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determination, and informed his pri- was as follows:

desape from the Italian of her independence, are so strong pranis sent to travel in Hun- in me, that I abdicated the crown of EXY Tbetart of duresse is confirm the Portuguese monarchy, which, by

te subsequent acknowledg. indisputable right belonged to me, mes: at a stipulation on the part of only because it might hereafter im. ANT, "Doi to let loose Dom Mi- plicate the interests of Brazil, of que, to oppose in Portugal the exe- which country I am the perpetual Cube of his brother's decrees." defender.”

In the mean time, the old king The constitution to which the John the sixth had died, and the speech alludes, was the memorable crown bad been offered to Dom one so unaccountably taken charge of Pedro, on condition, of course, of by the British minister, Sir Charles his returning from Brazil, and an. Stuart, and which Dom Pedro bad swered by the following Imperial compiled within a week; one half, as deciaration, at the opening of the is alleged, copied from the French Brazilian Chambers:

constitution of 1791, and the other "On the 24th of last April, the half from the new Brazilian code. anniversary of the embarkation of Why the Brazilian Emperor should my father and lord, Dom John the have promulgated a republican conSixth, for Portugal, I received the stitution is not to be reasoned upon. melancholy and unexpected neirs of According to some, it was to secure his death. The keenest grief seized popularity with the Braziliaus, who upon my heart. The plan which it are all amateurs in legislation ; acwas incumbent on me to follow, on cording to others, it was from an finding myself, when I least expected ambition of making a government it

, the legitimate King of Portugal, on his own plan. But in Portugal it Algarves, and the dominions thereof, was received with infinite disgust by rushed to my mind. Grief and duty the whole influential part of the comalternately swayed my breast; but munity. The pride of the nation was laying every thing aside, I looked equally irritated by the rejection of to the interests of Brazil

. I clung its crown, and by its disposal. The to my word. I wished to uphold ancient sovereignty of Portugal my own honour, and deliberated seemed thrown into contempt by its within myself what could promote being thus summarily given to a the happiness of Portugal; what it child. The men of property were would be indecorous for me not to alarmed by the revolutionary turn do. How great must have been the of the charter. The patriots felt that agony that tortured my heart, on seek, the long minority of the little Prining out the means of promoting the cess would virtually render Portugal happiness of the Portuguese nation, but a viceroyalty in the hands of the without offending Brazil, and of sepa- Regents appointed by Dom Pedro, rating them (notwithstanding that and the kingdom but a province of they are already separate), in such Brazil. The spirit of insubordina. manner as that they may never again tion rapidly spread; it grew too be united! I confirmed in Portugal strong to be checked by the feeble the regency which my father had government of the Infanta, who had appointed. I proclaimed an amnesty. been appointed to the Regency on I bestowed a constitution. I dedi- the death of the King; and in the cated and yielded up all the indis- month of September 1826, a regiputable and inalienable rights which ment quartered at Braganza, under Í held to the crown of the Portu- the Viscount de Monte Alegre, proguese monarchy, and the sovereignty claimed Dom Miguel, and marched of these kingdoms, in favour of my to the Spanish frontier, where they much beloved and esteemed daugh- were joined by a number of soldiery ter and Princess, Donna Maria da and some civil functionaries. At Gloria, now Queen of Portugal, Ma- the same moment, in the Alentejo, ria the Second. This I felt bound to nearly all the regiments proclaimed do for my own honour and that of Dom Miguel, and protested against Brazil. Let those still incredulous the charter.' The insurrection beBrazilians, therefore, know (as they came general, and the Regency was already ought to have known) that on the point of being forcibly exthe interest of Brazil, and the love tinguished. In this emergency the

The Portuguese War.

orders of Dom Peč British Cabinet interposed. The arming and recruiting of the insurgents specimen of his fr in Spain, gave Mr Canning a ground to the charter was for asserting that Portugal was in- him, and the civil vaded by a hostile force.

espousals with DC The British troops sent hastily to celebrated. Lisbon repelled the danger for the He was now let lo time. The insurgents retired into London, as we all r. Spain, where they were disarmed by ceived graciously b the government, and the Princess and, if we are to be Regent was once more in safety. port, distinctly ple But it was obvious that this state of his Majesty and his things could not continue. British observance of the ch troops could not keep perpetual gar- ed Lisbon on the rison in Portugal; the national feel- 1828. The nationa ing could not be continually coerced. stantly and unequiv The Infanta's government must bis assumption of tlı finally give way;

and for the double The dispatches of purpose of tranquillizing the public bassador, Sir Frede mind, and ensuring the connexion full testimony ont of Portugal and Brazil, another ex first stated, that “ pedient was resorted to, the marriage mediately succeedin of Dom Miguel with his niece, the the Prince, cries of daughter of Dom Pedro; a disgusting Miguel the First, we and criminal alliance, but of which second dispatch, M there had been examples in the that“ his Royal Hig royal line, the late King himself ha- sautly assailed wit ving. been the offspring of Queen tions to declare hir Maria the First, by her uncle Dom reign without the Ch Pedro.

saying, that it dep Dom Miguel had now been three his will to do so, as years and a half under Austrian sur would offer no opp veillance. He was now twenty-five measure would be f years old, and it would have been great majority of the difficult to keep him a prisoner any public feeling on th longer, without bringing down strong nued to increase. I European animadversion. The Em- tution of Dom Pedrperor of Brazil, on the 3d of July to the habits of the 1327, had also issued a decree, in was received with us which, after pronouncing an eulo

In the ambas gium on " the good qualities, acti of March 23d, he vity, and firmness of character" ex that “no party of a bibited by the Prince, he appoint- appeared to attach t ed him "his lieutenant, with full the charter.” The powers to govern in conformity to being thus declared, the provisions of the charter." This kingdom being in a decree was communicated to the ferment, Dom Migu British court and the Austrian. On Portugal, convened the 6th of October Prince Metter- decree of May 6th, nich communicated to Dom Miguel purpose of deciding the intelligence that he might return

tion of certain wei to his own country, with a proviso law, and thus re-est that he should not return through order.” The mayor Spain. Dom Miguel insisted on his lities were directed sailing in no other than a Portuguese the election of delega vessel, as his country would feel it ding to the form alre self offended by his returning under previous elections, any other flag. Prince Metternich expressed some displeasure at this their “public and soner that if any farther obstructions

" The pational oparose," he must await at Vienpa the

at various periods, a

sure.

new the Cortes. The

divers events in our history, excludes palpable fact is, that the Portuguese, from the right of succession to the looking upon Dom Pedro as for life crown of Portugal, the actual first the monarch of a distant land, and born of the distinguished House of equally convinced that any governBraganza, and in his person, as in ment delegated from him to his law obviously acknowledged, all his daughter, who was still a child, as to descendants. A foreigner through a regency, would be notbing less choice and preference of his own, a than turning their kingdom into a foreigner by treaties, the laws of dependency on the government of Lisbon exclude him, in accordance the Emperor of Brazil, determined with those of Lamego. Deprived of that the ancient honours of Portugal present, future, and, morally speak- should not be humiliated, and thus ing, all possible residence in this determined that they would have a kingdom, he was, in like manner, king of their own. Dom Pedro had excluded by the letters patent of already in the most express manner 1642.” The document closes with declared the separation of Brazil declaring, that “the laws, with all from Portugal, and his resolution to the Portuguese who love and respect resist by the sword any attempt to them, award to the second son the renew its dependence on the mother succession to the crown, from which country. His proclamation to the the laws themselves had so justly Brazilians on the 10th of June 1824, excluded the first."

two years before the death of his In pursuance of this award, the father, was“ to arms, Brazilians. InThree Orders of the State signed the dependence or Death is our watchfollowing declaration, July 11, 1828. word.” This was followed by a de

“ The Three Estates of the Realm claration, that he had identified himfinding that the most clear and per- self with the Brazilians, and was emptory laws excluded from the resolved to share their fate, “whatcrown of Portugal, previously to ever it might be.” No man could the 10th of March 1826 (the time of have more utterly cut down the the late King's death), Dom Pedro bridge between himself and the sucand his descendants, and for this cession. His sitting on the throne of same reason called in the person of Brazil was in fact a rebellion, which Dom Miguel and his descendants, extinguished all civil rights in Portuthe second line, thereto; and that gal. every thing that is alleged or may be As the Cortes of Lamego has been alleged to the contrary is of no mo. adverted to on both sides for the ment, they unanimously acknowled- Portuguese law of succession, its ged and declared in their several re- history is worth stating. solutions, and in this general one also Don Alonzo Henriquez, the first do acknowledge and declare, that to monarch, was proclaimed King by the King, our Lord, Senhor Dom'the army and people, and the choice Miguel, the first of that name, from being referred for confirmation to the 10th of March 1826, the afore. the great authority of the time, the said crown of Portugal has justly Pope, was by him confirmed. The belonged. Wherefore all that Sen. Pope, was the celebrated Innocent hor Dom Pedro, in his character of the Third, the general distributor of King of Portugal, which did not be. European crowns. The election was long to him, has done and enacted, made at a period still memorable in ought to be reputed and declared Portuguese history, the vigil of the void, and particularly what is called famous fight of Ourique, in which the the Constitutional Charter of the Moorish invaders were totally dePortuguese Monarchy, dated the feated. This event was nearly half a 29th of April, in the year 1826. And century previous to the memorable in order that the same may appear, meeting at which the law of royal this present act and resolution has succession was finally settled. The been drawn up and signed by all the Cortes of Lamego, summoned in persons assisting at the Cortes, on 1143, declared the crown to be hereaccount of the Three Estates of the ditary in the line of Don Alonzo; the Realm.”

crown to descend by primogeniture; This document is unanswerable as females to inherit, on condition of a proof of the national opinion, The their marrying subjects of Portugal,

a

di un fest il. Bu bisiors, excludes palpable fact is, that the Portuguese, ran the oni succession to the looking upon Dom Pedro as for life CYNT & Portugal, the actual first, the monarch of a distant land, and but aibe destinguished House of equally convinced that any govern. BRL, and in bis person, as in ment delegated from him to his les xa noasly acknowledged, all his daughter, who was still a child, as to BL*Y*:S. A foreigner through a regency, would be notbing less boice and preference of his own, a than turning their kingdom into a forriter bý treaties, the laws of dependency on the government of Lisova esclude him, in accordance the Emperor of Brazil

, determined with those of Lamego. Deprived of that the ancient honours of Portugal present, future, and, morally speaks should not be humiliated, and thus ing, all possible residence in this determined that they would have a kingdom, he was, in like manner, king of their own. Dom Pedro had excluded by the letters patent of already in the most express manner 1642.” The document closes with declared the separation of Brazil declaring, that “ the laws, with all from Portugal, and bis resolution 10 the Portuguese who love and respect resist by the sword any attempt to them, award to the second son the renew its dependence on the mother succession to the crown, from which country. His proclamation to the the laws themselves had so justly Brazilians on the 10th of June 1824, excluded the first.”

1833.]

The Portuguese War,
but with a perfect and perpetual ex- who, dying childles
clusion of all foreigners from the to Emanuel Duke

Edward the First,
throne.
From the original possessor the the competitorship:

descended through eight of the Emperor Max
princes of his line, the last of them. The crown now d
Ferdinand the First, leaving no chil- son, John the Third
dren. The law of the Cories of La- to Sebastian, the g
mego had not sufficiently provided late monarch. The
for this case, and the three estates of into the possession «
the realm, the Cortes, were summon ry, son of Emanue
ed to meet at Coimbra in 1383, to the evil days of Po
deliberate on the new emergency. death of Henry a ci
The first process was to prove the titors started up; an
throne vacant, which was done in the the relentless and b
usual forms by the Chancellor Joao Second of Spain. Bu
das Regras. The next was to pro- of the New World,
vide a possessor, which was done by most powerful sover
proposing that the sceptre should be all opposition hid
given to the Grand Master of Aviz, head." Philip seized
for his gallant services in the war guese crown, and he
against the Spaniards, as well as in merciless thraldom.
consequence of his royal blood. The The Spaniards pro
act set forth, that, “ Seeing that the scorn of the Portugi
kingdoms, as well as the government Portuguese bave retu
and defence thereof, have become cient hate.
vacated and bereft, after the death master and the subj
of King Ferdinand, the last in pog- perpetual quarrels,
session, and being without king, till after the lapse of
ruler, or any other defender what a century that the ch
ever, who can or ought by right to The eyes of the natio
inherit the same, we all agreeing fixed on the Duke
in our love and deliberation, &c., in brave and popular
the name of the Holy and Undivided public irritation was
Trinity, do hereby name, elect, and by the extortions of
receive in the best and most valid insolent Viceroy, V
manner provided by law, the afore- meeting was held o
said Grand Master, and solemnly which it was determi
professed of the Cistercian Order of the intolerable yoke
Aviz, Senhor Dom Joao, first of the determination was f
name among those of Portugal, and 'ted; the palace guar
illegitimate son of Peter the First, as sed and disarmed; t
our King and Lord, as well as of the thrown out of his ch
aforesaid kingdoms of Portugal and

The ai

two years before the death of his In pursuance of this award, the father, was“ to arms, Brazilians. InThree Orders of the State signed the dependence or Death is our watchfollowing declaration, July 11, 1828. word.” This was followed by a de

" The Three Estates of the Realm claration, that he had identified himfinding that the most clear and per. self with the Brazilians

, and was emptory laws excluded from the resolved to share their fate, “whatcrown of Portugal, previously to ever it might be.” No man could the 10th of March 1826 (the time of have more utterly cut down the the late King's death), Dom Pedro bridge between himself and the sucr and his descendants, and for this cession. His sitting on the throne of same reason called in the person of Brazil was in fact a rebellion, which Dom Miguel and his descendants

, extinguished all civil rights in Portuthe second line thereto; and that gal. every thing that is alleged or may be As the Cortes of Lamego has been alleged to the contrary is of no mo adverted to on both sides for the ment, they unanimously acknowled- Portuguese law of succession, its ged and declared in their sereral re- history is worth stating. solutions, and in this general one also Don Alonzo Henriquez, the first do acknowledge and declare, that to movarch, was proclaimed King by the King, our Lord, Senhor Dom the army and people, and the choice Miguel, the first of that name, from being referred for confirmation to the 10th of March 18:26, the afore the great authority of the time, the said crown of Portugal las justly Pope, was by him coufirmed. The belonged. Wherefore all that Senin Pope, was the celebrated lufocent hor Dom Pedro, in his character of the Third, the general distributor of King of Portugal, which did not be- European crowns. The election was long to him, has done and enacted, made at a period still memorable in ought to be reputed and declared Portuguese history, the vigil of the roid, and particularly what is called famous fight of Ourique, in which the the Constitutional Charter of the Moorish inraders were totally dePortuguese Monarchy, dated the feated. This event was nearly half a 29th of April, in the year 1826. And century previous to the memorable in order that the same may appear, meeting at which the law of royal this present act and resolution has succession was finally settled. The been drawn up and signed by all the Cortes of Lamego, summoned in persons assisting at the Cortes, on 1148, declared the crown to be hereaccount of the Three Estates of the ditary in the line of Don Alonzo; the Realm."

crown to descend by primogeniture; This document is unanswerable as females to inherit

, on condition of a proof of the national opinion, The their marrying subjects of Portugal,

the Spanish authorit Algarves. And we grant unto him to be at an end, and that he should call himself King, as Braganza was procla also that he may be able to do and

To confirm this fc command for our government and tion by a public act, defence, as well as for that of the

were summoned to aforesaid kingdoms, all those things, The perils of a conto and each one of them, touching the had been bitterly felt office of King," &c. &c.

years of suffering fi By this prince a connexion was

had but just escape formed with our country. Dom Joao, object of the Cortes i after he was released from his vows

a clearness which s of celibacy as Grand Master, marry- all future doubts, th ing Philippa, the daughter of the eion. The form of Duke of Lancaster, an undisputed was by petition of e though varied succession followed. estates to the thron The Prince Duarte, his son, ascended People prayed, tha the throne at his death ; then Alonzo might be passed con the Fifth ; then John the Second, the Cortes of Lam

the glorious King Alonzo Henriquez, his favour; he has been nearly three the founder of the monarchy; and months in Portugal, and notwiththat it should be so ordained, that standing proclamations, and the the throne may never again be inhe- lavish distribution of money, no porrited by any foreign king or prince tion

tion of the people have joined him; whatsoever; so that the sovereign no man of rank has come over to who is to be such over this kingdom his side ; he has seized on a single of Portugal, be a natural and legiti strong position, and in that he is mate Portuguese born in the king- besieged. In that position, too, he is dom, and held bound to abide and sustained altogether by foreign sucdwell personally therein,” &c. &c. cours, for if he were left to his Por

The petition of the Nobility prayed, tuguese resources, he must surrenthat "a law be passed, ordaining that der within a week. His provisions, the succession of this kingdom shall his ammunition, his arms, his troops, not at any time come to a foreign come from foreign countries. His prince, nor to his children, notwith- recruits Poles, Swiss, French, Engstanding they may be next of kin to lish--every thing but Portuguese ; the last King in possession. Further, while his adversary is surrounded that when it happens that the sove- by all the influential classes, traverses reign of these realms succeeds to any the provinces with a couple of larger kingdom or lordship, he shall grooms, is every where received always be bound to reside in this ; and with triumphal arches, feasts, and having two or more male children, congratulations; and fights his comthat the eldest shall succeed to the petitor's foreign brigades, at the head foreign kingdom, and the second to of a native militia. This settles the this one of Portugal.”

question of public opinion; and if The third estate, the Clergy, adopt- Dom Pedro is to be made Regent of ed the same sentiments, declaring Portugal, it must be by the bayonet. that “experience having shewn the The personal merits of the cominjuries which result to kingdoms petitors can be a matter of but little from princes, who are not natural import to us. They are, probably, born, succeeding thereto, they sub nearly on a par for good and evil. mitted to the King the expediency The brothers are both brave, and and fitness of putting an end to those possibly both disposed to use their grievances,” &c. &c. The King, John authority as men born under arbithe Fourth, immediately acquiesced trary governments are in the habit in those petitions; his answers con of doing. Dom Pedro has been alfirming their requests were embodied ready expelled from a throne for alinto letters patent, and the law of leged unconstitutional and arbitrary the Cortes of Lamego, thus rein-. conduct. Dom Miguel has, at least, forced, became once more the law of the advantage of him in this point, the land, by decree of the 12th of for he has not been so expelled; and September 1642, signed by the King. the nation even plunge into foreign

The state of the question having war to keep him on the throne. He been thus given from acknowledged has been called a tyrant; but it is documents, the conclusion is inevi- clear that he has not yet earned the table, that whoerer may have the odium of his country. That there right to the Portuguese throne, Dom may be men in Portugal who love Pedro and his descendants have none. the charter, and hate the King,—that His right is nullified by the ancient there may be real lovers of liberty, Jaws, by his own direct acts, and by who prefer the constitution of Dom the national opinion. If he cannot Pedro to the ancient forms of gogovern Portugal in his own person, vernment,—that there are many Volhe cannot govern it by a delegated tairists, French agents, arowed atheauthority, let the name be Donna ists, and conscious Jacobins, who Maria, Count Palmela, or what it would prefer any change that gave will. At this moment there is not them a chance of general rapine or the slightest evidence that he has revenge,-that Dom Miguel may have any valid portion of the national will imprisoned open repugnants to his i his side. He has been a twelve- authority, or hanged soldiers mutinth in Europe, and not a single nying under arms, may all be true; vince of Portugal bas declared in but as neither the attachment of the

more

i

the Borous King Alonzo Henriquez, his favour; he has been nearly three tre founder of the monarchy; and months in Portugal, and notwithwat it should be so ordained, that standing proclamations, and the the throne may berer again be inhe- lavish distribution of money, no porrited by any foreiza king or prince tion of the people have joined him; ubatsverer; so that the sovereign no man of rank bas come over to who is to be such orer this kingdom his side ; he has seized on a single of Portuzal, be a natural and legiti. strong position, and in that he is mate Portuguese born in the king. besieged. In that position, too, he is dom, and held bound to abide and sustained altogether by foreign sucdwell personally therein," &c. &c.

cours,

for if he were left to his PorThe petition of the Nobility prayed, tuguese resources, he must surrenthat “à law be passed, ordaining that der within a week. His provisions, the succession of this kingdom shall his ammunition, his arms, his troops, not at any time come to a foreign come from foreign countries

. His prince, nor to his children, notwitli- recruits Poles, Swiss, French, Eng. standing they may be next of kin to lish-every thing but Portuguese ; the last King in possession. Further, while his adversary is surrounded that when it happens that the sove by all the influential classes, traverses reign of these realms succeeds to any the provinces with a couple of larger kingdom or lordship, he shall grooms, is every where received always be bound to reside in this ; and with triumphal arches, feasts, and haring two or more male children, congratulations; and fights his com, that the eldest shall succeed to the petitor's foreign brigades, at the head foreign kingdom, and the second to of a native militia. This settles the this one of Portugal.”

question of public opinion; and if The third estate, the Clergy, adopt- Dom Pedro is to be made Regent of ed the same sentiments, declaring Portugal, it must be by the bayonet. that " experience having shewn the The personal merits of the cominjuries which result to kingdoms petitors can be a matter of but little from princes, who are not natural import to us. They are, probably, born, succeeding thereto, they sub- nearly on a par for good and evil. mitted to the King the expediency The brothers are both brave, and and fitness of putting an end to those possibly both disposed to use their grievances," &c. &c. The King, John authority as men born under arbithe Fourth, immediately acquiesced trary governments are in the babit in those petitions; his answers con of doing. Dom Pedro has been alfirming their requests were embodied ready expelled from a throne for al. into letters patent, and the law of leged unconstitutional and arbitrary the Cortes of Lamego, thus rein conduct. Dom Miguel has, at least

one to the charter, nor the corrup- who dare not be an tions of the other, can prove that the followed this highrule of Dom Pedro is the national blackened bim with wish, so neither the imprisonment, physiognomy of de nor even the death, of the indivi- we demand the fa duals in question, can stigmatize the guidance, we still a government with the name of ty- mere declamation. ranny. Unquestionably his reign has

The charge agair not exhibited any of those sweeping of having violated i executions, that love for indiscrimi- which has earned fo nate vengeance, that passion for a animadversions of th fierce and bloody exercise of power, reign Secretaries, which deserves the name of tyranny, and Palmerston, iso There has been no one instance of quality. Our busin the death of a man of rank or for- dicate him ; but let tune on the scaffold--there has been act state of the case, no death, even of the lowest order, upon a prince the cl so far as we have heard, without a than

upon any trial, there has been no arbitrary only known and for confiscation, certainly there has been on the point is his oa no systematic public plunder, vio- taken at Vienna. The lence, or vindictiveness. And yet the questionably, taken throne has been perpetually in a si stances in which no tuation which might have offered demanded of any strong temptations to severity. Sur. Prince was not a fre rounded with incentives to the most under duresse. He violent exercise of power; party, prisoner to Vienna whether right or wrong, busy, for kept there in survethe last four years, against the pos- years and a hall-he sessor of the throne; conspiracy in- kept there during h cessantly sowed in the provinces; answered the policy correspondence with foreign and the end of the three hostile courts sedulously sustained; an oath was tendere a rival sovereign going the rounds of riously opposed to a Europe, and canvassing commisera. Who can tell but the tion from every people; Dom Pedro oath would have be holding an integral portion of the of his exile or impri realm in actual possession, and fit- is there now to tell ting out from it an expedition against features which migh the royal authority; attempts of all oath of that nature kinds made to rouse the populace to than an oath extorte revolt, to corrupt the army, to shake of a highwayman? A the credit of the throne with foreign On this point we ha powers, and, finally, to drive its pos- for decision. Comm sessor to the last extremities of per- wait for clearer infor sonal disgrace and ruin;-if personal that has reached the vengeance could be justified, it might

otherwise. There is not a Radical conversation, or extol Orkneys, that has not sat in judg. This only is certain,

Radical orators in the House, the nately in a state o

, forced, became once more the law of the advantage of him in this point, the land, by decree of the 12th of for he has not been so expelled; and September 1612, signed by the king. the nation even plunge into foreign

The state of the question having war to keep him on the throne. He been thus given from acknowledged has been called a tyrant; but it is documents, the conclusion is inevi- clear that he has not yet earned the table, that whoever may have the odium of his country. That there right to the Portuguese throne, Dom may be men in Portugal who love Pedro and his descendants have none. the charter, and hate the King ---that His right is nullified by the ancient there may be real lovers of liberty, Jaws, by his own direct acts, and by who prefer the constitution of Dom the national opinion. If he cannot Pedro to the ancient forms of gogovern Portugal in his own person, vernment,--that there are many Volhe cannot govern it by a delegated tairists, French agents, avowed atheauthority, let the name be Donna ists, and conscious Jacobins, who Maria, Count Palmela, or what it would prefer any change that gave will. At this moment there is not them a chance of general rapine or the slightest evidence that he has revenge.--that Dom Miguel may have any valid portion of the national will imprisoned open repugnants to his on his side. He has been a twelve- authority, or hanged soldiers mutizouth in Europe, and not a single nying under arms, may all be true; af Portugal has declared in but as neither the attachment of the

The country, the late Kiz

Dom Miguel's pre seek its justification in circumstances like these. Yet this vengeance has

to our King and his

not yet been present never been detected. We in vain at kuowledge with ever this moment ask if there is on record imperfect formality a single authentic charge of cruelty oath. Whether they against the possessor of the Portu

as promise, opinion, guese throne. The English news whether they were papers, undoubtedly, have decided or simply expressed journal, from the Land's End to the ment on him, and summarily pro- of Dom Miguel's brie nounced him to be a monster. echoes of the Radical journals, and nearly precluded all

of hopes or fears, ree

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