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They may be taught by their ene- dered, self-called philosophers, who mies, and shame it is they should be very sapiently and graciously entertheir own countrymen! The farmers tain the abrogation of the Corn Laws; and their labourers begin to be alive but I have never been able to under. to their interests, and to form them- stand how their minds can be duped selves into societies and clubs of by their reasoning. They appear to protection. They have hitherto seen have lain in bed the greater part of their ricks and barns burnt by re- their lives, and dreamed of human volutionists, with patience it has society. They know not what it is. required all the art of the Reformers They take the oddest whims and to keep in good trim. But they now fancies for wisdom. Sir H. Parnell suspect there was more in the plots asserts that the country will save than they were made acquainted L.12,000,000 a-year by abolishing the with ; a few more barns and houses Corn Laws! What! at no loss to burnt over their heads, under the cry any? Yes, he admits the landowners of " cheap bread," may drive them will be to some extent sufferers ; to meetings, and retaliation where that many lands will be out of culthey find the cry raised; and Eng. tivation; but never mind, proprietors land may have, after the example of will be the only sufferers, and some Ireland, her “ Volunteers," and ma- must be sacrificed, (and will they nufactories may blaze. The town not lose exactly this L.12,000,000 ?) operative mobs may again rush forth But what does he say of the farmwith their revolutionary banners to ers and the labourers thrown out, set fire to the castles, mansions, and and the capital no longer so emfarms of the aristocratic landowner; ployed ? "O rem incredibilem”and the farmer and labourer see so much the better, they are all to no security for themselves in that. go to the manufactory. The manuThe work of demolition is a fearful facturer, wonderful word, is conthing, and the cry of “ cheap bread” verted by instantaneous metamormay be driven back to the manufac- phosis from the rough hide, with an tory in irresistible flames; and the exultation as if he were the Great injured, insulted country population Mogul of the Cotton Empire,—the carry their firebrands into the towns, real“ Monarch of all he surveys !”. and to the very ships that shall con- Here is a knowledge of human navey the foreign corn to our shores. ture, particularly of the babits of the I know this cannot be of long con- agriculturist! The robust farmer, tinuance while there is law, (and with his sturdy and colossal stride pray that it may never be, for it is across bis furrows, and with lusty dreadful to contemplate, the very lungs that emulate the bellowing of possibility should be a warning) his own bulls, to be chained down to but democratic license may attain a a loom and wheels and spinningviolence that may defy law. If in- jennies, to be kicked, perhaps, by the terest is perpetually set against in- asinine hoofs of the puniest, and cufterest, class against class, (under a fed for his inexperience by the slipgood government they are but one per of some dwindled abortion of interest,) the nation must become the Political Union, that will threaten bands opposing each other, and too him into submission by the mention many will be robbers, plunderers, of committee or inquisition! Overand incendiaries, to be suppressed production is of course an impossi. by nothing but the strong hand of bility. “ The castles in the air” military law and despotism, a dicta- have their inmates to be supplied, torship to be hailed as a mercy, and and, living on air, want not to be fed, forced upon the people, made willing and will iake off the stock wonderby the necessity:
fully, and steam may reach the moon, These are views of wretchedness, and sublunar markets scarcely be but they are the exact consequence thought of. 'Tis the most egregious of measures that have been so opera- and consummate folly that ever distive in France, and which we appear graced the human brain. It invests too much inclined to pursue. Such with comparative wisdom the school is the natural course of selfish, sus. of Laputa, and projectors of Lagado, picious, mean democracy.
who, while their projects were riI deny not that there are many pening to perfection, had nothing else well-meaning persons, but bewil- on earth ripening, but let their whole
country lie miserably waste, and philosophy, why it should be called the more they failed were the more sanctity and righteousness. You violently bent on prosecuting their may so call it, but you will mean exabsurdities. These our philosophers pediency. But I tell you, that when are worthy of precedence in the your Colonies are lost—the large court of Queen Whims, and to be empire dismembered- the people in fed gratuitously on categories and agitation, bankruptcy, beggary, and abstractions all the rest of their lives. all kinds of distress-and the whole
I do trust, that, as you must see power of the state consequently the folly of those schemes, you crippled, a new attempt may be will advance one step further, and made by France, shaking off her see that it is wickedness that will present despicable government, and urge you to gratify these incurable again, under the influence of their philosophers; and that it will be un- genius and military despotism, to pardonable in you to yield to the establish a universal dominion; and selfish clamour of your present Great Britain, the glory of nations, masters—and a wretched policy too if it succeed, may come under her --for they will bring the punishment bondage, her long sought, and most on you, when they find that you hated of her Provinces. You are to bave injured them, by attending to enquire of yourselves how you are their demands. But if they now provided with defence. prevail on you to accede to their You will likewise, possibly, be imviews in this respect, they see that mediately called upon to infringe shipping will be wanted to convey upon the integrity of your "final all this foreign corn, to feed Eng- measure," by yielding the Ballot, the land with, to our shores; certain, of mischief of which is confessed by course, that foreign nations will let Lord John Russell--who is nevertheus have at all times, peace or war, less prepared to entertain it-to be this corn, and allow our vessels to incalculable, beyond the conception bring it. The Colonies now employ of the people, and his power of shipping; therefore, that shipping · shewing. And in the spirit of the may be to spare, you must sacrifice Ballot, all corporations are to be rethe Colonies, and yield to the fana- modelled, that the management of tic's wicked cry for emancipation of their property may fall into needy slaves, though it lead to the certain hands, and that brawling and bankruin of the planters, massacre of the rupt demagogues may be perpewhites, and destruction of the ne- tually disturbing the peace of towns groes by the hands of each other. and cities, with corporation funds And then, though seven millions of at their disposal, maintain a dangerexported manufactures and import ous, overawing, magisterial authorduties be the loss, the shipping, they ity, bowing only to the supremacy fondly think, may be employed in of a Directory or Political Union. their new corn trade. But no such I do not ask you if the charity funds vessels will ever be so employed, will fall into safer hands, be betnor will foreign Powers then allow ter distributed, or more even-handed it, to save all the Whig Philosophers justice dealt, especially when the and Political Economists in the em- new dogma shall be established, that pire from starvation. The Colonies corporation property is public prowill be gone, manufacturers ruin- perty, and may be confiscated for ed, innumerable and therefore the public purposes, of which the dismore starving, as they are become tributors may take upon themselves by the addition of the loom-driving to be judges. You know quite otherfarmers. The agriculturist, in this wise, and that these funds, and this case, has been ruined, our suprema- power, are sought both for their own cy at sea annihilated,—and cooped value, and for the purpose of maup in our island, the “nation of king and keeping in pay political conshopkeepers" will have neither cus. verts. tomers nor bread.
I hope you will put all these seI talk not to you now of the injus- veral schemes together, and see that tice to the Colonies; that horrid word they are of connexion with each has been hid out of sight, covered other ; that they are all of the Moveby the mantle of fanaticism; and ment, of the Old Corresponding Sothere are state reasons of the new ciety, United Irishmen, and other Unions, and that they are intended, from some present pollution, but I under the promise of your engineer- cannot disguise it, that they have ing ability, to be brought to bear taken a stain upon themselves, and against the Monarchy; and that may yet have scarcely preserved their be as powerless as the old fortress of Order from pollution, certainly not Antwerp, which the Whig Ministry, from insult, which, suffered, is akin to by the assistance of an immense it. I, as bearing allegiance to the French army-ever to be at command Constitution, have nothing to do -have so successfully assaulted. with their Order, but as a constitu
In all these schemes I have simply tional body of protecting power. considered your assent or dissent. The moment they consider their I have not asked of you what will Order their caste, it becomes nothing your conduct be, if, assented to by to me. If it have no power to proyou, they should be opposed by both tect me from popular fury, or the or either of the other estates of the encroachment of sovereign power, realm, the House of Lords and the it is simply an exclusive class, and King. The question must be put, my pride rises against it. If they Are you prepared to insist upon submit to a republican power, will not your own supremacy, to resist, and the honour of their mere Order be to recommend resistance to the pay- justly contemned? I admire the spirit ment of taxes ? Are you prepared of the Earl of Caernarvon, entreatagain to demand the suppression of ing to be restored to the civil power the legitimate voice of the Peers; or of a commoner, being stript of that to demand of the King the virtual of a peer. The one has, at least, the abdication of his power, or delega- dignity of an aspiring and active amtion of it into your hands, and an bition; the other, thus stript, the hu. unconstitutional use of his preroga- miliation and impotence of degradative, tyrannically stretched to meet tion. your oppression? If you are so far The House of Peers is again called prepared, you will do well to con- to the defence of what remains of sider before you act, if usurpation, our Coustitutional Fortress. In alarm if tyranny, be only words applicable and almost expectation of a total deto princes, when their subjects may molition, with the fall of which, the wish to dethrone them; or, if you safety of myself, as one of the people, think them the realities proclaimed and all I hold dear depends, I would against in all the declarations of Whig thus make my earnest appeal to principles, very constitutional trea- them: son, and rendering the perpetators I would wish to address you thus: of them amenable to the sternest - My Lords Spiritual and Temporal, justice.
- but I regret that I am compelled to I confess, it fills me with fear, it address you separately, for it is one creates a sickness, a loathing of the
of the favourite schemes of the day, profession of political principles, to that the Lords Spiritual should be hear the daily discussions on “What ejected. Then, my Lords Temporal, will the Reformed House of Com- as this scheme may, I know not how mons do ?” However insane the soon, be brought before you, allow schemes conjectured are, and even me to suggest a doubt, if one party admitted so to be, no one seems to have a right to eject the other. If dream of the existence of any legis- it be the right of King, Commons, latorial check, in either the House and Lords Temporal, to eject the of Lords or the King. This is fear- Lords Spiritual, would you acful, as it is an indication of two knowledge a right in the King, Comthings, an admitted irresistible power mons, and Lords Spiritual, to eject of the Movement party, and the apa- you? You would not. Have you thy, or cowardice rather, of the com- not then only equal right to your munity that can tamely bear it. But seats? Neither you nor the people, so it is, and yet the House of Peers in their senses, can acknowledge any have their duties to perform. Will power of ejection. If done, you will they perform them? 'What does ex- admit it to be in violation of all law. perience tell me? Cover it as you But suppose you do sanction such will, the proudest have submitted. violence, will you not thereby sancThey have been too careful of their tion the other House, should they Order," they have preserved it declare your ejectment, should they declare Parliament supreme without sent, so that if a despot Minister be you f So, likewise, should you sanc- determined to carry such measures, tion the new distribution of the re- let the acts be done by his menials venues of the Lords Spiritual, ac- and wretches, marched in files into cording to fancies of your own, or your House, with honours that disof the other House, may not this grace in the giving, as taking, and right be stretched to reach your own? not by yourselves. Stand aloof from
It is very probable that you will the iniquity, and the time may come be at issue with the Reformed Com- when a better sense of public justice mons' House of Parliament. It is may separate the assassins from your very probable, there will be again a Order. cry to suppress your voice. What My Lords Spiritual-There was a will you do? If you are to be de- time when seven Bishops remonstragraded, if your order is to be pollu- ted with their Sovereign, suffered ted, let it not be with your own con- imprisonment in the Tower, and sent. For there is more real degra- trial, and would have endured mardation in yielding to intimidation, tyrdom, rather than assist in the de. than in the actual contamination of gradation of the Church. England your order by a disgraceful influx. is now grateful to the pious memoLet the act be the act of those who ries of those men. Had they condare do it. If you would retain the ceded, they would have been spurnrespect of the people, as well as ed by the people, who almost adored your proper usefulness, for which them; and they saved the Church, you were created, yield not one step. they saved the nation from tyranny. Whatever be the consequences, be There are none whom it more befirm in honourable duty, and in due comes, by your firmness under pertime you will brand the Ministers, secution, tó shew the zeal and effect who dare advise such an act, with of your religion, than yourselves, infamy, and you may in the end whether persecution be in evil rerescue your country.
port, or personal danger, or both. In the permanent security of your These are times when it becomes titles, privileges, and estates, I see you to manifest boldness, not only the safety of my own little means in the resolution of your minds, but and rights; and be assured the peo- in your speech. Need may be, that ple will in the end support you, if you cry aloud and spare not.” I you will stand firm in your post, know another practice is enjoined where you are placed for their good. you: You are reminded daily, hourI cannot but think the resolution of ly, of Christian meekness, and insults submission and retirement, some of are heaped upon you to try your acyou took, most unfortunate. You quirement of the lesson. The ferule should have made no compromise. of the "schoolmaster” is raised above The consequence now is, that you the crosier; and you have been told are too much passed by in public in your places in Parliament to "put calculation and political estimation. your houses in order," "for you shall Your voice is not thought of. “What die, and not live !" Some of you want will the Lords do ?” is not now ask-' not due energy, courage, and comed. May you recover your true dig- manding eloquence, to make the nity and power, for to you must we proud insulter quail; and, therefore, mainly look. If you again retire from you will even from high quarters be any one contest, and surrender what again recommended all Christian yet remains of the Constitution, will meekness and forbearance, and to not the people justly think your Or- lay your cheek to the smiter's hand, der unnecessary, and offending their and to use most gentle terms in repride ?
ply. You may tell them this is no It is not necessary to entreat your Christian duty, perhaps a relinquishforbearance with respect to those ment of duty; that you are to be other schemes, the subject of my angry, and sin not.” When St Paul, appeal to the other House. I am by command of the High Priest, was satisfied that none of them will ori- smitten on the mouth, he called the ginate with you, or obtain your sanc- smiter “ a whited wall." Yet you tion. I can only entreat you to main- dare not imitate the Apostle, but tain the integrity of your constitu. must use soft words. What was octional power, and to give your dis- casionally the language, and bearing, too, of your Blessed Lord and Mas- this grace of their forbearance. Even ter :-“Woe unto you, Scribes and if a secure commutation can be made, Pharisees, 'ye hypocrites, for ye are it must be upon the equity-value of like unto whited sepulchres, which the clergy's rights, not according to indeed appear beautiful outward, but the measure of their contentment, are within full of dead men's bones, that bears with it the grace of giving. and all uncleanness;” and did not Yet is this forbearance made a plea He whip the offenders out of the for a low valuation, but it is iniquiTemple? It may be thought conve- tous. If a kind landlord have taken nient to smite you also on the mouth, low rents, or have thrown back a that your mouth may be silent; but portion, is there any equity in forboldness, unsparing boldness even cing him for ever to accept a someof speech, may be a Christian duty, thing in lieu, estimated from his lewhen meekness would be no virtue. nity? This would be robbery estaGenerally, your timidity or apathy blished by law. You can never achas been quite appalling to the quiesce in any such measures that Christian community. Had you made would prove you bad stewards of some appeal to the Christian public the Church. I can make no distincconjointly, warning all men against tion between the Church in England infidel attacks, and the consequences and in Ireland. You cannot sever of degrading the Church, and shew- them, and you must see that presering forth the truth, you would have vative justice is meted equally to raised a spirit that might have defied both. They are one—indissoluble. the malice that is now so powerful I do not believe so ill of you as to against you. Your mistaken forbear. suspect that any selfish consideration ance and timidity, with an exception will induce any one of you to partion the part of the Bishop of Exeter, cipate in the revenues or emoluments gives despair to the whole Church. violently taken from another. I would not see his Grace of Canter- With sentiments of respect and bury a Becket, but a trifle of the loyalty, I now make my appeal to His courageous bearing of a Becket Majesty. Sire–The deep interest I would be no great evil. We should take in my country's welfare, now not have witnessed the wavering, at fearful hazard, and the conviction the conceding-the bringing forward that all I hold most dear is at peril, measures, and postponing them and with the boldness of one who would withdrawing them, and being foiled entreat to have the danger averted, I by the wiles of craftier politicians. address myself to the Constitutional Nor would the general clergy have Father of bis People. It is a maxiın been so utterly kept in the dark with of our Constitution, that the King of regard to proposed measures; and England can do no wrong.-His Mithey might with advantage have been nisters are responsible. "Your Maconsulted.
jesty's Whig Ministers have reversed At your hands, my Lords, under this law, and by a public and dis. Providence, the Church looks for gusting use of your name, thrown defence for the preservation of all “the wrong," or the responsibility, her rights and privileges; demands. upon your Majesty: of you that you make no compro- You are invested with privileges mise, no barter. If you succeed not, or a prerogative important and exyou are to suffer all that persecution tensive, for the maintenance of the and malice may inflict, that your integrity of the Three Estates of the Church may triumph after you, and realm. The object defines and limits
It was never thought neGive not the people the least rea- cessary to provide against an abuse, son to suspect that you value a life- manifest by being destructive of the interest above the permanent inte. object; yet your Whig Ministers rest of the Church. "Stand upon the have put a violent construction on titles of the estates of the clergy; your prerogative, and, by persuasion, deny any power of interference. Al have obtained your acquiescence in low not the forbearance of the clergy a despotic abuse of it, by which, in not claiming the full amount due against your Majesty's most ardent to them, if it be a merit, to be taken wishes, they have suppressed, or from them, and be made the basis of forced, the constitutional voice of a commutation. Strip them not of the House of Peers. All their acts