British Military Intelligence in the Crimean War, 1854-1856
This is the first scholarly work to focus purely on British military intelligence operations during the Crimean War. At the outbreak of war with Russia in March 1854, the British Army found itself without even rudimentary intelligence on the enemy. The British Commander, Lord Raglan, initially turned for basic intelligence on Russian forces in the Balkans and the Crimea to travelogues, amateur volunteers, and conjecture. However, after the blind victory at the Alma, followed by the near disastrous battles of Balaclava and Inkerman, Raglan realized the need to gather adequate military intelligence, and acquired it through a civilian, Charles Cattley, the recently expelled British Consul at the Crimean port of Kertch, routinely supplied intelligence on Sevastopol's garrison, on Russian strength, dispositions and reinforcements throughout the Crimea, and even strategic advice to Allied commanders.
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17th Division 6th Corps accurate Allies Alma artillery assessment attack August Azov campaign Baidar Bakhchisarai Balaclava Balkans Banner of Battle battalions Battle of Balaclava Bessarabia British intelligence British Military Intelligence Cadogan's Crimea Calthorpe Cattley to Raglan Cattley's intelligence Caucasus cavalry Codrington Papers commanders Cossacks Crimea Crimean War Curtiss December Defense de Sebastopol enemy estimates Eupatoria February French garrison guns Hodasevich Ibid Infantry Corps Inkerman intelligence system January John Fox Burgoyne June Kertch Kinburn Kinglake Lambert landing London Lord Raglan March Memorandum mention no mention miles National Army Museum Newcastle to Raglan November October officers Omar Pasha order of battle peninsula Perekop Raglan Papers Raglan to Newcastle reconnaissance regiments reported Russia's Crimean Russian Army Russian forces Russian strength Sea of Azov Seaton Secret Intelligence Department September 1854 Severnaia siege Silistria Simmons to Raglan Simmons's Simpheropol Simpson to Panmure soldiers spies staff Tartar Tchernaya Todleben troops Turkish