## The Nature & function of scientific theories: essays in contemporary science and philosophy |

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### Contents

Is There an Independent Observation Language? Mary Hesse | 35 |

Scientific Inference Abner Shimony | 173 |

A Picture Theory of Theory Meaning Norwood Russell Hanson | 233 |

Copyright | |

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### Common terms and phrases

accepted airfoil analysis argument assertion assumption axioms of probability Bayes's theorem Carnap causal claim classical concept of probability concerning confirmation consider Copernican Copernicus deductive Deductive-Nomological discussion earth empirical empiricism epistemology evaluation example existence explanandum explanandum event fact flagpole fluid frequency function Galileo given Hempel Ibid implications inductive logic inductivism investigation irrelevant Kepler kind knowledge laws Magnus effect matter means mechanics ment method methodological moon motion naive realism natural interpretations objects observation language observation predicates observation statements optics particular partition phenomena Philosophy of Science physical possible posterior probability principle principle of indifference prior probability problem properties propositions quantum theory realism reason reference class refuted regarding Reichenbach relation relative requirement result rule scientific inference scientific theories sense seriously proposed hypotheses situation Statistical Explanation statistically relevant strict confirmationism structure subclasses telescope tempered personalism tempered personalist tion true truth University York