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PAGE 228. Pliny (Sec.) Epist. II. ï.

No. 230. PAGE 229.

As if he had asked it. “Thus far by Mr. John Hughes,” say the previous Editors. PAGE 230. Lilly, ante, p. 319. PAGE 231. Motto. Martial, Epigr. VIII. lxxviii. 4. The letter is No. 23L

by John Hughes. PAGE 232.

Almahide, an opera composed by Buononcini, founded on the romance by Scudéry, which had been translated in 1677 by John Phillips, Milton's nephew. Dryden's Almanzor and Almahide, or the Conquest of Granada (Two Parts), which is only in a general way inspired by Scudéry's work, may have served as a model for the opera. It was produced in 1710 with Nicolini (ante, i. p. 20) and Marguerite de l'Épine in the cast.

A young Singer. Mrs. Barbier. (Chalmers's edit.) PAGE 233. Lingua melior, etc. Virgil, Æn. xi. 338-9.

Homer. Iliad, i. 225. PAGE 234.

Seneca, Epist. Moral. I. xi. PAGE 235.

Imitate Cæsar. Suetonius, De Vita Caesarum, i. 45.
Motto. Sallust, Bellum Catilinarium, lvii. Probably by No. 232.
Henry Martyn (cf. No. 200). In A the signature is X.
PAGE 238. Sir William Petty (ante, p. 121 and note). See his

Discourse on Taxes.
PAGE 240. Motto. Virgil, Eclog. X. 60-1.

No. 233
Greek Manuscript, ante, p. 220.

350. More correctly 250. '120,' printed '150' in A. PAGE 243. Motto. Horace, Sat. 1. iii. 41. The motto in A is No. 234.

Splendide mendax.'-Hor.
PAGE 246. Free-thinker. See vol. ii. p. 339.
PAGE 247. Motto. Horace, Ars Poet. 81-2.

No. 235. PAGE 249. Nicolini. See B. I. and ante, p. 232, note.

Dogget (Thomas). See B. I.

Virgil's Ruler of the Wind. Æn. I. 85. PAGE 251. Motto. Horace, Ars Poet. 398.

No. 236. PAGE 252. Ridiculed: to avoid. In A, “Ridiculed : For this Reason

should they appear the least like what they were so much used
to laugh at, they would become the Jest of themselves, and the
object of that Raillery they formerly bestowed on others. To

avoid .
PAGE 254. Motto. Seneca, Edipus, l. 295 (Act. ii.).

No. 237. PAGE 255. Milton, Par. Lost, ii. 557-561. PAGE 256. Seneca. De Constantia Sapientis. PAGE 257. Jewish Tradition. Henry More's Divino Dialogues (H. Morley's Spectator).

This paper, which is unsigned, is printed in the 4th edit. of Addison's works, 1720, and referred to as by Hughes in the

preface to the poems of the latter, 1735. PAGE 258. Motto. Persius, Sat. iv. 50-1.

No. 238. So softens, etc. Waller, Of My Lady Isabella, playing on the Lute, Il. II-12.

A and 1712' read 'recompence the Artifices made Use of.' PAGE 259. Manly in the Play. Wycherley's Plain Dealer. - Tacitus. Annals, II. xii.

*U

165

1

No. 238. PAGE 259. Precious Ointment. Eccles. VII. i.

-A Collection of Letters. As, e.g. in Tom Brown's Works. Mr. H. Morley refers to Boyer's Letters on Wit, Politicks, and Morality, 1701. In 1715 appeared Letters of Love and Gallantry, written in Greek by Aristenatus, with a Dedication to Eustace

Budgell, who is there referred to as the 'X' of the Spectator. No. 239. PAGE 262. Motto. Virgil, Æn. vi. 86.

PAGE 263. Logic-Lane (still so named) runs off the High Street by

University College.

-Smiglesians, the followers of Martin Smiglecius (d. 1618), a Polish Jesuit. His Logic, praised by Rapin and Bayle, was reprinted at Oxford in 1658.

- Erasmus. Probably in his Letters.
-Grand Monarch. Louis XIV. (Le grand Monarque).
-With one of the Roman Emperors, i.e. Adrian. Bacon's
Apophthegms, iii.
-Hudibras II. i. 297. Cf. No. 145, ante, ii. 228 and note.

-Author quoted by M. Bayle. And. Ammonius. The saying

is of Henry VIII.'s reign. No. 240. PAGE 266. Motto. Martial, Epigr. I. xvi. 2.

PAGE 268. Philaster by Beaumont & Fletcher is advertised in A
(No. 236) to be played on Friday Nov. 30.

- Trunk-maker, ante, p. 247.
-Side-boxes, ante, vol. ii. p. 323.

-The Hunting-Match is in the 4th Act of Philaster: The
Rebellion in the 5th.

-Made it criminal. The playbills now read “By Her
Majesty's Command no Person is to be admitted behind the

Scenes.
No. 241. PAGE 269. Motto. Virgil, Æn. iv. 466-8.

PAGE 270. Otway's Monimia, in The Orphan, Act ü.
PAGE 271. Strada, II. vi. Sec The Guardian, Nos. 115, 119, 122.
PAGE 272. If ever this Invention should be

put in Practice. What royalty is due to Strada and Addison on the Telegraph Patents? No. 242. -Motto. Horace, Epist. II. i. 168-9

-A former paper, No. 132.
PAGE 273. Duelling, ante, i. p. 316.
PAGE 274.

Ticket in the present Lottery. Cf. ante, p. 318.
No. 243. PAGE 276. Motto. Cicero, De Officiis, i. 5.

PAGE 277. Hierocles (ed. Needham), p. 56. No. 244. PAGE 279. Motto. Horace, Sat. II. vii. 101.

- The Cartons, ante p. 320. PAGE 281. Simonides, ante, p. 154.

-Chalmers is at some pains to correct the syntax and vocabulary

of the “deserving" Constantia. PAGE 282. Comprehend all others. 'Ingratum si disceris, omnia

dixeris." No. 245. -Motto. Horace, Ars. Poet. 338.

PAGE 283. Cordeliers. The Minorites (Franciscan), so-called from

the knotted cord worn at the waist.
-As Shakespear expresses.

“ So comm

mon-hackneyed in the byes of men.” I. Hen. IV., III. i. 40.

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PAGE 283. Hot-Cockles (Fr. La main chaude), a game in which the No. 245.

player shuts his eyes, puts his hand on his back, and is required to
guess who strikes it. Cf. Eugene Sue, Mysteries of Paris, III. vii.

- Questions and Commands. See vol. vii. p. 314. PAGE 284. Whisk. See i. p. 343.

- Lanterloo, a card game in which the knave of clubs is the highest card. Cf. Tatler, No. 245. PAGE 286. Joshua Barnes (d. 1714), Professor of Greek at Cambridge.

-Græcum est, etc. A saying of Franciscus Accursius, when he encountered a Greek quotation in his Justinian. See Bayle. -Motto. Homer, Iliad, xvi. 33-5.

No, 246, -Equipage of the Tea-Table. See i. p. 318. PAGE 290. Motto. Hesiod, Theogonia, 11. 39-40.

No. 247. -British Fishery, alias · Billingsgate,' as in No. 451, and in

the Tatler, No. 79. PAGE 292. Hudibras, III. ii. 443. PAGE 293. Wanton Wife of Bath. The ballad is given in extenso in

Percy's Reliques, ed. Wheatley, iii. p. 336.

-Ovid. Metam. vi. 556-560.

-The Story of the Pippin Woman. Gay in his Trivia (II.)
refers to the loquacious dame who, when the Thames was frozen
over, had her head cut off by the ice.

“ The cracking Crystal yields, she sinks, she dyes ;
Her Head chopt off, from her lost Shoulders flies:
Pippins she cry'd, but Death her Voice confounds,

And Pip-Pip-Pip along the Ice resounds."
PAGE 294
Motto. Cicero, De Officiis, I. IV.

No. 248. PAGE 295. A City Romance. The eminent trader' was a Mr. John

Moreton, referred to again in No. 546; and the 'generous
merchant' Sir William Scawen, the W. S.' of the letter. Cf.
No. 346. The initials at the end of the letter are · W. P.', though

a correction to 'W. S.' had been made in No. 252 of A. PAGE 296. It has been heretofore urged. See No. 218.

-A Tradition, etc. See Goldsmith's Life of Richard Nash-
“ An instance of his humanity is told us in the Spectator, though
his name is not mentioned. When he was to give in his accounts
to the Masters of the Temple, among other articles, he charged

'For making one man happy, 10 l.,'” etc. PAGE 297. Motto. Taken from Winterton's Poetae Minores Graeci, No. 249.

p. 507. PAGE 299. Burlesque . . . of two kinds. Addison here borrows from

Boileau. See the Preface to the Lutrin.

- The Dispensary, by Samuel Garth. PAGE 300. Waller, The Countess of Carlisle in Mourning, l. 13.

Horace, Odes, I. xxxiii., II. viii. etc.

Milton, L'Allegro, 11, etc.
PAGE 301. Motto. Horace, Epist. I. xvii. 3-5.

No. 250
PAGE 302. Pious Man. Cf. the image in Young's Night Thoughts.
PAGE 303. Ardentis, etc. Virgil, Æn. xii. 101-2.

T. B.' is said to be Mr. Golding. PAGE 304. Starers, ante, i. p. 75, etc.

Perspective-glasses, Cf. Tatler, No. 77.

No. 251

PAGE 305. Motto. Virgil, Æn. VI. 625-6 (Si linguae centum

sini, etc.). PAGE 306. Card-matches. See vol. i. p. 328. PAGE 307. Colly-Molly-Puff. “This little man was but just able to

support the basket of pastry which he carried on his head, and sung in a very peculiar tone the cant words which passed into his name Colly-Molly-Puff. There is a half sheet print of him in the Set of London Cries, M. Lauron del. P. Tempest, exc."- Grainger's Biographical History, quoted by Chalmers.

NOTES TO VOL. IV

PAGE 3. Motto. Virgil, Æn. ii. 570.

No. 252. PAGE 5. The last letter is by John Hughes.

---She keeps a Squirrel. Cf. Steele's Funeral, or Grief d-laMode, V. iii. See also vol. i. of this edition, p. 330 (note to p.

137). PAGE 6. Motto. Horace, Epist. II. 1.76-77.

No. 253. PAGE 7. Line 5, 'sole Wonder,' 'single Product.' 'A.'

- The Art of Criticism. The Essay on Criticism had been advertised in the 65th Spectator (vol i. p. 341). Pope was grateful for this favourable critique, and, imagining Steele to have been the author, wrote to him ten days later,— I have passed part of this Christmas with some honest country gentlemen, who have wit enough to be good-natured, but no manner of relish for criticism or polite writing, as you may easily conclude when I tell you they never read the Spectator. This was the reason I did not see that of the 20th till yesterday at my return home, wherein, though it be the highest satisfaction to find oneself commended by a person whom all the world commends, yet I am not more obliged to you for that, than for your candour and frankness in acquainting me with the error I have been guilty of in speaking too freely of my brother moderns. It is indeed the common method of all counterfeits in wit, as well as in physic, to begin with warning us of other's cheats, in order to make the more way for their own. But if ever this Essay be thought worth a second edition, I shall be very glad to strike out all such strokes which you shall be so kind as to point out to me, I shall really be proud of being corrected. Some of the faults of that book I have myself found, and more, I am confident, others have, -enough at least to have made me very humble, had you not given this public approbation of it, which I can look upon only as the effect of that benevolence you have ever been so ready to show to any who but make it their endeavour to do well. Moderate praise encourages a young writer, but a great deal may injure him ; and you have been so lavish in this point, that I almost hope--not to call in question your judgment in the piece—that it was some particular partial inclination to the author which carried you so far' (Letters, ed. Elwin, i. p. 388). Warton in his Essay on the Genius of Pope hints that the young author did not see "a small mixture of ill-nature in the words, “the observations

some of them uncommon. But the
young author was too delighted with this counterblast to the
cavillings of Dennis to consider such a subtlety, and might well
rest pleased with the Spectator's appreciation of the opinion that

"True wit is nature to advantage dressed,
What oft was thought, but ne'er so well expressed."

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