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Like yon pale moon must be my dreary way;
Bat he is gone ; and I, bis heavy loss,
The all of joy that I could ever taste;
The Token. 9.-1829.-REV. WILLIAM CROWE, DIED, ÆTAT. 83.
A native of Winchester and Fellow of New College, Oxford, where he took the degree of B.C.L. in 1773, and was appointed to a tutorship. He afterwards obtained the rectory of Alton Barnes, in Wiltshire. He was a man of talent, and will be long remembered as the author of Lewesdon Hill, a poem in blank verse, much in the style of the elder poets. The following are a few of its concluding lines.
Now I descend
10.-1829.-POPE LEO XII. DIED, ÆTAT. 68. Annibal della Genga was born August 2, 1760, at the Castle of Genga, the property of his family,
situated between Urbino and the March of Ancona. He entered the church very early, and soon obtained very considerable preferment. It was about the period of the first invasion of Italy by the French, however, that he first entered into a conspicuous public situation. He was then sent as Nuncio to the Court of Bavaria and the States of a second rank in Germany, 'which high office he filled for fourteen years. In 1807, he was sent by the Pope to Paris, on a mission to Napoleon, and on his return to Rome he was obliged, when the French took possession of that city, as well as the other Prelates who were not natives of the Roman States, to remove away, In 1814, he was again sent to France to compliment Louis XVIII. and was afflicted at Paris with a long illness. In 1816, he was elevated to the dignity of Cardinal; and on the death of Pope Pius the Seventh, in 1823, he was elected to the papal chair. The election was terminated so quickly, that there was scarcely time to intrigue. Pius VII. died on August 20, the operations of the scrutiny commenced on September 3, and on the 27th the election was declared. Few conclaves have been so speedily closed; the Italian Cardinals understanding that it was necessary to make haste, if they wished to escape the effects of foreign influence, which might have prolonged the day of decision. Many were surprised at the title of Leo the Twelfth, assumed by the new Pope. Every body is familiar with the celebrated name of Leo X., but few knew that there was ever a Pope called Leo XI.: the Pope so designated reigned for a space not quite amounting to a month, he having been chosen on the 1st of April, 1605, and dying on the 27th of the same month.
Pope Leo was tall, and well maile: a patron of the Arts, and accustomed to business; of a firm and independent character, having a will of his own, and address sufficient to accomplish his plans. In the
diplomatic stations he filled, he showed a great deal of knowledge, and a perfect acquaintance with men and with business.
A private letter from a student in the English College at Rome, dated March 3, contains some curious particulars of the ceremonies which followed the demise :
“ The Lord Chamberlain, one of the cardinals, went in state from his palace, and entering the apartment where the corpse reposed, called upon it by name, and receiving no answer, approached the bed, and having ascertained that it was the dead body of the Pope, fell on his knees and prayed for the departed soul. He then took into his own hands all the temporal power of the Pope, and retired. But at the door, as is usual on such occasions, he found drawn up the Pope's Swiss guard, who refused to let him pass, saying, that as their master was dead, there was no one to pay them. He, however, promised them that he would be their master, and told them to follow him: he then ascended into his carriage, round which the Swiss ranged themselves, and conducted him to his house, where he is guarded as sovereign.
“ The body was immediately embalmed, and late on Wednesday, the entrails of the defunct Pontiff, enclosed in a mortuary, or vase, were carried to the church of St. Vincent and St. Anastase. On the morning of the following day the body of his Holiness was embalmed, and, being dressed, was exposed to the view of the people in the Chapel of Sixtus. The corpse was robed in pontificals, and on each side a party of the Pope's guard noble, with arms reversed, and crape scarfs. Large wax lights were burning around, and the clergy attached to St. Peter's were in constant attendance, reciting prayers for the deceased. On Friday morning we were in St. Peter's at an early hour, and large as that church is, it was soon crowded to excess. A large couch had been prepared in the middle of the church, and after waiting there some time, the gates were thrown open and we heard the solemn tones of the Pope's choir approaching. A troop of the Swiss guard advanced up the Church, dressed in armour, then followed the clergy and cardinals in their purple dresses, the guard noble in splendid uniform, and lastly the body, borne by six of the clergy, attended by the choir, chanting in the most solemn and affecting strains. The body was then laid upon the couch prepared, dressed in all the robes peculiar to the Pope. After the recital of some prayers, and sprinkling the body with holy water, it was removed to one of the side chapels.
On Sunday, the body, raised on a large and sumptuous bed, was placed near the gate of the chapel, so near, that persons approaching could kiss the foot, and thousands on thousands performed this ceremony, At about seven on Sunday evening, a large body of soldiers entered the church, and formed in two semicircular ranks from the chapel where the body reposed to another opposite, and the procession soon began to move ; and after the funeral service had been performed, it was placed in the coffin and sealed up by the Lord Chamberlain. Shortly afterwards the body was placed in a particular part of the church, where the Pope is generally laid until the death of his successor. This Pope will, I believe, remain there but one year, as it was his request to be then buried in another church.
“ The obsequies of a Pope continue nine days, at which all the dignitaries of church and state attend, together with the ambassadors of foreign courts. These ceremonies are carried on in a most splendid manner; but the last three days are grand beyond imagination. Soon after the Pope's death, preparations were made to adorn the church (if St. Peter's can be adorned,) and in the middle was raised an immense pyramid of mock granite, measuring in height about one hundred and ten feet. On the base were painted the principal actions of the Pope, and inscriptions commemorating his virtues. Large statues on it were placed looking towards the end of the church, and on the summit a beautiful figure of religion. From the four corners arose large branches, each bearing two hundred candles of wax, each weighing one pound. On and around this pyramid there were one thousand lights. It is customary to raise one of these at the death of each Pope, but there never was seen one like the present; it was indeed a splendid sight. The English were lost in admiration. At Christmas there were fifteen hundred English in Rome.” 11.-1829.JONATHAN SCOTT, LL.D. DIED, ÆTAT. 75.
Mr. Scott was born at Shrewsbury, and at twelve, went to India, where he became a Captain in the Company's service. Having studied the history and language of the country, he attracted the attention of Warren Hastings, who appointed him Persian Secretary. After his return to England, the University of Oxford conferred upon him the degrees of LL.D., and he retired to Shrewsbury, where he ended his days, and was buried in Old St. Chad's Church.
As an author, Dr. Scott will be long remembered. He published a translation of Ferishta's History of Dekkan; An Historical View of the Decan; Bahar Danush, or Garden of Knowledge; Tales, Anecdotes and Letters from the Arabic and Persian ; and The Arabian Night's Entertainments, revised from the Arabic, with several new tales translated for the first time.
14.-ST. VALENTINE. During the celebration of the Roman Lupercalia, on this day, it was a custom to put young women's names into a box, which were afterwards drawn by the men. But the early pastors of the Christian church abolished the Lupercalian rites, and appointed St. Valentine in their stead: hence it has been continued as a season, as some say, in imitation of the birds, for choosing our special lovers.
St. Valentine was an ancient presbyter of the church, who suffered in the persecution under Claudius II. at Rome: after being imprisoned a year, he was beaten with clubs and then beheaded, in the Via Flaminia, about the year 270.
THE LEGEND OF ST. VALENTINE.
The pagan rites were banish’d;
From grove and altar vanish'd.
Or be by saints outwitted.