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THE EFFECTS OF TEYPORISING tions and in their manners, by his
IN MATTERS OF RELIGION, gentler and more artful remon-
no less than the bold invectives
of Luther. However, Erasmus Extracted from his Life by Dr. Fortin.
may stand excused in some mear The celebrated diet of Worms sure in the sight of candid and was held this year, 1521, where favourable judges, because he Luther, who had as much cour- talked thus, partly out of timidiage as Alexander and Julius Cæ. ty, and partly out of love and sar put together, made his ap- friendship towards him to whom pearance, and maintained his he addressed himself. “ You opinions, in the presence of will tell me,” says he,“ my dear Charles V. and of other Princes. Jonas, to what purpose these After this, his friend, the Elec- complaints, especially when it is tor of Saxony, carried him off too late? Why in the first place, secretly, and conveyed him to that (although things have been the fortress of Wartburg, where carried almost to extremities) he remained concealed for some one may still try, whether some time, being proscribed by the method can be found to compose
emperor, and excommunicated these terrible dissensions. We · by the Pope. Hereupon Eras- have a Pope, wbo in his temper mus wrote a long letter to his is much disposed to clemency ; friend Jodocus Jonas, a Luther and an emperor, who is also mild an, in which he deplores the fate and placable.” Honest Erasmus of Luther, and of those who de judged very wrong of both these clared themselves his associates; persons. Leo was a vain, a vo& blames them much for want of luptuous and debauched man, moderation, as if this had brought who had no religion, and no comtheir distresses upon them. passion for those, who would not Moderation doubtless is a virtue : submit entirely to his pleasure, but so far was the opposite party as he shewed by the haughty from allowing Luther to be in manner in which he treated Luthe right, as to the main points, ther, without admitting the least that it was his doctrine which relaxation in any of the disputed gave the chief offence to the points. Such is the character court of Rome ; and he would which history has bestowed uphave gained as little upon them on him : and as to Charles V. he by proposing it in the most sub- was a most ambitious and restless missive and softest manner, as prince, who made a conscience he gained by maintaining it in of nothing, to accomplish any of his rough way. Erasmus him. his projects, as it appears from self experienced the truth of the bloody wars which he waged this ; and the monks were not under religious pretences, and induced to change any thing that indeed from his whole conduct. was reprehensible in their no- The Lutherans would have been
to shoot him. But he was un- any sordid ends of his own, but daunted, and preached at Mr. for the benefit of others, royalLove's church, in St. Lawrence ists not excepted. Accordingly Jury, to a numerous congrega- he applied for the life of Dr. tion, though without pulpit, Hewit, who was condemned for eloth, or cushion. Though he a plot against the government; was far from courting the favour and, had it not been for the peof that government, they pro- culiar aggravations of guilt in fessed to esteem him ; and the case, the protector declared Cromwell sent for him to White- he would have yielded to the hall on the morning of his in- Dr.'s intercession. stallment, telling him, not before In 1660 he was very instruhe came, that it was to pray on mental, with many other Pres. the occasion ; and when he beg- byterian divines, in the restoraged to be excused, urging the tion of Charles II. He was one, shortness of the notice, he said, who waited on the king at BREthat such a man as he, could not DA, and was afterward sworn be at a loss to perform the serone of his chaplains. He was vice ; and put him into his study also appointed one of the comhalf an hour to premeditate. missioners at the Savoy conferThe protector made him one of ence, being the first to receive his chaplains. He was also ap- the commission from the Bishop pointed one of the committee of London, who wrote him a for trying ministers ; and he most respectful letter on the ocseldom absented himself from casion. In the interval between that troublesome service, as he the restoratian and the fatal Barwas heard to say, that he might tholomew day he met no molesdo all in his power to pre- tation, being well respected in vent matters from running into bis parish. He was also greatly extremes. One instance of his esteemed by persons of the first kindness is worth recording. A quality at court. Sir John Barclergy man of respectable aspect, ber used to tell him, that the somewhat in years, appeared be- king had a singular respect fo fore the commissioners, when him. Lord chancellor Hyde was Dr. Manton called for a chair ; highly obliging to him, and at which some were displeased. gave him free access to him on This minister, after the restora- all occasions ; which he improvtion, was preferred to a bishopric ed, not for himself, but for the in Ireland ; and he retained so service of others. But after the affectionate a remembrance of Dr. refused to conform in 1662, Dr. Manton, that he charged so fickle is the favour of the Bishop Worth, when he went to great, that he fell under his London, to visit the Dr. and tell lordship’s displeasure, who achim, that, if he was molested in cused him to the king of some his preaching in England, he treasonable expressions in a sershould have liberty to preach in mon. On which his majesty any part of his diocese in Ire- sent for him, with an order to land undisturbed. His interest bring his sermon. On reading with the protector, which was the passage referred to, the king very great, he never applied to asked him, whether, upon his
word, that was all he said ; and tion to administer the Lord's upon a solemn assurance that it supper ; but did not live to perwas, he replied, “ Doctor, I am form that service. The day besatisfied, and you may be as- fore he was confined to his bed, sured of my favour; but look he was in his study, of which he to yourself, or Hyde will be too took a solemn leave, blessing hard for you."
God for the many pleasant and After his ejectment he usual- useful hours he had spent there, ly resorted to his own church, and expressing his joyful hope where he heard his successor, of a state of clearer knowledge Dr. Patrick, till he was obliged and higher enjoyments. At to desist. After this he preach- night he prayed with his family, ed on Lord's day evenings in his under great indisposition, and own house, and on Wednesday recommended himself to God's mornings ; for which Justice wise disposal ; desiring that, “ if Ball proceeded against him. he had no farther work for him When the indulgence, given in to do, he would take him to him1670, expired, and the Dr. was self.” When he went to bed, he apprehended, after his sermon was seized with a lethargy, to the on the Lord's day, many persons great loss and grief of his friends, of distinction attended him ; so as it deprived him of all capacity that he met civil treatment ; for conversing with them. He and, when a prisoner in the died 18th Oct. 1677, in the 57th Gate-house, the keeper, though year of his age. usually severe, granted him eve Dr. Manton was a man of ry convenience.
great learning, judgment, integAfter his release, when the rity and moderation. He had a indulgence was renewed, he fine collection of books : and his preached in a large room in delight was in his study. He Whitehart-yard; but there he had carefully read the fathers was at length disturbed. A band and schoolmen, and well digested of rabble came on Lord's day the commentators on Scripture. morning to seize him ; but, hav- He was also well read in ancient ing timeiy notice, he escaped and modern history, which rentheir fury. The place was fined dered his conversation entertain401. and the minister, who ing and instructive, He dispreached for him, 201.. When coursed with young gentlemen the indulgence was confirmed in who had travelled, so as to sur1672, the merchants set up a prise them with his superior lecture at Pinner's Hall, which knowledge of things abroad. He was opened by Dr. Manion took great pains with his ser
When his health began to de. mons, and sometimes transcribcline, he could not be persuaded ed them more than once. If a
long to desist from his delight- good thought came into his • sul work of preaching, but he mind in the night, he would light
at length consented to spend his candle, and sometimes write some time with Lord Wharton an hour. His delivery was natat Woburn. Finding however ural and free, clear and eloquent, but little benefit, he soon return- quick and powerful, and always ed, and gave notice of his inten- suited to the simplicity and ma. jesty of divine truth. His earn- the subject of his last public disestness was such, as might soften course. the most obdurate spirits. “I Dr. Harris, in the memoirs of am not speaking,” says Dr.Bates, his life, mentions the following “ of one whose talent was only anecdote of him. “ Being to in voice, who laboured in the preach before the Lord Mayor pulpit, as if the end of preaching and court of Aldermen at St. were the exercise of the body. Paul's, the Doctor chose a subThis inan of God was inflamed ject, in which he had an opporwith holy zeal; and spoke, as tunity of displaying his judge one who had within him a living ment and learning. He was faith of divine truths. The sound heard with admiration and apof words only strikes the ear, plausę by the more intelligent but the mind reasons with the part of the audience. But, as he mind, and the heart speaks to the was returning from dinner with heart.” He abounded in the the Lord Mayor, a poor man, work of the Lord, preaching following him, pulled him by with unparalleled assiduity and the sleeve of his gown, and asked frequency; yet always superior him, if he were the gentleman, to others, and equal to himself. that preached before the Lord In the decline of life he would Mayor. He replied, he was. not leave his beloved work, the 'Sir,' says he, I came with vigour of his mind supporting hopes of getting some good to the weakness of his body. As a my soul ; but I was greatly disChristian, his life was answera- appointed, for I could not under: ble to his doctrine. His con- stand a great deal of what you tempt of the world secured him said ; you were quite above me.' from being wrought on by those The Doctor replied with tears, motives, which tempt sordid Friend, if I did not give you a spirits from duty. His charity sermon, you have given me was eminent in procuring sup- one.' plies for others, when in mean circumstances himself. But he had great experience of God's SKETCH OF REV. THOMAS VIX fatherly provision, to which his
CENT, M. A. filial confidence was correspondent. His conversation in his Thomas and Nathaniel Vinfamily was holy and exemplary, cent were sons of the worthy every day instructing them in and reverend Mr. John Vincent ; their duty from the Scriptures. of whom it was observed, that he His humility was great. He was was so harassed for his poncon. deeply affected by a sense of his formity, that, though he had frailties and unworthiness. A many children, not two of them Jittle before his death he said to were born in the same county. Dr. Bates, “ It is infinitely ter- This Mr. Thomas Vinceni, the rible to appear before God the elder son, was born at Hertford Judge of all, without the protec- in 1634, and educated at Ox: tion of the blood of sprinkling." FORD. He succeeded the Rev. This alone relieved him, and Mr. Case, as rector of St. Mary supported his hopes ; which was MAGDALEN, MILK STREET,