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ALL-SOULS COLLEGE. T H IS College is situated Weft of Queen's, and
consists chiefly of two Courts. 1. The old Court is about 124 Feet in Length, and 72 in Breadth, having the High-Street. on the South, and the Chapel at the North End of it. In this old Quadrangle is a Dial, contrived by that ingenious. Architect Sir Christopher Wren, when Fellow of the College, which, by the Help of two Half Rays, and one whole One for every Hour, Thews to a Minute what is the Time, the Minutes be. ing mark'd on the Sides of the Rays, fifteen on each Side, and divided in five by a different Character. • 2. Their grand Court, fituated behind the former,
is a spacious and beautiful Quadrangle, having the Library on the North, the Hall and Chapel on the South, the Cloister on the West, and the Common Room, with other handsome Apartments, on the East, adorned with two beautiful Gothic Towers. This Court is in Length from North to South about 172 Feet, and in Breadth 155. The Chapel of this College is about 70 Feet long, and 30 broad; the Ante-Chapel of the same Dimenfions; the Altar-Piece is of a beautiful clouded Marble, and over it a fine Assumption-Piece of the Founder, painted by Sir James Thornhill. Here are also two elegant Vases, One on each side of the Altar, by the fame Hand; the Bas-relief of which represents the Institution of the Two Sacraments. The Compartment over the Communion Table is filled with a Pic'ture painted at Rome in the Year 1771, by the celebrated Mr. Mengs.' The Subject of this Piece is our Sa. viour's first Appearance to Mary Magdalen after his Rea furrection; which is called, by the Painters, a Noli me tangere, in Allusion to the first Words of Christ's Speech 'to her, “ Touch me not." The Colouring is exquisite;
especially in the Body of our Saviour. There is something very amiable, mixed with dignity, in the Countenance and Character of this Figure ; while the mild Composure of it is finely contrasted by that Extasy of Joy and Aftonishment which appears on the Face of Mary.
The Roof of the Chapel is divided into Compartments, carved and gilded. The Screen, which divides the Chapel from the Ante-Chapel, is a neat Piece of Architecture by Sir Christopher Wren.
The New Library is a magnificent Gallery, 200 Feet long, and 30 broad, and about 40 Feet high, built of white hewn Stone, and finished at a great Expenfe. The Outside is Gothic, in Conformity with the rest of the Quadrangle. The Inside consists of two grand Ranges of Bookcases, one above the other, fupported by Pilasters of the Doric and lonic Orders. Over the Bookcases are placed interchangeably Vases and Bustoes of many eminent Persons, formerly Fellows of this Society. The following is an exact Lift of the Bufts, beginning in
the South Side of the West Window, viz. 1. Sir Anthony Shirley, Knight, A. B. Count of the Empire, and Embassador from Schach Abbas Emperor of Perpa, to the Christian Princes; in the Reign of James J. admitted Fellow 1582. ;
2. Sir William Peire, Knight, LL. D. Secretary of State to Herry VIII. and Edward VI. and Privy Counsellor to Queen Mary and Queen Elizabeth, 1523....
3. George Clarke, LL. D. Secretary of War, and afterwards, in the Reign of Queen Anne, one of the Lords of the Admiralty, Secretary to Prince of George of Denmark, and in five Parliaments Burgess for the University, 1680.
4. Sir Daniel Dunn, Knight, LL. D. Dean of the Arches, and one of the first Burgesses in Parliament for the University, 1567.
5. Henry Coventry, Esq; LL. B. Embassador at Paris, and Secretary of State in the Reign of Charles II, 1634.
6. Sir Robert Weston, Knight, LL. D. Dean of the Arches, and Lord Chancellor of Ireland, 1536. .
7. Sir William Trumbull, Knight, LL. D. Emballador to the French and Turkisho Courts in the Reign of James II. Secretary of State to King William III. and Burgess of the University. 1657.
8. Charles Talbot, LL. D. Baron of Hensol, and Lord High Chancellor of England, 1704.
9. Sir Christopher Wren, Knight, the famous Ar. chitect, LL. D. and Savilian Professor of Astronomy, 1653.
10. Richard Steward, LL. D. Dean of St. Paul's, Provost of Eton, Clerk of the Closet to Charles I. and Commissioner for Ecclesiastical Affairs at the Treaty at Uxbridge, 1613.
11. Thomas Tanner, D. D. Bishop of St. Afaph, 1696.
12. James Goldwell, LL. D. Bishop of Norwich, and Secretary of State to Edward IV. 1441.
13. Gilbert Sheldon, D. D. Archbishop of Canterbury, and Chancellor of the University, 1622. .
14. Brian Dupia, D. D. Bishop of Winchester, Preceptor to Charles II. when Prince of Wales, and Lord Almoner, 1612.
15. David Pole, LL. D. Dean of the Arches and Bishop of Peterborough, 1520.
16. Jeremy Taylor, D. D. Bishop of Down and Connor, 1635.
17. John Norris, A. M. Rector of Bemerton, Wilts, 1680.
18. Thomas Sydenham, M. D. 1648. .
19. Thomas Lynaker, M. D. Founder of the College of Physicians, London, 1484. : 20. Sir Clement Edmonds, Knight, A. M. Secretary of the Council, in the Reign of James I. and Burgess for the University, 1590. .'
21. Sir William Byrde, Knight, LL. D. Dean of the Arches and Burgess for the University, 1578.
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22. Sir Nathaniel Lloyd, Knight, LL. D. Judge Advocate, and Master of Trinity Hall in Cambridge, 1689.
23. Robert Hovenden, D. D. Warden of All-Souls, 1565.
24. Sir John Mason, Knight, M. B. Privy Coun. fellor to Henry VIII. Edward VI. Queen Mary, and Queen Elizabeth, and the first Lay Chancellor of the Univerfity of Oxford, 1521.
Over the great Door is a very fine Buft of the Founder, Archbithop Chicheley, in white Marble, done by Mr. Roubiliac. The Elegance of the Room, and the Choiceness of the Collection, consisting greatly of scarce and foreign Books, make this esteemed one of the beft Libraries in Oxford.
The Statue of that generous Benefactor, Colonel Coda rington, is erected in the Middle of the Library, on à Pedestal of veined Marble; this part of the Building being twice the Breadth of the rest. It appears by an Inscription on the Pedestal, that the Colonel died Anno 1710, and that the Statue was erected in 1730. The Area, or wide Space in the Middle of the Building, divides it in a manner into two Rooms.
The Hall is an elegant Room, in which are the Por. traits of Archbishop Chicheley, Founder; Colonel Codrington, and Sir Nathaniel Lloyd. At the upper End of the Room, under the Founder's Picture, is a piece of Sir James Thornhill's representing the Finding of the Law, and Josiah renting his Cloaths, from 2 Kings xxii. il. Over the Chimney-piece, which is a very neat one of Dove-coloured Marble, is a Bust of the Founder, and on one side of him Lynaker, and on the other John Leland, the famous Antiquarian and Author of the Itinerary ; who, as Mr. Hearne informs us, was a Member of this Society. This Room is ornamented with many other Bufts, which are chiefly Copies from antique Originals.