Urbanisation in India: Challenges, Opportunities and the Way Forward

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Isher Judge Ahluwalia, Ravi Kanbur, P. K. Mohanty
SAGE Publications India, Feb 4, 2014 - Business & Economics - 360 pages
Urban areas are integral to India’s growth and development, accounting for around two-thirds of the country’s GDP. Analysing India’s rapidly expanding process of urbanisation, the book identifies the key challenges and opportunities and proposes suitable managerial and policy reforms. It addresses critical issues and puts forth suggestions for better planning financing alternatives and, most importantly, better governance for improved service delivery and affordable housing. Divided thematically into three sections, the volume takes into account the important facets of urbanisation, including the state of urban infrastructure and planning in India with due attention to sustainability, the role of finance in urban development and its dependence on governance, and methods to generate good governance in public institutions, and the impact on housing and climate change.

The 11 essays included in this book have been written by leading analysts and practitioners, who propose critical reforms and policy interventions. The volume will be indispensable to students and scholars of urban economics, development studies, urban planning, business practitioners, policymakers as well as the informed general reader.


 

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Contents

An Overview
1
SECTION I Urban Planning Infrastructure and Sustainability
29
SECTION II Finance and Governance
117
SECTION III Inclusion and Governance
231
About the Editors and Contributors
319
Index
325
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About the author (2014)

Isher Judge Ahluwalia is Chairperson of the Board of the Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER), a leading think tank based in New Delhi. She was Chairperson of the High Powered Expert Committee (HPEC) on Urban Infrastructure and Services (2008–2011), which submitted its Report to the Government of India in March 2011. Dr Ahluwalia is currently leading a major Research and Capacity Building Programme on the Challenges of Urbanisation in India at ICRIER. She received her PhD from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), MA (Economics) from Delhi School of Economics and BA (Economics) from Presidency College, Kolkata. She has published a number of books and articles in professional journals on subjects such as macroeconomic implications of food and foreign exchange constraints, factors affecting industrial growth and productivity, and issues with regard to social sector development in India. For the past few years, her research is focused on the challenges of urbanisation.

Ravi Kanbur is currently President of the Society for the Study of Economic Inequality and teaches at the Cornell University. He was educated at Cambridge and Oxford. He has served on the senior staff of the World Bank, including as Principal Adviser to the Chief Economist of the World Bank and Director of the World Bank’s World Development Report. His vita lists over 200 publications and he has published in leading economics journals such as American Economic Review, Journal of Political Economy, Review of Economic Studies, Journal of Economic Theory and Economic Journal. The honours he has received include the Quality of Research Discovery Award of the American Agricultural Economics Association and an Honorary Professorship at the University of Warwick.

P. K. Mohanty, an officer of the Indian Administrative Service, is currently the Chief Secretary to Government of Andhra Pradesh. His academic qualifications include MA in Economics from Delhi School of Economics, MA in Political Economy and PhD in Urban Economics from Boston University. He was also a Postdoctoral Fellow at Harvard University. Dr Mohanty has held several key positions including Commissioner of Visakhapatnam and Hyderabad Municipal Corporations; Vice Chairman, Hyderabad Urban Development Authority; Director General, Centre for Good Governance, Hyderabad; and Mission Director, Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM), Government of India, New Delhi. Combining long research and administrative expertise, Dr Mohanty is known for his contributions to reforms in urban governance and finance in India.

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