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Invited by your noble self, hath sent
loves, You are so noble: To your highness' hand I tender my commission; by whose virtue, (The court of Rome commanding)-you, my lord Cardinal of York, are join'd with me their servant, In the unpartial judging of this business.
K. Hen. Two equal men. The queen shall be acquainted Forthwith, for what you come:- Where's Gardiner?
Wol. I know, your majesty has always loy'd her
[Excit Wol. Re-enter Wolsey, with GARDINER. Wol. Give me your hand: much joy and favour to
you; You are the king's now. Gard.
But to be commanded For ever by your grace, whose hand has raised me. [Aside.
K. Hen. Come hither, Gardiner. [They converse apart.
Cam. My lord of York, was not one doctor Pace
Yes, he was.
8 Have their free voices;] The construction is, have sent their free voices; the word sent, which occurs in the next line, being understood here. Malone.
Even of yourself, lord cardinal.
How! of me?
Heaven's peace be with him! That's christian care enough: for living murmurers, There's places of rebuke. He was a fool; For he would needs be virtuous: That good fellow, If I command him, follows my appointment; I will have none so near else. Learn this, brother, We live not to be grip'd by meaner persons. K. Hen. Deliver this with modesty to the queen.
Enter Anne BULLEN, and an old Lady.
9 Kept him a foreign man still:] Kept him out of the king's presence, employed in foreign embassies. Johnson.
1 To leave is - ] The latter word was added by Mr. Theo. bald. Malone.
To give her the avaunt!2 it is a pity
Hearts of most hard temper
0, God's will! much better, She ne'er had known pomp: though it be temporal, Yet, if that quarrel, fortune, 3 do divorce It from the bearer, 'tis a sufferance, panging As soul and body's severing.“ Old L.
Alas, poor lady! She's a stranger now again.5
2 To give her the avaunt !) To send her away contemptuously; to pronounce against her a sentence of ejection. Fohnson.
3 Yet, if that quarrel, fortune,] She calls fortune a quarrel or arrow, from her striking so deep and suddenly. Quarrel was a large arrow so called. Thus Fairfax: "— twang'd the string, out flew the quarrel long."
Warburton. Such is Dr. Warburton's interpretation. Sir Thomas Hanmer reads :
That quarreler Fortune.
“_ but that your royalty
“For Idleness itself.”
Yet if that quarrel fortune to divorce
It from the bearer. i. e. if any quarrel happen or chance to divorce it from the bearer. To fortune is a verb used by Shakspeare in The Two Gentlemen of Verona:
" I'll tell you as we pass along,
“ That you will wonder what hath fortuned.” Again, in Spenser's Fairy Queen, B. I, c. ii:
“It fortuned (high heaven did so ordaine)" &c. Steevens.
-- -- punging As soul and body's severing.] So Bartram, in All's well that ends well: “ I grow to you, and our parting is a tortur'd body.” Steevens. Again, in Antony and Cleopatra:
“The soul and body rive not more at parting,
“ Than greatness going off.” Malone. 5- stranger now again.] Again an alien; not only no longer queen, but no longer an Englishwoman. Fohnson.
It rather means, she is alienated from the King's affection, is a
So much the more
By my troth, and maidenhead,
Beshrew me, I would,
Nay, good troth,
queen? Anne. No, not for all the riches under heaven. Old L. 'Tis strange; a three-pence bow'd would hire
stranger to his bed; for she still retained the rights of an Eng. lishwoman, and was princess dowager of Wales. So, in the se. cond scene of the third Act:
" Katharine no more
And widow to prince Arthur.” Tollet.
Malone. I agree with Mr. Tollet. So, in King Lear:
« Dower'd with our curse, and stranger'd with our oath," i. e. the revocation of my love has reduced her to the condition of an unfriended stranger. Steerens.
6 our best having.] That is, our best possession. So, in Macbeth:
“Of noble having and of royal hope." In Spanish, hazienda. Fohnson.
7- cheveril -] is kid-skin, soft leather. Fohnson. So, in Histriomastix, 1610 :
* The cheveril conscience of corrupted law. Steevens.
Old as I am, to queen it: But, I pray you,
No, in truth.
How you do talk !
In faith, for little England
8 Pluck off a little ; &c. 7 What must she pluck off? I think we may better read:
Pluck up a little. Pluck up! is an idiomatical expression for take courage. Johnson.
The old lady first questions Anne Bullen about being a queen, which she declares her aversion to; she then proposes the title of a duchess, and asks her if she thinks herself equal to the task of sustaining it; but as she still declines the offer of greatness,
Pluck of a little, says she; i. e. let its still further divest preferment of its glare, let us descend yet lower, and more upon a level with your own quality; and then adds :
I would not be a young count in your way, which is an inferior degree of honour to any before enumerated.
Would for Carnarvonshire,] Little England seems very pro. perly opposed to all the world; bui wisat has Carnarvonshire to do here? Does it refer to the birth of Edard II, al Carnarvon? or may not this be the allusion? By little England is meant, perhaps, that territory in Pembrokesbire, where the Flemings settled in Henry Ist's time, who speaking a language very different from the Welsh, and bearing some affinity to the English, this fertile spot was called by the Britons, as we are told by Camden, Little England beyond Wales; and, as it is a very fruitful country, may be justly opposed to the mountainous and barren county of Car. narvon. Whalley.
So, in A short Relation of a long Journey &c. by John Taylor the Water Poet: “ Concerning Pembrookshire, the people do speak English in it almost generally, and therefore they call it Little