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by one who stood near him, that the Fellow who No. 173. Grinned in his Face was a Jacobite, and being unwilling Tuesday that a Disaffected Person should win the Gold

Ring, and be Sept. 18, looked upon as the best Grinner in the Country, he ordered the Oaths to be tendered him upon his quitting the Table, which the Grinner refusing, he was set aside as an unqualified Person. There were several other Grotesque Figures that presented themselves, which it would be too tedious to describe, I must not however omit a Plowman who lived in the further Part of the Country, and being very lucky in a pair of long Lanthorn-Jaws, wrung his Face into such an hideous Grimace that every Feature of it appeared under a different Distortion. The whole Company stood astonished at such a complicated Grinn, and were ready to assign the Prize to him, had it not been proved by one of his Antagonists that he had practised with Verjuice for some Days before, and had a Crab found upon him at the very time of Grinning; upon which the best Judges of Grinning declared it, as their Opinion, that he was not to be looked upon as a fair Grinner, and therefore ordered him to be set aside as a Cheat

The Prize, it seems, fell at length upon a Cobler, Giles Gorgon by Name, who produced several new Grinns of his own Invention, having been used to cut Faces for many Years together over his Last At the very first Grinn he cast every Human Feature out of his Countenance; at the second he became the Face of a Spout; at the third a Baboon, at the fourth the Head of a Base Viol, and at the fifth a Pair of Nut-crackers. The whole Assembly wondered at his Accomplishments, and bestowed the Ring on him unanimously, but, what he esteemed more than all the rest, a Country Wench whom he had wooed in vain for above five Years before, was so charmed with his Grinns and the Applauses which he received on all sides, that she Married him the Week following, and to this Day wears the Prize upon her Finger, the Cobler having made use of it as his Wedding Ring.

This Paper might perhaps seem very impertinent if it grew serious in the Conclusion. I would nevertheless leave it to the Consideration of those who are the Patrons

of

No. 173. of this monstrous Tryal of Skill, whether or no they are Tuesday not guilty, in some measure, of an Affront to their Species, Sept. 18,

in treating after this manner the Human Face Divine, 171

and turning that part of us, which has so great an Image impressed upon it, into the Image of a Monkey; whether the raising such silly Competitions among the Ignorant, proposing Prizes for such useless Accomplishments, filling the common People's Heads with such Senseless Am bitions, and inspiring them with such absurd Ideas of Superiority and Preheminence, has not in it something Immoral as well as Ridiculous.

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No. 174.
(STEELE.]

Wednesday, September 19.
Haec memini & victum frustra contendere Thyrsin.-Virg.
"HERE is scarce any thing more common than

Animosities between Parties that cannot subsist but by their Agreement: This was well represented in the Sedition of the Members of the human Body in the old Roman Fable. It is often the Case of lesser confederate States against a superior Power, which are hardly held together though their Unanimity is necessary for their common Safety: And this is always the Case of the landed and trading Interest of Great Britain; the Trader is fed by the Product of the Land, and the_landed Man cannot be cloathed but by the Skill of the Trader; and yet those Interests are ever jarring,

We had last Winter an Instance of this at our Club, in Sir ROGER DE COVERLY and Sir ANDREW FREEPORT, be tween whom there is generally, a constant, though friendly, Opposition of Opinions. It happened that one of the Company, in an historical Discourse, was observa ing, that Carthaginian Faith was a proverbial Phrase to intimate Breach of Leagues. Sir ROGER said it could hardly be otherwise: That the Carthaginians were the greatest Traders in the World, and as Gain is the chief End of such a People, they never pursue any others, The Means to it are never regarded; they will, if it comes easily, get Money honestly, but if not, they will not scruple to attain it by Fraud or Cosenage : And

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indeed what is the whole Business of the Trader's No. 174.

Accompt, but to over-reach him who trusts to his Wedness & Memory? But were that not so, what can there great

day,

Sept. 19, shop

and noble be expected from him whose Attention is 1711.

for ever fixed upon ballancing his Books, and watchi ing over his Expences? And at best, let Frugality and

Parsimony be the Virtues of the Merchant, how much is his punctual Dealing below a Gentleman's Charity to the Poor, or Hospitality among his Neighbours ?

CAPTAIN SENTRY observed Sir ANDREW very diligent in hearing Sir Roger, and had a Mind to turn the Dis. course, by taking Notice in general from the highest to the lowest Parts of humane Society, there was a secret, tho' unjust Way among Men, of indulging the Seeds of Ill-nature and Envy, by comparing their own State of Life to that of another, and grudging the

Approach of their Neighbour to their own Happiness; s and on the other Side, he who is the less at his Ease

repines at the other who, he thinks, has unjustly the

Advantage over him. Thus the civil and military List c look

upon each other with much Ill-nature; the Soldier repines at the Courtier's Power, and the Courtier rallies the Soldier's Honour; or, to come to lower Instances, the private Men in the Horse and Foot of an Army, the Carmen and Coachmen in the City-streets, mutually look upon each other with Ill-will, when they are in Competition for Quarters or the Way in their respective Motions. It is very well

, good Captain, interrupted Sir ANDREW You may attempt to turn the Discourse, if you think fit, but I must however have a Word or two with Sir

ROGER; who, I see, thinks he has paid me off, and been í very severe upon the Merchant. I shall not, continued

he, at this Time remind Sir ROGER of the great and noble Monuments of Charity and publick Spirit which have been erected by Merchants since the Reformation, but at present content my self with what he allows us, Parsimony and Frugality. If it were consistent with the Quality of so antient a Baronet as Sir Roger, to keep an Accompt or measure things by the most infallible Way, that of Numbers, he would prefer our Parsimony to his

Hospitality

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No. 174. Hospitality. If to drink so many Hogsheads is to be Wednes- hospitable, we do not contend for the Fame of that day,

Virtue; but it would be worth while to consider, Sept 19, 1711 whether so many Artificers at work ten Days together

by my Appointment, or so many Peasants made merry on Sir Roger's Charge, are the Men more obliged: 'I believe the Families of the Artificers will thank me, more than the Housholds of the Peasants shall Sir ROGER. Sir Roger gives to his Men, but I place mine above the Necessity or Obligation of my Bounty. I am in very little Pain for the Roman Proverb upon the Carthaginian Traders; the Romans were their professed Enemies: I am only sorry no Carthaginian Histories have come to our Hands; we might have been taught perhaps by them some Proverbs against the Roman Generosity, in fighting for and bestowing other People's Goods. But since Sir Roger has taken Occasion from an old Proverb to be out of Humour with Merchants, it should be no Offence to offer one not quite so old in their Defence. When a Man happens to break in Holland, they say of him that he has not kept true Accompts.

This is Phrase, perhaps, among us would appear a soft or humor, ous way of speaking, but with that exact Nation it bears the highest Reproach; for a Man to be mistaken in the Calculation of his Expence, in his Ability to answer future Demands, or to be impertinently sanguine in putting his Credit to too great Adventure, are all Instances of as much Infamy, as with gayer Nations to be failing in Courage or common Honesty,

Numbers are so much the Measure of every thing that is valuable, that it is not possible to demonstrate the Success of any Action, or the Prudence of any Undertaking, without them. I say this in Answer to what Sir Roger is pleased to say, That little that is truly noble can be expected from one who is ever poring on his Cash-book or ballancing his Accompts. When I have my Returns from Abroad, I can tell to a Shilling by the Help of Numbers the Profit or Loss by my Adventure ; but I ought also to be able to shew that I had Reason for making it, either from my own Experience or that of other people, or from a reasonable Presumption that

my

my Returns will be sufficient to answer my Expence No. 174. and Hazard; and this is never to be done without the Wednes. Skill of Numbers, For Instance, if I am to trade to

day,

Sept. 19, Turkey, I ought beforehand to know the Demand of 10 our Manufactures there as well as of their Silks in England, and the customary Prices that are given for both in each Country, I ought to have a clear Knowledge of these Matters before-hand, that I may presume upon sufficient Returns to answer the Charge of the Cargo I have fitted out, the Freight and Assurance out and home, the Customs to the Queen, and the Interest of my own Money, and besides all these Expences a reasonable Profit to myself. Now what is there of Scandal in this Skill? What has the Merchant done that he should be so little in the good Graces of Sir ROGER? he throws down no Man's Enclosures, and tramples upon no Man's Corn; he takes nothing from the industrious Labourer; he pays the poor Man for his Work; he communicates his Profit with Mankind; by the Preparation of his Cargo and the Manufacture of his Returns, he furnishes Employment and Subsistance to greater Numbers than the richest Nobleman; and even the Nobleman is obliged to him for finding out foreign Markets for the Produce of his Estate, and for making a great Addition to his Rents; and yet 'tis certain that none of all these Things could be done by him without the Exercise of his Skill in Numbers,

This is the Oeconomy of the Merchant, and the Conduct of the Gentleman must be the same, unless by scorning to be the Steward, he resolves the Steward shall be the Gentleman The Gentleman no more than the Merchant is able without the Help of Numbers to account for the Success of any Action, or the Prudence of any

Adventure. If, for instance, the Chace is his whole Adventure, his only Returns must be the Stag's Horns in the great Hall

, and the Fox's Nose upon the Stable Door Without Doubt Sir ROGER knows the full Value of these Returns; and if before-hand he had computed the Charges of the Chace, a Gentleman of his Discretion would certainly have hang'd up all his Dogs, he would never have brought back so many fine Horses

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