notice. For besides ments of this extraordinary the consideration of the fatigues man; such bis Fortitude, his he endured, the dangers to which Humanity, his Disinterestedness, he exposed his person, and the and Temperance. I go on now to expenses of various kinds he in- speak of his religious character. curred, he well knew the reports He was a firm believer of dihe made to the public would af- vine revelation. Nor was he ford disgust rather than enter- ashamed of those truths he heard tainment, and so be read and re- stated, explained, and enforced garded by few. He wrote there in this place. He had made up Core not for the amusement of his mind, as he said, upon his the curious, and could expect no religious sentiments, and was not applause from the unfeeling to be moved from his stedfastness Indeed his object was the infor- by novel opinions obtruded on mation of Legislators, of wliom the world. Nor did he content he sought, and from whom, to himself with a bare profession of his great satisfaction, he obtain these divine truths. He entered, the redress of many evils he ed into the spirit of the gospel, complained of. “ As nothing, felt its power, and tasted its says he, but a consciousness of sweetness. You know, my duty could have enabled me to go friends, with what seriousness through all the disagreeable scenes and devotion he attended, for a which lay in my way, so I had the long course of years, on the happiness of bring placed out of worship of God among us. It. the reach of other incitements," would be scarce decent for me to

repeat the affectionate things he benefactions. He well rememsays, in a letter written me from a bered what the benevolent Jesus remote part of the world, re. was used to say when on earth, specting the satisfaction and “ It is more blessed to give than pleasure he had felt in the relig- to receive.” Few, who sought ious exercises of this place. I his assistance, were refused, and shall however be excused, if I many obtained it without seekjust observe, that his hours of ing it. The advancement of the religious retirement, whether on interests of truth and religion, land or at sea, were employed in was an object in his view most reviewing the notes he had taken important. To the erecting of of sermons delivered here. And many a place of worship did he u these, adds he, are my songs in liberally contribute. And with the house of my pilgrimage. Oh, what cheerfulness he assisted in Sir, how many Sabbaths have I building this house you need ardently longed to spend in Wild, not be told. “ He accounted it Street! God in Christ is my an honour, he said, to join his Rock, the portion of my soul !name with yours."

His candour, as might natu: Good men of every denomirally be expected in a man of nation he affectionately loved. his exemplary piety, was great. And while with a manly firmAs he steadily adhered to his ness he asserted and maintained religious principles, so he abhor- his own religious sentiments, red bigotry. Having met with agreeably to the sense he felt of difficulties in his inquiries after their importance ; he was a good truth, he knew how to make al. deal hurt at every approach, in lowance for those who met with his apprehension, towards a litthe same.

tle, narrow, contracted spirit in His acts of charity to the poor matters of religion. Yet he was were numerous. For though a Dissenter from the established he was not ostentatious, yet ma- church on principle. Nor was ny of them could not be conceal- he ashamed to have it known ed. Providence blessed him to all the world that this was his with affluence; but all who profession. He well understood knew him, know that nothing the grounds of his dissent, nor was more opposite to his dispo- could he on any consideration sition than heaping up wealth. think it his duty to take the saHis treasure was laid up in hea- cramental test as a qualification, ven. His neighbourhood in either for enjoying any place of Bedfordshire will bear witness honour and emolument, or serv, to his generosity ; and many a ing any burdensome office in the poor family there will, I doubt state. Called upon, however, to not, feel deeply for the loss of the latter, he did not avail bimso kind a friend. Nor were his self of this just excuse for decharities confined to the circle clining the service ; but resoof his own mansion. “He went lutely undertook it, at the hazard about,” like his divine Master, of incurring enormous pains and “ doing good.” Compassion ex penalties, from which nothing cited, prudence guided, and but a bill of indemnity could seobligingness accompanied his cure him.

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