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Mighty Cathedral! Shed thou round
Back, ye assailants ! hence! give back!
Though night with all her shadows stoops, Above the thickly-serried troops, They scare her with their deadly artsThey cannot scare the freemen's hearts ! Honour to England's old allies, While still the Lion-banner Aies; Honour to those whose strengthen'd land, Wields Freedom's consecrated brand; Who in the struggle and the strife, In wrath and danger-death and lifeHonour themselves, their rights, their laws, Their land, their king, and kingly cause. !
December 13, 1832.
FUTURE BALANCE OF PARTIES.
BEFORE these pages issue from part of the heart of the empire; but the press, the great contest which wherever manufactures prevail, their now agitates the empire will be ter usual demoralizing influence will be minated, and the effects of the Re perceived; and every where the fatal form Bill for good or for evil incon- L.10 clause has let in a flood of enetestably demonstrated. It is a mo- mies to the constitution, whom it ment fraught with anxiety to all the will require all the efforts of the friends of their country; of exul, friends of order, and no small change tation and joy to the numerous party of public opinion in the smaller proof the Revolutionists; of dismay and prietors, to keep within any thing apprehension to all those attached like due bounds. There is no conto the institutions under which their cealing the fact, that a great majori. fathers have lived, and England has ty, probably two-thirds of the new prospered. To us who have long House of Commons, will represent contemplated these events through what may now be called, with perthe calm medium of historical re- fect justice, the Revolutionary party; flection, it is neither the one nor the that is, the large body who consider other. We perceive in the events the Reform Bill as only a means to which are passing around us the an end; and value it just because it exact and literal accomplishment of opens the floodgates to that torrent all that we have long predicted as of innovation which promises soon the result of the Reform Bill; and to overwhelm all the institutions of anticipate with more certainty, from the empire, and subject us, if not so the accuracy of our estimate of its rapidly, yet not the less surely, to all effects in the commencement of the the levelling principles of revolumovement, its ultimate and certain tionary France, extinction.
The friends of the constitution, That the great bulk of the mid- and among these we number nearly dling ranks in all the great towns the whole old Whig as well as all the are inclined to support the Move Tory party—all those who attached ment party; that they have brought themselves to particular parties in in the Reform candidates out of gra- the state, in the perfect understandtitude for political power conferred, ing that they were to do nothing to and in anticipation of revolutionary break up its fundamental principles, benefits expected, may be consider are in the utmost alarm at this pored as now proved to demonstration. tentous state of public affairs; and With a few exceptions, the import numbers, we know, of the most arance of which shall be immediately dent supporters of the Reform Bil pointed out, all the great towns among the higher and educated claş have brought in persons who are, or ses, inwardly execrate the fatal alprofess to be, of the Movement party. liance which they formed with the
The returns from the counties have Revolutionists, and the wide door not yet been obtained; but we are which they have opened to a flood far from sanguine as to their result of innovations, which they now find Those from Ireland will exhibit a themselves totally unable to prevent. vast preponderance of furious re- Such men may well mourn over the pealing Catholics ; those from Scot- fortunes of their country, by them land, which is nearly as bad, an equal irrecoverably blighted; its constitumajority of well organized and sub- tion by them sacrilegiously destroyservient innovators; men who make ed; its liberties by them ultimately a game of revolution, and coolly cal overthrown. We have no such reculate, it is to be feared, how long grets; we now experience the inthe process of demolishing our in- ward satisfaction of having throughstitutions may maintain them at the out discharged our duty; resisted bead of affairs. The tried loyalty equally the seductions of Ministerial and hereditary right feeling of the influence and the menaces of popuEnglish agricultural counties will go lar vengeance, and stood by our far to stem the torrent in a large country to the last, when hundreds
of thousands, who had shared more stitution has been brought to a worse largely in its blessings, abandoned it extremity than that to which its eneto its fate.
mies have now reduced it. Think on There is, however, no room for the Parliamentum insanum, the wars unmanly despondency. Our readers of the Roses, or the deepotism of know whether we have not uni. Cromwell. Such, and so fleeting is formly taken the gloomiest view of the cloud which now passes over the the effects of the Reform Bill, and fair face of England; and as bitter represented its passing into a law as and universal as was the repentance the commencement of incalculable of the nation, when the head of evils to this country, and to none more Charles dropped from the scaffold, so than to its most vehement sup- so general will be the return at some porters. Althougb, however, the re- future time to those better feelings, sult has proved tbat these anticipa- which ages of wisdom had produced, tions were too well founded, yet the and years of infatuation have oversame views lead to the revival of whelmed. hope, nay of well grounded confi. There is, in the next place, a most dence, in the future triumph of important ground for hope, in the those Conservative principles, with vigorous, manly, and in many places out which no society on earth ever successful stand, which the Friends yet prospéred, and which the pre- of Liberty have made against the sent triumph of the Revolutionists combined efforts of Ministerial inis of all other events the one best fluence and rabble excitation. There calculated to accelerate.
never, in truth, was an Opposition There is, in the first place, a well. placed in such trying circumstances, founded confidence to be placed in or so portentous an union effected to the superintendence of Providence, overwhelm every manly and indeand the justice of the cause which pendent feeling. The patriot, in gewe support. We are not striving to neral, is supported either by the uphold any decayed or corrupted Government or the populace. He is monarcby, like that of France in either applauded by those whose 1789, or any tyrannical and oppres- weight and station entitle them to sive government, like that of Charles most respect, or by the vast multiI. or James II. We are supporting, tude of his fellow-countrymen, who on the contrary, the most glorious share in his feelings and animate bis monument of civilisation which the exertions. At this time, from an unworld has ever seen; institutions precedented combination, these opwhich have united, to a degree un- posing forces draw the same way. precedented in any former age or The attraction of the sun and the country, the vigour of popular en- moon operates in the same direction, terprise with the steadiness of aris and can it be wondered at that a tocratic determination-a constitue flood-tide is the consequence ? None tion which has blended, beyond any of the ordinary motives which influother which ever existed, the ut. encean Opposition, are now allowed most extent of popular freedom with to operate in swelling their ranks; the highest degree of public order; neither the applause of the people, under which the empire has grown nor the favour of the Government. grey in years of renown, and all the Nothing remains but the naked feelclasses it contains attained an unpre. ing of Patriotism, uncheered by the cedented degree of public prospe- applause of the multitude-unres rity. Those who believe in the ex- warded by the smiles of the great. istence of a Supreme Power, and the But if this unexampled combination moral government which it exercises has diminished their numbers, it has over the affairs of the world, can purified their ranks and ennobled never believe that such institutions their cause. It is now separated are to be permanently destroyed, till from all the passions which seduce those who share in their blessings and taint mankind; from the giddy are unworthy of them, and they love of popularity, the selfish crouchhave ceased to promote the great ing to power, the disgraceful shrinkends of the social union. Till this ing from danger. The Conservais the case, there is always hope. tives who have now stood forth to Reflect how often the English Con- defend their country from the as
nce of Parties.
stitution has been brought to a worse
the Parliamentum insanum, the wars
fair face of England; and as bitter s and universal as was the repentance e of the nation, when the head of
Charles dropped from the scaffold,
so general will be the return at some e future time to those better feelings
, 2- which ages of wisdom bad produced
, ne and years of infatuation have orerof whelmed. fi There is, in the next place, a most of important ground for hope, in the the vigorous, manly, and in many places er successful stand, which the Friends Te- of Liberty have made against the ists combined efforts of Ministerial inest Auence and rabble excitation. There
Future Balance of Parties. saults of the Revolutionists, are men They have none of the exc who have rejected every temptation, which palliated the misgovern and braved every danger at the call of the Parisian reformers, bec of duty; and such conduct, even in they had none of the grieva this scene of wickedness, will not go which there existed to comp without its reward. The time will of; and the bloody beacon e come when their conduct in having ed in unshrouded deformity to w done so will extort the admiration them from its approach. of a grateful world; and eveu at this have urged on a movement as f moment of party triumph and as- ful, impetuous, and ungovernabl sumed exultation, it is envied by all that which brought Louis XVI among their opponents who are the scaffold. What then has sol worthy of the name of men, and delayed the evil, still moderates hated by their unworthy followers dangers, and gives the most from the bottom of their hearts. ponding still ground to hope
It is this superior energy and their country? Nothing but vigour of the Conservative party in vigour and resolution of the Cons England, which constitutes the great vative party; the universal ad difference between the progress of rence to their country in times the English and the French Revolu- danger; the patriotism, talent, a tion. The principles of anarchy courage of the nobility, and all have been just as strongly at work higher classes in the state. It is th in Great Britain, as they were in and that only, which has hithe France forty years ago ; they have acted as a drag on the wheels of 1 been urged on in the same manner
Revolution; which has as yet sav. by the Government, and aided by from convulsions and bloodshed t the same support from the Execu- infatuated multitude who tive; but nevertheless the progress it on; and which, undeterred of dissolution has been incompa- danger, unmoved by obloquy, strably slower in this country than it pursues its glorious course, blessis was in the neighbouring kingdom. and to be blessed. The cause of this difference is to be In the third place, the Conserv found solely in the superior energy tive party have good cause to hopand vigour of the Conservative from the evident and universal io party. Instead of flying from the pression which they have made o approach of danger, and leaguing all the educated classes in the stat with the enemies of their country to The elections for Oxford, Can menace its independence, the friends bridge, and Trinity College, Dublin of order in England have resolutely demonstrate what every person at stood by its fortunes; they have quainted with the society of persor met its enemies wherever they ap- of education in every part of Grea peared, in the Senate, in the Press, Britain has long known to be th at the elections on the hustings; and case, that the present Ministry ar though generally overborne by num with that class the most unpopula bers, or drowned by force, they have that ever held the helm of affairs. never failed to assert the eternal su The Whig candidates could no periority of their cause, by irrefra- shew themselves in Oxford gable arguments and manly elo- Cambridge; and at Trinity College quence. Such conduct makes us they were defeated by a majority o proud of our country ; it forbids us three to one. Strong in the Towei ever to despair of its fortunes, and Hamlets, Marylebone, and St Giles's by pointing out one vital point of -irresistible among the weavers o. difference between our convulsions Manchester, and the blacksmiths ol and the French Revolution, justifies Birmingham, they could not venture the hope that the terrible calamities a struggle with the educated gentle. in which the latter termioated, may men of England even at the Whig be spared to its inhabitants. University of Cambridge. This is a
never, in truth, was an Opposition ell. placed in such trying circumstances
, I in or so portentous an union effected to ace, overwhelm every manly and indenich pendent feeling. The patriot
, in ge to neral, is supported either by the ited Government or the populace. He is
in either applauded by those whose
The attraction of the sun and the
moon operates in the same direction, ris- and can it be wondered at shat : itu. flood-tide is the consequence ? None any of the ordinary motives which indie
ence an Opposition, are now allowed
The Revolutionists in this coun decisive omen as to the future fate try, from the Administration down- of the empire. Brute strength, phywards, have been even more reck- sical numbers, cannot, in the end, less in their measures, and incon- contend with intellectual superior siderate in their changes, than the ity; the diamond edge of genius will leaders of the French Resolution, sever bonds which the strength of
. he But if this unexampled combination eg has diminished their numbers, it has in purified their ranks and ennobled 18 their cause. It is now separated 11 from all the passions which seduce is and taint mankind; from the giddy ý love of popularity, the selfish crouch it ing to power, the disgraceful shrinkis ing from danger. The Conservae tives who have now stood forth to
defend their country from the asa
millions could not break. The arms assailed, will each affect the liveliand legs, in a moment of intemper- hood and subsistence of millions. ance, may cease to obey the head; It will no longer be the political but the eternal subjection of matter power of the higher orders which to mind will not the less, in the end, will be tied to the stake to be be asserted. It was not thus at the worried by the dogs of revolution, outset of the French Revolution ; all but the fortune and subsistence of the educated classes there urged on large masses of the people, and the the movement, and their heads be- triumph of the Revolutionists will gan to fall before they were con- be dimmed by the tears of the orvinced of their error; but the su- phan, the cries of the destitute, the perior intelligence and habits of wailings of the dying. When those thought of England, have saved it disastrous events occur, as occur from this ruinous infatuation. The they will, it is impossible that a coming storm has been seen by the large portion of the middling and education of the country; and they lower orders should not break off have set themselves manfully to re- from the leaders who have ruined sist it. They were too late in doing and betrayed them. We lament the Bo to prevent the onset of the storm, misery which will then be created, but they may still influence its direc- we shall do our utmost to alleviate tion and moderate its fury. The sway it, so far as we can, but we know of the Revolutionary party is rapidly that it is unavoidable. Misery and subsiding in the educated classes; it suffering must tame the fierceness is altogether extinct in their higher of passion in nations as well as ingrades, and dying out in the lower. dividuals; the laws of nature are It is still paramount in the middling not to be broken with impunity; and lower orders, because they are and those, who, disregarding the always swayed by the principle voice of wisdom, will yield to the which ten years before influenced tempter, must in sackcloth and ashes the bigher. In the present inunda- repent of their sins, not less in the tion of Movement members into the political than the moral world. House of Commons, may be discern- . Are these the speculations, merely ed the natural consequence of the of philosophy, unsupported by exabsurd pseudo-liberality which, six perience ? Look at Bristol, and say, or eight years ago, distinguished so what lesson does it teach to the many of the young men of rank and British people, as to the wisdom to fortune at the universities. In the be learnt from experience, the fatal opinions entertained by their suc- effects of indulging their passions. cessors at this time is to be found Where was the passion for Reform, the harbinger of a brighter day to and the desire for revolution, so future times, and the mirror of public strong as in that devoted city; opinion, after a long interval of dis- where is it now so completely exaster and suffering, in future years. tinguished, and the old English feel
These anticipations must be stilling so thoroughly revived? Bristol farther strengthened if it is recollect has passed through the fiery ordeal ; ed, in the fourth place, that the mid- the natural result of revolutionary dling orders, in whom the strength passions, has been there felt; the of the Revolutionary party now lies, city has been burnt and ruined ; its inmust soon be exposed to individual dustry and commerce are rapidly desuffering and misery in consequence caying, and its wretched inhabitants, of the infatuated course which they taught by suffering, have abjured have pursued, and the wicked lead their errors, and seek, by a return to ers whom they have chosen to follow. their ancient principles, to procure All the great interests of the coun- a return of their ancient prosperity. try, and with them all the small in- What Bristol has suffered and learnterests of the country, are at stake. ed, the empire at large must suffer The Church is the first victim; and it and learn; and when the terrible bas spread its roots too far through lesson has been taught, the result the middling classes, not to excite a will be the same, and the gloomy general and heartfelt feeling of regret night of revolution will be followed and indignation when it is despoiled by the glorious morning of the reof its ancient inheritance. The Corn storation Laws, and the Funds, when they are Lastly, the talentand courage which