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• sharp Twangs, her Hands imbried in Blood, holding • a Bloody Dagger in one Hand, in the other a Burning • Flambeau ; with these Inftruments threatning the • Destruction of Learning, and all its Habitations, but • she is overcome, and prevented, by a Herculean Geo • nius, or Power.
· Next that is represented brutish, fcoffing Ignorance, ' endeavouring to vilify and contemn what she under• stands not, which is charmed by a mercurial Genius I with his Caduceus.”
In the Theatre are held the Public Acts called the Comitia, and Encenia : At which folemn Times there are several extraordinary Proctors appointed, who are to take Care that Public Peace is observed, and that all Persons are placed according to their Degrees.
This Edifice which juftly deserves to be deemed one of our principal Curiosities, was built by that celebra. ted Architect Sir Christopher Wren, at the Expense of Archbishop Sheldon, the Chancellor, in 1669, and cost his Grace 15000 l. to which he added 2000 l. to purchase Lands for the perpetual Repair of it. .
On the West of the Theatre is the ASHMOLEAN MUSEUM, a handsome Edifice, built by the Univers sity at the Request of Elias Afomole, Esq; Windsor Herald to King Charles II. who placed here all the Rari. ties he had collected and purchased, particularly from the two Tradescants. The Building was finished in 1682, under the Conduct of Sir Christopher Wren, and is inferior to none in Symetry and Elegance. The Eastern Portico is highly finished in the Corinthian Or. der, and adorned with Variety of Characteristical Embellishments.
Mr. Ashmole presented to the University a valuable Collection of Natural Curiosities, Coins, and MSS, together with three Gold Chains he had received as ho norary Presents from the King of Denmark and other Princes on Occasion of his Book on the Order of the Garter.
This Repository has been greatly enriched by fee veral ample and valuable Benefactions. The princia pal Natural Curiosities are the Collection of Bodies, Horns, Bones, &c. of Animals preserved dry, or in Spirits ; curious and numerous Specimens of Me. tals and Minerals : Dr. Lifter's Collection of Shells, Ores, Fossils, Gc. most of which are published in his Synopfis Conchyliorum, and in the Philosophical Transactions,
Its two first Keepers were Dr. Robert Plott and Mr. Edward Lhwyd, the former of which deposited here all his Natural Bodies mentioned in his Histories of Staffordshire and Oxfordscire; and the latter his Col. lections in his Travels thro' England, Wales, and IreLand, as may be seen in his Book intitled Lythophylacii Britanici Ichnograpbia. Mr. Borlace, Author of the Na. tural History of Cornwall, presented to this Museum the Specimens of Chrystals, Mundicks, Coppers, Tins, &c. described in that Work.
The large Magnet, given by the Countess of Weft. morland, is of an oval Shape, 18 Inches long, 12 wide, and supports a Weight of 145 Pounds.
Three curious Pieces of Art deserve particular No. tice, viz. a Model of a Ship; a Picture of our Sa." viour going to his Crucifixion, composed of the moft beautiful lively Feathers; and an ancient Piece of St. Cuthbert, made by Oider of King Alfred, and worn as is related by that Monarch.
The last, and very entertaining Present to this Cor. lection, was given by Mr. Reinhold Forster, who went the Voyage round the World with Capt. Cook, confift.. ing of a great Variety of the . Manufactures, Habits, Warlike Instruments, and an Idol, which he brought from the land of O-Tabeiree and New Zealand.
Among the Paintings are a few very good ones: a Dead Chrif, by Hannibal Carrache. Thomas Earl of Arundel, and the Duke of Norfolk, his Son, by Vandyke. Cbriff's Descent into Hell, by Brugell. :
In this Building are three small Libraries; the firf, called Asomole's Study, contains his printed Books and Manuscripts relacing to Heraldry and Antiquity, and the Manuscripts of Sir William Dugdale, Author of the Monafticon Anglicanum :--The second contains Dr. Lifter's Library. The third that of Mr. Anthony à Wood, with his laborious and learned Collections, relating chiefly to this University and City.
On the first Floor the Professor reads Lectures in Experimental Philosophy; and underneath is an Elaboratory for Courses of Chemistry and Anatomy.
On the other Side of the Theatre, and North of the Schools, stands the Clarendon PRINTING House, built in the Year 1711, with the Profits arising from the Sale of Lord Clarendon's Hiftory; the Copy of which was given to the University by the Lords Clarendon and Rochester, Sons of that noble Lord. It is a grand Edi. fice, 115 Feet in Length; and consists of two lofty Stories. Towards the Street is a magnificent Portico in the Doric Order; the Height of the Columns being equal to the two Stories. This is answered on the oppofite Side, next the Schools, by a Frontispiece supported by Three-Quarter Columns of the same Dimen." fions; and the Doric Entablature encompasses the whole Building. On the Top, are Statues of the Nine Muses; and over the Entrance on the South Side a Statue of the Earl of Clarendon. As we enter on this Side, on the Right-hand, are the Apartments where Bibles and Common Prayer Books are printed, under the Privi. lege and Appointment of the University. On the Left is the University Press; and a well-finished Apartment, where the Heads of Houses and Delegates meet on the Business of the University. In it is a celebrared Portrait of Queen Anne by Sir Godfrey Kneller. .
Southward of the Schools, in the Centre of a beautiful Area, adorned with a considerable Number of Obe.
Tisks and Lamps, ftands the new Public Library ; for the building whereof, that celebrated Physician Dr. John Radcliffe bequeathed the Sum of 40,000l. He fixed the Sallary of the Librarian at 150 li per Annum; . appropriated 100 l. per Annum to buy Books, and cool.
per Annum to keep the Library in Repair. : The Rustic Basement, which is 100 Feet in Diame.
ter from outside to Outside, is a double Octagon or · 16 Square; either of which Squares are distinguished - by their Projection, and having over each a Pediment or Frontispiece which forms them into Gate-ways. .
The Superstructure, raised upon this Basement, is perfectly Cylindrical, and adorned with Three-Quarter Columns of the Corinthian Order; which are ranged, not at equal Distances, but in Couplets. Between these, there is an Alternacy of Windows and Niches all round:
over the latter, next to the Architrave, are beautiful · Festoons of Fruits and Flowers. . The Entablature is much enriched with Carving; and over it is a Ballustrade furrounding the whole, finished with Vafes on the Piers perpendicular to the Columns... Above which .is a Cupola, 60 Feet high.' Seven of the Gateways abovementioned are Entrances into the Portico or dr. cade; in the Center of which within the Piers is a wide Spreading Dome; and without them, a Cloyster almost encircling it. Over each of the Entrances is a Dome of smaller Dimensions, curiously wrought with variety of Mosaic. The Eighth Gateway is appropriated to
the Stair case, the Well of which is Oval; the Steps, : which are of Stone, easy of Ascent, adhering to the Wall at one End, but seem rather to be upheld by the Iron Rail that is upon them, than supported underDeath at the other: This is deemed a curious Piece of Masonry. The Awe we are struck with at entering into che Grand Area of the Library, we leave to the Expe. rience of those who feel it; as it is not easily described. The Pavement is of different coloured Stone, brought