But is it Science?: The Philosophical Question in the Creation/evolution Controversy
Robert T. Pennock, Michael Ruse
Prometheus Books, 2009 - Philosophy - 577 pages
On December 20, 2005, a U.S. district court in Dover, Pennsylvania, ruled in Kitzmiller et al. v. Dover Area School Board that teaching Intelligent Design in public school biology classes violates the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment to the Constitution of the United States. The judge explained that Intelligent Design is not science and "cannot uncouple itself from its creationist, and thus religious, antecedents." This case was just the latest attempt by proponents of Intelligent Design or Creationism to undermine the teaching of evolution in high school biology classes. The emotionally charged controversy, which has been going on since the publication of Charles Darwin’s Origin of Species, shows no sign of letting up.
This excellent collection, now fully updated, will inform readers about the history of the debate and bring philosophical clarity to the complex arguments on both sides. The editors, both of whom served as expert witnesses in two different court cases, start by chronicling the heated discussion that surrounded the publication of Darwin’s famous work. In the next part, they present articles that explicate modern evolutionary theory, including philosophical critiques by Karl Popper and others. The selections that follow discuss so-called Creation Science, focusing in particular on the 1981 McLean court case in Arkansas. In the final section, the philosophical issues surrounding the distinction between religion and science in the most recent Kitzmiller case are considered. This outstanding overview of an important contemporary debate shows that philosophy has a vital role to play in major decisions affecting education and interpretations of science and religion.
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adaptive animals appear argue argument Arkansas ation believe Bible biology Christian claim complex concept Court created kinds Creation Research Society creation science creation scientists creationists Creator critical Darwin Darwinian defendants definition demarcation demarcation problem Dembski Discovery Institute earth empirical ence ethical evidence evolutionary theory evolutionists example existence explain fact falsifiable flagellum fossil record fundamentalist Genesis genetic geology human hypothesis Ibid IDCs intelligent design irreducible complexity Judge Overton kind Kitzmiller Laudan McLean means ment metaphysical methodological naturalism Michael Behe Michael Ruse mutation natural selection naturalistic opinion organisms origin Pandas Pennock philosophers philosophy of science plaintiffs Popper problem processes Professor Behe proposed public schools question reason reference reject religion religious Ruse saltation scientific theory sense species supernatural teaching testable testimony textbook Thaxton theistic theistic evolution theory of evolution things tion trial unscientific William Dembski young-earth