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every where.

10 lence our land, or whether industry, and temperance,

and righteousness, shall be the stability of our times; whether mild laws shall receive the cheerful submission of freemen, or the iron rod of a tyrant com

pel the trembling homage of slaves. Be not deceiv15 ed. Human nature in this state is like human nature

All actual difference in our favor is adventitious, and the result of our laws, institutions and habits. It is a moral influence, which, with the bless

ing of God, has formed a state of society so eminently 20 desirable. The same influence, which has formed it, is

indispensable to its preservation. The rocks and hills of New England will remain till the last conflagration. But let the Sabbath be profaned with impunity, the

worship of God be abandoned, the government and re25 ligious instruction of children neglected, and the streams

of intemperance be permitted to flow, and her glory will depart. The wall of fire will no more surround her, and the munition of rocks will no longer be her

defence. 30 If we neglect our duty, and suffer our laws and insti

tutions to go down, we give them up forever. It is easy to relax, easy to retreat, but impossible, when the abomination of desolation has once passed over New Eng

land, to rear again the thrown down altars, and gather 35 again the fragments, and build up the ruins of demol

ished institutions. Another New-England, nor we, nor our children shall ever see, if this be destroyed. All is lost irretrievably, when the land marks are once remov

ed, and the bands which now hold us are once broken. 40 Such institutions, and such a state of society, can be es

tablished only by such men as our fathers were, and in such circumstances as they were in. They could not have made a New

England in Holland. They made the attempt, but failed. 45 The hand that overturns our laws and altars, is the

hand of death unbarring the gate of Pandemonium, and letting loose upon our land the crimes and the miseries of hell. If the Most High should stand aloof, and cast,

not a single ingredient into our cup of trembling, it 50 would seem to be full of superlative woe. But he will

not stand aloof. As we shall have begun an open controversy with him, he will contend openly with us. And never, since the earth stood, has it been so fearful a

thing for nations to fall into the hands of the living God. 55 The day of vengeance is in his heart, the day of judgment

has come; the great earthquake which sinks Babylon is shaking the nations, and the waves of the mighty commotion are dashing upon every shore. Is this then a

time to remove foundations, when the earth itself is 60 shaken ? Is this a time to forfeit the protection of God,

when the hearts of men are failing them for fear, and for looking after those things which are coming on the earth? Is this a time to run upon his neck and the

thick bosses of his buckler, when the nations are drink65 ing blood, and fainting, and passing away in his wrath ?

Is this a time to throw away the shield of faith when his arrows are drunk with the blood of the slain ? To cut from the anchor of hope, when the clouds are collecting

and the sea and the waves are roaring, and thunders 70 are uttering their voices, and lightnings blazing in the

heavens, and the great hail is falling from heaven upon men, and every mountain, sea and island is fleeing in dismay from the face of an incensed God? Beecher.

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101. Universal spread of the Bible. It has been well said by a great politician of another country, by Edmund Burke, that religion is the basis of civil society"--and especially, he might have added,

of a free state. And it has been said by a greater than 5 he, by our own Washington, that "of all the dispositions

and habits which lead to political prosperity, Religion and Morality are indispensable supports." And without pursuing the idea through all its illustrations, (for

which I have not time) what, I would ask, without their 10 genial influences, what is to moderate and chasten that

pride of self-government, that lust of power, which is generated, and inflamed by all our institutions ? What is to prevent our liberty, great as it is, from lapsing in

to licentiousness ? we hold, you know, (and rightly too,) 15 that all government is, or ought to be, made and manag


ed for the benefit of the people. And we say that “
the people” are the sovereigns of the country, the foun-
tain of law and honor ; and we appoint our rulers for

servants, to follow our instructions, and obey our will in 20 all things. And we maintain, (or many do that we the

people can do no wrong, and that our voice is the voice of God. Here, you see, is absolute power, and it is the nature of absolute power, we know, to corrupt and

inflate its holders, and that whether they be many or 25 few. And what now, I ask you, is to save us from

the abuse of all this power? What is to prevent our free democracy–especially when our country becomes crowded with people, as it will be by and by, even

through our woods and prairies, and our cities are chok30 ed with men, almost stilling each other with their hot

breath-what is to prevent our free democracy from following its natural bent, and launching us all, or those who come after us, into a wild and lawless anarchy ? I

know, that we plume ourselves, and with some rea35 son too, upon that principle of our government, almost

unknown to the ancients, which we are pleased to call our invention, our discovery, though we might more truly and modestly term it our felicity, growing out of our

situation and circumstances, by the good providence of 40 God, our elective franchise ; and this, we think, is to

save us from their fates. But what, I would ask our politicians, is to save our elective franchise itself? What is to make it worth having ? What is to make us

choose wise and honest men to make our laws? What 45 is to execute them after they are made ? What is to

save us the people from the ambition and treachery of
our own elected servants ? What is to keep our
vants from becoming our masters ? And what is to

save us from ourselves—from our own passions and vices, 50 the only formidable enemies of republics ; the only

ones at least that we can or oug to dread ? Our general intelligence and virtue--the general intelligence and virtue of all classes of our people--with the blessing

of God Almighty upon us s—and nothing else. But this 55 intelligence and virtue are to be shed abroad, in a great

measure, by the Bible, and the Bible alone. It is quite


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clear at least, I think, that they can never be diffused to any proper or sufficient extent through the mass of

the people, without a free and generous circulation of 60 this book. And all experience, I think, ancient and

modern, confirms my sentiment. You remember Athens—she was the eye of Greece—the eye of all the earth -and you remember how she rose, and flourished in

arts and arms, and diffused herself abroad, till she be65 came the light and beauty of the world. But now, alas!

how changed !-she sits among her fallen columns, and her broken shrines-accusing fate. And why? Her oracle is dumb; but I will answer for her—it is because

she had no Bible. True, she was religious enough, and 70 overmuch, in her own way and style. For she had al

ways, you know, a large stock of gods and goddesses, (such as they were) on hand, to suit the taste of every body. And she manufactured them at home, and

imported them from abroad. And she commanded her 75 philosophers to extol them, and condemned the books of

her atheist scribbler to the flames. And she built temples for them, and raised statues to them, as fine, and fair, and fashionable, as the genius of sculpture could

make them. And she had an altar for every one of 80 them that she knew or had ever heard of, or dreamed

about; and one more-and it was inscribed 66 UNKNOWN GOD.' But there it was,-with all her wisdom she knew not God--for she had no Bible, bringing

life and immortality to light, to reveal him to her. In 85 vain, therefore, did she guard that statue of Minerva in

her temple. She had no Bible to diffuse the knowledge of God, and intelligence and virtue along with it, among her people--she had no Bible--and she fell. And

what now, I ask you, is to save our city, our repub90 lic, from the same fate? That Bible which she want

ed; but which, I thank God, we have. Yes, the Bible, the Bible is our true palladium, sent down to us from Heaven, to preserve our freedom ; and we will guard it

with holy care—for we know that whilst we keep it, our 95 city cannot be taken, our country will be safe. Yes, and I cannot help imagining at this moment, remember


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ing whose words I have been extending, with what joy that great and good man, whom we fondly and tru

ly call, The Father of our country, would have hailed 100 the day of this Society. O! if he could have seen its

light rising upon our land, with what zeal would he have come forward from the shade of his retirement, to enrol himself among its members and friends. With

what patriotic pride, with what Christian ardor, he 105 would have embraced our cause--and, like the good

old prophet in the temple, when he held up the young Desire of Nations in his arms, he would have exclaimed, “ Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace,

according to thy word ; for mine eyes have seen thy 110 salvation, which thou hast prepared before the face of

all people, a light to lighten the Gentiles, and the glory of thy people Israel !" Alas! he“ died without the sight.” But, from heaven where he lives, on this

auspicious anniversary of our society, with the associ115 ated spirits of our venerable Boudinot, and Clarkson,

he looks down upon our institution with a smile of complacency, because he sees in all our toils new pledges for the peace, and safety, and freedom of his still beloved country.

Maxwell. 102.

Isaiah xiii. 1 The sentence against Babylon, which was revealed to

Isaiah the son of Amots. 2 On the lofty mountain, elevate the banner,

Lift up the voice to them,* wave the hand,

That they may enter into the gates of the tyrants. 3 I have given orders to my consecrated (warriors]

I have ordered my heroes [to execute] my indignation,

My proud exulters. 4 [Hark!] The noise of a multitude upon the mountains,

like that of a great nation ! The tumult of kingdoms, of assembled nations!

Jehovah God of Hosts mustereth his army for battle. 5 They come from a distant land,

From the end of the heaven.

* The Medes.

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