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Thinking on them, go I unto the Tower.
Exeunt Prince, YORK, Hasr. Card. and Attend.
Glo. No doubt, no doubt: 0, 'tis a parlous boy;
Buck. Well, let them rest.
Cates. He for his father's sake so loves the prince,
Buck. What think'st thou then of Stanley? will not he?
1 Was not incensed by his subtle mother,) Incensed means here, incited or suggested. So, in King Henry VIII, Gardiner says of Cranmer:
"A most arch heretick.” And, in Much Ado about Nothing, Borachio says to Pedro ; " -- how Don John your brother incensed me to slander the lady Hero.” M. Mason.
2- capable ;) here, as in many other places in these plays, means intelligent, quick of apprehension. See p. 65, n. 7.
Malone. So again, in Troilus and Cressida : “Let me carry another to his horse, for that's the more capable creature.” Ritson.
3 — gentle Catesby;] I have supplied the epithet-gentle, for the same reasons urged by Mr. Malone in the foregoing page, n. 9, in defence of a similar insertion. Steevens.
If thou dost find him tractable to us,
Glo. Commend me to lord William: tell him, Catesby,
Buck. Good Catesby, go, effect this business soundly.
[Exit CATES. Buck. Now, my lord, what shall we do, if we perceive Lord Hastings will not yield to our complots?
Glo.Chop off his head, man; somewhat we will do:
4 divided councils, ] That is, a private consultation, separate from the known and publick council. So, in the next scene, Hastings says:
« Bid him not fear the separated councils." Johnson. This circumstance is conformable to history. Hall, p. 13, says, “ When the protectour had both the chyldren in his possession, yea, and that they were in a sure place, he then began to threst io se the ende of his enterprize. And, to avoyde all suspicion, he caused all the lords which he knewe to bee faithfull to the kynge, to assemble at Baynardes Castle, to comen of the ordre of the coronacion, whyle he and other of his complices, and of his affi. nitee, at Crosbies-place, contrived the contrary, and to make the protectour kyng: to which counsail there were adhibite very fewe, and they very secrete.” Reed. · Mr. Reed' has shown from Hall's Chronicle that this circumstance is founded on the historical fact. But Holinshed, Hall's copyist, was our author's authority: “ But the protectoure and - the duke after they had sent to the lord Cardinal,- the lord Stan
ley and the lord Hastings then lord Chamberlaine, with many other noblemen, to commune and devise about the coronation in me place, as fast were they in another place, contriving the contrarie, and to make the protectour king."-"- the lord Stanley, that was after earle of Darby, wisely mistrusted it, and sayde unto the lorde Hastings, that be much mislyked these two several counCels." Malone.
And, look, when I am king, claim thou of me
Buck. I'll claim that promise at your grace's hand.
Glo. And look to have it yielded with all kindness..
Enter a Messenger.
[Knocking: Hast. [within]
Who knocks? Mess.
One from lord Stanley. Hast. [within] What is 't o'clock? Me88.
Upon the stroke of four.
Hast. And then, -
will do:) The folio reads--will determine. Steevens. 6 Scene Il. Every material circumstance in the following scene is taken from Holinshed's Chronicle, except that it is a knight with whom Hastings converses, instead of Buckingham. Steevens.
7- the boar had rased off his helm :] This term rased or rashed, is always given to describe the violence inflicted by a boar. So, in King Lear, 4to edit:
“In his anointed flesh rash boarish fangs." Again, in Warner's Albion's England, 1602, B. VII, ch. xxxvi:
“ ha, cur, avaunt, the bore so rase thy hide !" By the boar, throughout this scene, is meant Gloster, who was called the boar, or the hog, from his having a boar for his cognizance, and one of the supporters of his coat of arms. Steevens.
So Holinshed, after Hall and Sir Thomas More: “ The selfe night next before his death the lorde Stanley sent a trustie secret messenger unto him at midnight in all haste, requiring him to rise and ride away with him, for he was disposed utterlie no longer to byde, he had so fearful a dreame, in which him thought that a boare with his tuskes so raser them both by the heades that the bloud ran about both their shoulders. And forasmuch as the
Besides, he says, there are two councils held;
Hast. Go, fellow, go, return unto thy lord;
Protector gave the boare for his cognizance, this dreame made so fearful an impression in his heart, that he was thoroughly determined no longer to tarie, but had his horse readie, if the lord Hastings would go with him," &c. Malone.
6 His honour,] This was the usual address to noblemen in Shakspeare's time. Malone.
See note on Timon of Athens, Act I, sc, i, where the same address occurs: “ All happiness to your honour .” Steevens.
9 And, at the other, is my good friend Catesby; &c.] So, in the Legend of Lord Hastings, Mirrour for Magistrates, 1575:
“I fear'd the end; my Catesby being there
Malone. 1 - wanting instance:] That is, wanting some example or act of malevolence, by which they may be justified: or which, perhaps, is nearer to the true meaning, wanting any immediate ground or reason. Fohnson. This is the reading of the quarto, except that it has-instancie.
Malone. The folio reads-without instance. Steevens.
Instance seems to mean, symptom or prognostick. We find the word used in a similar sense, in The Comedy of Errors, where Egeon, describing his shipwreck, says:
“ A league from Epidamnum had we sail'd,
“Gave any tragick instance of our harm." M. Mason. 3 8 0 fond -] i. e. so weak, silly. Thus, in King Lear:
“I am a very foolish, fond old man.” Steevens.
Were to incense the boar to follow us,
Hast. Good morrow, Catesby; you are early stirring : What news, what news, in this our tottering state?
Cates. It is a reeling world, indeed, my lord; And, I believe, will never stand upright, Till Richard wear the garland of the realm. Hast. How! wear the garland ? dost thou mean the
crown? Cates. Ay, my good lord. Hast. I'll have this crown of mine cut from my
. shoulders, Before I 'll see the crown so foul misplac'd. But canst thou guess that he doth aim at it?
Cates. Ay, on my life; and hopes to find you forward
Hast. Indeed, I am no mourner for that news,
Cates. God keep your lordship in that gracious mind !
Hast. But I shall laugh at this a twelve-month hence, That they, who brought me in my master's hate, I live to look upon their tragedy. Well, Catesby, ere a fortnight make me older, . I'll send some packing that yet think not on 't.
Cates. 'Tis a vile thing to die, my gracious lord, .. When men are unprepar'd, and look not for it.
Hast. O monstrous, monstrous! and so falls it out