Beyond Greek: The Beginnings of Latin Literature

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Harvard University Press, 2016 - History - 377 pages
We take the existence of a literature in the Latin language for granted, but the emergence of this literature is a very strange moment in history. Latin literature should probably not have come into being in the form it took. This book explores the opening phase of Latin literature, from 240 to 140 BCE. The period begins with the first stage productions of Greek plays translated into Latin, which were also the first translations of Greek literary texts into any other language; it closes with the Romans in possession of a large-scale literature in Latin based on the literature of the Greeks, together with a developed historical tradition about their past and a mythology that connected them to the inheritance of the Greeks. The book uses a range of comparative evidence from both the ancient and the modern worlds in order to provide a context for understanding what the Romans did. The book recovers a great range of possibilities for cultural interaction in the ancient Mediterranean, with languages and texts sometimes interchanging quite freely and sometimes being blocked. The book argues that the Roman translation project and the resulting literature were highly anomalous in an ancient context: translation of literature was extremely rare in the world known to the Romans, and the ancient Mediterranean hosted many very successful cultures that had no kind of equivalent to the widely diffused text-based literary systems of the Greeks. The transformation of the Romans' Italian alliance into a Mediterranean imperial power provides the context for the revolution in their cultural life that led to what we call "Latin literature." --
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Languages Scripts Texts
17
Chapter 2 The Roman Translation Project
45
Chapter 3 The Interface between Latin and Greek
65
Chapter 4 Middle Grounds Zones of Contact
92
Chapter 5 A Stage for an Imperial Power
122
Chapter 6 A Literature in the Latin Language
152
Chapter 7 The Impact and Reach of the New Literature
179
Chapter 8 Acts of Comparison
199
Joining the Network
236
Notes
249
References
331
Index
369
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About the author (2016)

Denis Feeney is Giger Professor of Latin at Princeton University.

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