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any strength but its own. The King, liamentary service. For his gout is weary of upholding the Bute cabinet worse than ever, but his pride may against its original tendency to go disable him more than his gout.” down, at length cast it off, and it sank. The history amply confirmed the never to rise again. The Grenville conjecture. The Duke of Cumberministry succeeded to its place, and land was sent by the King to offer its unpopularity. It was charged the premiersbip to Pitt. He refused with the Bute principles without it. The ministry, elated by the distheir palliatives, with purchasing covery that a substitute was not to place by the spoils of the people, with be found, and indiguant at the atcrushing the national liberties with tempt to find one, raised their deone hand, while it was surrendering mands upon the King. But the royal the national honour to foreigners resources were not yet exhausted, with the other; of being a govern- and within two months the Marquis ment of nepotism, favouritism, and of Rockingham was placed at the secret patronage, a Bute ministry in head of a new cabinet. Burke's masquerade. The general outcry at panegyric on the premier was the once demanded its overthrow, and exuberance of a glowing fancy set the restoration of Pitt. The King, in motion by a grateful beart. But with a submissiveness which fully it was an error. The Marquis was contradicts the charges of obstinacy, not the leader to collect the scattered now offered the government to the energies of party, and shape them man of the popular choice. Burke, into system. Compared with Bute, in a letter to the celebrated Flood, he wanted conciliation, and with written in 1765, with admirable saga Grenville, knowledge of life and city, narrates the course of the nego business. Formal and frigid, relytiation, and almost predicts its results. ing upon personal rank for official “ There is a strong probability that dignity, and for public confidence on new men will come in, and not im- hereditary prejudices, and forgetting probably with new ideas. There is the new element which had risen to no doubt that there is a fixed reso- disperse all such prejudices, he lution to get rid of them all, (unless found himself suddenly in the rear perbaps of Grenville,) but principally of public opinion, saw even his own of the Duke of Bedford. So that you adherents starting forward before will have much more reason to be bim; saw his whole force broken surprised to find the ministry stand up, and after a struggle of a few ing by the end of the next week, than months between pride and feebleto hear of their entire removal.” His ness, retreated from a field into idea of Lord Chatham is curious, which he ought never to have enterand the event shewed bis know. ed. Burke, on this event, probably ledge of that memorable man's cha- as a matter of duty, wrote bis deracter. “Nothing but an intRACTA- fence, “A short History of a short BLE temper in your friend Pitt can Administration,” a work of a few prevent a most admirable and last- pages, and dry as it was brief. A ing system from being put together. dull epitapb, and only the fitter for And this crisis will shew whether the tomb that it covered. pride or patriotism be predominant Pitt now came in in triumph, with in his character; for you may be as- the people yoked to his chariot; the sured, he has it now in his power to King more reluctantly, but nearly come into the service of his country as much yoked as the people; he raupon any plan of politics he may pidly formed an administration, and think proper to dictate, with great commenced bis career with anenergy and honourable terms for himself and which justified the national election. every friend he has in the world, and But with all the qualities which with such a strength of power as could raise him to the bighest rank, will be equal to every thing but he wanted the one important quality absolute despotism over the King which could alone keep him there. and kingdom. A few days will shew He made no allowances for the feelwhether he will take this part, or that ings, the habits, or the weaknesses of continuing on his back at Hayes of other men. In a despotic governtalking fustian ! excluded from all ment, perhaps, he would have been ministerial, and incapable of all Par, minister for life, and the admiration, if not the terror, of Europe ; his thousand pardons. I venture to say clearness of political vision, the lofty that it did so happen, that persons mastery with which he grasped the had a single office divided between thunders of the state, and the unerr- them, who had never spoken to each ing vigour with which he launched other in their lives.” them, his natural habits of command, Burke, on the fall of his friends, his severe integrity, and his brilliant, withdrew for a few months to Irebold, and indefatigable ambition, land. He felt, with a just sense of would have achieved all the miracles his own reputation, that overtures of despotic policy, and raised a small would probably be made to him, and, kingdom into power, or extended a with a sense of delicacy sufficiently large one into European supremacy remarkable in a young statesman, But the time for this display of un- determining to avoid even the impumitigated strength was past in Eng- tation of waiting to be purchased, he land. Even in France, the era of the took his departure within two days Richlieus and Mazarines was no of the ministerial retirement. But more. Great schemes of independ the changes of cabinets were now ent government were no longer to be comparatively unimportant to his forcreated. The minister must work tunes. He had shewn what he was, with such materials as were supplied and he could be forgotten no more. to him, and Chatham, who, under a He had now risen to the surface, and Philip the Second, would have bro no fall of ministers could carry him ken down the Netherlands, or stifled down with them again. Once set their hostility by throwing the weight floating on the tide of public affairs, of the world upon them; or under a he had within him a buoyancy that Henry the Eighth, would have alike nothing could overweigh; the protrampled out the Reformation, or bability even was, that every swell swept its enemies before the breath and agitation of the surface would of his nostrils, according to the can only lift him still higher, and make price of bis sovereign ; was forced in his qualities more conspicuous in the the day of George the Third, to con- general struggle. The impression cede and compromise, to feel the made on his friends in London, is tenure of his power dependent on strikingly recorded in a letter of men whom he could scarcely stoop Johnson to Langton, in 1766. “We to acknowledge as his associates, to have the loss of Burke's company ballast the vessel of the State with since he has been engaged in public even the fragments of former party, business, in which he has gained and, having done all, to see the helm more reputation than perhaps any wrenched from his band.

man at his first appearance ever The difficulty of forming the new gained before. He made two speeches cabinet, and the disunions which so in the House, for repealing the Stamp quickly gave the King the power of Act, which were publicly commend. dissolving it, were popularly carica ed by Mr Pitt, and have filled the tured by Burke. “He (Lord Chat town with wonder. Burke is a great ham) put together a piece of joinery man, and is expected soon to attain so crossly indented and whimsically civil greatness." The Chatham Midove-tailed, a cabinet so variously nistry followed the fate of its preinlaid, such a piece of diversified decessors. Raised in defiance of mosaic, such a tesselated pavement the throne, it was naked on the side without cement, bere a bit of black of prerogative; and while it was enstone and there a bit of white, pa gaged in defending itself from the triots and courtiers, king's friends new hostility of the people, it received and republicans, Whigs and Tories, a blow against which it had made no treacherous friends and open ene- preparation; the ministry fell under mies, that it was indeed a very cu- the royal hand. Pitt, too proud to rious show, but utterly unsafe to capitulate, and deserted by his troops, touch and unsure to stand on. The gave up the contest at once, and left colleagues whom he had assorted at his power to be partitioned among the same board, stared at each other, his deserters. The Duke of Grafton and were obliged to ask,-Sir, your was placed at the head of a cabinet pame? Sir, you have the advantage formed of recreants of all parties; of me.-Mr Such-a-one-I bega and one of the most ineffective and

characterless cabinets that England the very prosperity of ambition, exever saw, began its operations, with amples of terror, and motives to a populace inflamed to the most ex compassion. I believe the instances traordinary excesses, with a failing are exceedingly rare, of men immefinance, a general convulsion of the diately passing over the clear, marked commercial system, and the whole line of virtue, into declared vice and body of the colonies in uproar, hurl. corruption. There are a sort of middle ing scorn on the mother country, de tints and shades between the two exnying and defying her laws, disputing tremes; there is something uncertain her rights, and with the same rebellio on the confines of the two empires, ous banners waving from their shores which they first pass through, and to repel the authority of England, and which renders the change easy and welcome the alliance of her enemies. imperceptible. There are even a sort

Burke was now the acknowledged of splendid impositions, so well conleader of that partof opposition which trived, that at the very time when professed the principles of the Mar- the path of rectitude is quitted for quis of Rockingham; Mr Grenville, ever, inen seem to be advancing into of that part which had fallen with him- some higher and nobler road of pubself from power. No two men could lic conduct. Not that such imposihave fewer conceptions in common. tions are strong enough in themDiffering in all points of policy, they selves; but that a powerful interest, were kept together only by their often concealed from those whom it hostility to the weak and wavering affects, works at the bottom and secabinet, whose overthrow they hour cures the operation. Men are thus ly contemplated. At length, a pam- debauched away from those legitiphlet entitled, “ The present State of mate connexions, which they had the Nation,” written by either Mr formed on a judgment, early perhaps, Grenville, or his former secretary but sufficiently mature, aud wholly Mr Knox, under his dictation, and unbiassed.” containing some sarcasms on the With what countenance might Rockingham Ministry, brought Burke some of the apostates who carried into action. He flew to the defence the Catholic question look in this mirof a cause which he considered his ror held up to them by the frowning own, and by his “ Observations on a genius of Burke! With what shame late State of the Nation,” completely and remorse might those who bave retorted the charges, and added to still the power of feeling, see the his fame all that profound thought, features stamped by that guiltiest of exact details of the national interests, all tergiversations! With what terand animated eloquence could give. ror might those who are beyond But the chief excellence of all this shame see their crime blazoned and eminent person's works is, that they thrown into hideous light, for the are for the general experience of scorn and warning of all posterity! mankind; they are not the artificial The only distinction between Burke ornaments of the hour, but instinct and the reality is, that the apostasy with a spirit of life, which makes which is long to wreak its retributhem flourish as green as ever from tion on England, had none of the generation to generation. Rapid flowery descants, the smooth and and brilliant as his conceptions rise stealing lapses, the gentle labyrinfrom the passion of the moment, and thine circuits into vice. There was transitory as may be the circum no gradation. The treachery did not stances of their origin, they have in condescend to wear a mask, nor the them nothing transitory, nothing of wooer to desire one; the crime was the meteor; they take their place at embraced in all its deformity, and a height above the vapours of this the criminals boasted of the opendim world, and miuister illumination ness of the intrigue, and made a reto every age to come. He thus speaks putation of the audacity with which of the fatal facility with which pub- they abandoned every sense of perlic men slide iuto apostasy-(The sonal and public honour. Bedford party had at this period se The picture of the bond slaves of ceded from their old friends, and party, who begin by sacrificing their joined administration),

principles, and then sacrifice their "It is possible to draw, even from friends, is incomparable.“ People

not well grounded in the principles is to be abandoned and destroyed. of public morality, find a set of Thus living in a state of continual maxims in office ready made for uneasiness and ferment, softened them, which they assume as natural. only by the miserable consolation of Jy and inevitably as any of the in- giving now and then preferments to signia or instruments of the situa. those for whom they hare no value, tion. A certain tone of the solid and they are unhappy in their situation, practical is immediately acquired. yet find it impossible to resign ; unEvery former profession of public til at length, soured in temper, and spirit is to be considered as a de- disappointed by the very attainment bauch of youth, or, at least, as a vis of their ends, in some angry, in some sionary scheme of unattainable per- haughty, in some negligent moment, fection. The very idea of consisten- they incur the displeasure of those cy is exploded. The convenience of upon whom they have rendered their the business of the day is to furnish very being dependent. Then, 'pethe principle for doing it. Then the rierunt tempora longi servitii ;' they whole ministerial cant is quickly got are cast off with scorn, emptied of by heart. The prevalence of faction is all natural character, of all intrinsic to be lamented. All opposition is to worth, of all essential dignity, and be regarded as the effect of envy and deprived of every consolation of disappointed ambition. All admini- friendship. Having rendered all restrations are declared to be alike. treat to old principles ridiculous, Flattering themselves that their and to old regards impracticable; power is become necessary to the not being able to counterfeit pleasupport of all order and government, sure, or to discharge discontent, every thing which tends to the sup: it is more than a chance, that in the port of that power is sanctified, and delirium of the last stage of their disbecomes a part of the public interest. tempered power, they make an in

“ Growing every day more formed sane political testament, by which to affairs, and better knit in their they throw all their remaining weight limbs; when the occasion (now their and consequence into the scale of only rule) requires it, they become their declared enemies, and avowed capable of sacrificing those very per authors of their destruction. Thus sons to whom they had before sacri- they finish their course. Had it been ficed their original friends. It is possible, that the whole, or even a now only in the ordinary course of great part of those effects on their business to alter an opinion, or to fortunes, could have appeared to betray a connexion. Frequently re- their first departure from linquishing one set of men and adopt- the right, it is certain that they would ing another, they grow into a total have rejected every temptation with indifference to human feeling, as they horror.” had before to moral obligation, un. We shall now have to follow Burke til, at length, no one original impress through more various and elevated sion remains on their minds, every transactions; in which he was no principle is obliterated, every senti longer the contemplatist, but a great ment effaced.

leader of the contest. The sounds “ In the meantime, that power of war and anarchy were coming which all these changes aimed at from America, they were reverberatsecuring, remains still as totteringing from Ireland, they were preand uncertain as ever. They are de- paring to be answered by a tenfold livered up into the hands of those roar from France; every principle who feel neither respect for their of national stability was to be tried persons, nor gratitude for their fa- in its turn. The character of Religion, vours; who are put about them in Loyalty, and Government, was to appearance to serve, in reality to undergo the fiercest ordeal known govern them; and when the signal in history, and at every trial, the geis given, to abandon and destroy nius and wisdom of Burke were to them, in order to set up some new be among the most conspicuous dupe of ambition, who in his turn guides of the land.




“And I have loved thee, Ocean, and my joy,

of youthful sports, was on thy breast to be
Borne like thy bubbles onward-From a boy,

I wantoned with thy breakers. They to me
Were a delight; and if the freshening sea

Made them a terror, 'twas a childish fear;
For I was as it were a child of thee,

And trusted to thy billows far and near,
And laid my hand upon thy mane."

Childe Harold.

“ Heaven's verge extreme
Reverberates the bombs descending star,
And sounds that mingled laugh, and shout and scream,
To freeze the blood, in one discordant jar,
Rung to the peeling thunderbolts of war.

While rapidly the marksman's shot prevailed,
And aye as if for death some lopely trumpet wailed."

Gertrude of Wyoming.

The puncture in Mr Bang's neck seriously bit being entitled to expafrom the boarding-pike was not very tiate) with the extreme smallness deep, still it was an ugly lacerated of the puncture in the skin through wound; and if he had not, to use his which the ball had entered; you own phrase, been somewhat bull. could not have forced a pea through necked, there is no saying what the it, and there was scarcely any flow. consequences might have been. of blood.

“ Tom, my boy,” said be, after “A very simple affair this, sir," the doctor was done with him, “I said the surgeon, as he made a miam nicely coopered now-nearly as nute incision right over the ball, the good as new-a little stiffish or so- instrument cutting into the cold dull lucky to have such a comfortable lead with a cheep, and then presscoating of muscle, otherwise the ing his fingers, one on each side carotid would have been in danger. of it, it jumped out nearly into So come here, and take your turn, Aaron's mouth. and I will hold the candle.”

" A pretty sugar-plum, Tom—if It was dead calm, and as I had de. that collar-bone of yours bad not sired the cabin to be used as a cock been all the harder, you would have pit, it was at this time full of poor been embalmed in a gazette, to use fellows, waiting to have their wounds your own favourite expression. But, dressed, whenever the surgeon could my good boy, your bruise on the go below. The lantern was brought, chest is serious; you must go to bed, and, sitting down on a wadding and take care of yourself.” tub, I stripped. The ball, which I Alas! there was no bed for me to knew had lodged in the fleshy part 'go to. The cabin was occupied by of my left shoulder, had first of all the wounded, where the surgeon struck me right over the collar. was still at work. Out of our small bone, from which it had glanced, crew, nine had been killed, and eleand then buried itself in the muscle ven wounded, counting passengers of the arm, just below the skin, -twenty out of forty-two—a fearful where it stood out, as if it had been proportion. a sloe both in shape and colour. The At length the night fell. collar-bone was much shattered, and “ Pear), send some of the people my chest was a good deal shaken, aft, and get a spare square-sail from and greatly bruised; but I had per- the sailmaker, and”ceived nothing of all this at the time “ Will the awning not do, sir ?” I was shot; the sole perceptible sen. “ To be sure it will,” said I-it sation was the pinch in the shoulder, did not occur to me.“ Get the as already described. I was much awning triced up to the stancheons, surprised (every man who has been and tell my steward to get the beds

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