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el customs, by any efforts of a purely rational nature ; 50 had the apostles of philosophy been the instruments of

their conversion, and had the gods of Pomare been sent home by them, to be deposited in the Museum, instead of the Missionary Rooms, how would the world have

rung with the praises of all-sufficient Reason. New 55 temples would have been raised to this modern Mi

nerva, while all the tribes of the Illuminati would have been seen moving in triumphal procession to her shrine, chanting as they went the honours of their il

lustrious goddess. But thine, thou crucified Redeem60 er ; thine is the power, and thine shall be the glory of

this conquest. Those isles of the Southern Sea shall be layed at thy feet, as the trophies of thy cross, and shall be added as fresh jewels to thy mediatorial crown.

And, indeed, not to quit our own age, or our own 65 land, do we not see all around us the attractions of the

cross ? What is it that guides and governs the tide of religious popularity, whether it rolls in the channels of the Establishment, or those of Dissent ? Is it not this,

which causes the mighty influx of the spring tide in one 70 place; and is it not the absence of it, which occasions

the dull retiring ebb in another? Yes! and raise me but a barn, in the very shadow of St. Paul's Cathedral, and give me a man who shall preach Christ crucified,

with something of the energy which the all-inspiring 75 theme is calculated to awaken ; and in spite of the

meanness of the one, and the magnificence of the other, you shall see the former crowded with warm hearts, while the matins and vespers of the latter, if the Gospel

be not preached there, shall be chanted to the statues 80 of the mighty dead.


97. The forebodings of a heathen approaching death.

With what feelings must an intelligent heathen approach his final catastrophe! He has seen his ancestors go down to the dust, and often, when standing upon

their graves, has felt a distressing solicitude, which 5 nothing could relieve, to know something of that state

of being into which they had passed when they vanished from the earth. At length his own turn is arrived, and he too must die. Whither is he going? What is

to become of him? If there be a God, how shall he 10 meet him? If there be a future state, how and where

is he to spend it ? Not a whisper of consolation is heard from the tomb, nor a ray of satisfactory light is thrown

upon its darkness by the instructions of the living. Oh! with what horror does he turn his half avert15 ed eye upon that sepulchre, in which he must shortly

be interred; and with what dreadful efforts does he endeavour to force his reluctant spirit upon her destiny, starting every moment at the spectres which rise in her

own perturbed imagination. Oh! how much would he 20 give for some one to tell him what there is beyond the

grave, and what he must do to get rid of his guilt, so as to be admitted to the world of the blessed. Just at this time, one of our Missionaries reaches his abode, and

declares to him that Christ by his death, has brought 25 life and immortality to light. This is music indeed :

he never heard such news before. The Spirit of God gives effect to the word. He is drawn to Jesus, clasping to his bosom that doctrine, which gives him life in

death, and hope in despair. And he who but a few 30 weeks before was stumbling upon the dark mountains

of idolatry, just ready to be precipitated into eternal night, quits the scene of his earthly existence with the language of Simeon upon his lips, “ Lord, now lettest

thou thy servant depart in peace, for mine eyes have 35 seen thy salvation, which thou hast prepared before the face of all people, a light to enlighten the Gentiles.”


98. The efficacy of the cross. Wherever the Apostles weni, the doctrine of the cross was the theme of their public discourses, and the topic of their more private instruction. Whether standing

amidst the elegancies of Corinth, the classic beauties of 5 Athens, the overwhelming grandeur of Rome, or the

hallowed scenes of Jerusalem, they presented this to all men alike. They did not conceal the ignominy of the

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accursed tree behind the sublime morality of the Gos

pel, and permit the unsightly object to steal out only in10 sidiously and by degrees; but exhibited it naked, and

at once, as the very foundation of that religion which they were commissioned and inspired to promulgate. When the Jew on one hand was demanding a sign, and

the Greek on the other was asking for wisdom, they re15 plied to both, “ we preach Christ crucified. “They

never courted the philosopher by a parade of science, the orator by a blaze of eloquence, or the curious by the aid of novelty. They tried no experiments, made no

digressions. Feeling the power of this sublime truth in 20 their own souls ; enamoured by the thousand thousand

charms with which they saw it attended ; emboldened by the victories which followed its career ; and acting in obedience to that divine authority, which regulated

all their conduct, they kindled into raptures amidst the 25 scorn and rage of an ungodly world, and in the fervor

of their zeal, threw off an impassioned sentiment, which has been returned in distinct echo from every Christian land, and been adopted as the watch-word of an evan

gelical ministry, "God forbid that I should glory, save 30 in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ."

Wonderful was the effect of their labour. A revolution more extraordinary than history records, or imagination could have conceived, was every where effected,

and this by what was derided by the men who gave 35 laws to the opinions of the world, as “the foolishness of

preaching.” The powers of Paganism beheld the worshippers of the gods drawn away from their shrines, by an influence which they could neither understand nor

resist. Not the authority of the Olympian Jove, nor the 40 seductive rites of the Paphian Goddess, could any lon

ger retain the homage of their former votaries. The exquisite beauty of their temples and their statues, with all those fascinations which their mythology was calcu

lated to exert upon a people of refined taste and vicious 45 habits, became the objects not only of indifference, but

abhorrence, and millions by whom the cross must have been contemplated with mental revulsion as a matter of

taste, embraced it with ecstacy as the means of salva

tion. The idolatrous rites were deserted, the altars 50 overturned, the deities left to themselves to sympathise

with each other in dumb consternation, the lying voice of the oracles was hushed, the deceptive light of philosophy was extinguished, Satan fell like lightning from

heaven, while the ministers of light rose with the num55 ber, the order, and the brilliancy of the stars. Resis

tance only promoted the cause it intended to oppose, and persecution, like the wind of heaven blowing upon a conflagration, served only to spread the flame. In

vain “ did the kings of the earth set themselves, and 60 the rulers take counsel together against the Lord.”

The Imperial eagle collecting all her strength, and rousing all her fury, attacked the Lamb of God, till she too, subdued and captivated by the cross, cowered beneath

its emblem, as it floated from the towers of the capitol, 65 and Christianity with the purple waving from her shoul

ders, and the diadem sparkling upon her brows, was proclaimed to be the Truth of God, and the Empress of the world, on that very throne of the Cæsars where she

had been so often arraigned as a criminal, and condemn70 ed as an impostor.

What was it, I ask, which, by the instrumentality of Luther, and Melancthon, and Calvin, and Zuingle, dissolved the power of the Beast on the continent of Eu

rope, and drew away a third part of his worshippers, 75 within the pale of a more scriptural communion? It

was the doctrine of justification by faith in the blood of Christ.

David Brainerd, the apostle of the American Indians,

has left upon record an essay to inform the world, that 80 it was by preaching Christ crucified, he was enabled to

raise a Christian church, in those desolate wilds where he laboured, and among a barbarous people devoted to witchcraft, drunkenness, and idolatry.

The Moravian Missionaries, those holy, patient, unos85 tentatious servants of our Lord, have employed with pe

culiar effect these heaven appointed means, in converting and civilizing the once pilfering and murderous Esquimaux. With these, have they also “dared the ter

rors of an Arctic sky, and directing their adventurous 90 course through the floating fields and frost reared pre

cipices that guard the secrets of the Pole," have caused
the banner of the cross to wave over the throne of ever-
lasting winter, and warmed the cold bosom of the shiv-
ering Greenlander with the love of Christ. James.

99. The Fall of Niagara.
The thoughts are strange that crowd into my brain,
While I look upward to thee.

It would seem
As if God pour'd thee from his • hollow hand,'

And hung his bow upon thy awful front;
5 And spoke in that loud voice, which seemed to him

Who dwelt in Patmos for his Saviour's sake,
The sound of many waters ;' and had bade
Thy flood to chronicle the ages back,

And notch His cent’ries in the eternal rocks. 10 Deep calleth unto deep. And what are we,

That hear the question of that voice sublime ?
Oh! what are all the notes that ever rung
From war's vain trumpet, by thy thundering side!

Yea, what is all the riot man can make 15 In his short life, to thy unceasing roar!

And yet, bold blabbler, what art thou to Him,
Who drown'd a world, and heap'd the waters far
Above its loftiest mountains ? light wave,
That breaks, and whispers of its Maker's might.



100. Reform in Morals.
The crisis has come. By the people of this genera-
tion, by ourselves probably, the amazing question is to
be decided, whether the inheritance of our fathers shall

be preserved or thrown away; whether our Sabbaths 5 shall be a delight or a loathing; whether the taverns,

on that holy day, shall be crowded with drunkards,
or the sanctuary of God, with humble worshippers ;
whether riot and profaneness shall fill our streets, and
poverty our dwellings, and convicts our jails, and vio

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