Landscape Erosion and Evolution Modeling
Russell S. Harmon, William W. Doe III
Springer Science & Business Media, Dec 6, 2012 - Science - 540 pages
Landscapes are characterized by a wide variation, both spatially and temporally, of tolerance and response to natural processes and anthropogenic stress. These tolerances and responses can be analyzed through individual landscape parameters, such as soils, vegetation, water, etc., or holistically through ecosystem or watershed studies. However, such approaches are both time consuming and costly. Soil erosion and landscape evolution modeling provide a simulation environment in which both the short- and long-term consequences of land-use activities and alternative land use strategies can be compared and evaluated. Such models provide the foundation for the development of land management decision support systems.
Landscape Erosion and Evolution Modeling is a state-of-the-art, interdisciplinary volume addressing the broad theme of soil erosion and landscape evolution modeling from different philosophical and technical approaches, ranging from those developed from considerations of first-principle soil/water physics and mechanics to those developed empirically according to sets of behavioral or empirical rules deriving from field observations and measurements. The validation and calibration of models through field studies is also included.
This volume will be essential reading for researchers in earth, environmental and ecosystem sciences, hydrology, civil engineering, forestry, soil science, agriculture and climate change studies. In addition, it will have direct relevance to the public and private land management communities.
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116th Avenue Agric aquifer Army Cold Regions Atterberg limits bluff displacements bluff face bluff height Bluff profile conditions Carson cells clay Cold Regions Res compacted soil cross-section depth displacement monitoring eroded erosion models Evolution Modeling Figure Fort Carson freeze-thaw freezing frost Frozen Soil FT cycling Gatto geometry Geomorph ground water ground water conditions Halvorson hillslope impacts infiltration installations Laboratory lacustrine silt/clay Lake Michigan land managers landscape evolution layers limit equilibrium McCool Miami Park South military movement nuclide overland flow percent perched water permeability piezometer precipitation Proc processes Rept rill runoff ruts saturated sediment transport shear strength shoreline bluff slip surfaces slope displacement slump soil compaction soil crodibility soil erosion soil particles soil strength soil water soil-water spatial Spec stratigraphic Symp tank ruts temporal thaw training lands U.S. Army uncompacted vegetation water content water table watershed wave Western Michigan University winter/spring Yakima Training Center