Italy in the Central Middle Ages
David Abulafia, University Lecturer in History David Abulafia, John A. Davis
OUP Oxford, Mar 4, 2004 - History - 299 pages
The eleventh to the early fourteenth centuries saw a great transformation in the political, cultural and economic life of the Italian peninsula, marked by the rise of the autonomous city-states in the north and centre, the expansion of international trade, and the creation of a wealthy southern kingdom which reached the peak of its power in this period, before fragmenting in two in the late thirteenth century. It was also the period in which the various dialects that we now call the Italian language came into being, and in which Tuscan in particular became the vehicle for impressive literary innovation. Presenting a rounded view of Italy at a time when it was the most dynamic region in western Europe, this book looks at Italy in its entirety, rather than concentrating largely on the north, as previous studies have done. It also includes expert coverage of topics such as the family and the Jewish, Greek, and Muslim minority communities, in addition to its coverage of developments in the cities, rural life, trade, the monarchy, papal Italy, and language and culture.
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Abulaﬁa administration Amalﬁ Angevin Anjou Apulia Arabic areas Barbarossa became bishop Bologna Byzantine Cagliari Calabria Cambridge castelli Cathars central centre Charles Christian Church commercial conﬂict Constantinople consuls countryside crusade cultural deﬁned difﬁcult documents early economic eleventh century emperor factions Ferrara ﬁelds ﬁrst ﬂeet Florence fortiﬁed fourteenth century Frederick Frederick Barbarossa Frederick II Genoa Genoese Greek Hohenstaufen Iewish Iews imperial important inﬂuence Innocent Islamic island Italian Italy’s king kingdom of Sicily lands Latin Lombard Lombard League London lord lordship Lucca Lucera maritime medieval Italy Mediterranean merchants Middle Ages Milan Muslims Naples noble Norman northern ofﬁce ofﬁcials Palermo papacy papal Patrimony peninsula period Piacenza Pisa Pisan podesta political pope Popolo population proﬁts reﬂected region Roger Roger II Roman Rome royal rulers rural communes Sardinia Scala Sicilian signiﬁcant signori southern Italy territory thirteenth century Torre towns trade Tuscany twelfth century urban Venetian Venice Verona Visconti