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JANUARY, 1848.





CONTENTS. MINOR CORRESPOndence.-Family of Sancroft-Colonel Barre and Mr. Greatrakes-Ecclesiastical Council - Statistics of Mortality .....

2 LITERARY AND HistoricAL MEMORIALS OF LONDON. By J. H. Jesse Original Notes on Dodsley's London, by Horace Walpole

18 by Gray the Poet.

20 Aubrey's Wiltshire-Phenomenon at Dundry Hill, Somerset


25 Remarks on two passages of the Liturgy

32 Random Recollections of a Visit to Walton Hall, the residence of Charles Waterton, Esq...

33 The Chapel on Wakefield Bridge (with Exterior and Interior Views)

ib. Gen. William Byam, Founder of the Family in Antigua ... Brief Notes on Cambridge, by an old M.A.

42 Ancient Fireplace in the Deanery, Lincoln (with an Engraving).

45 The Ecclesiastical History Society – Works of Strype-The Materials of Eccle. siastical History

46 REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. Napier's Florentine History, 49; Hare's Mission of the Comforter, 52 ; Fran

cis's History of the Bank of England, 57 ; Stolberg's and Stuart's Costume of the Clans, 58; Poste's History of Maidstone College, 60; Akerman's Archæological Index, 63 ; Goodwin's Life of St. Guthlac, 64; Miscellaneous Reviews...

65 LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE.-Royal Society.... 67 ARCHITECTURE.- Oxford Architectural Society

ib. ANTIQUARIAN RESEARCHES.—Cambridge Antiquarian Society, 68 ;

Numismatic Society, Recent Excavations at Pompeii, 69 ; Leaden Coffin at Gloucester-Tombs at Jerusalem, &c.

70 HISTORICAL CHRONICLE. — Proceedings in Parliament, 71; Foreign News, 73; Domestic Occurrences

74 Promotions and Preferments, 75; Births and Marriages

76 OBITUARY : with Memoirs of the Archbishop of York; Rev. Sir W. N.

Gresley, Bart. ; Sir Fitzroy Maclean, Bart.; Rear-Adm. Shirreff ; Lieut..
Col. George Hibbert, C.B.; William Wells, Esq. ; Rev. T. F. Dibdin,
D.D. ; Professor M'Cullagh, F.R.S. ; Alfred Hardwick, M.D.; George
B. Wbittaker, Esq.; Heinrich Heine ; Mr. Andrew Brown; Miss Grace
Aguilar ; Mr. M. L. Watson; Will Faa ...

.82-99 Additions to Obituary


102 Deaths, arranged in Counties..

103 Registrar-General's Returns of Mortality in the Metropolis–Markets, 111; Meteorological Diary--Stocks...

112 Embellished with Exterior and Interior Views of WAKEFIELD BRIDGE CHAPEL, and

with a Representation of an ANCIENT FIRE-PLACE AT THE DEANERY, Lincoln.



We have to express our sincere regret buried in the churchyard, where his friend at a mis-statement made in our last Maga. Captain Stopford raised a head-stone to zine, at p. 626, where, among the recent his memory; and after his name, age, &c. failures of leading commercial houses, the is the motto from the title to Junius's name was introduced “ of an East India Letters “ Stat. NOMINIS UMBRA." director, Henry Alexander, esq." This A trunk was packed up at Hungerford, and misapprehension must have arisen from directed to a sister of the said William the stoppage of the house of Lesley Alex- Greatrakes at or near Cork; and in the ander and Co. merchants, which has been “ Cork Mercantile Chronicle" of April, much before the public in the newspapers.

1803, was a letter describing the contents We have also to contradict the supposed of that trunk. I have made inquiry withdeath of the Rev. J. C. Meadows, in our out success for a copy of that paper, or if Nov. number, p. 549. It appears that the there be any relatives or immediate deRev. gentleman was married on the 14th scendants of the said Mr. Greatrakes. July (as duly recorded in p. 422 of last The communication of any hints or facts volume); and his name has been errone. relating to the private lives, property, or ously inserted among the Deaths, first in letters of either Barré or Greatrakes would the Ecclesiastical Gazette, and thence in greatly oblige Mr. Britton, who is printing other publications.

"An Élucidation of the Authorship of the “In the Magazine for July, 1841, pp. Letters of Junius," and is enabled to 23, 24, there is an account by A GLEANER show that the two persons above named of the family of Sancroft ; in which the were intimately concerned in the mystewriter supposes that Mr. James Sancroft of rious correspondence wit ** The Public Yarmouth, then lately deceased, may have Advertiser." been descended from Dr. Wm. Sancroft, If any of our readers will point out at Master of Emanuel coll. Camb. who died what period the Sovereigns ceased to exin 1637. This, however, could not have ercise their ecclesiastical patronage without been the case ; for it appears from the the advice of their Ecclesiastical Council, court books of the manor of Shelton Hall and in what work any account of it can in Stradbrook, Suffolk, that on the 24th be found—for it is certain in former times Oct. 1637, the death of Dr. Sancroft was their political adviser did not presume to presented by the Homage, who at the interfere-it will oblige a Very OLD SUBsame time found that his brother, Francis SCRIBER. Sancroft, esq. was his next heir, and as Finding that the Table of Mortality in such was admitted to the lands which Dr. the Metropolis given in our Magazine was S. beld of the manor. Dr. Sancroft cer- capable of some improvement, we have tainly had a son William, who was six taken the opportunity afforded by the years old in 1627 ; but he, as appears commencement of a new volume to make from the above court books, must have the required change. Instead of the aggredied before his father."-D. A. Y.

gate deaths in four weeks, the result of Can any of our readers inform us where each week will now be separately given. the letters of Dr. Bentley to Professor The weekly fluctuations will thus be more Sike, printed in vol. ix. p. 323 of Nichols's clearly indicated, and means afforded for Literary Anecdotes, are now deposited ? a comparison of the relative mortality in

Mr. BRITTON solicits information on particular seasons of the year. The inthe following subjects :-1. LIEUTENANT. terest attaching to these returns during Colonel Isaac BARRE. If this gentle- the prevalence of epidemics, and in times man left any will ? Who were his execu: of unusual mortality, entitles them not tors, or immediate descendants ? To whom only to temporary attention, but to the did he leave his personal and other pro- advantage of being put fairly on record in perty? He left a large sum to the Mar. our pages, in which, if we mistake not, chioness Townshend. He was a violent par- the consecutive details of the old bills tisan in the House of Commons from 1761 have been, since the fire at the Parish to 1784, when he retired from all public oc- Clerks' Hall, almost exclusively preserved. cupation, and died in London in 1802, aged of the recent mortality some report will 76. 2. William GREATRAKES, who died be found under the head of Domestic News at Hungerford in Berkshirein 1781, and was in our present Number.



Literary and Historical Memorials of London. By J. H. Jesse.

2 vols. AS Mr. Jesse is a young author, and as we, perhaps, may claim the privilege, by possessing the experience of age, of giving counsel without offence to our juniors, we venture to observe, in the first place, that in such works as the present extreme accuracy is as necessary as in books of science, when dealing with particulars, with dates, nun, bers, places, times; so that at oncé curiosity may be excited by the interest of the anecdote, and confidence secured by the fidelity of the narrative.* Secondly, such books as the present should be as brief and compact as possible : we therefore in a future edition advise all the quotations from Horace Walpole, Shakspere, and all familiar and well-known anecdotes, to be altogether omitted ; in the same way we speak of the History of Westminster Abbey and the Tower, so much of which we have lately had in full detail in the popular pages of Miss Strickland and others, as for instance the narrative of Anne Boleyn's trial and condemnation, and of the Scotch lords. Thirdly, we could wish that Mr. Jesse's opinions on the character of some persons who come before him were expressed in more careful and modified language, and with something of a softer and kinder feeling to their memory. historian likė Tacitus or Clarendon may be called on to support the dignity of history, and to vindicate the majesty of truth, by painting in strong colours the character of those who have disturbed the peace or injured the happiness of society by immoral or criminal conduct. It is perhaps a necessary, but must be a most painful part of their duty, and such as no good and generous mind could dwell on with delight; but in books of light literature like the present no such afflicting task is required of the writer: we therefore hope in another edition to see such terms as “the voluptuary George the Fourth ;" “ the Butcher of Culloden,” † applied to the Duke of Cum


* We see some of the errors of these volumes pointed out in the Athenæum (Aug. 21st) by some one well acquainted with his subject.—Rev.

+'" His Royal Highness had strong parts, great military abilities, undoubted courage, and had gained the victory of Culloden, which saved' this country. But his popularity ended with the Rebellion : his services were immediately forgot, and he became the object of fear and jealousy. As I had opportunities of knowing him, I will risk my opinion concerning him, endeavouring, as far as I am able, to avoid partiality. His Royal Highness's judgment would be equal to his parts were it not too much guided by his passions, which are often violent and ungovernable. He has abilities to perform things which are difficult, but sometimes loves an impossibility. In bis military capacity he appears greatly superior to any man in this country ; and I have frequently wished that he had confined himself to that department, without entering into party disputes, or interfering in the affairs of civil government-the first of which is below his dignity, and for the latter he is not qualified. His notions of honour and generosity are worthy of a prince. That he is ambitious is not to be doubted; and had his Majesty died during the Prince of Wales' minority, he would

berland; the allusion to “the Duke of York being regretted by no one but his creditors," * and many others, altogether omitted at the suggestion of a kinder feeling and an improved taste. It is a good rule in writing never to be violent without warmth, or strained without power.f Lastly, we should recommend some improvement as relates to the subject matter ; too great a space, we think, is filled with allusions to those over whose lesser frailties, or more repulsive crimes, the veil of oblivion might be more wisely drawn, Let Mr. Jesse infuse some richer and nobler blood into the veins of his living portraiture. Let us have more of the statesman, and the scholar, and the soldier; and less of the courtezan, the actress, and the mistress, with their train of profligate paramours, and thoughtless admirers. Let George the First's “ hideous seraglio of German prostitutes be covered from observation with the decent veil of silence; and among the rest let Nell Gwynne, who has so provokingly, and pertinaciously, and perpetually, kept herself in our presence, repose where we are so glad at last to find her laid, in the churchyard of St. Martin's, whence we trust neither in body or in spirit will she be again evoked into the upper air. It seems something like cruelty to call up the spectres of long-committed crimes to rise, and sbriek, and gibber over the graves of the poor deluded victims below, who, if they still retain any sense of mortality, or are permitted to see the "shadows of their former life” pass in review before them, must be now weeping in anguish, and bitterness, and repentance, and mourning over the possession of those fatal gifts once too fondly loved, too unwisely used, and too reluctantly resigned. I Such an alteration, we are sure, will give a more manly and better tone to these pages, and such as will be approved by all whose good opinion is worth possessing. Mr. Jesse has entitled his volumes literary and historical ; but as a general remark, and without any allusion whatever to him (of whom we have reason to believe far better things), we may say that neither literature nor history will be improved by mixing up with their solid and splendid materials the tinsel and varnish from the wardrobe of the theatre, the ball-room, or

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most reasonably bave expected to have become the young King's general; or if he could have formed a party in Parliament strong enough to have repealed the Act of Regency, the Princess of Wales's authority might bave suffered great diminution. But that he had even the most distant design of a more criminal nature that he meant anything hurtful to his nephew, or dangerous to the public--the insinuation was base and villainous."-" The severe treatment of Scotland after the defeat of the rebels was imputed to his cruel and sanguinary disposition. All his good qualities are overlooked, -all his faults are aggravated. False facts are advanced against him, and false conclusions drawn from them ; whilst the late Prince of Wales gave too much countenance to the most malignant and groundless accusations, by sbewing favour to every inan who aspersed his brother's character,” &c. This is the language of a contemporary, and of a good and upright man, a statesman, and a minister. Rev.

We believe that no prince ever left behind him a band of friends more respectable in themselves, and more attached to him, than the late Duke of York. We speak thus from knowledge.-Rev.

of We hope the following paragraph will be omitted in the next edition :--- Sprat, Dean of Westminster, a churchman whose fortune had been made by being admitted to the profligata parties of Charles the Second." And this man was the friend of the good and virtuous Cowley!!-Rev.

There are at p. 136 of Vol. I. a few words which, of course, are only intended for a joke, but which at first made us look a little grave. To decapitate a monarch, or to hang a demagogue once or twice in a century, may perhaps be for the general advantage of mankind." We must take this, as it is probably intended, to be in Swift's vein of humour, and as a mixture of grave irony, of the ridiculum acri," in which that great and singular inan loved to indulge.--Rev.

1848.] Jesse's Literary and Historical Memorials of London. 5 the bagnio. We do not want to be acquainted with persons whose lives were passed, without dignity, without duty, and even without decency. If men are profligate and women licentious, do not recall them to notice unless upon necessity, and, above all, be always mindful that the mere annexation of a word of dispraise to their names, does not in any degree remove the mischief of having made them known for the first time to some, and recalled them to the unwilling recollection of others. We trust that we never shall be found among those who would use the language of unkindness or reproach towards them whose lives have been shaded by too dark an error, or who have squandered in thoughtless prodigality those rare and precious gifts, whether of person or of mind, which Nature has reserved for her few and favourite children; but, at the same time, we have no desire unnecessarily to recall the half forgotten histories of guilty love, or to mix up with graver and weightier subjects anecdotes too often repeated, and too gracefully told, of the fatal caresses and seductive fascinations of venal beauty. Let us endeavour to confine to such shameless and slanderous pages as those of Grammont or Grimm the pictures of profligate courtiers and their criminal paramours, without a wish to unveil the dark and loathsome recesses of their private lives ; or, if the justice of history ever calls them to her public tribunal, let us mention them in the language they deserve, in spite of all the boasted graces of their persons, and the enchanting allurements of their address. But let us seek in the Recollections of London materials of a higher and nobler kind. Let us find in the lives of the unblemished patriot, the uncorrupted statesman, the devoted soldier, and the patient and unwearied scholar,—in the purity of the bishop's lawn, and the unspotted honour of the judge's ermine,-better subjects for the instruction and delight of the public mind. Let us endeavour to do justice to those who, by well-directed labour and honourable ambition, have raised themselves from the obscurity of their birth, and found in their professional success the best acknowledgment of their merit; or of those who, showing themselves worthy of the ancestral honours they have inherited, have added to their rich and emblazoned scutcheon an additional trophy of renown. The history of an ancient and august Metropolis, like ours, must be written in a manner consistent with the importance of the materials and the dignity of the subject ; kept carefully apart from all that lower species of composition which delights in romantic adventures, frivolous details, fantastic humours, and fatal intrigues. It must occasionally assume even a loftier and severer tone ; for it has to relate high records of as honourable ambition, patient courage, suffering virtue, and Christian self-denial as ever adorned and ennobled the annals of a country; and we must no more permit the amours of the lewd and the licentious to be found mingled with the statesman's dignity or the matron's virtue in the same page of history, than we would let them invade with their polluting presence those sanctities of domestic intercourse which are so wisely, so tenderly, and so judiciously guarded, as the home of all the gentler virtues, and the safe and honoured asylum for the protection of the pure, the duteous, and the good.

We will also observe that, widely spread as is the current of modern literature, and numerous are the books and readers of the present day, it is necessary for an author who wishes either to instruct or amuse to send down a deep shaft for the ore he is to bring up; to recollect that all the strata above have been worked over and over again; or, to drop the figurative, that the common materials of history and anecdotes of lite


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