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high as the top of the roof. A number of small wood fires, according to the size of the place, are now kindled upon the floor, and by the smoke ascending from them, the herrings are cured. After the fish have hung in this manner about seven days, the fires are extinguished for two days, that the oil and fat may drip from them. The fires are then rekindled, and after two more such drippings, they are kept continually burning until the fish are completely cured. This operation requires a longer or a shorter time, according as they are designed for exportation, or for home consumption. The herrings having hung a proper time, are packed in barrels containing 800 or 1000 each, and shipped for market. .

66 The number of boats annually employed at Lowestoft in this fishery for many years, previously to 1781, was about 33, and the quantity of herrings caught averaged 21 lasts (each last containing 10,000 herrings) to a boat. After that time, owing to the war with the Dutch and other powers, the number of boats, engaged in the herring fishery rather diminished; but the bounties granted by an act passed in 1786, for the encouragement of the fisheries, gave new vigour to this valuable branch of industry, so that only three years afterwards, the boats fitted out by the town amounted to forty-four. Each of these boats, which are built here, carries about 40 tons, and requires eleven men. In 1802 something more than 30 boats gained £30,000, the price of the fish cured, a larger sum than had ever before been made in one season; and in the following year, they earned in six months £10,000 by mackarel, exclusively of the other fish caught during that period.”

Field-spiders, commonly called gossamers, are now seen covering the grass with their shining threads and floating in the air. Vipers, snakes,

and other reptiles, retire to their winter quarters, where they remain in a state of torpor until the spring breezes recall them to animation.

We shall let the poet close our month with a few

AUTUMNAL REFLECTIONS.

These are the days, when sadness reigns,

And calls her gloomy thoughts around;
Coldly the sun beams on the plains,

The withered leaves are on the ground:
Shadows are gathering o'er the earth,

The beauty of the spring is gone;
The flowers that blush'd at summer's birth,

Have bloomed and perished every one :
Like budding hopes of youth, they grew-and died ;
O'er life's crushed flowers, how oft has memory sighed!

These are the days, when nature's voice

Chimes with a melancholy tone;
The birds of summer bade rejoice,

To brighter, kindlier skies have flown ;
Their melody no longer floats,

In melting softness, on the ear :
Hark! to those mournful, plaintive notes,

Murmuring around the dying year :
They come, like music o'er the peaceful deep,
When waves are still, and winds are hushed to sleep.

These are the days, these are the days,

Which come with a deep thrilling spell,
And in the heart emotions raise,

That cling to scenes remembered well;
The “ sear and yellow leafrecalls

Visions that long have sunk to rest;
There's not a flower that blighted falls,

But thrills a chord within the breast :
O that the heart conld lose these memories,
E'en as the bloom forsakes each flower that dies.

These are the days, when joys long dead

Come forth from out their silent tomb;
They throng upon the heart, and shed

Remembrance of their early bloom :

The friends once prized, we clasp again;

The one adored, cleaves to our breast;
Ah! 'tis a thought of bliss, and pain

Awhile is lulled, and sinks to rest : .
Brief-brief-the fond illusion, as the beam
That lights from winter skies the cold, dark stream.

These are the days, these are the days

That have a moral in each hour;
As coldly bright are morning rays,

As beams of hope from worldly power :
Friendship is warm as noon-tide heat,

While fortune's sunny smiles are bright;
Its beams before earth's sorrows fleet,

As twilight yields to shades of night.
Chill, round the heart is twined joy's blighted wreath,
As night-dews fall upon the blasted heath.

These are the days when fancy takes

The captive thoughts to future scenes;
From pleasure's dream the soul awakes,

To know the reed on which it leans :
Time passes with a noiseless flight,

And bears a lesson on its wing;
It flies to meet a fearful night,

Whose slumbers deep no dreams can bring :
Cheerless and dark, life's winter sinks in gloom
Faith points to spring, where flowers immortal bloom!

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NOVEMBER.

This month is derived from Novem (nine) and Imber. The Emperor Commodus attempted, but unsuccesfully, to change the name of this month. The Senate had once proposed to give it the name of the Emperor Tiberius, who was born in it. But he declined this servility, observing with a jest, “ What might be their embarrassment should there be thirteen Cæsars?” The Saxons termed November the Wint, (wind) Monath, or Blot (blood,) from the custom of slaughtering the winter's provision at this season.

Remarkable Days.

1.-ALL SAINTS. A festival designed to celebrate the commemoration of all those saints who have no particular days allotted to them separately in the calendar.

2.—ALL SOULS. A festival instituted in the year 998, by the western churches, to pray for the deceased souls suffering the expiatory flames of purgatory.

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A new church dedicated to All Souls, was completed in 1824, in Langham Place, Regent Street, London.

5.-KING WILLIAM LANDED. This day is observed in commemoration of the glorious revolution of 1688, when King William first landed in this country. In the almanacks it stands for the 4th day, but this is an error: the king wished to land then, but adverse winds prevented his effecting it till the fifth day.

5.-POWDER PLOT. This day is celebrated in the church of England in commemoration of the discovery of the plot of Guy Fawkes to blow up the Parliament house..

6.-ST. LEONARD. A French nobleman of the court of Clovis I., whose piety and goodness raised him to the bishopric of Limosin. He died about the year 559. • 8.—1828.-THOMAS BEWICK DIED, ÆTAT. 76.

A justly celebrated wood engraver, born at Ovingham, in Northumberland, on the 12th of April, 1753. At the age of fourteen he was apprenticed to Mr. Beilby, a copper plate engraver, at Newcastle, who was employed by Dr. Hutton to engrave the diagrams for his work on Mensuration; these he advised the Doctor to have engraved on wood and gave the task to his apprentice, which he executed in so satisfactory a manner, that it obtained him several other works of a similar nature. He sedulously pursued his art till he carried it to a greater height of excellence than it had hitherto arrived at in this country. In 1793, he published his History of Quadrupeds, which soon extended his fame throughout the kingdon. In 1797, appeared his British Birds; and at the time of his death he was

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