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Look, how thou dream'st!-I say again, give out,
Re-enter Page, with TYRREL. Is thy name—Tyrrel?3
VII, immediately after the battle of Bosworth, and his education being consequently entirely neglected, he is described by Polydore Virgil at the time of his death in 1499) as an idiot; and his account (which was copied by Hall and Holinshed) was certainly a sufficient authority for Shakspeare's représentation : “ Edouardus Varvici comes in carcere ab incunabulis extra ho. minum ferarumque conspectum nutritus, qui gallinam ab ansere non facile internosceret, cum nullo suo delicto supplicium quærere posset, alieno ad id tractus est.” Malone.
1- it stands me much upon,] i. e. it is of the utmost consequence to my designs. The same phrase occurs in The Comedy of Errors:
“ Consider how it stands upon my credit.” See also Antony and Cleopatra, Act II, sc. i. Steevens. 2 — But I am in
So far in blood, that sin will pluck on sin.] The same rellections occur in Macbeth:
" I am in blood
“ Returning were as tedious,” &c.
Steevens. 3 Is thy name--Tyrrel?] It seems, that alate editor (who boasts much of his fidelity in “ marking the places of action, both gene. ral and particular, and supplying scenical directions,”) through. out this scene, has left King Richard on his throne; whereas he might have learnt from the following passage in Sir John Harrington's Metamorphosis of Ajax, 1596, that the monarch appeared, during the present interview with Tyrrel, on an elevation of much less dignity. - The best part (says Sir John) of our chronicles, in all men's opinions is that of Richard ihe third, written as I have heard by Moorton, but as most suppose, by that worthy and in
Tyr. James Tyrrel, and your most obedient subject.
Prove me, my gracious lord.
K. Rich. Why, then thou hast it; two deep enemies, Foes to my rest, and my sweet sleep's disturbers, Are they that I would have thee deal upon :* Tyrrel, I mean those bastards in the Tower.
Tyr. Let me have open means to come to them, And soon I 'll rid you from the fear of them. K. Rich. Thou sing'st sweet musick. Hark, come hi
ther, Tyrrel; Go, by this token :-Rise, and lend thine ear:
[Whispers There is no more but so:-Say, it is done, And I will love thee, and prefer thee for it. Tyr. I will despatch it straight.
[Exit. Re-enter BUCKINGHAM. Buck. My lord, I have consider'd in my mind The late demand that you did sound me in. K. Rich. Well, let that rest. Dorset is fled to Rich
mond. Buck. I hear the news, my lord. K. Rich. Stanley, he is your wife's son:-Well, look
corrupt magistrate Sir Thomas More, sometime lord chancellor of England, where it is said, how the king was devising with Teril to have his nephews privily murdred; and it is added, he was then sitting on a draught; a fit carpet for such a counsel.” See likewise Holinshed, Vol. II, p. 735. Steevens.
For Richard's mode of proceeding on this occasion, there are, it appears, many ancient and dignified precedents. “Maximilian the emperor,” says old Montaigne, “ with other customes of his had this one, most contrary to other princes, (who, to dispatch their weightiest affaires, make often their c-es- their regal throne or oouncil-chamber,) which was,” &c. Florio's Translation, 1603.
Malone 4 d eal upon :) So, in Have with you to Saffron Walden, &c. by Nashe, 1596: « At Wolfe's he's billeted, sweating and dealing upon it most intentively." See also my note on Antony and Cleopatra, Act III, sc. ix. Steevens.
deal upon :) i. e. act upon. We should now say-deal with; but the other was the phraseology of our author's time. Malone.
Buck. My lord, I claim the gift, my due by promise, For which your honour and your faith is pawnd; The earldom of Hereford, 5 and the moveables, Which you have promised I shall possess.
K. Rich. Stanley, look to your wife; if she convey Letters to Richmond, you shall answer it.
Buck. What says your highness, to my just request?
K. Rich. I do remember me.Henry the sixth
5 The earldom of Hereford, &c.] Thomas Duke of Gloster, the fifth son of Edward the Third, married one of the daughters and coheirs of Humphrey de Bohun Earl of Hereford. The Duke of Gloster's nephew, Henry Earl of Derby, (the eldest son of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, the fourth son of Edward the Third) who was afterwards King Henry IV, married the other daughter of the Earl of Hereford. The moiety of the Hereford estate, which had been possessed by that King, was seized on by Edward IV, as legally devolved to the crown, on its being transferred from the house of Lancaster to that of York. Henry Staf. ford Duke of Buckingham was lineally descended from Thomas Duke of Gloster, his only daughter Anne having married Ed. mund Earl of Stafford, and Henry being the great grandson of Edmund and Anne. In this right he and his ancestors had pos. sessed one half of the Hereford estate ; and he claimed and actually obtained from Richard III, after he usurped the throne, the restitution of the other half, which had been seized on by Ed. ward; and also the earldom of Hereford, and the office of Con. stable of England, which had long been annexed by inheritance to that earldom. See Dugdale's Baronage, Vol. I, p. 168, 169. Many of our historians, however, ascribe the breach between him and Richard to Richard's refusing to restore the moiety of the Hereford estate; and Shakspeare has followed them
Thomas Duke of Gloster was created Earl of Hereford in 1386, by King Richard II, on which ground the Duke of Buckingham had some pretensions to claim a new grant of the title ; but with respect to the moiety of the estate, he had not a shadow of right to it; for supposing that it devolved to Edward IV, with the crown, it became, after the murder of his sons, the joint property of his daughters. If it did not devolve to King Edward Iv, it belonged to the right heirs of King Henry IV. Malone.
6 A king! perhaps ~] From hence to the words, Thou troublest me, I am not in the vein have been left out ever since the first editions; but I like them well enough to replace them. Pope.
The allusions to the plays of Henry VI, are no weak proofs of the authenticity of these disputed pieces. Fohnson.
Buck. My lord,
Buck. My lord, your promise for the earldom,
K. Rich. Richmond - When last I was at Exeter,
Buck. My lord,
“Ay, what's o'clock? Buck.
I am thus bold To put your grace in mind of what you promis'd me.
K. Rich. Well, but what is 't o'clock?
Upon the stroke Of ten.
K. Rich. Well, let it strike.9
Why let it strike?
These allusions, I trust, have been sufficiently accounted for in the Dissertation annexed to the preceding play. Malone.
7_ I being by,] The Duke of Gloster was not by when Henry uttered the prophecy. See Vol: X, p. 393. Our author seldom took the trouble to turn to the plays to which he referred. Malone.
8 Rouge-mont:) Hooker, who wrote in Queen Elizabeth's time, in his description of Exeter mentions this as a “very old and antient castle, named Rugemont; that is to say, the Red Hill, taking that name of the red soil or earth whereupon it is situated.” It was first built, he adds, as some think, by Julius Cæsar, or rather, and in truth, by the Romans after him. Reed.
9 Well, let it strike. ] This seems to have been a proverbial sentence. So, in Pierce's Supererogation, &c. by Gabriel Harvey, 4to. 1593: “Let the clock strike: I have lost more howers, and lose no. thing if I find equity." Malone.
i Because that, like a Fack, &c.] An image, like those at St. Dunstan's church in Fleet Street, and at the market-houses at several towns in this kingdom, was usually called a Jack of the clock-house. See Cowley's Discourse on the government of Oliver Cromwell. [Vol. II, p. 650, edit. 1710.) Richard resembles Buckingham to one of those automatons, and bids him not suspend the stroke on the clock-bell, but strike, that the hour may be past, and himself be at liberty to pursue his meditation. Sir 7. Hawkins,
Betwixt thy begging and my meditation.
Buck. Why, then resolve me whe'r you will, or no.
[Exeunt K. Rich. and Train. Buck. And is it thus? repays he my deep service With such contempt? made i him king for this.? 0, let me think on Hastings; and be gone To Brecknock, 2 while my fearful head is on. [ Exit.
So, in The Fleire, a comedy, 1610:-" their tongues are, like a Fack o' the clock, still in labour.” Again, in The Coxcomb, by Beaumont and Fletcher:
" Is this your Fack o'the clock-house?
" Will you strike, sir?” Again, in a pamphlet by Deckar, called the Guls Hornbook, 1609: “ – but howsoever, if Powles Facks be once up with their elbowes, and quarrelling to strike eleven, as soon as ever the clock has parted them, and ended the fray with his hammer, let not the duke's gallery conteyne you any longer."
Perhaps these figures were called Facks, because the engines of that name which turn the spit were anciently ornamented witb such a puppet. In The Gentleman Usher, a comedy, by Chapman, 1606, they are alluding to a roasting Fack, and a man says:
“S as in that quaint engine you have seen
“ Yet adds no force to it, nor nothing does.” In Lantern and Candle-light, or The Bellman's Second Night-walk, &c. by Deckar, is a passage " of a new and cunning drawing of money from gentlemen,” which may tend to a somewhat different explanation of the word-strike: “There is anotber fraternitie of wandring pilgrims, who merrily call themselves bes of the clock-house. The jacke of a clock-house goes upon screws, arid his office is to do nothing but strike: so does this noise (for they walke up and down like fidlers) travaile with motions, and whatever their motions get them, is called striking.” Steevens.
A Jack with such a figure as Chapman hath described, was for many years exhibited, as a sign, at the door of a White-Smitli's shop in the narrowest part of the Strand. Henley.
These automatons were called Jacks of the clock-house, because Fack in our author's time was a common appellation for a mean, contemptible fellow, employed by others in servile oʻlices.
Malone. 2 T. Brecknock,] To the Castle of Brecknock in Wales, where the Duke of Buckingham's estate lay. Malone.