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OF UNIVERSITY COLLEGE, OXFORD; BODEN PROFESSOR OF SANSKRIT, ETC.

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COTTON MATHER,
FORMERLY ASSISTANT PROFESSOR OF Hindústání AT ADDISCOMBE COLLEGE ; now

SECOND WINDÚstání MASTER AT THE ROYAL MILITARY ACADEMY, WOOLWICH.

NEW EDITION.

LONDON:

LONGMANS, GREEN, AND CO.

1873.

LONDON : PRINTED BY SPOTTISWOODE AND CO., NEW-STREET SQUAR

AND PARLIAMENT STREET

ADVERTISEMENT.

FORTH

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IN PUTTING

new edition of the “ Practical Hindústání Grammar,' I think it right to state that no material alterations have been made in the work.

Its use during more than five years in the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, and the fact that for some time past the Civil Service Commissioners have recommended it to the selected candidates for the Indian Civil Service, sufficiently attest that the plan and matter of the following pages commend themselves to the judgment of those scholars whose approval alone could have made another edition necessary. But although the general arrangement and structure remain the same, a few errors have been corrected, which, it is hoped, will enhance the value of the book and lead to an extension of its usefulness.

M. W.

OXFORD : September 1868.

PREFACE.

URDÚ or Hindústání is the mixed and composite dialect which has resulted from the fusion of Hindi, the idiom of the Hindús, with the Persian and Arabic of the Musalman invaders. It is not only the regular spoken language of Delhí, Lucknow, and at least fifty millions of persons in Central India, the North West Provinces and the Punjáb, but is also the common medium of communication between Musalmáns throughout all India. In fact, although properly the language of the North West, it passes current (like French in Europe) throughout Bombay, Madras, and Calcutta. It is, therefore, the best general dialect which can be learnt by persons who, about to proceed to a vast continent, are ignorant of the particular locality for which they may be destined.

The following pages are intended to make the acquisition of this language easy to all. In many respects, especially in the department of Verbs and Syntax, the present Grammar is more full than any that has yet been written ; but the beginner, who may feel himself embarrassed by the redundance of matter, may confine himself to the large type.

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