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BURNS, SCOTT, BYRON, AND streams, the rocks, the meadows, and the interesting—with honest men and bonny CAMPBELL.

corn fields of his country. His garlands Jasses. He relies on the productive force

are entirely composed of native flowers, and of his own mind, and upon those original 17 Ar the recent conmemoration in Dumfries of his tuneful numbers echo the • wood notes and inventive powers which are the distinthe birth-day of the immortal Scottish bard, Burus, a very just eulogium to his niemory was delivered by wild' of the feathered minstrels that war- guishing attributes and the most splendid for chairman, Mr. Commelin. A most excellent tribute ble in the groves. Feelingly alive, however, endowments of genius.-With the excepwas also paid to the merits of some of our most emi.

as Burns was to all the beauties of external tion of Shakspeare, who never had, and #ent living Poets, by the Rev. Mr. Gillespie, who must se familiar to our readers as the gentleman whu was

nature, and though his works are a mirror probably never will have, a rival, there is laced under military arrest, sobie mouths ago, for reflecting the image of his country with all scarcely any other British poet whose works prayed for the Qucen.-Edit. Kal.

the accuracy of real life, yet bis muse was are more generally read, or more frequently

too buoyant-tov elastic-too full of high quoted. If Shakspeare, however, be the After the usual toasts, Mr. COMMELIN, imaginings' and lofty aspirations to be a sun of the poetical firmament, Burns is at he Chairman, spoke as follows :

mere outside observer. She not oniy sees, least a fixed star of the first magnitude, " In estimating the merits of Burns as a but she feels--and feels with an intensity illuminating our northern hemisphere with idet, we may venture to keep entirely out of and ardour that give to the great body of his golden radiance. No Scots poet was tew the disadvantages of his birth and edu. his poetry a deep und touching interest, and ever crowned with the same distinguished 11.00 His works possess too much in a powerful moral expression. It is full of honours. He has extended the knowledge siasic excellence to require an apology. life, and spirit, and notion. It comes home and advanced the dignity of our native le has no occasion to bespeak the lenity of to 'men's business and bosom.' It lashes tongue, by impressing on it a classic cha. ia judges for the purpose of disarming the folly with unsparing ridicule, and vice with racter-he has raised its value by vesting le severity of their criticism. He stands indignant and merciless invective. It wakes in it a splendid capital, and thus rendering

on the adamantine basis of his own de- those tender sympathies--those blest ingre- it an object of general interest, and worthy seris, and asks no other favour but that of dients in the composition of man, which of liberal attention. The poetry of Burns an impartial trial. He enters the lists as a render hinn susceptible of the most delight possesses this remarkable quality, that it is entimate member of the family of genius, ful emotions—it expands those benevolent equally understood and admired by readers idthrows down his glove with all the dignity affectious which are the wine aud oil of life of every description—by the gentleman

a true knight. The circumstances of -it enlarges the horizon of our enjoyments and the scholar, who appreciates its merits s personal history are lost in the splendour -it inspires those generous and high-born according to the principles of taste and the "luis achievements, and we look to nothing sentiments which dignify and ennoble hu- canons of criticism—and by the toil-worn # she deeds he has performed and the ho- manity—it animates our patriotism-reno- peasant, who judges of it by the grosser urs he ilus won.

vates our earliest and fondest recollections instinct of common sense, or by its electric * But though Burs may safely dispense --cherishes that love of liberty implanted in action on his heart and feelings. We may th any plea of favour founded upon the hu- the heart of man by its Divine Author, and warrantably conclude therefore, that the lity of his rank. or the defects of his edu- lends to the sublimer feelings of our nature foundations of Burns's excellence are deeply tion, yet the associations and the habits all the glowing energies of poetic excite. laid in our common nature, and the fame his early life must have had an impor- ment.

that rests upon such a pedestal, bids as fair et influence on the character of his poetry. “• Lord of the lion heart and eagle as any thing human can do, for the stability ed up in the hardly and invigorating oc- eye,' Burns carries into his poetry that of an immortal duration.” pations of the husbandman, his works a- spirit of independence which was a striking Mr. GILLESPIE, in the course of the afterund with evidence that he had followed feature of his personal character. Rich in noon, gave as a toast, “the Triumvirate of Gee plough. Few have surveyed the phe- the exuberant stores of his own imagina- nius,-Scott, Byron, and Campbell,”_a eda of rural nature with a more obser- tion, he borrows nothing from the treasures toast which he prefaced with the following int eye, or described them with happier of classic antiquity. He has no fawns observations ; {ect. He dwells with exquisite delight no satyrs--no Dryads—but he supplies - The three greatest Poets of the present uong the hills and dales, the woods and their place with divinities infinitely more age are confessedly Scott, Byron, and Campbell. The former has been created a Bar-ways more abrupt and less evolved than and of liberty, and we rise with hearts at onet since our last anniversary, and it was that of Scott, his sentiments and style are once affected and improved by the perusal honourable to his Majesty that this was the more pithy and condensed, and the emo- of his works. He moves us to virtue, and first title which he conferred on ascending tions which he excites are more profound. he animates us to patriotism. He is a highthe throne, a tribute justly due to such high He is a Nobleman, and an aristocratical lander, and the wild airs of the Celtic muse intellectual superiority. Sometimes the title education and the habits of fashionable life, sometimes breathe from his harp, whose honours the man, but here the man honours have not blunted those natural feelings and seat, as Scott expresses it, with bis usual the title. 1

sympathies to which they are generally sup. felicity, is in the mist of the secret and “ It would almost require a portion of posed to be so unfavourable; a circumstance, solitary hill, and her voice in the murmur their genius to appreciate the comparative I concieve, not the least remarkable in the of the mountain stream. He that woos her, merits of these three distinguished indivi- history of his genius. He luxuriates in the nuust love the barren rock more than the duals. Sir Walter is certainly the most uni- fields of classical antiquity, and when he des- fertile valley; and the solitude of the desert versal genius ; for to his powerful, active cribes Athens or Rome, we think we hear better than the festivity of the hall.'" and versatile mind, every species of composi- the Genii of these devoted cities lamenting Among the toasts drunk on this occasion tion seems alike easy. He equally excels over the ruins of their country. By his des were the following:in the grave 'and the gay—the sentimental|cription of Turkish and Asiatic scenes and The widow and children of Burns. and thegrotesque—the beautifuland the sub- manners, he has given an air of originality and The absent Subscribers to the Mausoleum lime; in the just and glowing description novelty to his productions; but his great

The admirers of Burns all over the world. of external nature, or in the graphic deline mastery lies in exciting those profound The memory of Mrs. Dunlop of Durlop, ation of character and manners ; in pour-cinotions of the heart, which belong a lady of distinguished family, of verseradie traying the comic scenes of vulgar life, as in to man in every age, nation, and clime. Character, and rare accomplishments, who those of courts, of castles, and of palaces. Strength and feeling are the character took an early and decided interest in Burris's Poetry or prose seems alike to him; alike to istics of his Muse, and his tenderness is prosperity--whose patronage was extended bim convincing the judgment, affecting the like that of Hercules weeping as he leans to him when patronage was of peculiar value, heart, or delighting the imagination. His over his club. But there is a misanthropic and for whose kind and encouraging attenmind embraces every subject, and adorns gloom which broods over all his writings, tions, Burns's gratitude is indelibly recorded every subject which it embraces.

But and we must deplore that virtue does not in his works. above all, he excels in the just and animated always find an advocate in one of the great- The memory of the late Dr. Currie e description of the feudal times, which gives est poets of any age. It is delightful to see Liverpool, the accomplished Biographer of even to his works of imagination, a value talent enlisted under the banners of religion, Burns,—the judicivus Editor of his Works little inferior to history itself; for he is un- and the gifted sons of genius repaying 'the and the benevolent and powerful advocat questionably the first Antiquarian, as well invaluable boon' in gratitude to their bene- of the interests of his family. as the most popular and celebrated Poet of factor.

Our fair Country-women, from whose his age. We have in him the rare occur.

“The last, but not the least of this trium. lips, even the poetry of Burns derives adence of a most ingenious and beautiful wri- virate of genius, is Campbell, unquestion- ditional sweetness. ter, being almost the most voluminous ;

ably the most classic poet of his

James Hogg, the Ettrick Shepherd, &c. even when he wishes to conceal himself, he

poetry is formed on the closest models of The utmost harmony prevailed, and the is detected by his genius, and we discover the ancient Muse. His lines are exquisitely company, higlily delighted, did not the mighty magician flashing behind his finished, and their polish is only surpassed rate till a late hour. cloud. Moreover, he has discovered a gol- by their brilliancy. He is tender as Ovid, den mine amiil the barren rocks of Parnas- and pure and majestic as Virgil. His strains

Scientific Notices. sus, where other poets found nothing but the are like the streams of paradise, which fountain of penury to bedew their laurels ; breathe only music, and reflect only beauty. THIRD PART OF THE OBSERVATIONS JA

MR. LAWRENCE'S LECI URES. and he has realized an Oriental fortune by It may be said of hin, as has been finely his writings, in a land where commerce had observed of the painter Albano, that the (Concluded from our former rumbers.) been supposed to be the only bandmaid to Loves mixed his colours, and the Graces opulence.

Before we leave this subject, there is still annars have fashioned his forms.' Ilis benevolent view of it, on which we wish to make a few obert “ Lord Byron is the most affecting of all spirit loves to repose on the most pleasing clone. We set aside the principles which we have det prets. He is without a rival in painting the scenes, and to picture to itself the most de- terialism may be brought out without absurdity deep and iinpassioned workings of the human lightful prospects of human improvement try any other hypothesis, by itsa teement w.... soul. He alike excels in delineating the and happiness. He writes slowly, (for his phenomena. In this view we wish to start

younger part of our read-rs, in what manner the tender breathings of love--the dark and ag- productions are like angel visits, few and which we learn from physiology and pathology, ibis enising writhings of remorse-or the cold far between,') because he writes for im- upon this most important subject.

An unprejudiced inquirer, investigating the se' and withering horrors of despair. Like the mortality, and his name will last as long as upon the mere principles of physiology and pack

we think, would stare che question in the ind, 3 phantoms which he conjures up from the those objects of nature which he has adorned

manner :-On the nature of thought there are ik:;! gulph of hell, he is awful and sublime in and irradiated by the beautiful pencil of his potle es. The one is, that they are directly depende the midst of his obscurity. His fable is al- imagination. He is the poet of morality is of the eye, and bearing of the ear ; that they art in

age. His

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paired when this organization is impaired, and cease must be impaired when it is impaired, and in exact with which it is most nearly connected, does it, without when it is destroyed: farther, that the function is proportion to the extent of the diseaae'; must make any change in the disease, burst forth in all its original built up before our eyes, by the action of the five ex- progress in decay, as the disease makes progress, and splendour at the very moment of dissolucion? What ternal senses. This is ihe hypothesis of Mr. Law-nue revive unless the disease be removed. Thus, sight is the fair, the inevitable conclusion, but that the pha rence, and of some philosophers of the French school. depends on a heal hy state of the eye. By many dis. nomena of physiology and pathology, are directly ac The other hopothesis is,-hat thou,lit and reason are cases which injure ihe eye, sight is impaired: as the variance with the hypothesis of materialism, and in properties of a distinct immaterial being, which is disease advances, sight decays; and there is no exam. exact accordance with the sublime doctrine of religion: united to the body of a living man, but may exist after ple of it being restored, unless the disease which that the mysterious part of our being, which thioks, chis union is dissolved. This is the hypothesis of impaired it be removed. According to the second and wills, and reasons, survives the wreck of its mortal Bəyle, and Locke, and Newton-f Haller, and Boes. hypothesis, the immaterial soul has an immediate con- cenement, and aspires to immortality. bave, and Dugald Stewart. Now in regard to these nection with the brain and the organs of sense, as by Hæc studia adolescentiam alunt, senectutem oblec. two hypotheses, we are disposed to admii, for the sake means of them it holds intercourse with the external lant. The investigation of the truth on this momenof argument, thai, uon the mere principles of physio world, and with other living beings. By various dis- tous question is inconceivably important in itself, and logy, we may bring forward the one as well as the eases of the brain, this intercourse is greatly inter- it exerts an influence, in the highest degree salutary, other; that physiology does not directly prove either rupted, or entirely suspended; but the soul itself on the mind that conducts the investigation in a spirit of them; tbe question, therefore, is, with which of remains unimpaired.

of grave and chastened inquiry, suited to the serious them do cbe inductions of physiology and pathology On comparing these two hypotheses with the pheno import of the subject.“ Nor is it merely,” says Mr. mnost accord? Which of ihem is most agreeable to mena conviectej with the pathology of the brain, the Stewart, " with each other that these principles are tbe ybenomena? On the very first view of the sub- following inquiries naturally occur to us. In diseases connected (the inimortality of the soul and natural jest, there are several points connected with the first of the brain, do we observe the intellectual faculties religion.) They have a relation to all the other pripbypothesis, which we think must shake a philosophic decay in exact proportion to the progress of the disease, ciples of moral philosophy, insomuch that a person who inquirer.

according to the first hypothesis: or do we, according entertains just views of the one, never fails to entertain Tboubt and reason are the functions of the brain; to the second, see any reason to believe that there just views of the other. Perhaps it would not be guing Hoe the brain is not sufficient to produce the function, exists a soul, which, in these diseases, is only cut off too far to assert, that they have a relation to almost að for it requires to be built up by the action of the five from its intercourse with us and with the external the truihs we know, in the moral, the intellectual, and ellernal senses. This is ratherincomprehensible; but, world?

the material world. One thing is certain, that, in prowithout stopping to examine it, we cannot fail to re

Though it may be thus cut off in a great proportion portion as our knowledge extends, our doubts and objecmak, that, in many of the inferior animals, the exter

of instances, do we ever observe this subtile and active tions disappear; pew light continually breaks in upon Dal senses are as pertece as in man: how then does it being making any attempt to break from the restraint

us from every quarter, and more of order and system happea that these have never built up any thing re

under which it is held? Does it ever remain unimpair- appears in the universe. It is a strange confirmation sembling the reasonable human soul? Here is an ef

ed amid extensive destruction of its material residence? of these remarks," adds this great philosopher, " that lect ascribed to a cause, and here is the cause operat. Does it ever, after

being long obscured, burst out in the most important discoveries, both in moral and icg in the ino:t perfect manner, in ten thousand times

the midst of frightful ruin; and thus, though in a few physical science, have been made by men friendly to ten thousand instances, without in any one instance instances, vindicate its claim to independent existence? the principles of natural religion; and that those producing the effect that is ascribed to it.

But far: On this interesting subject, the following observations writers who affected to be sceptical on this lasi subject, ther, is reason a function of the brain ? Does this ef. lect then bear no proportion to its cause? Has the writers of the first authority. A man, mentioned by illustrates the connection which different classes of occur to us, out of the many that are recorded by their other inquiries. This consideration, while it

have in general been paradoxical and sophistical in fanction no ratio to ch organ on which it is immedi. Dr. Ferriar, who died of an affection of the brain, ately dependent? On this part of the subject no light retained his faculties entire to the instant of his death, cruths bave with each other, proves, that it is to a is aff rded by physiology; for in the inferior animals which was sudden. On examining his head, the whole mind well ficted for the discovery and reception of there is found a brain, possessing the same mechanical right hemisphere of the brain was found destroyed by truth in general, that the evidences of religion are the and chemical properties as the human brain; and in suppuration. In a similar case by Dienerbroeck, half most satisfactory.”. Neme of them fully equal to the buman brain, both in Ebe relative and absolute dimensions. In relative dio by Heberden, there was half a pound of water. a pound of matter was found in the brain; and in one

These considerations from this high authority, we Mr.

respectfully submit to the attention of Mr. Lawrence. mensions the brains of many animals exceed the bu. Marshall mentions a man who died with a pound of

We believe him to be a man of talents and acquirewhich, in proportion tu the size of its body, is twice idiocy. A few hours before his death he became per: are completely unqualified, and has a seasoned down. mus. One of the larger is that of the canary bird, water in bis brain, after having been long in a state of ments; but in the work now before us, he has wan. the size of the human brain. And in regard to abso. fectlý rational. A man, whose case is related by Mr. ture dimensions, without referring to the elephant, we C'Hálloran, suffered such an injury of the head, that

wards. We fondly hope that he was not himself Derd only state, that the brain of a seal, six feet long, a large portion of the bone was removed on the’right aware of the abyss into which his speculations were is fully as large as the brain of a man. In this case side, and extussive suppuration having taken place,

leading him. again, the cause appears without the effect, he organ without the function that is ascribed to it. The organ opening, an immense quantity of matter, mixed with

We think too highly of his understanding to believe there was discharged at each dressing, through the

that he is really convinced by his own reasoning; we alus, be it remembered, is, in all its obvious and ac. Irge portions of the substance of the brain. On the hope too well of his heart to imagine that he seriously knowledged functions (viz. those which relate to sen. Jeighth day of the disease, Mr. O'Halloran reniarks, intended to lead his pupils into a system, dark as the Satinn) as perfect as in man, but the rational soul ap: "the sore continued to discharge greatly, insomuch valley of the shadow of death, and pestilential as the pears uot. Does the want of speech obscure the proofs that, when I allirm that three ounces of the brain, with vapours of Acheron. ei iis existence? No:--for Mr. Lawrence bimself

a horrid smell, followed each dressing, I am certain I u shewn us that in several animals the organs of ani a great deal under the quantity." And again, on

In justice to Mr. Lawrence it ought to he mentioned, speech are as perfect as in man, and that they are pre- the :3th day, the cavern was terrible, and I feared that he is not alone in his opinions, nor in his promul*cated from speaking only by the absence of reason, that the remains of the lobes of the right side of the gation of them. Nisbet in his anatomy says, " It is tot by any defect of organization.

brain would follow. This man lived to the 17th day. more than probable that thought is a function of the It is mere trifling to allege, on this part of the sub. He was paralytic on the left side of his body, but he brain, resembling secretion in other glands ;” and the fc, that the remarkable difference of functions retained his intellece to the very moment of his disso

same opinion nearly is found in the works of almost Sesigned to the human brain, does not depend upon lution :” and Mr. O'Halloran particularly remarks, every writer on physiology, and heard from the greater the size of the organ, but on certain peculiarities in that through the whole course of the disease, his mind number of the professors of that science: so much for ks internal structure; or, as it is usually expressed, maintained a remarkable tranquillity. In’a similar him; for myself, I have to beg your indulgence with

the developement of the parts. It is a mere gra- case by M. Billue, the patient lived till the 18th day, regard to my writing, being quite unaccustomed to it, Dious assumption, unsupported by the slightest ana- and retained his faculties until a few hours before bis

never for many years having written more than one gy, or rather expressly contradicted by the analogy | death, when he fell into a kind of stupor. On examin- short letter in about each month. of all other organs. Betwixt various organs in man ing this head, no more than the bulk of an egg was

I am, Sir, your most obedient, ud other animals, and becwixt the sine organs in found to remain of the proper substance of the brain.

TRANSCRIBER. liiferent animals, we, in many instances, find the most Besides this extensive disease of the brain in general, narkable differences in structure. These differences it can be shown, by numerous examples, that the india ve admirably adapted to the circumstances of parti vidual parts of it, ihe pineal gland, che corpora quadri

Baron Lindeneau, who recently published a work on talar animals, bui the function to be performed is gemina, the corpus striatum, &c. may all be diseased the diminution of the Solar mass, says that the sun altimately the same.

or destroyed, without affecting the intellectual powers may have been imperceptibly subject to successive Such diversities we observe in the lungs, but all the Now, if thought be a function of the brain, it muse **rieties perform simply respiration :-in the heart and either reside in the whole of it equally, or in some in- diminution since the science of astronomy has been great vessels, but all perform circulation :-in the dividual part. But it does not reside in the whole; cultivated. Baron Lindeneau supposes the sun's diawonach and alimentary canal, but the most simple tor we bave seen in the above examples the general meter to be 800,000 miles—4,204,000,000 feet, or perform perfect digestion, and the most complicated mass destroyed to a frightful extent, without impairing nearly 2000 seconds. We have not, he observes, forms a double function; but materialism assigns a in any of the particular parts which are distinguished hitherto possessed any instrument for measuring the double function to the brain. This is evidently un- from the general mass; for each of these have been diameter of the heavenly bodies to a second. The sun philosophical; but our limits prevent us from enlarg- destroyed without affecting it. Therefore it does not may therefore diminish 12,000 of its diameter, or og upon this part of the argument.

reside in the brain. We nest attend to the light that is furnished by pa- Is the reasoning faculty, then, thus independent of ceived. Supposing the sun to diminish daily 2 feet.

2,102,000 feet, without the possibility of being perhology, or the effects of diseases on the brain. the most extensive destruction of organization? Does

According to the first hypothesis, reason must be it remain unimpaired amid the most frightful ruin; it would require three thousand years to render the mediately dependent on a healthy state of the brain; and, after being long obscured by disease of the organ diminution of a second of its diameter visible.

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Donec gratus eram tibi," Why do the blooming roses fade,

That on thy cheek were wont to dwell ?
Why heave the sigh, my lovely maid !

“When once within your arms I lay,

Belov'd o'er all the rest, Ah! why repine at my farewel ?

I envied not the regal sway
Por still thy fairy visions, sweet,

That Persia's monarchs blest."
On my fond heart, in rapture swell,
And every pleasing scene repeat,
Ere Pleasure bade her last farewel

“Whilst Lydia yet, adored by thee,

No rival Chloë knew, At that sad hour, when forced to part,

Her fame in vig'rous purity Ohl faint of phrase is tongue to tell

O'er Roman Ilid's grew." The pain, the anguish, at my heart,


. When forced to bid my love farewel

“ Now Chloë, skill'd to wuch the lyre, Bat Hope's gay meteor-beam above,

To me is dearer far; And future scenes of joy foretel,

For her I'd mount the funéral pyre, That I shall meet the Maid I love,

If fate my soul would spare." And bid each anxious care farewel.

LYDIA. O then, my charming Maid! with thee,

“For Calaïs now I heave the sigh, My heart-my soul-shall fondly dwell,

Ormystus' only joy : TIU, hand in hand, we fondly flee,

I would not murmer twice to die,
And bid this mournful scene farewel.

If fate would spare the bog."

Suppose our ancient love renewid,

Our hearts entwined once more;

If red-bair'd Chloë I exclude,

And ope for thee my door"

“Then, tho' he's brighter than the star,

Thou, falser than the sea ;
Oh, Mary! had I but the eagle's wing,

Yet, faithless as thou art, I'l] dare I'd mount aloft, upon the whistling wind;

To live to die with thee."
Swift as the arrow from the twisted string

Cuts through the air, and leaves no track behind, Liverpool.
I'd fly into thy arins, and then forget

All other idler thoughts, beside thee, love.
I'd sweetly kiss thee as when last we met,

Nor fear those gentle lips could ckide me, love.
But ah! 'tis gone! that bright and cheering beam,

Watch ye, the roses of eve are woning;
That Pash, like lightning, through the clouded sky The moon, the chaste moon heralds bis reign in,

A tincy clfin now has sway;
Of my sad weary life-path ; as a dream
Than wraps the heart in purest exstacy,

As she wends in beauty her lovely way.
For some short flecting moments ; but its gleam The leafiest nook of the moonlit grove,

Fades with the morn, and all its raptures die. Is ase this spirit's viewless throne :
So 'twas with us; our joys were quickly past, His priestess Philomel warbling her love
Those flecting moments were too sweet lo last.

So sweet, that each list'ner dreams of his own.
But though they're past, it yet is joy to think Ask ye what language his votaries speak ?
On the deep transports of that blissful hour,

Mark the glance of that timorous eye;
For then was forged the everlasting link

The tremulous blush on that maiden's cheek, Which all the violence of earthly power

Thus she responds to her fond lover's nigh. Can never, nerer break; nor will it shrink,

Hail! all hail to thee peerless Deity ! Though Fate may frown and fickle Fortune low's:

Thou teachest selfish man to glow 'Twas the firm compact of eternal love; Tis registered and sealed in heaven above.

With pure ambition, pure from seity,

To deck with the laurel a dearer brow. But oh, my love! for this I have been blamed,

TITYRUS. And o'er may fame heard foul aspersions thrown; Liverpool, Feb. 14, 1121.

“ Well! well!" I exclnimed;" pretending a carelens air, and fulding my arms in an easy ander, at I entered the court of my prison; "I am, al any rate, safe enough now!" " Ayo, aye, safe enge de now," re-echoed an old turnkey, whose treubhag limbs scarcely supported their crazy and almost wori-out superstructure; and, with an air of tbe greatest satisfaction (caused, I suppose, by haring me more prisoner under his control) he turned the key in the massive door, with all the dextruly be was master of; and left me, 10 consule myself u 1 might think proper.

I had furned but a gloomy opinion regarding a prison and its inmates, and was consequently talker surprised when a jolly, middle-aged, genadelering kind of fellow, whose cheeks had to all appearance not ofreo been wet by a tear, or his visage leegiko ened by a sighi, made up to me, and, with all the familiarity of an old acquaintance, asked what bevi

bad? what I thonghi of the Quieru? of bu jesty's ministers? and abundance of other quesito uf equal to portance; and all this in a manner wbied kfl me quite at a loss to determine what sort of a being I had mel with. Finding that I was tol 89 communicative as he had expected (w birh I suppose he attributed to melancholy) be bid me chirer op and consuled me by the assurance that I should neve "get used to their ways ;” and ended his or tipa ty introducing me to a fellow prisouer, who *a* singing, in a melancholy tone, a dilly, of which all ikal I recollect is placed as a motto to this paper. The round-faced man, i found, had been keeper of a lavern, where he had become maxler of the art of persuading bis customers that he was just of theu opinion," and has been so ready to applaudor ahnt, according to the fancy of bis company, thal ili strongly-formed habit of giving his assent to any proposition, would not leave him; his sersatility of opinion was, however, equaled by his seadiness lx luy it down, so soon as be discovered ibat it did not tally with the principles or prejudices of his bearers, and of course be

“Was ev'ry thing by turns; and nothing long,"

The man to whom he introduced me hadamy different appearance; “sharp misery bad seru ba lu the bones :" be was absorbed in a melacets reverie; his bat pulied over bis brows; his of bonitooed up to the chin, tu couceal the waot of 17 ral and waistcoal; his ove sleadily fixed u prin Polo iting; and forcing the xong before mentioned from tois lipy. When my self-el ciec guardian intrudered ine to bim, and awakened him from a trait of thought, which, if I might be allowed to judge freo iris appearance and ibe song by which br wes dravouring to diverı it, was not of the most agreeable character, he raised his head, and politely great Bir, assumed a cheerful air, and, 'iu a droll aud a bimsical manner, begged to jutroduce me to the secrits of his prison-louse;" "sif," be added, "ibercommodations should not be so good, paay su select as might be wisbed, yet" Here si eye caught his, and I immediately recognised off who had been my companion at school; whose "? jerits had been great, but equaled by his erant of a plication; whose life had been one of imprudeert, and who, ever ready to amuse his friends, hed special

nor I be coo

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bold co say,


it in a course of dissipation, which had, in short, | I will not goad the feelings of your readers by rebrought bun to a jail, and his jamily to the parish. lating. How did her eyes glisten with delight! * What!" I exclaimed, (for ".so fallen, so changed" what animativu illumined her wretched countenance!

The late King of Prussia was remarkable all over was he, that I could scarcely believe my eyes) * are when, in answer to her wild, distracted questions Europe for an extravagant humour of supporting, alla

“ The very same,” he replied, regarding her only child, I was able to inform loer; be picked up throughout the world; and would give a Frith a laugh, “ who was formerly su merry and so that it was protecied by a generous benefactor. She fellow of six feet and a half, or more, higb, to lis, peridi», when you and I were schoolboys. Ah, those apparently forgot tinat she was a widow, a prisoner, baps eighey or a hundred guineas advance, besides the days! but they are gone for ever, and,

neglected and poor. In the koowledge ibat her in charge of bringing him froni the farthest part of the • Like the baseless fabric of a vision, fant was safe, she was happy; and, in a rapturous globe, if it so happened. One day when his Majesty Lcave rot a wreck behind !' sort of madness,

was reviewing that regiment, attended liy all the to

reign ambassadors and niost of the great officers of Well! the past can ucver be recalled !" " But pray,"

raised her hands on high, said I, " what has been your occupation?" (endea

And rolled her eyes in ecstacy,

runk, both in the court and army, he took occasion to

ask the French Minister if he thought his master had suuring to divert him from the gloomy wildness and would oblige ine to listen to a long account (10 an equal number of troops in his service able to engage which was coming over him.) My lite has been a

a moihir, doubllese, interesting enough) of Use those gallant men. The Frenchman, who was a sol. sha::Ow; " has been but why should I recal many viiues of her darlmg; of bis iufantine ac- dier, said, He believed there wera not.”. The King that which comes with a serpent's sting; and yet, tions, caresses, and smiles.

pleabd with such a reply from a native of the vainest of the eril that mea do--lire afler tliem,' the reinem.

naiion in the world, asked the German Ambassador brance of my futhies may strve iu scare viners froin

Sic ille manus; sic oculos; sic ora ferebat. the sanie question. The German frankly declared his

opinion, That he did not believe there was such paraiaza gilded bubble! a painted butterfly! Had

another regiment in the world.” "Well, my Lord 1, instead of following a foolish whin but regre! The love of a norber is, indeed, of a noble, godlike Hyndford,” said bis Majesty to the British Ambassais aspies* " Here he turned round to conceal bis nature; ready to make any sacnfice, however great, dor, “I know you have brave troops in England, but agitation, and haviar recovered binsell, continued, and to part with any of her possessions, provided would an equal number of your countrymen beat these, ia an animated strain : “It was my task to give un she can benefit her of spring! But why should I do you think?" I will not take upon nie absolutely bounded scope to'lmaginativo's airy wing." I was lire your readers with a further description of such :o say that," replied Lord Hyndford, hut, I dare be one of the volaries of Thespis; it was inive, to dress all abode of misery and vice,

thai halt their number would try." ay fiction until it had the very guise and semblance

Which, to be hated, needs but to be seen ? if truth itself; or, rather, noul the ouly difference vas, that fiction had a gildling and a gloss, an en-Who would not hasien from such a chave of untualment, and a beauty, that truth, if I may judge furtuoate virtue, guit, madness, and wilany, to linerepid behaviour of a grenadier at the siege of Phil

The Prince of Conti being highly pleased with the rom my own experience, is sadly in want of; but regaio their liberty, even though it must be arcom

lipsburgh, in 1734, threw him his purse, excusing the • Othello's occupation's gone,'

pamed by want or anisery, except he should have the smallness of the sum it contained, as being too poor a misfortave tu be

A PRISONER! reward for his courage. The next morning the grenad I have to play my part in prison ! so you see Liverpool, February, 1821.

dier went to the Prince with a couple of diamond ring. - All the world's a stage,

and otherj wels of considerable value, “şir," said ke, And all the men and women merely players.'

"the gold i found in your purse, I suppose, your High

ness intended for me; but these I bring back to you is lese quotation was altered with so much nai.


as having no claim to them," You bave, soldier," 'é, that I cnald uot, in spite of the poor mau's

answered the Prince, “doubly deserved them, by your itched appearance, refrain from laughing, and

bravery and by your bonesty ; therefore, they are

ORIGINAL ANECDOTE OF LORD BYRON. wply regretting that be, who al school had been

yours.' ways ready to justruct any of his juniors, although One evening in the year 1816, a short time previous to the certain risk of being severely corrected for the departure of Lord Byronfronı his native country, there

A window-tax collector in Ireland, a man of convivial egl-cling bis own task, should have spent so great were met, at fiis Lordship’s house, in Piccadilly, a party of habits, was pressing a friend of his after dinner to fill part of his life tbe lool of woy man, who would his inost intimate friends, who had been invited to pay the his glass, “I have filled," said the other, “Ay,” se.

Well," said his archase his company and his mirib by (what he noble bard a farewel visit. In a company of men, each plied the tax-man, " but not tull.” a intolerably fond of) a dose of Mattery A te

of whom was celebrated for his wit, bis genius, or his friend, you are too strict in your office ; cannot even ale, in whose features misery had anticipated the spirited conversation ; yet the illustrious host was more

patriotism, it was not likely there should be a dearth of a sku-light escape you?” k of time, passing at this moment, reminded melancholy, and less social, than he bad ever heen Bon Mol.-A sporting gentleman passing by a house, in, 1 suppose, of his wife and family. Immedi- known to be on any former occasion, at least when he not a hundred miles from —-- street, lately observing ely his forced, uunatural gaiety fid; the momen. was surrounded by his favourite friends.

on the door the separate names of physician and suruy fast of pleasure, which had cultured his care Anacreon Moore observing the increasing gloom of geon, facetiously remarked, that the circumstance put 'oro contenance, forsook him, and he cut soort bis noble friend, endeavoureat to divert his mind from its him in mind of a double-barrelled gun, for if one

varrative by asking, in the language of Shak. ungenial influence. Among many other brilliant things, missed, the other was sure to kill.
bare for he scarcely uttered a sentence which was

this * poet of the patriot and the lover," said elegantly
of the noble bard, * his face was like an alabastec vase,

Whitfield preached eighteen thousand sermons durtembellished by a quotation from this author)

only scen to perfection when lighted up froin within." ing the thirty-four years of his ministry. The calcu** How does my wife ? and all my pretty ones ?' Lord Byron, unwilling to allori the mood!y state of his lation was made from a memorandum-book, in which

mind to disturb the fuscivity, or cast a damp upon the he noted down the times and places of his preaching. The tyrant,' Poverty, has battered at their peace.'' gaiety of his friends, assured them that the cloud would This would be more than ten sermons per week. ericollection of the misery be had caused them, and lis melancholy: soor pass; and conjured them to forget both himself, Wesley tells us himself, (Journal xiii. p. 121,) he

preached eight hundred sermons in a year. In fiftymanded him; he turned his heall, lo cunceal the

But finding thai he was unable to enjoy the pleasure three years reckoning from his return from America ; rs #bich burst from his haggard eyes, “ Well of their sociiiy, and that his spirits continued depressed, this would amount to forty-two thousand four hundred. y yoa *rep," exclaimed the female who was passin despite of l'is endeavours to rally them, tie left the -Collier says, Dr. Litchfield, rector of All Saints, :, in a voice of keenest irony, "you were never a party, after repeating the following fine extemporary Thames-street, London, who died 1647, left three sband to your wife, por a father in your children,” verses :

thousand and eighty-three sermons in his own hand. When from the heart where sorrow sits,

Eccl. His. vol. xi. p. 187. : replied io no very peaceful manner; am, sur. sed that even in a prison mankind are still inteni Her dusky shadow mounts too high; on making each odber miserable, I turned away

And o'er the changing aspect flits,

A gentleman was accustomed to feed a toad regu.

And clouds the brow, and fills the eye; det.

larly, for six and thirty years, and every evening, as of the rest of my fellow prisoners, many were so

Heed not the glooi that soon shall sink,

soon as the road saw the candle lighied up, it would

My thoughts their dungeon know too well; te»us to every sentiment of slazme or remorse,

come to the table, in order to be lifted up on it, for its that

Back to my breast the captives shrink, y excited in me hurror, rather than ply; and

supper, consisting of the maggots of the Hesh dy, And bleed within their silent cell.

(which were its favourite foo!) and various kinds of rust, rather than commiseration. Here was to

insects. These it would follow, and, when within a sero in perfection,

proper distance, would fix its eye, and renain motion MADNESS, that chaos of the brain,

less, for near a quareer of a minute, as if preparing

for the stroke, which was an instantaneous daring of Laughing wild amidst severest woe.

A very ignorant nobleman, observing, one day, at its tongue to some distance, upon the insect, which

dinner, a person, eminent for his philos pbical calents, stack to the tip, by a glutinous maiter. This motion I one desolate female will not soon be forgotten: intent 'on choosing the delicacies of the table, said to of the tougue is quicker than the eye can follow. The

brart seemed to be essed by the disclosure of him, " What! du philosophers love dainties !" “Why coad here mentioned was called the old toad, hy this · tale of woe, which she would readily impart to not?"returned the scholar: “Do you think, my Lord, gentleman's father, when the guntlenian first knew it ✓ oue, who would oblige her by listening to its that the good ibings of this world were inade only for and, at last, its death was occasioned by an accident.

The toad, therefore, must be a long-lived animal, stal. It was indeed a melaucholy one, but wbicb blockbeads ?"


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