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-- The preserver of his country's free- cheers and laughter.)– Their confidom-he whose name stands bighest dence in their own power and abiamong all the living sons of men, lity seems to be such that nothing is he whom any nation on earth would too difficult for them. One of their be proud to call her own, and who greatest errors has been their overhas won for himself a larger claim to weening confidence in themselves, British gratitude than Britain ever blinding them to difficulties and can compensate—even he has been to consequences. They seem alreviled, insulted, threatened.-(Much most to think themselves omnipocheering.)-On the other hand, the tent. There is nothing in the hisnames of men whose guilty lives tory of heathen or barbarous times were justly forfeited to the offended more absurd than the miscalculating laws of their country, have been conceit of the politicians of the predrawn forth from that oblivion in sent day.-(Cheers.) - When the which charity had shrouded their ig heathen conqueror, exposed to the nominious end, and they are now flattery of an admiring and devoted held up as fit objects for the admira people, who had already ranked tion, and, I presume, the imitation of him with the gods, commanded his the people. — (Cheers.) – Even in attendant to give him daily rememsmaller matters, we see the current of brance of his mortality, he acted in popular opinion turned from the the spirit of philosophy, conscious natural course, and running in a false of the infirmities of mankind, and of direction. We see the exiled outlaw their proneness to forget them. -(loud cheers) – restored only by When the English Monarch, in an the grace of his Sovereign, making age comparatively barbarous, placed his exile a boast, and the cause of it his chair on the sea-shore, and fora passport to the favour and the con bade the advance of the ocean fidence of the people.—(Continued wave, he too acted in the spirit of cheering.) - We see the unenfranchi- genuine philosophy, reproving a nased mob dictate to the electors how tion's flattery, and marking his knowthey are to bestow their suffrages. We ledge of his own weakness. But in see the beardless apprentices dictate our day has sprung up a race of to their masters when they are to statesmen, who, rejecting the preclose their warehouses. We see the cepts of philosophy, and the lessons unwilling debtor dictate to his credi- of experience—forgetting the weak, tor what measures he is to adopt, or ness of human nature, and surrenwhether he is to adopt any measures, dering themselves to the intoxicato recover payment of his just debt. tion of power—vainly think that they -(Much cheering.)–One step more, can ride upon the whirlwind and and we shall see the public delin direct the storm-(cheers)—that bequent dictate to the public prosecu cause they can raise the blast of potor whether he is to be brought to pular passion, they can direct it to trial.-(Cheers.)—In all these things a proper end, and allay it at their I see a total unhingement of fixed pleasure that because they can opinions—an aversion to the exist- destroy, therefore they can recon. ing order of things, merely because struct and restore. This is indeed it is so-and a senseless desire for the acmé of human presumption.movement and change. Looking to (Cheers.)- The merest child may the indications I have mentioned, I apply the torch, but who shall stay cannot venture to hope that the the conflagration ? The feeblest tide will not also be turned against arm may destroy the functions of life the Established Church,-(cheers) in the noblest and most vigorous -with what success will depend on of God's created beings, but who the firmness of the friends of the shall reanimate the frame ?-(ConChurch, and the firmness of our ru tinued cheers.)–Let them think of lers. In the former I have implicit this ere it is too late. Let them confidence; in the latter I have not awaken from that delusive dream yet learned to repose the same confi- in which they have been indulging. dence.—(Cheers and laughter.)-If, Let them set themselves to work indeed, my confidence in them was to preserve that which still reto be at all measured by their confi- mains. Let them try in earnest to dence in themselves, it would be check that torrent of destructive ample in the extreme.-(Reiterated ness which is at present directe
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with fearful force against all that is of England, is about to commence. venerable--all that is valuable in We regard its proceedings with the establishments of the land.- something of the paventosa speme of (Cheers.)—Let them do these things, Petrarch, a mixture of apprehension not from mere selfish lust of power, and of hope. Some indications are and as expedients for maintaining already appearing that, on the minds themselves in place—(Cheers)—but of the more influential and honest of in the pure spirit of sincere and ge- the Ministry, the necessity of now nuine patriotism, and in such efforts taking their stand against the torrent they will have the support of all of innovation is beginning to dawn; good men, and I do not despair that that the insults and menaces to which the Established Church, and what they themselves have been subjectever yet remains of our once-boast- ed the instant they ventured to hint ed institutions, may still be saved. at arresting the progress of the move—(Much cheering.)—I beg to pro- ment, are beginning to produce that pose as a toast–The Permanency conviction which the reasonings of of the Established Church." the Conservative party, and the ex
These are the dictates of sound ample of other countries, had failed philosophy arrayed in the garb of to effect. We speak not of the Noble impressive eloquence. How truly, Lord, the nominal head of the Governhow forcibly is the developement of ment, in whom age seems to have that principle traced, which lies at deadened every quality save obstithe bottom of all this restless anxie- nacy, and to whom the voices of ty for change-the consciousness of the past and present seem to speak power working upon ignorance in vain. We do not allude to the and which shews itself alike in the cyphers of the Ministry, the Durconduct of the apprentice who dic- hams and Thomsons, deriving their tates to his master when he is to sole importance from the units with close his shop, or the Westminster which they are associated. But we tailor who dictates to the Premier turn to such names as those of when he is to open the Session! Brougham, Althorpe, Stanley, Rich
Here we must close our notice of mond; we ask ourselves, can the the proceedings of this remarkable far-seeing and comprehensive mind meeting, deeply regretting that we of the Chancellor have read the old cannot make room for any observa- almanack of history to so little purtions on the energetic speech of Mr pose as not to see, that never yet did Dundas of Arniston, in proposing a nation escape revolution by the the health of Sir George Clerk; the course which Britain is now purvery effective and striking address of suing? We ask ourselves if the the gallant companion in arms of the right-minded Lord Althorpe, a man Duke of Wellington, Sir John Os- too honest for the tortuous policy wald; or the speech of Sir William in which he has been involved, can Rae,in acknowledging his own health, look with indifference on the ruin and proposing the memory of Sir with which so much that he at least Walter Scott; a speech distinguished must consider venerable and valuby many of the best characteristics able is threatened; if the high-mindof eloquence, strong emotion, a spirited Richmonds and Stanleys can reof the most firm and manly sincerity, concile themselves to the arrogant and the greatest tact in handling a dictation of those with whom they topic on which the commonplaces of are brought into contact, or to a conoratory would have been so out of tinuance of that system of cowardly place. The single recollection to concession, which never yet in the which he alluded-his parting inter- annals of popular movements produview with the great man now taken ced any thing else but increased au. from this scene of contest and trouble dacity of demand ? We cannot per-was more effectual to call up the suade ourselves that such can be the solemn and hallowed recollections
The stream, shaken from its associated with the name of Sir bed by a momentary convulsion, and Walter Scott, than the most elaborate polluted by the intermixture of eulogy he could have pronounced. fouler waters, must soon begin to
A word only before concluding. struggle back towards its ancient and
The first Session of the experi- natural channel; men of principle mental Parliament, big with the fate and intelligence, of energy and ho
of life gorous t who (Con. ink of
them dream nilying.
work Ell re est to ctive ecte
nour, must at no distant period per- take their stand then ere it be too ceive the necessity of reverting to late, while vet some of the bulthose Conservative principles, which, warks of our Constitution stand unin an evil hour for themselves and shaken, though notunassailed-while their couutry, they abandoned. yet our Monarch wears something
The Conservative party are en more than" the likeness of a kingly titled to demand it of them, not as a crown,”-while our hereditary Peermatter of expediency, but of right. `age is left to us, though shorn of its If Ministers were pledged to one beams,-while a national Church is party to introduce Reform, they were left to us to elevate our morality, not less deeply and solemnly pledged and to lay the foundation for the duto the other, that that Reform should ties of the citizen in those of the be a final measure-not the herald Christian, and while our impartial of farther change, but the means of and independent tribunals are left to satisfying the mass of the people us, independent alike of popular viothat change was unnecessary and lence or regal influence, to make the undesirable. They have kept their majesty of the law felt and respectfaith to the Reformers-shall it be ed, and to give security to the perbroken to us and to the country? sons and properties of all. They have abandoned the outworks If, reflecting upon these things, of the Constitution, as indefensible our Ministers even now, at this ele-shall they now as tamely yield up renth hour, revert to the principles the citadel ?
from which they have swerved too One bugbear, which seems to alarm long, and evince the same firmness them, we are sure is an imaginary in maintaining what remains of our one. They have nothing to fear in the Constitution, as they shewed rashnew Parliament from any combinaness in assailing that venerable edition between the Conservative and fice, the prospects of England need the Radical party, to deprive them of not yet be despaired of. But if, intheir possession of place or power. sensible to all the warnings which These are not the days when any are heard around them, they con. Conservative need envy them their tinue to pursue in the new Parliathorny seats, or their uneasy splen- ment the course which they began in dour. He would indeed be in love the old; if one solitary concession be with danger, who would wish at this made to clamour instead of convicmoment to snatch the reins of go- tion; if one jot or tittle of the provernment from the hands of the pre- perty of the Church be diverted from sent holders, when he sees that the its sacred destination; if even the only path they have left to him runs task of distribution be attempted by along the brink of a precipice. No! an unthinking head or an upgentle The Conservatives will act in Par- hand; if the interests of our colonies liament as they have acted out of it, are to be abandoned to wild and --they will pursue the only object reckless legislation ; if the securities they have in view, the good of their of our agriculturists are to be sacricountry, turning neither to the right ficed to the interested complaints of hand nor the left,-mingling with no the manufacturing classes, or the party, but moving onward in their dreams of political theorists, then, asown straightforward course, like that suredly, the glory of England is gone Sicilian river which carries its waters for ever. Then, indeed, above the fresh and limpid even across the entrance to the Chapel of St Stesalt and bitter currents of the sea. phen's, that hall which was once the
Posterity will never acquit Mini fountain of wise legislature, the focus sters of the deep guilt of having ha- and rallying point of British wisdom zarded the safety of the country; and worth, may be written up the but next to the merit of not having gloomy inscription over the portal of erred, would be the candid and the Inferno timely confession of error. Let them “Lasciate ogni speranza voi ch' intrate."
Printed by Ballantyne and Company, Paul's Work, Edinburgh.
The people of England are attach of ages which have now gone down ed to liberty. They are made for it. to the grave, not to gaze on them as They have by nature a gravity of curious specimens of the past, but as mind which tends to save them from opulent and true instructors of the political rashness. They have a man present. He sees in their configura. Jiness which repels dishonourable tion the secrets of the living frame, submission to force. Thus, superior the sources of actual public strength, by their original temperament, alike the organs of national renown, the to the extravagances of democracy, muscular energy, the fine impulses and to the oppressions of despotism, which give activity and force to the they alone, of all European nations, whole animated system. But the have been qualified to build up that most effectual portion of history is last and noblest labour of utility and that which gives down great men to virtue, a free Constitution.
the future; for it furnishes the mind Yet while nations are composed of the rising generation with a model of men, they must be liable to error. on which it can shape itself at once. The vast and fluctuating varieties of The embodied virtue of the chamhuman opinion must exhibit those pion of truth and freedom stands currents and changes which defy or before it; the progress of genius and astonish the wisdom of the wise. learning, of generous ambition and New and untried hazards must per- faithful principle, is displayed to the plex their political fortitude, strong eye in all its successions. There is temptations to hasty aggrandizement, nothing ideal, nothing to be made up or rash terrors of public loss, must by fancy, or left to chance. The over balance the practical knowledge standard of excellence is palpable to of the state; and England, with all the touch; and men can scarcely her experience, vigour, and virtue, look upon this illustrious evidence must take her share in those contin- of human capabilities without uncon. gencies which compel nations to re- sciously emulating its labours or shavert to first principles, and refresh ring its superiority. their declining years by draughts In giving a rapid view of the life from the original fountains of their of the celebrated Burke, we are less fame. It is for such purposes that anxious to render the due tribute to the lover of his country should value bis ability than to his principles. history. For he sees in it not a mere His genius has long gained for itself museum of the eccentricities and the highest prize of fame. In an adventures of nations, it offers more age eminent for intellectual distincthan an indulgence to mere curi- tion, Burke vindicated to himself osity. It opens the door of that the admiration of Europe. Owing great repository of the faults and nothing of his elevation to birth, frailties, of the greatness and power, opulence, or official rank, he requir
V0L, XXX, NO. CcV.
ed none of those adventitious sup- the struggle of the arena-a great ports to rise and move at ease, and rivalry for the prize of the people with instinctive power, in the highest the fierce and temporary effort of regions of public effort, dignity, and great intellectual gladiators. Where renown; the atmosphere of courts they were exhausted or perished, and senates was native to his ma others followed, if with inferior jesty of wing. There was no fear powers, with close imitation. But that his plumage would gire way in no man has followed Burke. No deeither the storm or the sunshine; fender of the truth has exhibited that those are the casualties of inferior fine combination of practical vigour powers. He had his share of both, with abstract and essential wisdom, the tempest, and that still more peril. that mastery of human topics and ous trial, which has melted down the means with that diviner energy which virtue of so many aspiring spirits in orerthrew not merely the revoluthe favour of cabinets. But Burke tionary spirit of his day, but enables grew purer and more powerful for us to maintain the conflict against all good; to his latest moment, he con its efforts to come; like the conqueror stantly rose more and more above of the Python, leaving his own image the influence of party, until at last to all time, an emblem of equally unthe politician was elevated into the rivable strength and grandeur, a philosopher; and fixing himself in model of all nobleness in form and that loftier region, from which he mind. looked down on the cloudy and tur Edmund Burke, like most of those bulent contests of the time, he soar men who have made themselves meed upward calmly in the light of morable by their public services, was truth, and became more splendid at of humble extraction; the son of an every wave of his wing.
Irish attorney. Yet as Ireland is the This is no exaggeration of his sin- land of genealogies, and every man gular ability, or of its course. Of who cares for the honours of anall the memorable men of his day, cestry may indulge himself at large Burke is the only orator, whose elo- among the wide obscurity of the quence has been incorporated into Irish lineages, Burke's biographers the wisdom of his country: His have gratified their zeal by searching great contemporaries grappled tri- for the fountains of his blood among umpbantly with the emergencies of the De Burghs or Burgos, whose the hour, and having achieved the names are found in the list of Strongexploit of the hour, were content bows, knights in the invasion under with what they had done. But it is Henry the Second. Edmund Burke palpable that Burke in every instance justly seems to have thought little contemplated a larger victory; that upon the subject, and contenting his struggle was not more to meet a himself with being the son of Adam, contingency, than to establish a prin- prepared to lay the foundations of a ciple; that he was not content with fame independent of the Norman. overwhelming the adversary of the He was born in Dublin, January 1, moment, but must bequeath with 1730, old style ; of a delicate constithat triumph some new knowledge tution, which in his boyhood he ren. of the means by which the adversary dered still more delicate by a love might be overwhelmed in every age for reading. As he was threatened to come ; some noble contribution to with consumption, he was removed that grand tactic by which men and at an early age from the thick air of nations are armed and marshalled the capital to the house of his grandagainst all difficulty. The labours of father at Castletown Roche, a vilhis contemporaries were admirable; lage in the county of Cork, in the the mere muscular force of the hu- neighbourhood of the old castle of man mind never exhibited more pro- Kilcolman, once the residence of the digious feats, than in the political poet Spenser, and seated in the contests of the days of Chatham, Hol centre of a district remarkable for land, Pitt and Fox. The whole period traditional interest, and landscape from the fall of the Walpole Minis- beauty. Early associations often try to the death of Pitt, was an unre have a powerful effect on the mind laxing struggle of the most practised, of genius, and it is not improbable expert, and vivid ability. But it was that the rich and lovely scenery of