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almost an excuse for the supine con- disgrace, not only to Great Britain,
tempt with which they were treat- but to Europe.

There is nothing extraordinary, Every man in Great Britain knows or at variance with what might have that this is the state of Ireland; but been expected, in this lamentable it is not generally known, either progress. It was all predicted, bewhat is the real cause of this dread- fore the system of concession began, ful state of things, or the imminent by those who knew Ireland best on danger which it threatens to the the other side of the water, or who whole empire. The Whigs, seeing had any historical information on that their darling system of conci- this. Men do not become major liation and concession has brought at a year old : if we expose early the country to such an extremity, youth to the duties and the temptashut their eyes to the subject altoge- tions of manhood, inevitable ruin ther, and, without ever thinking of must be the consequence. A nation the results in Ireland, resolve the is not fit for free institutions or a more strenuously to apply it on the liberal system in the infancy of cimost extended scale in this country. vilisation. Centuries must roll over It is, therefore, of incalculable im- Ireland before she can bear, withportance that it should be constantly out distraction, the political pagrepeated, and generally known, that sions of England. When her people it is the Whigs and the Whigs alone are industrious, sober, and rational ; who have brought Ireland to this when a large proportion of the midpass ; that it is their ambition and dling ranks have some property and agitation which has for half a cen- something to lose by convulsion; tury distracted that unhappy coun- when practical information is genetry; that it is their principles which rally diffused, and useful knowledge have been disseminated through its spread among the poor; when they ruthless inhabitants; their political have been found, in a word, faithmachinery which has been there ful in a very little, then they may be erected with such unparalleled con- made rulers over ten cities. But to sequences, and their system of mis- invest its semibarbarous, destitute, rule which has almost extinguished and priest-ridden population with every vestige of order throughout the same political franchises, and the the land. For thirty years past, all same electoral powers as the sober that the Whigs recommended and yeomanry of England; to pour into contended for has been done for their ardent and impassioned minds the Emerald Isle. They recom- the same passions, as it was not mended the relaxation of the Catho- deemed safe to extend to England lic code, and the Catholic code was till the eighth century of its constirelaxed; they strenuously contend- tutional monarchy, was

an act of ed for Catholic emancipation, and insanity, to which there is nothing Catholic emancipation was granted; comparable in English history, and they incessantly inculcated a conci- shews that our rulers are the worthy liatory system, and a conciliatory imitators of the French National system was pursued; they boasted, Assembly, who had one system of if they had the government of Ire- government ready for men in all land, they would soon render it stages of civilisation, from the satranquil, and they obtained the go- vage to the philosopher, and would vernment; they contended for a wide willingly have charged themselves extension of the electoral franchise with the formation of constitutions to the Catholic, and the extinction for the whole human race. What of the Protestant corporations, and has now been done, is not to give the they have carried both these ob- least liberty to the people, for they jects. And under this increasing are utterly incapable of either unsystem of conciliation, weakness, derstanding or exercising it; but to and concession, Ireland has been bestow an enormous and despotic constantly growing worse, until at power upon the priests and the delength, upon the acquisition of the magogues, the very men whose amReform Bill and the triumph of de- bition has proved the ruin of the mocratic principles, its state has be- country. come absolutely intolerable, and a That evil, however, has been done,

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and cannot be undone. The point have the most cordial hatred at their for consideration now is, what is to political power, and would gladly be the effect, we do not say upon join in a crusade to restore what they Ireland, but upon the whole empire, call the Liberty of the Seas; that is, of this formidable invasion of demo- to destroy the English ficet, and with cratic violence, and Catholic ambi- it the political preponderance of this tion. Upon this head there is no country. room, we fear, for any but the most Our West India Colonies also are gloomy prognostications. Ireland, placed, as it were, within the jaws under the misrule of the Whigs, has of a power animated with as bitter a got to such a pitch of anarchy, that feeling of animosity at England, and it will require all the energy and possessed of perhaps greater means power of England to put it down. of injuring it. America has long A civil war must be anticipated, in the coveted Jamaica; she openly aspires effort to expel from their minds the to the dominion of the Gulf of Mexiinflammatory doctrines with which co;

and by the possession of the Hathe Whigs have filled them. And vannah and Cuba, she will ere long when this calamitous event arrives, obtain it. When the evil day comes are we to suppose that the other to England, the Southern States of powers of Europe will remain un- America will not be slow in coalescing concerned spectators of the strife ? with our West India islands; and Is there no danger of France lending with them will fall seven millions the hand of fraternity to the ardent annually of exported manufactures spirits on the other side of St George's and import duties to the British EmChannel ? Are we sure that they will pire. It is impossible adequately to refuse the proffered alliance and aid measure the extent of this calamity. of the Hibernian Republic ? Are the National bankruptcy must immeprojects of 1798 quite forgotten? diately ensue from the failure of so Has England any certainty from the large a portion of the revenue, and extreme fidelity with which they unheard of distress must spread have kept their promise in regard to among our manufactures from the Catholic Emancipation, that the Irish extinction of so great a part of their demagogues will be perfectly loyal export sale; but what is that to the to the Crown of Great Britain under Revolutionists? They never have, a separate legislature? These are and never will learn by experience, questions which it will become the but will go on in future as in time British legislators to ask themselves, past, deriding the danger, and rein anticipation of the events which, gardless of consequences, till it falls to all buman appearance, will meet upon them. them at the very threshold of the The situation, therefore, of the New Parliament.

English empire is very peculiar. In considering this subject, it is of Two large and important parts of, importance always to bear in mind the its dominions are ready to break off, profound and inextinguishable jea- to coalesce with any neighbour to Tousy with which all the European sever the connexion with the mopowers, and all parties on the Con- ther country; and we have at that tinent, regard the naval superiority very moment placed over our heads and political importance of England. a legislature, chosen in such a way, We do not exaggerate when we say as to be of all others the least cal. that this feeling is universal. All culated to hold together the unparties, royalists, republicans, aris- wieldy dominion. The British cities tocrats, democrats, vie with each loudly clamoured at the late elecother in their deep and universal tions for immediate emancipation of hatred of this country. It is hard to the negroes; and the West Indies say, whether it is most virulent in bave not one representative of their the royalist or democratic writers; interest in Parliament. The Reform in Lacretelle or Thiers; or whether Bill has effectually disfranchised the it prevails most at the imperial or colonies; the East and West Indies; the republican courts at Si Peters- and Canada put together could burgh or Paris. They may like the hardly muster up five votes. InEnglish as individuals, they may ad- stead of men identified with their mire their institutions; but they all interests, acquainted with their circumstances, sharing in their feelings, into one of foreign subjugation; we have the legislature filled with they have the precedent of Belgium the delegates of deluded manufactu- ready to apply to the quarrel berers, pledged to measures that must tween Ireland and England, and will lead to their destruction. While the find ample vindication for all they Radicals of England are clamouring can do in the protocols of Lord for instant freedom for the savages Palmerston. Foreign enemies, doof the West Indies; the Repealers of mestic revolutionists, have been Ireland are struggling for a dissolu, taught by an unprincipled administion of the Union, and uncontrolled tration, the lessons which they may license for the savages of Ireland; turn with fatal effect against the and the government, which lives peace and independence of the upon expedients and concessions, empire. We do not say that our strives to preserve its ascendency, rulers did these things with this inby conceding sometimes to the one tention; what we assert is, that faction, and sometimes to the other. they have this consequence; and In the midst of such agitation and such always will be the result of vacillation, industry is paralysed, measures pursued by ambitious men, and property disappears, in both the reckless of every thing but their own discontented parts of our domi- party purposes. nion; and even the well-affected in The system of government pursued Ireland and the West Indies, from of late in Ireland, has been so vari. a sense of the intolerable evils they able that it is impossible to say on are suffering under British rule, in- what principle it is founded. They sensibly fall into the wishes of have alternately caressed and fawned those who represent a separation on the leaders of agitation, and let from the mother country as the loose the vials of their wrath on their only remedy for the existing cala- misguided followers. Blood, as Mr mities. Is it possible that such a O'Connel says, has been shed prostate of things can continue for any fusely in Ireland since Lord Anglelength of time; or least of all, that sey's administration began; and the it can continue in presence of author of all that discord has been powerful and energetic enemies, placed at the head of the bar. So far anxious for the first moment of as any thing like principle can be weakness to combine against this discovered in their conduct, they country, and wreak upon Great appear to have made it a rule to Britain the fancied wrongs, and real cringe to the revolutionists of authojealousies, of one hundred and fiftyrity, and rage against the revolutionyears ?

ists of no consideration; to act with The Whigs have been in power severity towards the poor, and with little more than two years; but, weakness towards the depositaries during that time, they have contrived even of rabble authority. The sympto furnish precedents for almost toms of a better spirit were once every species of disaster which can visible, and Mr Stanley's administrabe accumulated upon the empire. tion began with a vigour which made Are the political agitators violent the hearts of all patriots in the kingand seditious in their designs; do dom glad ; but the bright dawn was they threaten the tranquillity or soon overcast, and in the tempest of peace of the state; they can appeal Reform, all the promises of the mornto the Ministers of State who corre- ing were overwhelmed. Mr Boyton sponded with Political Unions, and has well characterized, at one of the expressed their humble thanks to late meetings of the Conservative the president of an assemblage of Society in Dublin, their proceedinge: 150,000 men, by whom resolutions “As long as there was a fair prosto pay no taxes were passed. Is pect that by our exertions in the difmurder or anarchy threatened ; they ferent counties wè might be enabled can appeal to a Premier who ad- to give that support in Parliament to vised the Bishops to put their houses that party to which we are allied, I in order. Do other nations assail allude to the English Conservative Great Britain, while torn by its in- party—a party from which I trust surgent provinces, and seek to con- the Irish Protestant Conservative vert a moment of intestine weakness party never will be disunited

(cheers)—as long, I say, as there was extends—if any thing can be called a fair prospect of supporting those good that emanates from such a individuals of our party, by opposing source-(cheers.) We find, however, the members which were put for- that this slight exhibition to do good ward by government, it was plainly is controlled by another portion of our duty to strain every nerve as the Irish government—whose exerwell to return our own friends, and tions are unremitting to render nugafailing in that, to oust the govern- tory even this trifling tendency to ment candidates—(cheers.) The po- repair errors.” sition in which we are now placed is Of the system pursued by governof a twofold nature-first, with re- ment and its effects, the same elospect to the Roman Catholics on one quent and powerful orator gives the hand, who are our most formidable following account:opponents-(hear, hear.) I do not “My wish is to unite all classes of mean the Roman Catholic proprie. Protestants, and there are many who tors of Ireland generally-for that are not members of this Society, who there does exist a body of Roman are as deeply interested in the mainCatholics who possess property in tenance of order as we are, and who, this country, and who are as anxious I believe, begin to see, since the reas we are to stem the mighty move- sult of the elections has become ment which is now going forward, known, the mischievous course they there can be no doubt. The conduct had been pursuing-(hear, hear.) of this body has excited the wrath I should therefore be anxious to subof the demagogues and their agents mit to the Society an address to prothe priests. Such is the state of prietors of every denomination in thraldom in which they are held, this country-not confining it to the that the Roman Catholic gentry and members of the Conservative Sociemen of wealth are unable to give ty, but to those without its paleutterance to the feelings by which I shewing them the necessity of uniam confident they are animated- ting upon one principle of rendering (hear, hear.) It must be their inte- innocuous the efforts of Mr O'Conrest to preserve their properties, nel and his party—and to lay before and, if the present movement be un. the government a plain statement of checked, the religion of the party the actual condition of the country, possessing wealth will form but an calling upon them to adopt measures indifferent excuse for his retaining it to give a permanent security to pro-(hear, hear, hear.) In addition to perty, and at the same time to conthe priests and agitators who hold trol that agitation which has mainly the democracy of the country in their been encouraged by the government, power, we have also to contend with and which is now in its results deà second foe, namely, the govern- vastating the country-(cheers.)-I ment of this country, which is main- need not repeat, what I said before, ly mischievous by the assistance that it is plain to any person that if which it affords to the Roman Catho- the same system of government lic democracy in its tremendous which has been pursued for the last efforts to upset Protestantism and two years be preserved in, no man's property in this country-(hear, life or property will be safe in three hear, hear.) Government partakes of the provinces—and property, even of the Manichean principle-namely, in Ulster, will not be worth five years' that it contains an evil spirit and a purchase-(hear, hear, hear)-theregood spirit-an evil principle and a fore any person who has property to good principle. A disposition has lose ought to be equally interested been recently evinced by certain with us in its preservation, even almembers of his Majesty's govern though they may not be imbued with ment to act upon a conservative prin- so deep a tipge of party feeling as we ciple, and make some effort to stop are-(hear, hear.) It must be manithe effects that must follow the as- fest to the most careless observer, cendency which the democratic par- that there is a determination on the ty bave obtained, the first result of part of the democracy to make a which must be the separation of this general attack upon all property in country from the parent state-(hear, the country-it ought to be our care hear.) So far this good principle to effect, it possible, such an organization of Protestant strength as will spirits on the other side of St enable us to repel the attack.”- George's Channel ? And what chance (Cheers.)

has England of maintaining its indeFrom this continuance of suffering pendence, if pressed by a coalition of and anarchy in Ireland, nothing but the Continental States, eager to humadditional anxiety for a dissolution ble the mistress of the waves, with of the Union can be anticipated. The Ireland in its rear in a state of fierce Irish see, by bitter experience, that and implacable hostility? When the it is productive of no other result principles we have inculcated in rebut misery to them. And how is it gard to Belgium, and the example we to be expected that any class in that have set at Antwerp are retorted country is long to advocate the con- upon ourselves; when the European nexion with a government from which Powers tell us that we must concede such a result flows? Can we expect to the insurgent province, and that that the Irish are to remain loyal to a a separation of the government of dynasty under whose rule they have the two islands, and a close alliance experienced incessant murder, an- between the rebels and France is archy, and wretchedness ? Can we essential to the peace of Europe ; expect that the Protestants are to with what moral force will we be able retain their loyalty when the daggeris to resist the inference, with what perpetually held to their throats, and physical strength repel the aggrestheir lives and properties, even in the sion? most tranquil parts of the country, Ireland, therefore, is no longer a are not worth two years' purchase? question from which the people of Can we suppose that the English peo- England can turn with indifference, ple are long to look on the Irish or banish from their minds as hopeUnion as a public benefit, when they less as if it was the affair of a foreign see that country daily getting worse state. Our own existence as a naand worse; the army of the empire in- tion, our national independence, our cesantly absorbed in keeping it from civil liberties, are at stake. The breaking into open insurrection; and peril now staring us in the face, may its industry constantly overwhelmed produce consequences which all the by the inundation of its indigence? might of Napoleon could not effect. The thing is obviously out of the The great danger which threatens all question. Mutual recrimination and democratic states, is the dismember, disgust must ensue on both sides of ment of the distant provinces of the the Channel, and the people of both empire. We have chosen to multicountries prepared to relinquish, ply this danger tenfold by the demowithout a struggle, a connexion from cratic constitution we have given to which nothing but mutual calamity England, and the free scope to pohas hitherto ensued, but which must, pular passion which we have esta.. if severed, prove fatal to the inde- blished in Ireland. By Catholic pendence of both.

emancipation, we have opened to the Is there any man in his senses, out leaders of the Popish hierarchy acof the pale of O'Connell's dupes, who cess to the Legislature. By the Reimagines that if the union of the form Bill, we have placed the Irish Parliaments is dissolved, the union of representation at the mercy of a futhe Crowns will long survive the se- rious and empassioned multitude, paration ? With a Parliament chosen 'skilfully directed by cool and able by the Catholic ten-pounders, led by leaders, who wield the energies of O'Connell, and inflamed by the vio- that fierce democracy for their own lent hatred at this country which is private ambition, and the establishunhappily so common in the sisterisle, ment of an independent republic in what chance is there that the suprema- that island, in which the whole cy of England will be acknowledged? power will really be in their hands. –Will France, which ever since the As the reward of our indulgent and Revolution has been looking to Ire- liberal conduct towards that counland as the weak point in the British try, we receive a fierce and haughty empire, when the point of the wedge demand for a separation ; accompamay be inserted," forego the long- nied with the threat that they will wished for opportunity of allying it- never cease to agitate and distract self with the daring and reckless both countries till the dismember

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