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el customs, by any efforts of a purely rational nature ; 50 had the apostles of philosophy been the instruments of
their conversion, and had the gods of Pomare been sent home by them, to be deposited in the Museum, instead of the Missionary Rooms, how would the world have
rung with the praises of all-sufficient Reason. New 55 temples would have been raised to this modern Mi
nerva, while all the tribes of the Illuminati would have been seen moving in triumphal procession to her shrine, chanting as they went the honours of their il
lustrious goddess. But thine, thou crucified Redeem60 er ; thine is the power, and thine shall be the glory of
this conquest. Those isles of the Southern Sea shall be layed at thy feet, as the trophies of thy cross, and shall be added as fresh jewels to thy mediatorial crown.
And, indeed, not to quit our own age, or our own 65 land, do we not see all around us the attractions of the
cross ? What is it that guides and governs the tide of religious popularity, whether it rolls in the channels of the Establishment, or those of Dissent ? Is it not this,
which causes the mighty influx of the spring tide in one 70 place; and is it not the absence of it, which occasions
the dull retiring ebb in another? Yes! and raise me but a barn, in the very shadow of St. Paul's Cathedral, and give me a man who shall preach Christ crucified,
with something of the energy which the all-inspiring 75 theme is calculated to awaken ; and in spite of the
meanness of the one, and the magnificence of the other, you shall see the former crowded with warm hearts, while the matins and vespers of the latter, if the Gospel
be not preached there, shall be chanted to the statues 80 of the mighty dead.
97. The forebodings of a heathen approaching death.
With what feelings must an intelligent heathen approach his final catastrophe! He has seen his ancestors go down to the dust, and often, when standing upon
their graves, has felt a distressing solicitude, which 5 nothing could relieve, to know something of that state
of being into which they had passed when they vanished from the earth. At length his own turn is arrived, and he too must die. Whither is he going? What is
to become of him? If there be a God, how shall he 10 meet him? If there be a future state, how and where
is he to spend it ? Not a whisper of consolation is heard from the tomb, nor a ray of satisfactory light is thrown
upon its darkness by the instructions of the living. Oh! with what horror does he turn his half avert15 ed eye upon that sepulchre, in which he must shortly
be interred; and with what dreadful efforts does he endeavour to force his reluctant spirit upon her destiny, starting every moment at the spectres which rise in her
own perturbed imagination. Oh! how much would he 20 give for some one to tell him what there is beyond the
grave, and what he must do to get rid of his guilt, so as to be admitted to the world of the blessed. Just at this time, one of our Missionaries reaches his abode, and
declares to him that Christ by his death, has brought 25 life and immortality to light. This is music indeed :
he never heard such news before. The Spirit of God gives effect to the word. He is drawn to Jesus, clasping to his bosom that doctrine, which gives him life in
death, and hope in despair. And he who but a few 30 weeks before was stumbling upon the dark mountains
of idolatry, just ready to be precipitated into eternal night, quits the scene of his earthly existence with the language of Simeon upon his lips, “ Lord, now lettest
thou thy servant depart in peace, for mine eyes have 35 seen thy salvation, which thou hast prepared before the face of all people, a light to enlighten the Gentiles.”
98. The efficacy of the cross. Wherever the Apostles weni, the doctrine of the cross was the theme of their public discourses, and the topic of their more private instruction. Whether standing
amidst the elegancies of Corinth, the classic beauties of 5 Athens, the overwhelming grandeur of Rome, or the
hallowed scenes of Jerusalem, they presented this to all men alike. They did not conceal the ignominy of the
accursed tree behind the sublime morality of the Gos
pel, and permit the unsightly object to steal out only in10 sidiously and by degrees; but exhibited it naked, and
at once, as the very foundation of that religion which they were commissioned and inspired to promulgate. When the Jew on one hand was demanding a sign, and
the Greek on the other was asking for wisdom, they re15 plied to both, “ we preach Christ crucified. “They
never courted the philosopher by a parade of science, the orator by a blaze of eloquence, or the curious by the aid of novelty. They tried no experiments, made no
digressions. Feeling the power of this sublime truth in 20 their own souls ; enamoured by the thousand thousand
charms with which they saw it attended ; emboldened by the victories which followed its career ; and acting in obedience to that divine authority, which regulated
all their conduct, they kindled into raptures amidst the 25 scorn and rage of an ungodly world, and in the fervor
of their zeal, threw off an impassioned sentiment, which has been returned in distinct echo from every Christian land, and been adopted as the watch-word of an evan
gelical ministry, "God forbid that I should glory, save 30 in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ."
Wonderful was the effect of their labour. A revolution more extraordinary than history records, or imagination could have conceived, was every where effected,
and this by what was derided by the men who gave 35 laws to the opinions of the world, as “the foolishness of
preaching.” The powers of Paganism beheld the worshippers of the gods drawn away from their shrines, by an influence which they could neither understand nor
resist. Not the authority of the Olympian Jove, nor the 40 seductive rites of the Paphian Goddess, could any lon
ger retain the homage of their former votaries. The exquisite beauty of their temples and their statues, with all those fascinations which their mythology was calcu
lated to exert upon a people of refined taste and vicious 45 habits, became the objects not only of indifference, but
abhorrence, and millions by whom the cross must have been contemplated with mental revulsion as a matter of
taste, embraced it with ecstacy as the means of salva
tion. The idolatrous rites were deserted, the altars 50 overturned, the deities left to themselves to sympathise
with each other in dumb consternation, the lying voice of the oracles was hushed, the deceptive light of philosophy was extinguished, Satan fell like lightning from
heaven, while the ministers of light rose with the num55 ber, the order, and the brilliancy of the stars. Resis
tance only promoted the cause it intended to oppose, and persecution, like the wind of heaven blowing upon a conflagration, served only to spread the flame. In
vain “ did the kings of the earth set themselves, and 60 the rulers take counsel together against the Lord.”
The Imperial eagle collecting all her strength, and rousing all her fury, attacked the Lamb of God, till she too, subdued and captivated by the cross, cowered beneath
its emblem, as it floated from the towers of the capitol, 65 and Christianity with the purple waving from her shoul
ders, and the diadem sparkling upon her brows, was proclaimed to be the Truth of God, and the Empress of the world, on that very throne of the Cæsars where she
had been so often arraigned as a criminal, and condemn70 ed as an impostor.
What was it, I ask, which, by the instrumentality of Luther, and Melancthon, and Calvin, and Zuingle, dissolved the power of the Beast on the continent of Eu
rope, and drew away a third part of his worshippers, 75 within the pale of a more scriptural communion? It
was the doctrine of justification by faith in the blood of Christ.
David Brainerd, the apostle of the American Indians,
has left upon record an essay to inform the world, that 80 it was by preaching Christ crucified, he was enabled to
raise a Christian church, in those desolate wilds where he laboured, and among a barbarous people devoted to witchcraft, drunkenness, and idolatry.
The Moravian Missionaries, those holy, patient, unos85 tentatious servants of our Lord, have employed with pe
culiar effect these heaven appointed means, in converting and civilizing the once pilfering and murderous Esquimaux. With these, have they also “dared the ter
rors of an Arctic sky, and directing their adventurous 90 course through the floating fields and frost reared pre
cipices that guard the secrets of the Pole," have caused
99. The Fall of Niagara.
It would seem
And hung his bow upon thy awful front;
Who dwelt in Patmos for his Saviour's sake,
And notch His cent’ries in the eternal rocks. 10 Deep calleth unto deep. And what are we,
That hear the question of that voice sublime ?
Yea, what is all the riot man can make 15 In his short life, to thy unceasing roar!
And yet, bold blabbler, what art thou to Him,
100. Reform in Morals.
be preserved or thrown away; whether our Sabbaths 5 shall be a delight or a loathing; whether the taverns,
on that holy day, shall be crowded with drunkards,