Relating in Psychotherapy: The Application of a New Theory

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 1999 - Psychology - 269 pages

In his earlier book, How Humans Relate, John Birtchnell proposed that relating occurs along two axes, a horizontal one concerning becoming close versus being distant and a vertical one concerning being upper versus being lower. He called closeness, distance, upperness, and lowerness the relating objectives, and he proposed that people need to acquire competence in attaining and maintaining these objectives. In this book, he argues that the task of psychotherapists is to identify and correct, within these axes, people's relating incompetencies, and to enable people to cope with the relating incompetencies of others. He considers this to be the case across all psychotherapies.

Dr. Birtchnell proposes the existence of an unconscious, automatic, inner brain that monitors the relating objectives. He argues that the psychotherapist assists the person, through the conscious, outer brain, to correct and improve the inner brain's least effective relating strategies. He uses the term interrelating to describe the interplay between the relating of two or more people. This has application in couple, family, group, and community therapy, in which the psychotherapist's task is to enable the interrelaters to understand and correct their mutually reinforcing, destructive interactions. He introduces a set of questionnaires, from the scores of which a computer can print out an easy-to-read diagram of the direction and degree of people's relating incompetencies.

 

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Contents

Relating and Its Relevance for Psychotherapy
The Inner Brain and the Outer Brain
21
The Proximity Axis in Relating
47
The Proximity Axis in Psychotherapy
71
The Power Axis in Relating
95
The Power Axis in Psychotherapy
117
Interrelating
143
Interrelating in Psychotherapy
167
Measuring Relating and Interrelating in Psychotherapy
191
The Emergence of a New Approach to Psychotherapy
219
References
241
Author Index
255
Subject Index
261
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About the author (1999)

JOHN BIRTCHNELL is Senior Lecturer at the Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, London. Involved in full-time psychiatric research since 1967, Dr. Birtchnell has edited the British Journal of Medical Psychology as well as numerous journal articles and a companion volume How Humans Relate: A New Interpersonal Theory (Praeger, 1993).

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