Page images



ce 422 0 T H E L L 0, They that mean virtuously, and yet do so, $ The Deviltheir virtue tempts, and they tempt heaven,

lago. If they do nothing, 'tis a venial flip. But if I give my wife a handkerchief —

Oth. What then ?

lago. Why then, 'tis hers, my Lord ; and, being She may, I think, bestow't on any man.

Oth. She is protectress of her honour t9o ;
May she give that?

means Hypocrify to cheat the ed, and distinguishes it from other
Devil. As common hypocrites inferior indiscretions.
cheat men, by seeming good, and 6 She is protectress of her honour
yet live wickedly, these men too ;] This is plainly intend-
would cheat the Devil, by giving ed an answer to lago's principle,
him flattering hopes, and at last That what a man is propertied in
avoiding the crime which he he may give to whom he pleafes,
thinks them ready to commit. by fhewing the falfhood of it, in
AND they tempt heav’n.]* It nour, which he says

The is protecis plain, from the whole tenour trefs.of. But this is strange logic of the words, that the speaker that infers from the acknowwould difinguish this strange fan. ledged right of my alienating my taftical presumption from other property, that I may alienate my lesser kinds of indiscretion, where trup, for that prote&tress only figo prudence is off its guard. But nifiés. Had lago catched him this reading does not distinguish arguing thus, we may be sure he it from any other, it being true would have exposed his fophiftry. of all who run into temptation, On the contrary he replies, on a that the Devil their virtue tempti, fupposition that Otbello argued and they tempt heav'n. The true right from his principles, and enreading, therefore, without quer- deavour'd to instance in a proper. tion, is this,

ty that could not be alienated; ¿ The Devil their virtue tempts which reduces him to this cavil,

NOT ; they tempt heav'n. that the property instanced in was is és they do not give the Devil of fo fantastic a nature, that one the trouble of throwing tempta- might and might not have it at tions in their way : they seek the same time, them out themselves, and so Her honour is an essence that's tempt heav'n by their presump not seen, tion. This is a just character of They have it very oft that have the extravagance here condemn


[ocr errors]

it not,

lago. Her honour is an essence that's not seen,
They have it very oft, that have it not.
But for the handkerchief.

Oth. By heaven, I would most gladly have forgot it;
Thou saidít,-oh, it comes o'er my memory,
As doth the Raven o'er th' infected house,
? Boding to all-he had my handkerchief.

Iago. Ay, what of that?
Oib. That's not so good now.

Iago. What if I said, l'ad seen him do you wrong
Or heard him say, (as knaves be such abroad,
Who having by their own importunate suit,
Or voluntary dotage of some mistress,

Convinc'd or suppled them, they cannot chuse
But they must blab.)

Oth. 'Hath he said any thing?
lago. He hath, my Lord; but be you

well assur'd,

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors][merged small]

nour too:

From all this I conclude that & Convinc'd or supplied them,]
Shakespear wrote,

I cannot understand the vulgar
She is PROPERTIED of her bo- reading. I read, convinċ'd or

suppled. My emendation makes May she give that ?

the sense of the passage easy and And then Othello's answer will intelligible : that there are some be logical, and lago's reply per- fuch long tongu'd knaves in the tinent. Shakespear uses the same world, who, if they chro' the word again in Timon,

force of importunity extort a fa- subdues and PROPER vour from their mistress, or if TIES to his love. WARB. thro' her own fondness they make Shakespeare confounds words her pliant to their desires, cannot more different than proprietor help boasting of their success. and protector, therefore this To convince, here, is not, as in emendation is not necessary, and the common acceptation, to if not necessary, should not be make sensible of the truth of any received, for it is very unharmo- thing by reasons and arguments; nious.

but to overcome, get the better of, 7 Boding to all-] Thus all &c.

THEOBALD. the old copies. The moderns, Convinc'd] Convinc'd, for conless grammatically,

quer's, Subdued

WARB. Boding to ill

[ocr errors]

No more than he'll unswear,

Oth. What hath he said ?
Iago. Why, that he did, I know not what he

Olb. What? what?

prio sitt ego

Cenijibumyii Iago. Lie Oib. With her ?,ins vitowynesa bnA Iago. With her ; on her what you will sllug IIA

070 YA Oth. Lie with her! lie on her! We fay, lie on her, when they belie her. Lie with her! that's fulsome. Handkerchief-confessionshandkerchief--handkerchief{; to confefs, and be bang d for his labour-First, to be hang'd, and then-to confess-] I tremble at itNature would not invest herself in such * jadowing pasfion without some inftru£tion. It is not words that


[ocr errors]

9 to confess, &c.] The words fall into a fwoon; and, as is between the books seem to be common for people in that cirthe player's trash. WARB. cumstance, feels an unusual mift

I have as little value for these and darkness, accompanied with words as any other commentator; horror, coming upon him. This, but whether they are the au with vaft sublimity of thought, is thour's or player's I cannot de- compared to the season of the termine.

Sun's eclipse, at which time the * Shadowing paffion] The mc earth becomes Shadowed by the dern editions have left out pale induction or bringing over of the fron,

Moon between it and the Sun. without some instruction.] This being the allusion the reaa The starts and broken reflexions soning ttands thus, My nature in this speech have fomething could never be thus overshadowed, very terrible, and Mew the mind and falling, as it were, into diffon of the speaker to be in inexpref- lution for no cause. There must be sible agonies. But the words we INDUCTION of something are upon, when set right, have there must be a real cause. My a fublime in them that can never jealousy cannot be merely imagi.. be enough admired. The ridi- nary. Ideas, words only, could culous blunder of writing in not leake me thus, and raise all $TRUCTION for INDUCTION this aisorder. My jea'ousy there, (for so it should be read) has in- fore must be grounded on matter of deed funk it into arrant nona fact. Shakespear uses this word sense. Othello is juft going to in the same sense, Richard' ]If.


[ocr errors]

Abake me thus--pishnoses, ears, and lips--is't possible!
-confess !-bandkerchief !moh devil-

[Falls in a trance.
lago. Work on,
My medicine, work! Thus credulous fools are caught;
And many worthy and chaste Dames ev'n thus,
All guiltless, meet reproach. What hoa !

my Lord!
My Lord, I say, Othello,
smollut 2 : 1


[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Enter Caffio.

How now, Cafio?

Caf. What's the matter?
Iago. My Lord is fal'n into an Epilepsy.
This is the second Fit; he had one yesterday.

Cal. Rub him about the temples.
Iago. No, forbear,

A dire INDUCTION am I wit vers no external cause. This is
ness to.

ascribed to that general commu-
Marfton seems to have read it nication of one part of the uni-
thus in some copy, and to allude verse with another, which is
to it in these words of his Fame, called fympathy and antipathy;
Plors ba'


laid? INDUC. or to the secret monition, inftrucTIONS dangerous !

tion, and influence of a superior WARBURTON. Being, which superintends the orThis is a noble conjecture, der of Nature and of life. Othello and whether right or wrong does says, Nature could not invest her. honour to its authour. Yet I am self in such fhadowing pafron, in doubt whether there is any ne- without instruction.

It is not ceflity of emendation. There has words that make me thus. This always prevailed in the world an passion which spreads its clouds opinion, that when any great ca over me is the effect of some lamity happens at a distance, no- agency more than the operation tice is given of it to the sufferer of words ; it is one of those noby some dejection or perturba- tices which men have of unseen tion of mind, of which he disco. calamities.

[ocr errors]

The lethargy must have his quiet course':
If not, he foanis at mouth, and by and by.-! ..
Breaks out to favage madness. Look, he stirs, o
Do you withdraw yourself a little while,
He will recover straight; when he is gone, union
I would on great occasion speak with you!

[Exit Cassio. How is it, General ? have you not hurt your head?

Otb. Dost thou mock me ?

Iago. Į mock you not, by heaven ;
Would you would bear your fortunes like a man.

Otb. A horned man's a monster, and a beast.
Jago. There's many a beast, then, in a populous

And many a civil monster.

Otb. Did he confess it?

Iago. Good Sir, be a man; Think, every bearded fellow that's but yok'd, May draw with you. Millions are now alive, That nightly lie a in thofe unproper beds, Which they dare swear peculiar. Your case is better. Oh, 'tis the spight of hell, the fiend's arch-mock, To lip a Wanton in a secure couch ; And to suppose her chaste. No, let me know, And knowing what I am, I know what she shall be,

Otb. Oh, thou art wife ; 'tis certain.

Iago. Stand you a while apart, Confine yourself but in a patient ' list. Whilst you were here, o'er-whelmed with A pallion most unsuiting such a man, Casho came hither. I shifted him away, And laid good ’scuses on your ecstasy; Bad him anon return, and here speak with me; The which he promis'd. Do but + encave yourself,

2 in those unproper beds ] of listening. * Unproper, for common.

cençave yourself,] Hide 3 lil] For attention ; act yourself in a private place.

your grief,


« PreviousContinue »