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Secondly, We are now also stirred up by his power to a new life.u Lastly, The resurrection of Christ, who is our head, is a pledge of our own glorious resurrection.

46. Q. How do you understand that he ascended into heaven?

A. That Christ, his disciples looking on, was taken up from the earth into heaven,w and still is there for our sake, and will remain there,

u Like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life. Rom. vi. 4.

v Now is Christ risen from the dead and become the first fruits of them that slept. For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead; for as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive. I Cor. xv. 20-22. If then ye be risen with Christ, seek those things which are above, where Christ sitteth on the right hand of God. Col. iii. 1. Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened is together with Christ, (by grace are ye saved ;) and hath raised us up together, and made iis sit together in heavenly places in Christ Jesus. Eph. ii. 5, 6.

w So then after the Lord had spoken unto them, he was received up into heaven, and sat on the right hand of God. Mark xvi. 19. And when he had spoken these things, while they beheld, he was taken up; and a cloud received him out of their sight. Acts i. 9. And it came to pass, while he blessed them, he was parted from them, and carried up into heaven. Luke xxiv. 51.

* For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, which are the figures of the true ; but into heaven it. self, now to appear in the presence of God for us. Heb. ix. 24. It is Christ that died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us. Rom. viii. 34. If then ye be risen with Christ, seek those things which are above where Christ sitteth at the right

until he come again to judge the quick and the dead.y

47. Q. Christ is not then with us even unto the end of the world, as he promised us? (Matt. xxviii. 20.)

A. Christ is very God, and very man; and therefore in his human nature he is not now on earth ;z but as to his godhead, his majesty, his grace, and Spirit, he is never at any time absent from us.a

48. Q. By this means, then, are not the two

hand of God. Col. iii. l. We have an advocate with the Father, Christ Jesus the righteous. 1 John ii, I.

y Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? this same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven. Acts i. 11. He commanded us to testify that it was he which was ordained of God to be the judge of quick and dead. Acts x. 42. And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven; and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory. Matt. xxiv. 30.

2 For if he were on earth, he should not be a priest, seeing that there are priests that offer gifts according to the law. Heb. viii. 3. For ye have the poor always with you, but me ye have not always. Matt. xxvi. 11. I came forth from the Father, and am come into the world ; again, I leave the world, and go the Father. John xvi. 28. and xvii. 11. Whom the heaven must receive until the times of restitution of all things, which God hath spoken by the mouth of all his holy prophets since the world began. Acts iii. 21.

I will not leave you comfortless : I will come to you. John xiv. 18. Lo, I am with you always, even unto the end of the world. Matt. xxviii. 20. Where two or three are gathered together in my name, there" am I in the midst of them. Matt. xviii. 20. John x. 27-29,

natures in Christ separated, if the human nature. is not where the divine is?

A. By no means. For since his divinity is incomprehensible, and omnipresent,b it followeth necessarily that the same is without the bounds of his human nature, which he took upon him, and yet it is nevertheless in it, and abideth personally united to it.

49. Q. What are the benefits of Christ's ascension into heaven?

A. First, He makes intercession for us in heaven with the Father. Then, as we have our flesh in


b Heaven is my throne, and earth is my footstool : what house will


build me? saith the Lord ; or what is the place of my rest? Acts vii. 49. Am I a God at hand, saith the Lord, and not a God afar off ? Can any hide himself in secret places that I shall not see him? Do I not fill heaven and earth ? saith the Lord. Jer. xxiii. 23, 24. Thou hast beset me behind and before, and laid thine hand upon me. Such knowledge is too wonderful for me; it is high, I cannot attain unto it. Whither shall I go from thy spirit ? or whither shall I fly from thy presence? If I ascend up into heaven, thou art there; if I make my bed in hell, behold thou art there ; if I take the wings of the morning, and dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea, even there shall thy hand lead me, and thy right hand shall hold me. If I say, Surely the darkness shall cover me, even the night shall be light about me; yea, the darkness hideth not from

but the night shineth as the day: the darkness and the light are both alike to thee. Ps. cxxxix. 5–12. When I awake, I am still with thee. ver. 18.

c No man hath ascended up to heaven, but he that came down from heaven, even the Son of man which is in heaven. John iii. 13. In him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily. Col. ii. 9.

d If any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father,


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44. Q. Why is it added,-He descended into hell?

A. That under the greatest troubles, and severest trials, I may support myself with this consolation, that my Lord Jesus Christ, by the unutterable anguish of his soul, by tortures and terrors with which, before as well as at the time of his crucifixion, he was overwhelmed, delivered me from the pains and tortures of hell.s

45. Q. What are the benefits of the resurrection of Christ?

A. First, By his resurrection he overcame death, that he might make us partakers of that righteousness which he procured for us by his death.t

• The sorrows of death compassed me, and the pains of hell gat hold upon me: I found trouble and sorrow. Ps. cxvi. 3. And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying-Eli, Eli, lama sabacthani ? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? Matt. xxvii. 46. Who in the days of his flesh, when he had offered up prayers and supplications with strong crying and tears unto him that was able to save him from death, and was heard in that he feared ; though he were a Son, yet learned he obedience by the things that he suffered ; and being made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey him. Heb. v. 7–9. For he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities; the chastisement of our peace was upon him, and with his stripes we are healed. Isaiah liii. 5.

+ Thus it behoved Christ to suffer and to rise from the dead the third day, that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations. Luke xxiv. 46, 47, Who was delivered for our offences and raised again for our justification. Rom. v. 25. Now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the first fruits of them that slept. 1 Cor. xv. 20. For if Christ be not raised, your faith is vain; ye are yet in your sins. 1 Cor. xv. 17. 1 Pet. i. 3. Romans vi. 4.

50. Q. Why is it added-He sitteth at the right hand of God ?

A. Because Christ therefore is ascended into heaven, to shew thereby that he is the head of the church,h by whom the Father governs all things.i

51. Q. What are the benefits of this glorification of Christ, who is our head?

A. First, By his holy Spirit he pours on us his members heavenly graces. j Secondly, By his power he protects and defends us against all our enemies, k

have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost, which he shed on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Lord. Titus iii. 3—6.

Him hath God exalted with his right hand to be a prince and a Saviour, for to give repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins. Acts v. 31. And hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be head over all things to the church. Eph. i. 22. And he is the head of the body, the church; who is the beginning, the first born from the dead; that in all things he might have the pre-eminence. Col. i. 18.

i And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth. Matt. xxviii. 18. The Father loveth the Son, and hath given all things into his hand. John iii. 35. For the Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the Son. John v. 22.

i And with great power gave the apostles witness of the resurrection of the Lord Jesus; and great grace was upon them all. Acts iv. 33. But unto every one of us is given grace, according to the measure of the gift of Christ. Wherefore he saith, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men. Eph. iv. 7, 8.

k Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron, thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel. Ps. ii. 9. And I give unto

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