The Nile: Origin, Environments, Limnology and Human Use

Front Cover
Henri J. Dumont
Springer Science & Business Media, May 6, 2009 - Science - 819 pages
What have we learnt about the Nile since the mid-1970s, the moment when Julian Rzóska decided that the time had come to publish a comprehensive volume about the biology, and the geological and cultural history of that great river? And what changes have meanwhile occurred in the basin? The human popu- tion has more than doubled, especially in Egypt, but also in East Africa. Locally, industrial development has taken place, and the Aswan High Dam was clearly not the last major infrastructure work that was carried out. More dams have been built, and some water diversions, like the Toshka lakes, have created new expanses of water in the middle of the Sahara desert. What are the effects of all this on the ec- ogy and economy of the Basin? That is what the present book sets out to explore, 33 years after the publi- tion of “The Nile: Biology of an Ancient River”. Thirty-seven authors have taken up the challenge, and have written the “new” book. They come from 13 different countries, and 15 among them represent the largest Nilotic states (Egypt, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, and Kenya). Julian Rzóska died in 1984, and most of the - authors of his book have now either disappeared or retired from research. Only Jack Talling and Samir Ghabbour were still available to participate again.
 

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Contents

A Description of the Nile Basin and a Synopsis of Its History Ecology Biogeography Hydrology and Natural Resources
1
History of Scientific Research
23
Origin
35
Cenozoic Evolution of the Nile Basin
36
Late Quaternary Environments in the Nile Basin
61
Major Nilotic Environments
73
The Nile Delta
74
The Fayum Depression and Its Lakes
95
River Nile Pollutants and Their Effect on Life Forms and Water Quality
395
Bacteria and Viruses in the Nile
406
Composition Development and Productivity
431
Hydrophytes of the Nile in Egypt
463
Aquatic Plants of the Sudan
479
The Cnidaria of the Nile Basin
495
The Oligochaeta of the Nile Basin Revisited
499
The Crustacean Zooplankton Copepoda Branchiopoda Atyid Decapoda and Syncarida of the Nile Basin
521

Lake NasserNubia
125
The Toshka Lakes
156
Source of the Blue Nile
163
Swamps of the Upper White Nile
193
The Kyoga Catchment
205
Lake Victoria
215
Headwaters of the White Nile
243
Nilotic Lakes of the Western Rift
262
Lake Turkana and Its Link to the Nile
287
Climates and Hydrology
305
Nile Basin Climates
307
The Hydrology of the Nile Basin
334
Limnology and Biological Diversity
365
Physical and Chemical Water Characteristics
367
Decapoda of the Nile Basin
546
The Nile Benthos
563
Freshwater Molluscs of the Nile Basin Past and Present
584
Aquatic Insects of the Nile Basin with Emphasis on the Odonata
631
Fish Fauna of the Nile
647
Fossil Fish from the Nile River and Its Southern Basins
676
Birds of the Nile
705
Human Use
721
Fisheries in the Nile System
723
A Closed Fresh Water Resource Soil Water Potential the Political Economy and Nile Transboundary Hydropolitics
748
Past Present Future
771
Color Plates
780
Index
805
Copyright

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