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as much religious symbols as astronomical calendars, it. being well known that the Egyptians blended astronomy with their mythology.

CHRONOLOGY. The precession of the equinoxes has also been employed in solving several interesting chronological problems; we ascertain the period when Hesiod flourished, assuming as data the following lines taken from his Opera et Dies:

6. When from the solstice sixty wintry days,
Their turns have finished, mark with glittering rays,
From Ocean's sacred flood Arcturus rise,

Then first to gild the dusky evening skies.” Arcturus, the star her ereferred to, is of the first magnitude in the constellation Boötes, which now rises about a hundred days after the winter solstice to Ascra, (the birth-place of Hesiod) a little village of Bæotia, at the foot of Mount Helicon, according to Ptolemy in latitude 37° 45' north; this increase of 40 days, is equal to 39° which reduced to seconds, and divided by the annual precession, gives 2740 years since the time of Hesiod, which is as close an approximation to collateral testimony as this species of calculation can furnish.

ECLIPSE OF THE SUN. The Sun will be eclipsed invisible to the British Isles, at 441m. past 2 in the afternoon of the 24th of this month, in longitude Os. 3° 281', the Moon's latitude lo 17' south. Table of the Sun's Rising and Setting for every

Fifth Day.
Mar. 1st, Sun rises 35 min. after 6, sets 25 min. after 5

6th, ........25 ........ 6,
11th,
16th, ...
21st,
26th,
31st, ....,.

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26th, .........

Equation of Time. Having oberved the time as marked by a good sun-dial, add the following quantities, and the results will be such as should be given by a clock at the same instant. Table of the Equation of Time for every fifth day.

m. s. Monday, March 1st, to the time by the dial add 12 41 Saturday, 6th, ...

11 36 Thursday, 11th, ...

19 Tuesday, 16th,

... 8 55 Sunday, 21st,

5 54 Wednesday, 31st, .....

4 22 . LUNAR PHENOMEN A.

Phases of the Moon.
First Quarter, Ist day, at 2 m. past 8 morning.
Full Moon, 9th ......31 ...... 1 afternoon.
Last Quarter, 17th ......36 ...... 5
New Moon, 24th ...... 44 .....
First Quarter, 31st .. ...58 ...... 6 morning.

Eclipse of the Moon. The Moon will be eclipsed on the 9th of this month, but invisible in this country; it will occur under the following circumstances : viz.

Beginning of the eclipse .. 34m. 45 s. after 11 morn. Beginning of total darkness 39 .. 45...... 12 noon. Ecliptic opposition ..... 30 .. 45..,... 1 aftern. Middle. End of total darkness .... 23 .. 45...... End of the eclipse ...... 28 .. 45...... Digits eclipsed 20° from the southern side of the Earth's shadow.

Moon's Passage over the Meridian. The Moon will pass the First Meridian at the following convenient times of observation, viz.

March 1st, at 46 m. past 5 in the afternoon.

2nd,. . 40 ...... 6 in the evening.
3rd, .. 34
4th, .. 26
5th,..
6th, ..
16th, .

4 in the morning.
17th, .. 34
18th,..
19th,
20th, ..
29th, ..

4 in the afternoon.
30th, .. 36

31st, .. 30 ...... 6 in the evening. PHENOMENA PLANETARUM.

Phases of Venus. This beautiful planet is now nearly lost to the unassisted sight in the effulgence of the solar beams. The following are the proportional phases : March 1st.-Illuminated part = 0.17317

Dark part ..... = 11.82683 Eclipses of the Satellites of Jupiter. There will be only two of these eclipses visible this month, at Greenwich, namely,

IMMERSION. . First Satellite, 5th day, 43 m. 34 s. past 5 in the morning.

EMERSION.
Third Satellite, 26th day, 55 m. 4s. past 4 in the morning.
Conjunctions of the Moon with the Fixed Stars.
March 1st, with Aldebaran at 2 in the afternoon.

11th, .. 9 in Virgo :. 8 in the evening.
13th, .. *.. Virgo .. 5 in the morning.
14th, .. y.. Libra .. 11 at night
28th, og.. Taurus .. 3 in the afternoon,
28th, .. Aldebaran .. 10 at night.

Other Phenomena. Mercury will be at his greatest elongation on the 10th of this month. Venus in her inferior conjunc

tion on the 7th, at 45 m. after 3 in the afternoon; 27th, stationary. Jupiter and Mars will be in conjunction on the 19th and separated from each other 40'. “ Ye stars! which are the Poetry of Heaven!

Lord Byron. Astronomy is the very region in which the spirit of poetry finds itself in its own element; it there spreads abroad its pinions and largely roams from star to star, from system to system, exulting amidst the magnificence of interminable space. The following are a few gems which sparkle in the coronet of the genius of astronomy:

O that I were the great soul of a world !

A glory in space!
By the glad hand of Omnipotence hurled

Sublime on its race!
Reflecting the marvellous beauty of heaven,

Encircled with joy,
To endure, when the orbs shall wax dim, that are given
Old Time to destroy.

William Kennedy.

There take thy stand, my spirit ;-spread
The world of shadows at thy feet;
And mark how calmly, over head,
The stars like saints in glory meet:
While hid in solitude sublime,
Methinks I muse on Nature's tomb,
And hear the passing foot of Time
Step through the gloom. James Montgomery.

The Sun, rejoicing round the earth, announced
Daily the wisdom, power, and love of God.
The Moon awoke, and from her maiden face,
Shedding her cloudy locks, looked meekly forth,
And with her virgin stars walked in the heavens,
Walked nightly there, conversing as she walked,
Of purity, and holiness, and God. Robert Pollok

By night-fall shaded,
The red lights from the clouds are faded ;
Leaving one palest amber line
To mark the last of day's decline;
And all o'er heaven is that clear blue
The stars so love to wander through.
They're rising from the silent deep,
Like bright eyes opening after sleep.

The Lost Pleiad," by L. E. L.

ue

There, far as the remotest line
That bounds imagination's flight,
Countless and unending orbs,
In mazy motion intermingled,
Yet still fulfil immutably
“ The Great Creator's” law.
Above, below, around,
The circling systems formed
A wilderness of harmony:
Each with undeviating care,
In eloquent silence through the depths of space,
Pursued its wond'rous way.

Shelley.

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