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OY THE

Antiquities.

led the General to treat with him ; but till Their work to secure it was orbicular, in she was assured it was his Lordships plea form of a full moon, two yards and a half sure, she would neither yield the house, nor of rampire above the ditch. 4th.— They herself desert it, but wait for the event ac- shot one stone and one granado on Thurscording to the good will of God. And with day, which over plaid the house; chosen the like signification she dispatched a mes- men upon the guard, standing with green senger to his Lordship, at Chester, which and wet hides to quench the burning, and was sent by an alarum, to open a passage had their skill (for they wanted no malice) through their guards and centries. 21st, enabled them to cast fire works. 5th April.

222, 23d, 24th March.—The four days tol- -Having hitherto met with so unprosper. A BRIEF JOURNAL lowing were spent in alarums and excursions, ous success in their holy work, the two Colo

without much business of service. 25thnells, Mr. Ashton and Moor, cast a show Siege against Lathom House. March, 1644.-On Monday they gave us of religion upon their execrable actions,

seven shott of their culvering and demi-can- and, like those devout men iu the poets, by (THE TIGORES REFER TO THE NOTES). non, one whereof, by some check in the way, publick and private supplications, call God ( Continued from our last.)

entered the great gates, which were made to assist them in their mercyless practices. good by the opposition of beds, and such

nocturnus adulter

Tempora Sanctonico velas adoperta cucullo ? The same day Sir Thomas Fairfax sent like impediments, to stay the bullets from

Jww. ker Ladyship a letter he had received from rangeing the court. 28th, on Thursday,

Pulchra Laverda,

Da mihi fallere, da justum sanctumque, videri. the Earl of Derby; wherein his Lordship five cannons. This night, the enemy, capa.

Horat. desired an honorable and free passage for ble of any impressions of fear, took a strong

To which purpose they issue out comhis Lady and children, if she so pleased, alarum, fighting one against another, and mands to all their ministers, for a generall being loath to expose them to the uncer- in the action (shot) two pieces of cannon in and humble imprecation in the following tain hazards of a long siege, especially con- the air. 29th. The next day one of our form: “ To all ministers and persons is sidering the roughness and inhumanity of men vainly provokeing danger with his body Lancashire, well-wishers of our success the enemy, that joined pride and malice, above a tower, was shot to a present death. against Lathome-house. These. Foreasignorance and cruelty against her ; not in the afternoon they plaid four cannons, much as more than ordinary obstructions, knowing, by reason of his long absence, one whereof, levelled to dismount one of have, from the beginning of this present either how his house was provided with vic-our ordnance upon the great gates, struck service against Lathome-house, interposed tualls or amunition, or strengthened by re- the battlements upon one of our marksmen, our proceedings, and yet still remain, and sistance, and therefore desirous only to leave ready to discharge at the cannoneer, and cannot otherwise be removed, nor our suethe hardy souldiers for the brunt, till it caus'd him to death. 31st.-On Sunday cess furthered, but only by divine assisshould please his Majesty to yield him re- night two cannons mounted to the lodging tance. It is therefore our desire to the milief, and to preserve his lady and children chambers, intended by like to catch us nap- nisters and others, well-affected persons of from the mercy of cruell men, which, in. ping, as our men had often caught them. this country of Lancashire, in publick mandeed, was the desire of all her friends ; but April 1st.-On Monday, in the day and ner, or otherwise, as they shall please, to she had more noble thoughts within, which night, six cannons, loaden with chain shott, commend our case unto God. That, as we still kindled and encreased at the apprehen- and bars of iron. (were shott off at the cas- are appointed to the said employment, so ion of danger, who, returning an acknow- tle-Edit.) 2d.—The next day they plaid much tending to the settling of our present egement of that first courtesie of Sir Tho- their mortar piece, three times, loaden with

peace in these parts, so the Aimighty would as Fairfax, after some discourse with the stones, thirteen inches in diameter, eighty crown our weak endeavours with speedy sucessenger, one Jackson, a sawcy and zea- pounds in weight; it was planted above cess in the said design. us chaplain to Mr. Rigby, gave back this half musquett shot, south-west of the house, swer: she willingly should submit herself on a rising earth, conveniently giving the aber Lords commands, and therefore wilengineer a full prospect of the building. Ormskirk, 5th April, 1644.".

“ RALPH ASHTON, " JOHN MOORE,

The four days following were, on their deavoured to steel up their lipps. This whole fenced by a rising ground, that their ordparts, slept out in this pious exercise. On night was, with them, one continued ala- nance took only the battlements, and a Wednesday our men resolved to waken 'em: rum ; nothing but shouts and cries among yard of wall, which was made good again about eleven o'clock, Capt. Farmer, Capt. 'em, as if the cavaliers had still been upon the same night, with greater strength and Mollineux Radcliffe, Lieut. Penketh, Lieut. them. 12th.-On Friday they sent us two safety for our musqueteers than formerly. Wirrell, and Lieut. Walthew, with 140 stones from their mortar piece, which our It was some requitall for the breach of a souldiers (went) out at a postern gate, beat men had nail'd and batter'd with smiths ham- few stones, that their cannoneer was slain the enemy from all their works and bat- mers; but it had too wide a mouth to be through the port-hole, by some of our men teries, which were cast up now round the stopp’d. This day a chance bullet from their from a tower. Having either done with house, nailed all their cannon, killed about sacre, through seven clay walls, enter'd the cannon or cannoneers, they now begin fifty men, took sixty arms, one colour, and the window of my Lady's chamber, but with their mortarpiece, which that after three drumms, in which action Captain Rad- was too weak to fright her from her lodg- noon they plaid five times, in the night cliffe deserves this remembrance, that with ing. 13th-On Saturday, their demi-can- twice with stones, and once with grenado, three souldiers, the rest of his squadron non opened again, yet spake but once, and which also by cunning of the gunner fel being scattered with the execution of the very low, some of the steel nails yet stick- short of the house. 22nd-On Easter enemy, he cleared two sconces and slew ing in her teeth, and the gunners also Monday, they must needs show the people seven men with his own hand; Lieutenant suspecting poison in her belly. 15th-On some pastime, and therefore gave us the Wirrell, engaging himself in another's work, Monday, they plaid their mortarpiece five bullets and then the voice of nine cannon, among fifty of the enemy, bore the fury of times with stones, once with a grenado, and two periers, to hear the rabble shout. them all, till Captain Farmer relieved him, which fell short of the House in a walk That night too dark for other action, who, to the wonder of us all, came off with near the Chapell tower; some pieces of the the Captains sent out two or three freout any dangerous wound. Plus animi est shell, two inches thick, flew over the walls, locks, which struck the whole night into inferenti periculum, quam propulsanti. Cæs: and were taken up in the furthest parts of alarums, so that to their musquett they comm, The sally port was this day warded the house. 26th— Tuesday morning, they added one mortarpiece and two cannon, by Capt. Clusnall

, who, with fresh men, stood had a hot alarum, having not yet quit with chain and small shott. 23d—The next. ready for succour of ours, had they been themselves of the fright, they took at the day was the second wakes, when Rigby put to the extremity; but they bravely last sally. They plaid their cannon twice, must gratify the country people for their te marched round the works, and came in at and their muskets half an hour together, in (25) 20,000, with the battery of the Eagle the great gate, where Capt. Ogle, with a requitall whereof about eleven o'clock they tower at Lathome, against which they plaid party of musqueteers, kept open the passage. plaid their mortarpiece with stone, and per- their culvering and demi-cannon twentythree Captain Rawstorne had the charge of the ceiving it struck within the body of the times, which happily striking upon a starmusketeers upon the walls, which he placed house, they cast a granado at the same case forced a large breach, two of the bul

. with the best advantage, to vex the enemy levell, which fell in an old Court, stricking lets enter'd her Ladyships chamber, which in their Aight. Captain Fox, by colours about half a yard into the earth, yet rose at last made her Ladyship to seek a new from the eagle tower, gave signall when to again with such violence in the bursting, lodging, with this protest, that she would march and when to retreat, according to that though its strength was much lessened keep the house whilst there was a building the motions of the enemy, which he ob- and deaded with the earth, it shook down to cover her head. This action must proserved at a distance. In all this service, the glass, clay, and weaker building near ceed either from pride or malice, it being we had but one man mortally wounded, and it, leaving only the carcass of the walls no furtherance to the taking of a house

, to we took only one prisoner, an officer of in- standing near it; yet without hurt of any batter a tower that stood in the midst of telligence. In former sallyes some prisoners person, saving that two women in a near it; but sure it was their plot either to stribe were taken, and, by exchange, released, chamber had their hands scorch'd to put off one of the horns of the Whore of Babell, Colonel Ashton and Rigby promising to set | 'em in mind hereafter that they were in the or else to levell one of her hills, (the at liberty as many of the Kings friends then siege of Lathome-house. The mortarpiece towers in divine's sermons being easily found prisoners in Lancaster, Preston, and other was now more terrible to us than formerly, to be the seven hills of Rome.) It saved places, proposed by her Ladyship : but, insomuch, that the Captains to prevent the the tower some bullets that day that to most unworthily, they broke their condi- souldiers fears, lodged in upper rooms, of their gunners were discharged of their tions, it suiting well with their religion, nei- within clay walls, as not esteeming the force employment, by our marksmen, froin the to observe faith with God nor men; and this of the grenado ; and one thing more hap- top of the same tower they were battering. occasioned a greater slaughter than either pily lent new courage to our men, that one The same night a strong alarum brouglit her Ladyship or the Captains desired, be- of their engineers mounting the rampiere all their men to the cannon, not to defend cause we were in no condition to keep many to see the fall of the grenado, was slain by them, but themselves, which they bravely prisoners, and knew their commanders would a marksman from one of our towers. 20th discharged twice, loaden with cartridge and never release 'em but upon base and disho--On Saturday, they made thirty shoots of chain against two light matches cast near nourable terms. The same night they plaid their demi-cannon and culvering, to batter their works, in balls of clay. a saere twice, to tell us they had cannon a postern tower, some part whereof stood 24th-On Wednesday, they only gavens that could speak, though our men had en- without the moat' and pallisadoes, yet so I three periers and two cannon. But now

seren

Mr. Rigby, who undertook the manage, Com. "Tis a hard choice for good men ropes, lifting up the mortarpiece to a low and expected the glory of this enterprise, either to kill or be killed: and this was drag, by strength of men drew it into the having wearied his souldiers, wasted his pow. our present condition, either sheepishly house. Captain Ogle defended the pas

der, and emptied himself of a good part of his to receive death, when they would send sage against another company of the enei exacted plundered money; finding her Lady. it upon our heads, or manfully return it my which plaid upon the retreat. The ship nothing to yield to his great guns, but upon their own. At last it was resolved, like endeavour was used to gain their daily to beat and bafile his souldiers, is now notwithstanding a battery and ordnance great guns, but lying beyond the ditch, for present fire and ruine; he has provided planted against every passage, to sally out and being of such bulk and weight, all a new stock of grenados, and intends to the next morning, and venture for all.

our strength could not bring them off, spend the rest of his power and malice in 26th-All things prepared, about four before the whole army had fallen upon hem. o'clock next morning, Captain Chissnall

us; however, our men took time to poy. ; Esth-On Thursday, he sends his last and Captain Fox, Lieut. Brettergh, Lieut. son all the cannon round, if any thing message, as he calls it, a furious summons Pencket, Lieut. Walthew, and Lieut. Wir- will do the feat; Captain Rawstorne stil!

to her Ladyship to yield up Lathome-house, rell are designed for the service, Captain defending the first pass against some offers - all persons, goods, and arms, within it into Ogle has the main guard to secure a retreat of the enemy, to come up from the wood.

is hands, to receive the mercy of the Par- at the southern gate; Captain Rawstorne This action continued an hour, with the jament, and to return her finall answer has the charge of the sally gate, to secure loss of two men on

our part, who after be next day before two o'clock, which her our passsage on the east side; Captain they were mortally wounded, still fired : adyship having read, with a brave indig- Radcliffe has the care of the marksmen upon the enemy, till all retreated. What'

ation calls for the drum, (26) and tells and musketeers upon the walls, to attend number of the enemy were slain, is not mn, “ A due reward for his pains is to be the approaches, or vex the fight of the easie to guess ; besides the execution in anged up at her gates, but (says she) thou enemy. Captain Farmer with a reserve of their works and trenches. Capt. Farmore t but a foolish instrument of a traytor's fresh men, stands ready at the parade, to (Sic in M. S.) and Capt. Radcliffes reserves, ide. Carry this answer back to Rigby," relieve either Captain in necessity. All with the best marksmen, plaid upon them sith a noble scorn tearing the paper in things thus disposed, Captain Chisnall with from the walls, with much slaughter, as s sight) “Tell that insolent rebell he his 80 men and 2 Lieutenants, issues (29) they quitted their holds. Our men brougat all neither have persons, goods, nor out at the eastu.n gate, and before he was in many arms, three drumms, and but five Juse. When our strength and provision discovered, was got under the cannon, prisoners, preserved by Captain Chisnall

, spent, we shall find a fire more mercifull marching straight upon the sconcé, where to shew them he had merey as well as vaian Rigby : and then if the providence of they had planted their great guns. It lour. One of these was an assistant to rod prevent it not, my goods and house cost him a light skirmish to gain the fort. their engineer Brown, who discovered unto hall burn in his sight: myself, children, At last he entered, many slain, some pri- us the nature of their trench, in which they and souldiers, rather than fall into his soners, and some escaping, Now by the had laboured two months to draw away our bands, will seal our Religion and loyalty command of that battery the retreat bein the same flame;" which being spoke ing assured, Captain Fox, according to

Their first design was to draw and open loud in her souldiers hearing, they broke the orders, seconds him with much bravery, our springs, not considering their rise, from it into acclamations of joy, closing all beating open their trenches from the east

a higher ground, south-east from the house, ith this generall voice, we'll dye for bis ern to the south-west point, till he came to which must needs supply our deep wells, Majesty and your Honour : God save the the work which secured the mortarpiece, wherever they sank their fall. This invenTing !" The drum returned, her Lady- which being guarded by 50 men, he found tion failing, they bring up an open trench, , hip and the Captains fall into consulta- sharp service, forcing his way through in a worm work, the earth being indented on of a further answer of that proud mes- the musquett and cannon, and beating the

or sawed, for the security of their miners, ige, something must be done, and now enemy out of the sconce with stones, his and the ditch two yards wide, and three as the nick and joynt of time, accord-musquett by reason of the high work being days (sic in M. S. yards ?) for the fall of 18 to the observation of the historian, unserviceable. After a quarter

an hours

the water. But now, neither ditches nor Transitus rerum. Tacit.) That the changes hard service, his men got the trench and

ought else troubled our souldiers: their f times are the most fit for brave attempts, scaled the rampiere, whereat many of the

grand terrour, the mortar piece, which had nd delays then dangerous, when the soft. enemy fled: the rest were slain. The

frighted them from their meat and sleep, like and quietness draweth more danger, sconce thus won, was made good by a zan hazarding rashly. The mortarpiece party of musqueteers, which much annoy- one had his eye or his foot upon him, shouting

a dead lyon lying quietly among 'em, every as that that troubled us all. The (27) ed the enemy attempting to come up again and rejoicing as merrily as they used to do ttle Ladies had stomachs to digest cannon, The two main works thus obtained, the

with their ale and bagpipes.

Indeed every ut the stoutest souldiers had no heart to two Captains with ease walked the rest And why might not they at of the round, whilst Mr. Broome with a that the main work was done, and what was

one had this apprehension of the service, nce free themselves from this continuall company of her Ladyships servants, and

yet behind, but a meer pastime. xpectation of death? Cur desperes nunc some fresh souldiers, had a care to levell posse fieri, quod jam toties actam est ? Cæs. che ditch, and by a present device with

(To be continued.)

water.

of

less

Poetry.

[ORIGINAL

TO ELLEN.

Oh! say, sweetest Ellen, in pity, I pray,

What motive hath urg'd thee my suit to repel, Or why from thy heart canst thou thus cast away

The youth who hath lov'd thee so truly and well ? Some fond, doating rival, more favour'd and blest,

Tho' not more sincere, on my life I will swear, Usurps the affections that once I possest,

And leaves me to perish through grief and despair. Farewell, my adored! for ever adieu;

I Ay from the scenes of my earliest life: What joys or what pleasures to me can accrue,

When Ellen, dear Ellen can ne'er be my wife? Estrang'd from my friends, on some far distant shore,

Unheard of, unthought of, unseen and unknown, In sorrow and silence my wrong I'll deplore,

'Till grim yisag'd Death shall lay claim to his own. Once more, dearest Ellen, I bid thee adieu!

From my country for ever I go;
And when on the ocean I'm borne from thy view,
Oh! then let the tear of soft sympathy flow.

D.

thee and

With soul on fire he sought the cool retreat,

'Tis he, who can exhaust the earth,
And wildly knelt at trembling Delia's feet.

And then give other regions birth ;
“Rise, Damon, rise,” the faltering charmer cried,
“For I no longer can my passion hide;

But, above all-nay, 'tis the whole,
'Twas fortune led me to this silent spot,

Traverse the region of the soul,
Where I have heard what yet I doubted not. From joy to sorrow-pain to bliss,
But mark: my Sire with fell suspicion steeld A Poet alone can master this.
This tortured breast, that never yet reveald
The warmth of love—the love I bear for thee,

W. S. d.
Until this hour of endless extacy;
Thus warn'd, distrustful of mankind I roved,
Till Damon sighed, and eased the heart he loved. Literature, Criticism, &c.
Thus, through the counsel of a doubtful Sire,
Did Delia pause against her soul's desire."
She ceased to speak, and Damon quite o'erjoyed,

TO THE EDITOR.
Clasp'd in his arms his fair and promised bride;
The tear of joy slow trickled down his cheek,
A tear that said much more than tongue can speak. day, that one of your correspondents, W, visben le

SIR,-) observed in your Kaleidoscope of yegar.
CORNELIUS.

be informed whether the French expression, # Liverpool, Sept. 1820.

très chers père et mère, be warranted by the aubu

rity of any French classic. Now, Sir, to prove the (SELECTION.)

erroneousness of the above phrase, if you thivk pre

per, you may insert the following remarks, which I BOROHIME. hope will satisfactorily illustrate tbe subject

. In the page 310 of the first volume of Ch. P.Girault

Duvivier's Grammaire des Gramınaires you will find “ The ray that beams for ever."

these words, mon père et ma mère sont cenut

père, ma mère, mes frères et mes sæurs ont été, &c. There is a bloom that never fades,

These expressions are agreeable to the rules of cusA rose no storm can sever,

cord; for, possessive produugs are joined to seb Beyond the tulip's gaudy shades,

stantives with wbich ihey agree, and must be te A ray that lasts for ever.

peated before er:ery substantive in a sentence. la

support of your currespoudent's well grounded as There is a charm surpassing art,

gument, I will quote some of the authors who bare That speaks in every feature;

decidedly rejected the expression of mes très chero That twines around the feeling heart:

père et mère, as incorrect, and consequently co. It is thy charm, O pature!

trary to the principles and tbe rules of the language:

-Chapelain; Thus. Corneille; Buffier ; Vaugelas ;
Then, stranger, if thou fain wouldst find Wailly; and the French Academy.
The rose no storm can sever,

I am, Sir, your humble servant,
Go, seek it, stranger, in the mind,

November 8, 1820.
The ray that beams for ever.

TO THE EDITOR.
THE POET.

SIR,—The remarks of your correspondeat, :
It is not he who smoothly chimes

on the expression, “mes très chers père et mère.

" His verses into studied rhymes,

Neem to me, with due deference to the opiuion of ibe That like the muddy river glide

“ French Geylleman” from whom he differs, to be In one dull, lifeless, noiseless tide,

perfectly just : it is equally at variance with the And ne'er from measured mood depart,

usage and with the rules of the language, as followed Who can claim the meed of the tuneful art;

and established by the best writers and gramma

ans. The possessive prononn must be repeated do But he who pours the adventurous strain

fore each substantive; Like the mountain torrent, swoln with rain,

Il faut régler ses gouts, ses travaux, ses plaisir, Mocking in speed the bounding stag,

Mettre un but à sa course, un terme à ses désirs

. And dashing on from crag to crag, Curbing his foaming course beneath,

In fact, the concord of the possessive pronous is wiOnly to let the list'ner breathe :

milar to that of the article, and as we cannot say 'Tis he, who in his daring flight,

" les très chers père et mère,” the analogous exprir Rather in awe than in delight,

sion, with the mere substitution of mes in place of Can waft his hearers to the brink

the article, would seem equally inadmissible. Of the boiling ocean, till they shrink,

li cannot, however, be denied that this phraseology

has obtained in France, both iv epistolary and col. Then place them till their dread dispel,

loquial intercourse, and even at a very early period, In the peaceful breast of the woody dell ;

since Favre de Vaugelas, one of the first gramma Who can, with them, through the battle dash, rians of the seventeenth century, condemps i Till their ears are stunned with the sabre's clash,

« comme une des plus mauvaises façons de parler Then lay them on a bed of roses,

qu'il y ait dans la lungue." Ils use is now, bowWhere Beauty, languishing, reposes ;

ever, almost completely proscribed, and is only de(As in the gory field of Troy,

fended by a few grammarians (not French), who

quote as their authority (and it must certainly be The Goddess saw the favoured boy,

lalowed to be classical) the following passage in the And bore him safely in her arms,

“ Contes moraux” of Marmontel: -Jamais fille To revel in fair Helen's charms :)

n'u eu pour ses père et mère des attentions plus 'Tis he, whose characters can find

soutenues.” This example, however, seems to be one A habitation in our mind;

of those deviations from the established standard of And, should he aught in mystery hide,

the language, in which great writers are 100 apl! We would not draw tha veil aside,

indulge, and which can by no means be admitted as

precedents or authorities.
For ost, in twilight, Fancy spies
Things lovelier than realities :

Lirerpool, November 8, 1820.

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VOLTAIRE

As Delia wandered through her native dale,
She heard at distance Damon's artless tale;
Like trembling leaf that quivers in the breeze,
She fearful stole behind the

clustering trees, Where she unseen could hear and eye the swain, And judge correctly of young Damon's flame.

“O Delia ! idol of a captured soul !
Why not for Damon banish all control?
Why doubt the heart that beats alone for thee?
Why be dubious of his constancy?
Why think thy virtue can receive a hart,
From one who never can thy charms desert?
Oh! tell him why thy seraph tongue is still,
Since love enslaved him to thy peerless will?
Alas! 'tis strange, for Damon still must sigh
As far as ever from the throne of joy;
Still must he live by hope alone inspired,
Still by thy smiles to feel his passion fired :
Fired by smiles, which, ah ! too clear declare
Fair Dobia's coldness and thy Damon's care.

“What's to be done? Can nought her pity move?
Can nothing teach her flighty heart to love?
Can sighs unheard escape the troubled breast ?
Can eyes warm beaming with a lover's zest
Fail to arrest the melting virgin's gaze,
Or fil her bosom with affections blaze ?
All is in vain ; for like the blushing rose,
She blooms nor yet her fascination knows.
Unknown to love, too good to frown or chide,
She, guiltless fair, allures the heart far wide,
Feels not the pang, and therefore hears the sigh
With genuine innocence and aspect coy:
Thus without meaning lovely Delia smiled,
And Damon's heart, alas ! was thus beguiled;
Beguiled to taste the bitter cup of woe,
And bless the source from whence his sorrows flow."

Delia paused; nor could she quit the shade ;
A something whisper'd, and confused she staid;
Her cheek grew pålé, and Damon passing by,
Heard with fond pleasure love's expressive sigh;

P. C. $.

Scientific Notices. that exist in the world? The air is, of all other ele- rally pay our acknowledgments to the powers of

inents, the most necessary to our existence; by its sunshine; or, if we sink into duloess and peevish

means, respiration, in which life immediately conness, look round the horizon for an excuse, and It will be seen by the following singular composition, sists, is performed; by it the anima materialis is charge our discooteut upon an casterly wind or a that a very venerable and almost exploded branch of nourished and supported; and by it that divine and cloudy day. pseudo-science has still its votaries amongst us. It is heavenly part, called the soul, is kept united to the Surely nothing is more reproachful to a being this extraordinary circumstance, rather than the sub- body. The air conveys a due strength and tone to endowed with reason, than to resign its powers 10 ject itself, which has induced us to give a place to culation of the blood : the air, by its weight and the weather and the wind for the only blessings

to the solids, wbieh maintain and carry on the cir. the influence of the air, and live in dependence on this Essay on the Planetary Influences !

pressure, preserves the humours of our bodies in a which nature has put into our power, tranquillity due equilibrium, lest, being expanded by their too and benevolence. To look up to the sky for the

quick and intense motions, they should interrupt outriment of our bodies, is the condition of nature; A DISSERTATION ON

the necessary contractions of the vessels. A serene to call upon the sun for peace and gaiety, to deprr, THE INFLUENCE OF HEAVENLY BODIES, functions with ease and tranquility, and renders the is the cowardice of idleness and idolatry of folly:

and temperate air contributes to carry on the animal cate the clouds, lest sorrow should overwhelm usON THE HUMAN CREATION.

body sound and vigorous ; a gross and dense air, on Yet, even in this age of inquiry and koowledge, the other hand, renders it weak and languid by in when superstition is driven away, and omens and

juriug the excretions. Thus the tone of the fibres prodigies have lost their terrors, we find this folly [Written for the Kaleidoscope.)

being impaired, the due motion and circulativo of countevanced by frequent examples. Those that the blood is disordered and disturbed. Tbe manner laugh at the portentous glare of a comet, and hear

in which this influx is performed, seems to be by a crow with equal tranquillity from the right or Svon after the Divine Architect had “ prepared rarefaction, compression, and direction of motion in left, will yet talk of times and situations proper for the light," and formed the celestial luminaries, and this or that line. Thus Saturn seems to act on our intellectual performances, will imagine ihe fancy ordained that they should be “fur signs and for sea- bodies and the atmosphere, by compressing the air and exalted by vernal breezes, and the reason invigorated sas, for days and for years," the study of Astrology siving its parts a rectilinear direction in their motion, by a bright calm. serais to have engaged the boman mind. We are by which means cold winds are produced. Jupiter “ If men who have given up theinselves to fanciold by Josephus, that Seth and his offspring were and Mars, if we may indulge a conjecture in a point ful credulity would confive their conceits to their he first who made observatious on the motions of so little subject to our senses, produce a vertical and own minds, they might regulate their lives by the le heavens, and on the courses of the stars; and intestine mution in the particles of the air, the natu- barometer, with inconvenience only to themselves ; hat so sublime a science might not perish, they en-ral consequeuce of which is heat : but Venus and but to fill the world with accounts of intellects rareil a memorial of their discoveries on two obe- the Moon, by render the air lighter, lay a foundation subject to ebb and Aow, of one genius that awakisks, one of brick and the other of stone.

for a greater quantity of vapours being raised, and eped in the spring, and another that ripened iu the Since that period, it has been studied more or less are, therefure, found to occasion rainy weather.- autumn, of one miod expanded in the summer, and is.every nation that has made any progress in civi. | The Moon, at her quadrature, rarifies the air too of another concentrated in the winter, is no less ization, though it has not generally been applied by much; bence our bodies become surgid, and our dangerous than to tell children of bugbears and gob. I to the same noble and useful purposes.

traöspiration is too great : at the full and change lips. Fear will find every house haunted; and The Romans absurdly pretended to predict future of the Moon the air is compressed; a circumstance idleness will wait for ever for the moment of illuvents from the inspection of eptrails, the fight of which excites various disorders. Though the change mination. sirds, and any nocommon and unaeconntable ap- of the weather happens more frequently about the " This distinction of seasoos is produced only by searances of nature. But,

without entertaining quadratures of the Moon, yet the state of the air is magination operating on luxury. To temperauce deas so ehimerical, or subjecting ourselves to a su very much altered under the aspects of two of the very day is bright, and every hour is propitious to erstition so gross and so irrational, regardless of con other planets : particularly when the planet Mer- diligence. He that shall resolutely excite his faequences, we would wish to follow truth wberever cury makes its quadratures, and oppositous to any culties, or exert his virtues, will soon make himself she may lead us. The spirit of divination operates of the superior planets, high winds or turbulent superior to the seasons, and may set at defiance the strongly in the human breast; all our transactions weatber often ensues; and also upon his passing out morning mist, and the evening damp, the blasts of have relation to fylore times; in every action we

of one sigo into another, the heavens are subject, the east, and the clouds of the south. perfora aod every service we render to our fellow-] more or less, to alterations.

“ It was the boast of the Stoic philosophy, to Creatures, we are influenced by a regard to what will Everton, Oct. 25, 1820.

M. T. make wau unshaken by calamity, and unelated by most probably be the resali shereof; experience

success; incorruptible by pleasure, and invulaeraharing iestructed the husbandman, he sees, with a

ble by pain: these are heights of wisdom which cousiderable degree of confidence, the success of

uone ever attained, and to which few can aspire ; bis labours. The man of understanding regulates

The Naturalist's Diary, but there are lower degrees of constancy necessary his own conduct, and imparis instruction or advice

to common virtue ; and every man, however he may to others by foreseeing probable occurrences. But

For NOVEMBER, 1820,

distrust himself in the extremes of good or evil, the scieatific speculator searches deeper, he looks

Inight at least struggle against the tyranny of the for probabilities and certainties beyond the ordinary

clinate, and refuse to enslave his virtue or bis rea. exercise of reason; with his hodily organs, he takes [To be continued throughout the year.]

son to the most variable of all variations, the changes bis observations; and his mind exerts her strength

of the weather.” to comprehend them; he coin pares bodies with one

With some homely lines, not altogether inappro. acother, he regards their positions and motions, he The beauties of summer have vanished away, priate, we conclude the subject. studies, their effects; from tbe bistoric page unfold- Like volatile phantoms displayed in a dream; ed before him, from oral and scripiural tradition,

And Phoebus diffuses an impotent ray, blended with his own remarks and experieuce, le

Scarce yielding a smile to enliven the day,

Or brighten the breast of the stream. professes a sagacity to predict wbat may happen. The Great First Cause seems to bave formed the And soon shall the forest its vesture bewail,

And valleys and hills wear an aspect forlorn ; several parts of the universe dependent on and influ.

No tremulous music shall sigh with the gale,

The wise man remarks-as we all ought to know,encing each other. The growib of plants is pro

• Who observeth the wind, shall not find time to sow;

No flower its lustre disclose in the dale, portioned to the fitness of their situation ; too much

And he who regardeth the clouds shall not reap,'

Nor blossom embellish the thorn. beat, too much cold, excesive drought, or a super

For doubt and dismay in his bosom shall heap; abudapce of moisture is prejudicial, as it prevents The gloominess of the weather in this month is Nor fear but thy seed prosper well in the land,

• But at morn sow thy seed, nor at eve hold thy hand,' beir arriving at maturity, lessens their virtue, and proverbial: “a love of nature is the refuge. He Notwithstanding the weather, the wind and the rain, emmonly destroys them.

who grapples with March, and has the smiling eyes God prospers us still, and man must not complain. Without being zealous advocates for an exploded upon him of June and August, need have no fear science, yet when we perceive that the animating of November.” Dr. Joluson has devoted the 12th If the weather be open, 'tis good for the lambs, power of the heavenly bodies can invigorate a repaumber of his ' Idler' to this subject; and although And grass springs up fresh for the use of their dams ; tile inclosed in an egg, &c. enable it to burst its we are not disposed entirely to deoy the influence of It serves to protect from the cold my young wheat ;

If the snow shall descend, and be followed by sleet, tegments; if the moon operates 60 powerfully the weather on the mind, we tbink that bis observa- If mild, then my team can go out with the plough ; un insade persons, we do not, I trust, assume 100 tions are calculated to do much good with the ma- In frost

, they can carry manure from the mow; anach to say, that their position with regard to our jority of persons.

And, whate'er be the weather, the wind and the rain, burearth considerably influences the force and action

"Our dispositions,” he says, “100 frequently 1 prosper in sooth, nor have cause to complain. of the air on our bodies. To what other source are chauge with the colour of the sky; and when we If dry, it is good for the corn in the field ; ve to ascribe the origio of many of those disorders find ourselves cheerful and good-natured, we natu- / If wet, then my turnips the better will yield;

THE WEATHER.

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