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leave of you:

Rosse.

My dearest coz, I pray you, school yourself: But, for your husband, He is noble, wise, judicious, and best knows The fits o'the season. I dare not speak much further : But cruel are the times, when we are traitors, And do not know ourselves; when we hold rumour From what we fear, yet know not what we fear; But float upon a wild and violent sea, Each way, and move. -I take

my Shall not be long but I'll be here again : Things at the worst will cease, or else climb up

ward To what they were before.-My pretty cousin, Blessing upon you !

L. Macd. Father'd he is, and yet he's fatherless.

Rosse. I am so much a fool, should I stay longer,
It would be my disgrace, and your discomfort:
I take

my
leave at once.

[Exit Rosse. L. Macd.

Sirrah,8 your father's dead; And what will you do now? How will you live?

Son. As birds do, mother.
L. Macd.

What, with worms and flies? Son. With what I

mean ;

and so do they. L. Macd. Poor bird! thou'dst never fear the net,

nor lime, The pit-fall, nor the gin. Son. Why should I, mother? Poor birds they are

not set for. My father is not dead, for all your saying. L. Macd. Yes, he is dead; how wilt thou do for

a father?

get, I

Sirrah was not in our author's time a term of reproach.

Son. Nay, how will you do for a husband?
L. Macd. Why, I can buy me twenty at any market.
Son. Then you'll buy 'em to sell again.
L. Macd. Thou speak'st with all thy wit; and yet

i'faith,
With wit enough for thee.
Son. Was

my

father a traitor, mother?
L. Macd. Ay, that he was.
Son. What is a traitor?
L. Macd. Why, one that swears and lies.
Son. And be all traitors, that do so?

L. Macd. Every one that does so, is a traitor, and must be hanged.

Son. And must they all be hanged, that swear and lie?

L. Macd. Every one.
Son. Who must hang them ?
L. Macd. Why, the honest men.

Son. Then the liars and swearers are fools : for there are liars and swearers enough to beat the honest men, and hang up them.

L. Macd. Now, God help thee, poor monkey! But how wilt thou do for a father ?

Son. If he were dead, you'd weep for him : if you would not, it were a good sign that I should quickly have a new father.

L. Macd. Poor prattler! how thou talk'st.

Enter a Messenger. Mess. Bless you, fair dame! I am not to you known, Though in your state of honour I am perfect.“

6 I am perfectly acquainted with your rank.

I doubt, some danger does approach you nearly :
If you will take a homely man's advice,
Be not found here; hence, with your little ones.
To fright you thus, methinks, I am too savage;
To do worse to you, were fell cruelty,
Which is too nigh your person. Heaven preserve you!
I dare abide no longer.

[E.xit Messenger. L. Macd.

Whither should I fly? I have done no harm. But I remember now I am in this earthly world; where, to do harm, Įs often laudable: to do good, sometime, Accounted dangerous folly : Why then, alas ! Do I put up that womanly defence, To say I have done no harm? What are these

faces ?

Enter Murderers.

Mur. Where is your husband ?

L. Macd. I hope, in no place so unsanctified,
Where such as thou may'st find him.
Mur:

He's a traitor.
Son. Thou ly’st, thou shag-ear'd villain.
Mur.
What, you egg?

[Stabbing him. Young fry of treachery? Son.

He has killed me, mother; Run away, I pray you.

[Dies. [Exit Lady MACDUFF, crying murder,

and pursued by the Murderers,

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SCENE III.

England. A Room in the King's Palace.

Enter MALCOLM and MACDUFF.

Mal, Let us seek out some desolate shade, and there Weep our sad bosoms empty. Macd.

Let us rather Hold fast the mortal sword; and, like good men, Bestride our downfall'n birthdom:7 Each new morn, New widows howl; new orphans cry; new sorrows Strike heaven on the face, that it resounds As if it felt with Scotland, and yellid out Like syllable of dolour. Mal.

What I believe, I'll wail; What know, believe; and, what I can redress, As I shall find the time to friend, 8 I will. What you have spoke, it may be so, perchance. This tyrant, whose sole name blisters our tongues, Was once thought honest: you have lov'd him well; He hath not touch'd you yet. I am young; but

something You may

deserve of him through me; and wisdom To offer up a weak, poor, innocent lamb, To appease an angry god.

Macd. I am not treacherous.
Mal.

But Macbeth is,
A good and virtuous nature may recoil,
In an imperial charge. But 'crave your pardon;

7 Birthright. & Befriend. 9i.e. A good mind may recede from goodness in the execution of a royal commission.

That which you are, my thoughts cannot transpose :
Angels are bright still, though the brightest fell :
Though all things foul would wear the brows of grace,
Yet grace must still look so.
Macd.

I have lost my hopes. Mal. Perchance, even there, where I did find my

doubts. Why in that rawness left you wife, and child, (Those precious motives, those strong knots of love,). Without leave taking ?-I pray you, Let not my jealousies be your dishonours, But mine own safeties :-You may be rightly just, Whatever I shall think. Macd.

Bleed, bleed, poor country!
Great tyranny, lay thou thy basis sure,
For goodness dares not check thee! wear thou thy

wrongs,
Thy title is affeer'd! -Fare thee well, lord:
I would not be the villain that thou think'st
For the whole space that's in the tyrant's grasp,
And the rich East to boot.
Mal.

Be not offended:
I speak not as in an absolute fear of you.
I think, our country sinks beneath the yoke;
It weeps, it bleeds; and each new day a gash
Is added to her wounds: I think, withal,
There would be hands uplifted in my right;
And here, from gracious England, have I offer
Of goodly thousands : But, for all this,
When I shall tread

upon the tyrant's head,
Or wear it on my sword, yet my poor country

*Legally settled by those who had the final adjudication.

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