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been seen at one and the same Infant, but more foreShortened than at prefent,
The second Street is that which runs from South to North, crossing the Street already described, from whence the Centre has obtained the Name of Quater Vois, or the Four Ways, corruptly called Carfax, The Conduit was erected in the Year 1610, at the expense of Mr. Otho Nicholson, Master of Arts of ChriftChurch. The Water is conveyed from Hinksey, two Miles from the City. Mr. Nicholjon was an eminent 'Traveller, bad attained a great Knowlege of the Oriental Languages, and was treasurer to King James the First.
The South End of this second Street is called FishStreet, and the other End of it the Corn-Market; from whence we pass into Magdalen Parish, and St. Giles's, which form a very spacious Street, and in some refpects is preferable to either of the former, especially to such as love Retirement; it having the Pleasure and Advantage of the Country, tho' connected with the Town. One End of this Street iş handsomely termi, nated by St. Giles's Church, and adorned with the Front of St. John's College. . . . .
On the East Side of Fil-Streer (commonly called St. Old's, by Corruption from St. Aldate's) stands Cbrif-Church College; the magnificent Front where. of is extended to 382 Feet in Length. On the same side is the Town-ħALL where the Town and County Sessions, and the Affises, are held; which was rebuilt with proper Conveniences for the separate Courts, at the Expense of THOMAS Rowney, Esq; late Reprefentative in Parliament, and High Steward of this City.
The chief Bridges are, first, Magdalen New Bridge, over the Cberwell; the Terrace of which is 526 Feet long, and consists of eleven Stone Arches. The old Bridge being much decayed, and the Entrance to the City both at the East and North being found very inconvenient, an Act was obtained, ni Geo. III. to make a commodious Entrance through St. Clements to Magdalen Bridge, to rebuild the Bridge, to take down the Gates, to pave and light the Streets, and to re. move all Nusances. In pursuance also of the same Act of Parliament, on the North Side of the High-Street, between Carfax and All Saints Churches, was erected the New General Market, 347 Feet long, and 112 wide, exceeding any Thing of the Kind as well in Size as Use, in the Kingdom. The second, on the South Side of the Town, is over the Thames; where there is a Gate commonly called Friar Bacon's Study. This is the Entrance from Abingdon in Berks, and is itself also in that County, and consists of three Stone Arches. The Third, on the West Side, is likewise over a Branch of the Thames, and is called High-Bridge. By two Acts of Parliament of the seventh and eighth of Geo. III. a beautiful new Road has been made at: an uncommon Expense from St. Peters le Bailey Church through the Castle-Yard to Botley, which there divides to Fifield on the Left, and Witney on the Right. This fingle Mile, which before was a very inconvenient narrow Causeway, is now completely finished with four New Bridges, and is become as ornamental as it is an useful Key to the West and North-Weft Part of the Kingdom.
There are in the City of Oxford, and Liberties, thirteen Parishes, viz. 1. St. Mary's. 2. All-Saints. 3. St. Martin's, or Carfax. 4. St. Aldate's, or St. Old's. 5. St. Ebb's. 6. St. Peter's le Bayly. 7. St. Michael's, 8, St. Mary Magdalen's. 9. St. Peter in the East.. 10. Holywell. is. St. Giles's. 12. St. Thomas's, and 13. St. John's.
Of the Churches which give Names to the several Parishes already enumerated, there are but four which
are remarkable, viz. St. Mary's, All Saints, St. Peter's in the East, and St. John's.
St. Mary's, stands on the North Side of the HighStreet, and is the Church to which the University resort on Sundays and Holidays. It is well-proportioned, and handsomely built, in the Gothic Stile. The Porch is indeed in a more modern Taste, built at the Expense of Dr. Morgan Owen, Chaplain to Archbishop Laud, An. Dom. 1637. The Church consists of three Isles, and a large Chancel, which is paved with black and white Marble. The Vice-Chancellor fits at the West End of the middle Isle, on a kind of Throne elevated fome few Steps; a little below which fit the two Proctors ; on either Hand, descending, the Heads of Houses and Doctors; below these, the young Noblemen; and in the Area, on Benches, the Masters of Arts. At the West End, with a return to the North and South Ifles, are Galleries for Bachelors and Under-graduates; and under the Middle one are Seats for the Ladies. Ad. joining to the North Ife is Adam de Brome's Chapel; where the Vice-Chancellor, Heads of Houses, Proctors and Preacher assemble before Sermon, and from thence go in Procession to their respective Places. The Pulpit stands in the Center of the middle Ille. In the Arch between the Church and the Chancel, is a good Organ, originally built by Father. Smith, and fince improved by Mr. John Byfield. The Tower and Spire, which rises from the Ground to the perpendicular Height of 180 Feet, is a very noble and beautiful Structure, and contains a Ring of Six large Bells. , The Room on the North Side of the Chancel, lately repaired in the Style of the rest of the Church, is now the Common Law School, where the Vinerian Profeffor reads his Lectures.
On the Left-side of the West Window, next to the High-Street, is a pretty Piece of Sculpture, representing a Woman down to the Waist: It is well designed, and properly executed; though Time or Accident hath
somewhat somewhat impaired the Face, which has been beautiful. The Hood is of modern fashion. It is remarkable that Foreigners compliment this Curiosity with their No. tice, tho' it is little observed by the Inhabitants.
All-Saints Church stands in the fame Street, a little to the Westward of St. Mary's; and is a very beautiful Fabric of white Stone. It is adorned, both within and without, with Pilasters of the Corinthian Order, an Attic Story and Balluftrade elegantly finishing it with. out, a curious fretwork Cieling, a neat Altar-Piece, and well finished throughout. This Church is 72 Feet long, 42 wide, and so high, without a Pillar. The Steeple is built after the Manner of some of the new Churches in London. The Architect, the Rey. Dr. Aldrich, formerly Dean of Chrift-Church.
St. Peter's in the East, near Queen's-College, built by St. Grymbald, is 840 Years old; and was the first Church of Stone in this part of the Kingdom. It was formerly the University-Church; and the University still go to it every Sunday in the Afternoon during Lent. This Parish has more to boast of, perhaps, than any one in Europe besides : For it contains five Colleges ; viz. University, Queens, New-College, Magdalen, and Hertford Colleges; three Halls; viz. St. Edmund, Magdalen, and Alban Halls; two Peals of Ten Bells, and one of Six; and three Organs: Two of which belong to College Chapels, where Cathedral Service is performed twice a Day; and the other to the Parish Church.
The last Church which deserves Attention, is that of St. John's, which is a handfome Gothic Building. We refer our Readers to Merton College to which it be longs, for Particulars.
PUBLIC BUILDINGS of the UNIVERSITY. The PUBLIC SCHOOLS, with one side of the Library on the West, form within a spacious Square
of 105 Feet. The principal Front of the Schools on the Outside is about 175 Feet in Length, in the Middle whereof is a great Gate, with a magnificent Tower over it, in which is Sir Henry Saville's Library; and the highest Apartments of the Tower are ufed for Astronomical Observations, and some Experiments in Philofophy; and from thence called the Observatory. Three Sides of the upper Story of the Schools are one entire Room, called the PICTURE GALLERY. It is furnished with the Portraits of many learned and famous Men, several large Cabinets of Medals, and some Cases of Books; being intended as a Continua. tion of the Bodleian Library. Dr. Tanner, the late Bishop of St. Afath, bequeathed his valuable Collection of Manuscripts to the University, together with a Sum of . Money to erect proper Cases for them; they are here deposited, near the Entrance into the Gallery; and Mr. Willis's and other Collections of Books and Coins are in a small Room adjoining.
Dr. Edward Butler, iate President of Magdalen Col. lege, gave 2001. to carry on the Wainscoting of the Gallery: which the late Duke of BEAUFORT, in the Year 1749 approving, ordered it to be completely finished at his Expense, as a Testimony of his Affection for the Place where his Grace received his Education. This being now done, and the Pictures cleaned and repaired by Mr. Crawford, they are more advantage. ously disposed than heretofore ; and their Number greatly increased by the late Benefactions.
The UNIVERSITY LIBRARY, usually called the Bodleian, from Sir Thomas Bodley, its principal Founder, is a large, lofty Structure, in the Form of a Roman H, and is said to contain the greatest Number of Books of any Library in Europe, (except that of the Vatican) a Catalogue whereof is printed, in two Folio Volumes. According to Camden, « The Ground on which the