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which he attaches the principal shoald be the result of their com. value.

bined pressure. The recollectiort It is obriously impossible to of the work which he has now acpronounce at present upon the complished is well suited to ani. accuracy which the editor has dis. mate his hours of languor, and played in his quotations. His alleviate his sufferings, whether work must have been in use for he considers its utility to the cause beveral years before we can judge of religion and learning, or its of it; but the high character which tendency to exalt his own reputahe bcars as a critic affords a very tion. strong presumption in his favour. The public owe to the Duke of

We cannot speak in terms of Grafton whatever benefit they decommendation of the typographic rive from this handsome and usecal execution of this volume. We ful edition; and they will recoldo not refer to literal errors, lect, with sentiments of esteein from which we believe it to be and gratitude, that the patronage meritoriously free ; but either the of the noble is rarely bestowed on type is broken, or the paper has the learned; but still more rarenot been dnly moistened, or the ly directed to the diffusion of truth ink is bad ; for frequently parts and the improvement of knowonly of letters are visible. The ledge. eye also is offended by the fre- We cannot close our account quent substitution of the diamond- of the work before us better than shaped German period for the by offering to our readers a re. proper round point. The paper flection, which should ever be is so good that it deserved better present to the minds of those who printing

investigate the legitimate interpreWe congratulate all who are tation, or the genuine text of engaged in theological studies on scripture, to call them back to the the completion of this useful only object which gives value to work. We may be permitted al. such pursuits. “Nos ergo scripso to congratulate the venerable turas sacras plenas inviolatas, in. editor on the conclusion of his tegras habemus : nos bene legitoil. He speaks in the preface mus; atque utinam quam beno of broken health ; and no one legeremus tam bene adimplerewho knows any thing of an edi. mus * !” tor's k, or of the laborious duties of - a German professorship, will wonder that this

* Salvian, apud Wetstein, rol, ii. p. 851.

Art. IV.-A Summary View of the Evidence and Practical

Importance of the Christian Revelation, in a Series of Dis. courses addressed to young Persons, by Thomas Belsham, Minister of the Unitarian Chapel in Ésser Street. Johnson, 1807. pp. 204. Svo.

(Continued from page 208.) TRE DIRECT HISTORICAL EVI- The DIRECT HISTORICAL argu. DENCE OF THE CHRISTIAN REVE- ment first establishes the genuine. LATION forms the subject of the ness and credibility of the books second discourse, from Luke i. of the New Testament, and from 1-4, in which, says Mr. B, these premises infers the truth and

" We may observe upon what grounds divine authority of the christian the sacred historian rests the credit of his religion. (p. 35.) narrative : not upon those of plenary inspiration, or divine suggestion, but 1?p

Of the genuineness of the books on the common foundation of direct his. of the New Testament the proofs torical evidence.” (p. 31.)

- are the same in kind with those of Deserved praise is bestowed, in the genuineness of other ancient a note, (1) on Marsh's translation writings, and in drgree at least of Michaelis's invaluable Intro- equal, in many instances, and upduction, &c; and a wish is ex. on the whole, superior (pp. 35– pressed, in which we most cordi- 45.) A distinction, however, must ally join, that the learned anno- be made, in this respect, between tator and translator would com- different books of the christian co. plete what he has so ably begun. venant. From the information of Avocations very foreign to the Eusebius it appears that the ge. clerical profession seem to have nuineness of some of them had, diverteu him from an undertaking in his time, never been called in which, though not perhaps highly question, while that of others had profitable to himself, in a secular heen controverted hy the earlier view, would, nevertheless, have writers: yet no books were ad. þeen of considerable benefit to ma- mitted into the canon of aposto. ny of his countrymen.

lical writings without due and im. In the same note Mr. B.' can. partial previous examination.-not forbear adding, that it would Some moderns (among whom are be a most desirable accession to Dr. Lardner, and, more recently, English biblical literature, if some Dr. John Jebb)t have contended scholar equally qualified, if such for the genuineness of the epistle there be, would perform the same of Barnabas : but it is generally office for Eichotn, which Mr. rejected as spurious. To that of Marsh has performed for Micha. Jude Michaelis, I like Mr. B, elis. To this opinion also we objects that it appears to contain unreservedly subscribe; and we trust that in the rising race of bi. blical scholars among us some one

. Of Cæsarea. will be found who answers to + Works, Vol. II. pp. 143, 154. this description, and who will ful.

Introduction to the N.T. Vol. iv. pp. fil this service.

367-394

some things which are unworthy exemplary Christian": his heart o of an apostle of Christ; and, with and his pen were devoted to the

this exception, our author admits cause of truth ; and, in receiving the received canon, though he the narratives of Luke and the properly intimates that, in our epistles of Paul, he received testicommon editions of the New mony which, in Mr. B.'s words, Testament, it is desirable to dis. " is amply sufficient to establish tinguish between the books which the gospel history +.” To abanwere universally admitted and dou any of the evangelical writthose which were disputed : Mr, ings which are capable of a just Evanson's Dissonance he informs and satisfactory defence, would inas, (39) has not operated (pru- deed be pusillanimous : let not sluced) conviction upon his mind, the memory of Mr. E. however, in opposition to the unanimous be stigmatized with the odious voice of Christian antiquity. names of heretical and unbeliev,

At the occurrence of this re. ing, in consequence of the New spected name, we trust that we Testament which he used being shall be exçused for adding a few smaller than our own : it is the words upon the publication and New Testament still ;--for it is the character with which it is the history of Christ's death and associated. We, too, have re- resurrection! In the volume bepeatedly read the Dissorunce, but fore us the writer of the Disrever with conviction. It con- sonance is properly styled learntains, undoubtedly, some weighty ed and excellent, and his indusremarks and some ingenious cri. try, ingenuity, and exemplary inticisms : yet, in the main, we can. tegrity, are spoken of with adnot assent to its reasoning; nor do miration : but we have witnessed we always admire its spirit and its with disgust the style and tem, language. The testimony of the per of some recent attacks on early Christian writers it wholly his religious opinions; and we sets aside, because many of their 'cannot but wish that men who Opinions were weak and childish; profess to be separate from the and therefore they could not be church of Rome wonld not even competent witnesses of facts! appear to claim a portion of her Several passages in the gospels of assumed infallibility. Matthew, Mark and John, it To such of our readers as are charges with inconsistency, if not impressed by Mr. Evanson's argnwith contradiction; although most ments in favour of the gospel of of them are explicable, and have, Luke exclusively, we strongly rein fact, been explained, on the commend the considerations adprinciples of judicious and can. did interpretation! Much, nevertheless, as we differ from this

See the Memoirs of his Life, &c. author, we are among the first prefixed to his Posthumous Sermons,

especially pp. xxxviii, xxxix. to do justice to the integrity of his character and the purity of tianity might subsist without a single res

7 Marsh says, “ 'The truth of Chrisbis views. He was a sincere and cord.' Ib. Vol. I. p. 378.

1

duced by our author to prove found in the power of fixed prin. the genuineness of the books of ciples and inveterate prejudices to the New Testament in general. repel and overcome the most pal.

It would have been wonderful pable evidence,--a triumph suf. if the learned work of Jeremiah ficiently visible in regard to the Jones upon the canon had been doctrine of transubstantiation and omiited among the books of re, to the Athanasian hypothesis of ference under this head. A me- the trinity. (69–74.) rited encomium is passed upon In p. 68, we meet with some it, and praise is justly bestowed very sensible remarks on the evis on the university of Oxford for dence furnished by the epistles of Te-printing it, (notwithstanding Paul in behalf of Christianity, it is the production of a noncon. and on the wisdom of Divine Prod formist) at the Clarendon press :- vidence in permitting those fierce to the honour of the managers contentions and gross abuses to of that establishment it may be spring up in the primitive Church, added that they fix a very mode. which are often the wonder of rate and easy price upon this believers and the scoff of sceptics, publication, as well as upon others (note 26.) As to the continuance over which they have control; of miraculous powers after the giving, in this respect, a fair apostolic age, Mr. B. affirms that example to the sister university. no intelligent and well-informed

The credibility of the history person now contends for it (note contained in the New Testament 27.) We doubt, however, wheis argued by Mr. B. with concise. ther it have not still advocates ness and strength, upon the usual whose intelligence and informa. principles. (pp. 45-53,) In the tion, on other subjects at least, list of books to which he directs it would be difficult to deny. his readers for further satisfac- We now proceed to ourauthor's tion concerning it we are happy to third discourse, in which the pro. perceive Dr. Maltby's Illustra: phetic and internal evidence of the tions of the truth of the Chris. Christian revelation is placed be. tian religion, which are a fine fore us, from John xx. 31. specimen of the aid afforded by The prophecies contained in classical taste and learning to the the Christian scriptures are first study of theology.

considered. From p. 53 to 69, the preacher To the validity of an argutreats on the evidence of two ment from prophecy three con. facts of peculiarimportance, name. , dițions are here stated to be rely the resurrection of Christ, and quisite. the gift of the holy spirit; and “ First, that there [should] be in the remainder of the discourse sufficient evidence that the prohe endeavours to account for the : phecy was delivered previously light and limited impressioa that to the event ;---secondly, that was made by the Christian mira. the circumstances predicted be cles ; the true solution of which beyond the reach of human sa. difficulty, he observes, is to be gacity to foresee ;-and, thirdly, VOL. II.

20

that the prophecy receive its com- testimony. Those sources of it plete and appropriate accomplish. to which he directs his readers ment in the event to which it is are, the character of Christ-the applied.” (p. 76.)

history of the miracles of our The Christiani' religion appeals Lord--the nature and limitation to prophecy, and in the New of the Christian doctrine, and its Testament are prophecies which wise and accurate adjustment to were delivered by Jesus himself, the circumstances and wants of and by his apostles and other au. mankind--the purity, sublitnity, thorised ministers. These are and perfection of the Christian enumerated from 77 to 86; the morality—the professed design enumeration being accompanied of the Christian religion-and the hy judicious remarks on their tendency of the Christian scripnature and accomplishment. Of tures. Upon all these topics Nr. the 'Apocalypse Mr. B. asserts, B. enlarges with considerable that, in general, though not with force of thought and language. out some eminent exceptions, it (86--109.) There is no part has been valued most by those of his undertaking which, as apwhư have examined it with the pears to us, he has executed greatest care, and who are most with more success; and nothing competent to judge in the case. but want of room prevents us He likewise styles it a venerable from gratifying our readers and and mysterious volume. With- ourselves, by copious extracts. out dissenting from this opinion, The picture of Christian morality we wish that he had referred in pp. 100--103 is particularly his readers to the reasonings of excellent; but what will more Abauzit and Michaelis,

fastidious critics say to a senInternal evidence is described tence extending through three by the preacher as arising from pages ? the consideration of the contents We hope to resume this ar. of the books of the New Testa. ticle in the next No. of the Re. ment, unconnected with external pository.

ART. V.-Physical and Metaphysical Inquiries. 8vo. pp. 335.

7s. Longman & Co. 1806.

(Concluded from page 159.) The author's next inqniry will shew the drift of the au. (which occupies 30 pages) is con. thor's reasoning. cerning the origin of matter, which he pronounces to be “ self. What is self-existence? It is an ex. existent and indestructible.” For istence that cannot be destroyed. Every the arguments in support of this thing that has been made may be uncooclusion wo must refer to the stroyed must have the cause of its existe'

made; but that which cannot be de. work itself. An extract or two ence in itself, and thercfore must be eter

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