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Prythee, let 's walk. Now, by my holy-dame,
What manner of man are you? My lord, I look'd
You would have given me your petition, that
I should have ta'en some pains to bring together
Yourself and your accusers; and to have heard you
Without indurance,2 further.
Cran.

Most dread liege,
The good I stand on3 is my truth, and honesty;
If they shall fail, I, with mine enemies,
Will triumph o'er my person; which I weigh not, 5
Being of those virtues vacant. I fear nothing
What can be said against me.
K. Hen.

Know you not how
Your state stands i' the world, with the whole world?
Your enemies
Are many, and not small; their practices
Must bear the same proportion: and not ever6
The justice and the truth o' the question carries
The due o' the verdict with it: At what ease
Might corrupt minds procure knaves as corrupt
To swear against you? such things have been done.
You are potently oppos’d; and with a malice

2

indurance,] i. e. confinement. Dr. Johnson, however, in his Dictionary, says that this word (which Shakspeare borrowed from Fox's narrative already quoted) means-delay, procrastination.

Steevens. 3 The good I stand on - ] Though good may be taken for advan. tage or superiority, or any thing which may help or support, yet it would, I think, he more natural to say:

The ground I stand on Fohnson.
The old copy is certainly right. So, in Coriolanus :

Your franchises, whereon you stand, confin'd

“ Into an angre's bore.” Malone. Again, in The Merry Wives of Windsor : Though Page be a secure fool, and stands so firmly on his wife's frailty

Steevens. - I, with mine enemies,] Cranmer, I suppose, means, that whenever his honesty fails, he shall rejoice as heartily as his enemies at his destruction. Malone.

I weigh not,] i. e. have no value for. So, in Love's Labour's Lost :

“ You weigh me not.- - that's, you care not for me.” See King Richard III, Act III, sc. i. Steevens.

- and not ever – Not ever is an uncommon expression, and does not mean never, but not always. M. Mason.

5

6

Of as great size. Ween you of better luck,
I mean, in perjur’d witness, than your master,
Whose minister you are, whiles here he liv'd
Upon this naughty earth? Go to, go to;
You take a precipice for no leap of danger,
And woo your own destruction.
Cran.

God, and your majesty,
I rotect mine innocence, or I fall into
The trap is laid for me!
K. Hen.

Be of good cheer; They shall no more prevail, than we give way to. Keep comfort to you; and this morning see You do appear before them: if they shall chance, In charging you with matters, to commit you, The best persuasions to the contrary l'ail not to use, and with what vehemency The occasion shall instruct you: if entreaties Will render you no remedy, this ring Deliver them, and your appeal to us There make before them.--Look, the good man weeps! He's honest, on mine honour. God's blest mother! I swear, he is true-hearted; and a soul None better in my kingdom.-Get you gone, And do as I have bid you.—[Exit CRAN.] He has stran

gled
His language in his tears.

Enter an old Lady.3
Gent. [rvithin] Come back; What mean you?

Lady. I'll not come back; the tidings that I bring
Will make my boldness manners.-- -Now, good angels
Fly o’er thy royal head, and shade thy person
Under their blessed wings !9
X. Hen.

Now, by thy looks

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Ween you of better luck,] To ween is to think, to imagine. Though now absolete, the word was common to all our ancient writers. Steevens.

8 — an old Lady.) This, I suppose, is the same old cat that appears with Anne Bullen, p. 250. Șteevens.

- good angels
Fly o'er thy royal head, and shade thy person
Under their blessed wings!) So, in Hamlet, Act III, sc. iv:

“Save me, and hover o'er me with your wings,
6" You heavenly guards!” Steevens.

I guess thy message. Is the queen deliver'd?
Say, ay; and of a boy.
Lady.

Ay, ay, my liege;
And of a lovely boy: The God of heaven
Both now and ever bless her!-'tis a girl,
Promises boys hereafter. Sir, your queen
Desires your visitation, and to be
Acquainted with this stranger; 'tis as like you,
As cherry is to cherry.
K. Hen.

Lovell,2

Enter LOVELL. Lov.

Sir. K. Hen. Give her an hundred marks. I 'll to the queen.

[Exit King Lady. An hundred marks! By this light, I 'll have

more.

An ordinary groom is for such payment.
I will have more, or scold it out of him.
Said I for this, the girl is like to him?
I will have more, or else unsay 't; and now
While it is hot, I 'll put it to the issue.

Exeunt.

SCENE II. Lobby before the Council-Chamber. Enter CRANMER; Servants, Door-Keeper, &c. aitending. Cran. I hope, I am not too late; and yet the gentle

man, That was sent to me from the council, pray'd me To make great haste. All fast? what means this ?-Hoa! Who waits there?-Sure, you know me? D. Keep.

Yes, my lord; But yet I cannot help you. Cran.

Why? D. Keep. Your grace must wait, till you be call'd for.

1- bless her!] It is doubtful whether her is referred to the Queen or the girl. Fohnson.

As I believe this play was calculated for the ear of Elizabeth, I imagine, her relates to the girl. Malone.

2. Lovell,] Lovell has been just sent out of the presence, and no notice is given of his return: I have placed it here at the instant when the King calls for him. Steevens.

Enter Doctor Butts.
Cran.

So.
Butts. This is a piece of malice. I am glad,
I came this way so happily: The king
Shall understand it presently.

[Exit Butts. Cran. Caside]

'Tis Butts, The king's physician; As he past along, How earnestly he cast his eyes upon me! Pray heaven, he sound not my disgrace! For certain, This is of purpose lay'd, by some that hate me, (God turn their hearts! I never sought their malice,) To quench mine honour: they would shame to make me Wait else at door; a fellow-counsellor, Among boys, grooms, and lackeys. But their pleasures Must be fulfilld, and I attend with patience.

Enter, at a window above, 3 the King and Butts. Butts. I 'll show your grace the strangest sight, K. Hen.

What 's that, Butts? Butts. I think, your highness saw this many a day. K. Hen. Body o' me, where is it? Butts.

There, my

lord: The high promotion of his grace of Canterbury; Who holds his state at door, 'mongst pursuivants, Pages, and footboys. K. Her.

Ha! 'Tis he, indeed : Is this the honour they do one another? 'Tis well, there 's one above them yet. I had thought, They had parted so much honesty among them,

3

at a window above,] The suspicious vigilance of our an. cestors contrived windows which overlooked the insides of chapels, halls, kitchens, passages, &c. Some of these convenient peep-holes may be still found in colleges, and such ancient houses as have not suffered from the reformations of modern architec. ture. Among Andrew Borde's instructions for building a house, (see his Dietarie of Health,) is the following: “Many of the chambers to have a view into the chapel.”

Again, in a Letter from Matthew Parker, Archbishop of Can. terbury, 1573: “ And if it please her majestie, she may come in through my gallerie, and see the disposition of the hall in dyn. ner time, at a window opening thereunto.

Without a previous knowledge of this custom, Shakspeare's scenery, in the present instance, would be obscure. Steevens.

* They had parted &c.] We should now say— They had shared, &c.i. e. had so much honesty among them. Steevens.

(At least, good manners,) as not thus to suffer
À man of his place, and so near our favour,
To dance attendance on their lordships' pleasures,
And at the door to, like a post with packets.
By holy Mary, Butts, there's knavery:
Let them alone, and draw the curtain close ;5
We shall hear more anon.-

[Exeunt. THE COUNCIL-CHAMBER. Enter the Lord Chancellor, the Duke of SUFFOLK, Earl

of SURREY, Lord Chamberlain, GARDINER, and
CROMWELL. The Chancellor places himself at the up-
per end of the table on the left hand; a seat being left
void above him, as for the Archbishop of Canterbury.
The rest seat themselves in order on each side. CROM-
WELL at the lower end, as secretary.

Chan. Speak to the business,6 master secretary:
Why are we met in council ?
Crom.

Please your honours,
The chief cause concerns his grace of Canterbury.

Gar. Has he had knowledge of it?

6

-draw the curtain close ;] i. e. the curtain of the balcony, or upper-stage, where the King now is. Malone.

6 Chan. Speak to the business,] This Lord Chancellor, though a character, has hitherto had no place in the Dramatis Personæ. In the last scene of the fourth Act, we heard that Sir Thomas More was appointed Lord Chancellor: but it is not he whom the poet here introduces. Wolsey, by command, delivered up the seals on the 18th of November, 1529; on the 25th of the same month, they were delivered to Sir Thomas More, who surrendered them on the 16th of May, 1532. Now the conclusion of this scene taking notice of Queen Elizabeth's birth, (which brings it down to the year 1534,) Sir Thomas Andlie must necessarily be our poet's chancellor; who succeeded Sir Thomas More, and held the seals many years. Theobald.

In the preceding scene we have heard of the birth of Elizabeth, and from the conclusion of the present it appears that she is not yet christened. She was born September 7, 1533, and baptized on the 1116 of the same month. Cardinal Wolsey was Chancellor of England from September 7, 1516, to the 25th of October, 1530, on which day the seals were given to Sir Thomas More. He held them till the 20th of May, 1533, when Sir Thomas Aud. ley was appointed Luril Keeper. He therefore is the person here introduced; but Shakspeare has made a mistake in calling him Lord Chancellor, for he did not obtain that title till the January after the birth of Elizabeth. Malone.

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