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Taken from the latest printed Reports, or from actual enumeration, February, 1821. We have been urgently solicited by several most respectable friends to give a place in the Kaleidoscope to the following table, which was compiled for the Mercury. As our two publications circulate in different quarters,

An English epicure is very likely to be disappointed and as this document is interesting to the philanthropist, and as it will be very convenient for future reference,

at a Restaurateur's, in Paris; if he order a beef-steak, we see the propriety of complying with the wish of those who have recommended its transfer to the Kaleidoscope.

ten to one but the waiter will bring him a bifiick de
mouton, or a biftick de veau; for these are dishes con
mon in all the bills of fare: and the fact is, that the

French understand by biflick nothing but a slice of

meat, whether beef, mutton, or real. Of the words TITLES OF SCHOOLS.


roast beef, too, they have an equally vague idea. In Fouret's (a very excellent) cookery book, directions are given how to dress a "rosbif de mouton." The Frendi bills of fare are, at first sight, quite astonishing, from

the number of dishes they contain: but the chart in Children attending the

Supported by voluntary Contributions, unless

great measure vanishes when they are put (as some of service of the Established

mentioned to the contrary.

them now are) into English. The following items Church,

taken from a bill in the Palais Royal, display Moorfields 196 106 802 302 £ 157|The children who write pay 1d. pweek.

sad lack of the sublime in cookery:- Peas-soup, Welch...........


I with some fried bread cut into dice; pigs 430 200 Originally established as a Lancasterian school. Hunter-street. 180 120 300 300 160||Endowed by Miss Waterworth.

crumbed and boiled; young artichokes, served raw, sich Workhouse .............. 218 188 406 406

oil and vinegar; cold sliced beef and potatoes, serrel FemaleSchoolof Industry ....... 102 102 102 415Average expense of four years.

with oil and vinegar; a duck's quarter, with turaipe; Blue Coat ... 174 66 240 240 2,619 Board, lodging clothing, & instructionincluded

fried bits of fowl; pickled fowl; cod, mashed with a Everton and Kirkdale ... 98 87 185 1851 166 The children pay 1d. Pweek.

and garlic; macaroni not baked, sooner ready. To St. Andrew's ........ 150 130 280 280 130 Gratuitous.

make up for this, however, in the liqueurs to be taken in St. James's

after dinner are the following exquisite comprando60


Capable of containing 170 boys: endowed at
ol with £1000 by the late Moses Benson.

Oil of roses ! and perfect love!!
St. Mark's

1381 Day school suspended. St. Matthew's....... 100


Private school.

St. Michael's .....

90 All Saints' ......

Schools suspended

This prediction, preserved by the Monkish annalist, ha 2335 2,663 £3,947

haye been delivered in the time of William the Craquera, Schools established and

an anathema or curse, signifying that no more than thra mainly supported by the

narchs should ever reign over this kingdom without some riolet Methodists, Dissenters,

interruption; however, it is a fact undeniable, and decat and Catholics.

to the perception of every one, that the observation basus Wesleyan Methodists,

ceased to be correct : Leeds-street ......... 290 220 510 165 195 870 Jordan-street...........! 220 160 380 190 220

William the Norman, 7901 Brunswick.............. 150 120 270 ....... 270

William Rufus,
Benn's Garden

45 40 85
} 750 Full.—The day scholars pay 1d. pau week

Henry the First,


Interrupted by the usurpation of Stephea. Toxteth-park..... 60

Henry the Second, Ditto, Pottery

115 Catholics.-Copperas-hill | 250 250 500

Richard the First, 500 361||School full, and about to be enlarged. Quakers.-Duncan-street 195 220 415 415 180 Full-The children attend church on Sunday.

John, Scotch 175

Interrupted by the usurpation of Louls the Dauphie 85 260

Reduced to £165, by £52 paid by the pa-
260 217|{
rents of fifty children.

Henry the Third,
Vnitarians-Manesty-lane 78 74 152 45
197 190 Full.-Gratuitous.

Edward the First,
Renshaw.street|| 40 40 80
124 Gratuitous.--About to be extended.

Edward the Second,
Independents, Baptists,
and others.

Interruption by the abdication and murder of Edward Il. Circus-street .......... 160 110 270 160 148

Edward the Third,
Is Pay 1d. 1jd. and 2d. pweek.-Not full at
308 230
on present, but increasing.

Richard the Second,
164 159) 175 334 60 Pay 2d. Pweek, which covers all expenses.

Interruption by the deposition of Richard the Second
Duncan-street ....... 150 150 301 901 270 100 Pay 2d. Pweek.
Gt.George-st. Chapel

380 350

Henry the Fourth,
Pall-Mall .....

Under the title of the Sunday School

Henry the Fifth,

Union, the schools included be-

Richard the Third,
Gloucester-street ...


tween Circus-street and Greek Interrupted by the usurpation of Henry Richmood Newington....


street, enumerate on their books | North Shore ....

4000 persons, inclusive of adults,

Henry the Seventh,

of which 2700 children attended

Henry the Eighth,
Zion Chapel..

the last anniversary.

Edward the Sixth,
South Shore ....

Interruption by the election of Lady Jane Grey, and the bus Gibraltar-row.... 34

ization of King Henry's daughters. Blundell-street .....

260 Crooked-lane .....

Mary the First, Maguire-street

Elizabeth, Edmund-street

A foreign King called to assume the Crown Hackin's Hey..

James the First, Greek-street ......

Charles the First, Chesney-street..... | 200 200 400 About to be extended.

Interruption by the deposition of the Monarch, and the la

ment of other forms of Government. Not supported by,or under the management of any re

Charles the Second, hgious sect in particular.||

James the Second, St. Patrick School.........

s Gratuitous.-Girls' school will accommo Interruption by the abdication of the King, and the e

120 390.
21 date double the number.

a Foreigner. Harrington............... 187 146 333 ...... 333 145 Ditto. Many applications.

The number of persons who received

William the Third,


the benefit of the institution last year Marine School for Seamen 400 ...... 400

400 105 Ditto. 3

was about 400, though the average Interruption by the Parliament appointing a Foreign attendance was no more than 60.

George the First,
Ditto, for Children! 60 40 100.
100 60 Ditto.

George the Second,
15 30 45
Private school

George the Third,
TOTAL INSTRUCTED................ 6754 .......... 11,982 £6,739

George the Fourth.



If you fear giving offence, state in the prospectus that

none who cannot bear a disappointinent are permitted The streets of the city of Pompeii are said to

to compete. With respect to raising funds, several ways

present themselves ; but each, in some degree, may be be daily disincumbered.

Mr. Williams, a late tra-

considered objectionable. Doubtless there are some veler, informs us, that he entered by the Appian

persons whom the love of distinction or of precedence

SIR-I frequently observe your correspondents are will induce to write, were a subject offered ; and the alWay through a narrow street of small tombs, beauti.

pointing out nuisances which appear to them as such ; tempt would answer equally well, whether rewarded fully executed, with the names of the deceased, plain permit me to add one to the number, in hopes that with honour or profit. Therefore let us suppose it feaand legible. At the gate was a sentry-box, in which your mentioning it may induce the persons who have sible without any pecuniary inducement, and that next the skeleton of a soldier was found, with a lamp in his the power, to adopt a remedy. On Thursday last I was week a subject be proposed for a trial of ability, and for

passing St. Peter's Church-yard at the time a corpse putting to the test the excellence of hidden talent. hand. The streets are lined with public buildings, the was being interred, (if it is not an abuse of that term to

With respect I remain yours, &c. painted decorations of which are fresh and entire. There call that interment which scarcely descends to meet the

V. AUBREY. were several tradesmen's shops also discovered, such as earth.) By the plate on the coffin I observed it was

street, Feb. 20, 1821. a baker's, an oilman's, an ironmonger's, a wine shop,

the remains of a young man of 22 years, and it could

scarcely be said that the coffin was put under ground; with money in the till, and a surgeon's house, with chi. I struck as I was at seeing it so near the surface, I took THE BULL-DUG IN THE KITCHEN. rurgical instruments; also a great theatre, a temple of particular notice, and really believe the top of the coffin justice, an amphitheatre 220 feet long, various temples,

was not more than four inches below the under edge of

the adjoining flags or grave stones; the spot where the The following whimsical ietter, sent for insertion barrack for soldiers (the columns of which are scrib

corpse is laid is about six or seven feet to the west of some months since, was overlooked until this bled with their names and jests), and stocks for prisoners, the north-west door of the Church. I have repeatedly in one of which a skeleton was likewise discovered. The been shocked at seeing corpses lie so very near the sur week. It is too good to be lost; and we hope that priocipal streets are about 16 feet wide; the subordinate

face of the ground in St. Nicholas, St. Peter, and St. Our correspondent will excuse the delay.

John's Church-yards, but this last struck me as a pro-
Opcs, from 6 to 10 feet.

per object for animadversion; the pernicious effects of
such interments in the very centre of large towns has

often been animadverted upon. Through the medium

of your paper I would ask, first, is it not the duty

of every clergyman before he performs his office, to see SIR, -There is, perhaps, no kuown animal equal - Effects of the Cold._-When one of the men who lost that the corpses are sufficiently deposited in the earth? in courage and pertinaciiy to the Englislı Bull ciug.

is fingers by the frost, put his hand into a basin of Is it not the duty of the rectors to order that no Many are ibe instances recorded in Natural Hin. old water to thaw them, the cold communicated by gray

graves are used which will not admit of a sufficient wry of The obstinacy of this creature in keeping hem to the water was so great that a film of ice was depth

depth ? Is it not the duty of church wardens to order is huld, even when deprived of its limbs or otherormed on the surface! On another occasion when

that no one shall be interred but at a certain depth from wise mutilated by its more cruel and brutal mass free thermometer stood at 55° below Zero, one of the the surface ? Is not that sexton guilty of a breach of

ler. The following astonishing but well auibenficers took a bottle of fresh water up to the maintop, the trust the parish has reposed in him, who, for nis |

licated anecdole will serve tv show with what ad pouring it down through a cullinder, by the time own ease, permits corpses to be interred so near the ! I reached the roofing of the ship it was congealed surface of the earth as to endanger the health of the an amazing degree of viudictive ferocity this tive otrs irregular spherical pieces of ice, and was caught living? Lastly, if all those neglect to act as they is endued. O a tin dish. The height was about 40 feet, so that ought, should not the civil magistrate interfere ? and A publican, in the ricinity of Manchester. was I must have trozen in less than two second of time.

herein I would respectfully give a hint to the worthy some time ago in possession of a dog of the true Mayor. If there is no means in the breasts of any of onmixed Bull-breed, which had long been the pride

the above, is it not the duty of the collected inbabitants and boast of the neighbourhood: universally vicA chief of a society of Freemasons, in Germany, who of the parish at the annual vestry, to provide proper curious in all the various contests incident io bis lied two years ago, left among his papers a remarkable burial ground out of the town, and to order that those

condition. Rais, chis, badgers, bears, bulls, apd (10, As. containing a complete history of all secret cere. crowded places shall be shut up and no more corpses

imitation of his enlightened patrons) even bis own jonies, views, and plans of the association. This MS. deposited in them for the space of 30 years, as they

have ordered respecting the Collegiate Church-yaid, / "prer as been printed, and its publication has excited an ex

species had fallen ihe numerous victims of his in Manchester? wordinary sensation throughout the continent.

Hilperior strengtis and heroism; uuril, at length I hope this subject will be taken up by some abler hand, some gentleman of the faculiy the last sad effort of luis daring crowned his fame.

will perhaps shew the danger of such a practice. and put a falal period iu bis mosi useful and UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

AN OCCASIONAL READER. splendid (xistence.
January 9th 1821.

One inauspicious day, stretched out before the The following is a list of square-miles of the United

kitches fire, faint with the soil of a recent balile,

This four legged hero lay quietly courting ibe ap. States :

proaches of “kind nature's sweet restorer, baloiy Sq. miles.'

Sq. miles.

sleep;" his intermittent slumbers now and then - Vermont............ 10,237 In Delaware........... 2,120

ew Hampshire...... 9,491 Virginia ................70,000 SIR, It will universally be found, that they who I broken by ile bright visions of arilicipated conaine, about..........40,000 North Carolina........48,000 write a little think very highly of their compositions, quest; the shouts of the earapluied crowd, or ube Besachusetts......... 6,250 South Carolina........ 24,080 forgetting to judge of excellence by comparison, and, piercing shrieks of expirnig toe mies saill vibrating thode Island, about 1,530 Georgia.............. .C2,000 by that means themselves to the devision and on his car. Meanwhile the surrounding company Bonecticut............ 4,674 Kentucky...............50,000 contempt of mature minds. Among the irritaik gcnus, regalari their consely forms, and enlivened iheir ev York..............45,000 Tennessee, length 400 bad poets are infinitely the most bitter despisers of SPORTING imagination wills tbe nal1.brou n bever. ew Jersey ............ 8,320 miles, breadih....... 4001 criticism, partly owing to the rough manner in which

* 10 when age', peacefully (for it was early,) with inerpusing 39.128 their heavenly inspirations are treated, and partiy occa- Loclight recounting the puble deces of this idol of Dosylvania........... 46,800 Ohio .....

sioned by a smothered idea of their own inability. As The states of Louisiana, Indiana, Illinois, and Ala- an individual, young and inexperienced, of this failing

tomaty: . As the rustic amateurs. Alas! this “mochanling

I can attest the truth. A few years ago, being much ma, the number of square-miles of each not ascer.

I dream," like that of Marshal Saxe, was quichly to

vanish for ever. ped. addicted to scribbling verses, I pruduced some la

Ou the proud summit of an There are 22 states in the Union, each of which

mentable specimens of Parnassian inspiration. One enormous mass of burning coals stood a machine sa legislature, which makes all the laws necessary for

stanza I recollect to have thought admirably beautiful, clothed in the "staid luue of wisduin;”but like e government of its state, distinct from that of the which I will insert merely to evince how widely judg- many other machines of the same colour, only uted States.--Buston paper.

ment may mislead us when estimating our own produc calculated for keeping the world in het water. tions. To copinence my divine pastorals, more sublunelyThis suid machine, vulgo dicio tea kentle, beginning than

to feel ihe powerful influence of its elevated station, ROOKS. Tityre, tu patulæ recubans sub tegmine fagi,

and forgetting the gravity entailed upon its sable I thus proceeded with ineffable fervour,

garb, by degrees grew frolicksome; first venturing. Alarming Calculation. It is, perhaps, no extravagant Iculation, that there are not less than threc or four

humbly, as it were, to hum forth a gentle sound

“ Sublunarily I lonely rambled, illions of these birds in this country ; but even taking

scarcely audible; then, as seening to acquire boid.

On a bright moonlight night; jeir number at two millions, and each to consume in

ness by success, swelling into a lourier strain to

Lo! a lamb, in a thicket brambled, le year two stone of wheat, one of barley, one of oats,

Cried Bah, in a pitiful plight.”

attract the notice of the tuneful part of the audimoderate estimate; that would be, of wheat 200,000 It was not till after several disputes concerning the

lory; and, presently, singing aloud will the most arrels, of 20 stone to the barrel; of barley, 133,333, at quality of this verse, that I brought myself to condemn

putes concerning the impudent confidence, pufhing withal, aud snoring, 5 stone to a barrel; and, of oats, 142,357 barrels--s0 it. However, experience has taught me rather to trust

and spornog in the full pride of growing emptitat, on the whole, no less a quantity than 475,190 bar- to others than to myself for a correct value ; and, under hes

ness. Bul, when folly slips the curb, there is no is of corn are actually plundered from the farmers by this impression, I submit the following modification of dese winged marauders, and lost to the population. last week's proposal.

Staid wisdom's hue.- Millon,


fortelling the consequences. How painful to re- they resided at Kenmuir Castle, and who has frequent question. Our remonstrance is against a culpab! Jate the sequel ? Tois insolent in office would ly seen the subject of the preceding melancholy rarra

carelessness, which entails incalculable trouble upon geeds show an ulter cuntempt of all below, and Live.

our compositors, correctors of the press, and ourselves.

NAUTICUS. that inost unequivocally, by spurning and spilling

aggravated, necessarily too, by a very serious loss o about in all directions, without dread or discrimi

Liverpool, Feb. 23, 1821.

time. If B. should conceive that we are too severe pation.

upon this occasion, we think we can prove that ou Our slumbering hero, hilberto unmoved by all

assertions are borne out by the facts. If we were ta

voured by an interview, or with the address of ou the oratorical or musical essays of this novel anta


Correspondent, we could point out in his MS. daske gonist, was suddenly roused from bis supineness

where there is not a shadow of pause in the by the application of a few drops of the caustic


commas and semicolons similarly misplaced, ali liquid to his nervous side; wildly he scowled

many words actually mis-spelt; (for instance naturl. around, then paused indignantly a moment tu eb

for naiveté.) These, and other inaccuracies, lead. serve whence came the challenge: soon directed by

SIR,- I lose no time in informing yon, that I have to conclude that B. employs an amanuensis ; v another discharge to the point of attack, he boldly, seen ihe ghost of Sir Shaughnasey O'Shaughoasey

besides committing the blunders we have specilik and without the least hesitation, seized upon the of. (in the shape of a Whisky.barrel) and tbal, nt his

makes no small confusion in the inversion of sci tercer

which it is our lot afterwards to endeavour to set right fending object and dragged it to the ground,

request, I have recovered the remaiving Four Cantos We shall be concerned, if what we have found it to For a few momcots this most estraordinary com. bat raged with the utmost violence, each party

cessary to say upon this occasion, should be there of “ Lirerpool," from tbe ingloriuns obscurity in

to bear too hard upon our Correspondent; our of jia exhibiting all the fury of rancourons and remorse which they were placed on being pulfered from his

is to improve, and not to inflict the slightest paia, less hatred infamed to the highest pitch of exacer-cousio O'Goster. Generous in death as in life, and even in an anonymous quarter. bation.

being unable bimself to give worldly remuueration, RetaliaTION.-The attack of Polonius POTTIS. The spectators, although well accustomid to the ground work of fighting in the up and down

he disdained disclosing the place of their conceal GER has already produced some of the shtepi ment, until be fuund that you bad kindly offereol

which we anticipated last week. method, did not dare to intermeddle in this un

Z. who profess is

be the friend of the absent writer of the lines exampled fray; a selfish sense of danger kept the finder a couple of gallons ut potheen ; the which BELLAMY, has cone forward in prose, and M.27 them aloof. The furious and fatally triumphant I will cail upon you for in due tigre. The oblitera.

peared in verse, as the champions of the assailed party quadruped shook and fore at the miscreant lea.

and it is not without apprehension that their fury will kettle with the most determined and terrific fir lion of the mavuscript, in several places, will pre

be transferred to us, that we now venture to suggest bravery, whilst the latter continued to deal about vent me from furnishing you with an intelligible that it would be advisable to permit the matter to radite with vengeful spite its appalling artillery, vutil copy of the first canto before Monday next. Mive,

in statu quo. As BELLAMY is unknown, as we a quile exhausted, battered, bruised, and vanquished. Sir, are the real and genuine cantos of the defunci

his assailant POLONIUS, the attack of the latter i d

too little importance to call for two or three papad The victory thus completely decidert, our in fated Hercules of the canine race, like his great gentleman; and let no vile caitiff, pawning upon rejoinder; which, however it might amusa a 4

would be wholly uninteresting to the great ruajority of prototype of antiquity, having his last great labour you his spurious doggrels, claim the glorious prize. achieved, blinded in the deadly conflict, was seen

Thine in the spirit, staggering around, clad in a burning vest, deprived

NATIONAL EDUCATION.-We have stated, in at:

LORENZO. of the power of distinguishing friend from foe, and

other department of our paper, that we bave been ready to tear in pieces those who most pitied him;

Thursday, 22d Feb.

(A constant Reader.) induced, at the earnest solicitations of some most when, dire necessity! his master, in pure mercy

respectable gentlemen, to transfer from the last Maro

cury, an article compiled with great care and 13(a sensation which the present catastrophe alone could ever have excited in him) consented to apply

dustry, comprising a statement of the schools for ti To Correspondents.

instruction of the poor; together with the nurbed that Inst invaluable specific originally designed

pupils, male and female, in this town and neiglibcutby nature for the cure of inveterate heroism, ap


HAUGH hood. kjent as well as modern ; but still so little under

NASEY.We have reason to believe, and are requested We have also to notice, that our correspondent, T. l. stood as to be seldom properly employed.

by B. to state, that we were not correct in our late

whose communication we shall insert in the Maran, conjecture that the lines to the memory of -, signed Yes, reader! drop the generous tear of sympathy

appears to be under a misapprehension, in supposed

SINCLAIR, in the Kalcidoscope, page 260, wcre to whilst with sorrowing reluctance, I am compelled

that the table, in page 278, implies, or even inside.

be ascribed to our quondam Correspondent, Mr. hy my love of historical truth, to declare to you,

ates, that the children educated by any particular de

SUAUGHNASEY. Our surmise originated in a strik of Dissenters, have the tenets of that sect inscrit that the most renowned and most valiant Towser ing similarity in the hand-writing of the two gentle. into their minds. The schools are enumerated # Holdfast was, as the last great reward of his ines. men.-Connected with this subject, we beg leave to “ Schools established and mainly supported by ## fimable services, invested with the collar of an direct the attention of our readers to a communication

Methodists, Dissenters, and Catholics;" and, br. 57 order, which for the number of kuight courpanious,

we have just received, and to which we have given a

of illustration, we may point out the school of Lix must outvie all others in Christendom : varpely,

place in this column. The writer asserts that he

Quakers (whose earnestness in the cause of gene! the order of THE ROPE; and thus digwfied with

has recovered the four missing cantos of the heroic

instruction is above all praise :) this school is, we tes

poem of " Liverpool ;” as a condition for producing a huge stone pendant, enbarked for the cool abude

lieve, entirely supported by the members of a

which, he claims our promise of two gallons of the of the Naiads, at the bottom of the river Fame.

society, although the scholars go regularly to est best pothecn whisky. We can assure our Correspon | HIBERNICUS.

the churches. This table has, of course, internetu dent, that should his pretensions prove to be well Denton, near Manchester.

ne other communications prepared in founded, we shall have infinite pleasure in fulfilling

week's publication, amongst which are W.-H.... our promise both in spirit and in letter. If lie should

-GDERGE MEANWELL-AN ANTIQUARTturn out, however, not to be the genuine Simon Pure.

-A READER-A COLLECTOR-H. S.J.VOLLYTO THE EDITOR. not only will he fail of obtaining either whiskey or

TAS-L. and C. laurels, but he will, in all probability, call down the

indignation of Mr. O'SHAUGHINASEY's friend and re- We have only further time to acknowledge, T. I.L 31R, -Observing in your paper, some time since, a

siduary legatee, DERMOT O'GOSTER, who may take and BRYAN O'LINN. Matement that cats are liable to become rabid, or at least it into his head to vindicate the deceased gentleman's onpable of communicating a rabiš infection when wor. honour, by means of those identical pistols which ried; the following corroborative fact may not be un

formed so conspicuous and so formidable an item in Printed, published, and sold by E Smith and 60 Mr. O'GOSTER's inventory. [See O'GOSTER's letter

54, Lord-strcet, Liverpool loteresting to your humane readers :

in the last Kalcidoscope, page 271.)

Sold also by John Bywater and Co. Pool-lane; Meeste Many years since the coachman of the late Lord CRUELTY TO INFERIOR ANIMALS.-X. may rely

Evans, Chegwin and Hall, Castle-street; Mr. T* Rockville, (one of the Judges of the Court of Session

Smith, Paradise-street; Mr. Warbrick, Pube

upon it that we shall keep our promise, by publishing in Scotland) riding out, followed by a favourite dog, the prospectus of a report we once had a share in pre

Library, Lime-street; Mr. G. P. Day, Newsma

Dalc-street; and Mr. John Smith, St James's-Tubing passed a place where a cat bad a litter of kittens, an paring, in anticipation that a society would have been

for ready money only. engagement took place between the dog and cat, and


AGENTS FOR MANCHESTER.- Miss Richards, the coachman interfering to separate them, was hirten CARELESS COMPOSITIONS.- We are compelled to Market-street; Mr. Fowler, St. Ann's Square ; 403 by the latter animal. By the time he returned home,

complain unreservedly of the MS. of the writer of

f the MS. of the writer ofl Mr. Fletcher, Market-place. " HORÆ OTIOSÆ," with whom we have before re- London, Sherwood and Co.

ston Mr. Hari (which, it I recollect, happened on the same day) symp.

Warrington, Mr. Harri monstrated on the same score. What we now find Dublin, J. K. Johnston & Co. Preston, Mr. Whittle, soms of hydropbobia began to manifest themselves, and pecessary to say upon this subject cannot be regarded | Stockport, Mr. Dawson.

Stoke, Mr. Tonikinson the poor fellow, at his own request, was tied, and bled as an attack upon the capacity of a writer, whose | Leeds, Mr Dewhirst.

Hanley, Mr. An to death. compositions always exhibit proefs of educated ta- Bolton, Mr. Kell.

Wigan, Mesers Lyon lent. If the faults of which we have to com- Bury, Mr. Kny. This story I have frequently heard from my mother,

Ormskirk, Mr. Garside plain, originated in ignorance, we should, of course, / Hi, Mr. Perking.

Blackburn, Mr. Roger ho was acquainted in Lord Rockville's family while have declined the correspondence of the writer in Lancaster Air. Bentham

Northwich, Mr. Kent.

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The Gleaner.

his experienced companions, who usually sing food and clothing easy to be provided. "I am but a gatherer and disposer of other men's expatiate at length on the never failing sub- “ All the nations southward of this have

ject of past adventures.

suffered much this year from the prevailing NORTHERN EXPEDITION. “ I had a great treat on my route in see- diseases which have raged amongst them, [Continued from our former Numbers.]

Jing the huge and shapeless buffalo (or bison and carried off many, especially children.

of Buffon) and witnessing the different me. They have now generally recovered their Our readers are aware that the expedi-thods of obtaining them. The most dexterous strength, but not their spirits, which are on over land, towards the shores of the way is, when a well-mounted rider dashes at always greatly depressed on the loss of relaolar Sea, under the conduct of Lieutenant a herd, singles out an animal, which he con- tives. There was an instance of keen sensi'ranklin, had arrived on the Athabasca trives to separate from the rest, and by ma-bility exhibited here a few days ago by a ake in June last. Upon this subject the naging his horse keeps him apart; and whole tribe, which would be scarcely exientleman's Magazine has published inte- whenever he can get sufficiently near for pected in such uninformed minds; they de. dating extracts from a private commụnica. the ball to penetrate the hide, he fires, clined to pitch their tents this seåson on a on, whence we select the following passages. though going at full speed, and seldom fails spot where they had long been accustomed

* The journey, a distance of eight hun. in bringing down his object. The principal to do so, for fear the circumstance should retred miles, was performed in two months. I dangers on this service are, either that his vive the moments of grief they had all exteed not describe to you, who are so ge- horse will fall into some of the numerous perienced in the loss of many relations, or eral a reader, the mode of traveling with holes which the badgers make; or that the the place should remind them of past pleaogs and sledges, nor mention the inconve- enraged animal should turn furiously round sures in the society of friends whom they iences produced by the severity of a North when wounded, and gall his horse, or suc- were never to see again. This race of men, merican winter: but I will bear my testi. ceed in dismounting him. When the herd Chipewyans, are a mild, timid set of perkony to the painful initiation into the daily are particularly on their guard, horses can- sons, excellently described in Hearne and

actice of walking on snow shoes, the mi- not be used. · The rider then dismounts, Mackenzie's Voyages. ery of pained ankles and galled feet, which and crawls towards the herd through the “ The cold was more severe than it had Dovice invariably has to contend against, snow, taking care to remain motionless been for many years. Both the old stagers d which patience and perseverance alone when any of them are looking towards him. and Indians have complained very much. Il enable him to surmount : they were my You will easily imagine this service cannot I have not experienced more severity than I

rupanions for seven or eight days; after- be very agreeable, when mercury will was prepared to expect; when traveling, ards I felt no inconvenience. freeze, which is often the case.

I could generally keep myself warm by 16 You can easily imagine the pleasure, « The Indians have another method, by walking. . hich a traveler feels at arriving at his en-constructing a pound. The principal dex-1 - Youwould enjoy the clear frosty nights; mpment under such circumstances. This terity in this, consists in getting the animals the stars appear with uncommon brilliancy, ou will probably suppose to be a sheltered once to enter the roadway ; fear then urges but the weather is too cold for making obace, whereas its preparation simply con- them on, and many men are stationed at the servations with any accuracy. The Aurora sts in clearing away the snow on the head to despatch them. We visited one of Borealis is occasionally very fine, and of ound, and placing thereon branches of these places near an Indian encampment, the most variable kind, both in motion and pe, on which the party spread their blan- and one of my companions took an accurate colours." ats, coats, &c. and sleep in comfort, with drawing of the whole scene.

arawing 01 the whole scene. 10 the draw

In the draw

• Athabasca Lake is situate in 59 degrees N. lat. ; large fire at their feet, though the ther-ings of animals he has been particularly and extends from 110 to 115 degrees W. long. It is onneter be 40 degrees below Zero, and fortunate, which have been much wanted; for

surrounded by the dreary wilds of North America, which

are solely inhabited by savage tribes of Indians. It is ith nothing but the canopy of Heaven to I never saw any thing bearing the least re

| bounded by the Ochipeway Indians and the Great Slave

Lake on the North ; by the Peace River, the Caribeuf yer them. Here the voyageur soon for- semblance to a buffalo before.

Mountains, and the Strongbow Indians on the West : *** his fatigues and cares; and having sup- “ In the countries where these animals |

the great Athabasca River on the South; and by the

dismal and solitary wilds of America, on the East. Hudad. lolls, stretched at his ease, listening I chiefly resort (grassy plains the natives are son's Bay is about 1000 miles East of Athabasca Lake, ith pleasure to the various narratives of much more independent than the others, hav- and unknown.

and that great extent of territory is almost uninhabited

Scientific Records.

KETFECTS PRODUCED BY TIME ON WOOD BURIED IN | The well is supposed to have been the work of the an.

cient Britions, and to be upwards of 2,000 years old.

" Whilst cutting and carrying away a part of Castle- l“ for it is 1741 years since the Romans settled here [Comprehending Notices of new Discoveries or Improveiro Notice of new Discoverice or Imomne. Field, near Manchester, an ancient well was discover

the section of the foundation, which intersects the line ed about four yards below the level of the field. It of strata above the wall is proof that they ments in Science or Art; including, occasionally, sin

was square and formed of four upright posts driven at aware of its existence.”-Gentleman's Magazine gular Medical Cases; Astronomical, Mechanical, the angles into the clay, and closed in by other logs of Philosophical, Botanical, Meteorological, and Mine wood, placed one upon another un che outside, so as to

MERCURIAL ATMOSPHERE. ralogical Phenomena, or singular Facts in Natural

form a kind of chest which was floored with the same. It has been long admitted that in the upper part of

material. The logs were rudely bewn, had never been the thermometer and barometer an atmosphere of History; Vegetation, &c. ; Antiquities, &c.; to be

sawn, and were five or six inches square. The upper mercury exists, having a very small degree of tension continued in a Series through the Volume.]

logs were level with the top surface of a bed of clay and Mr. Faraday o

of clay and Mr. Faraday has shown, by the following simple by which the well was surrounded, and into wbich the experiment, that a mercurial atmosphere may exie INCOMBUSTIBLE CLOTH.

timber was inserted. The wood, when first discovered, without removing the air. A small portion of mercabad little more consistency than paste; but, on its ex- ry was put through a funnel into a clean dry

posure to the air, became much harder and more pable of holding six ounces, and formed a stratum u M. Gay Lussac has proposed a means of rendering wood-like; it was pertectly black, and had so much of the bottom, not one-eighth of an inch in chickness: the various tissues of cloths, stuffs, &c. incombustible; a coal-like appearance as to favour the theory of those particular care was taken that none of the mercury and the means he recommends appear superior to those who suppose that pit-coal was originally a vegetable should adhere to the upper part of the inside of the which as yet have been proposed That the combusti. substance. At the bottom of the well some large bottle. A small piece of leaf-gold was then attached bility of these substances is diminished by their having stones, such as in this neighbourhood are called bowl. to the under part of the scopper of the bottle; so that been immersed in solutior. of certain salts, as of alum, ers, were found. They were black and dirty as though when the stopper was put in its place, the mariate of soda, &c. has been long known. M. Gay they had been taken from a sewer, and the clay which enclosed in the bottle. It wa: then set aside in a sake Lussac considered that those salts should possess this adhered to the timber had also changed its colour from place, which happened to be both dark and cool, and property most eminently, which entered most readily the rusty iron tinge of the native clay to the appear- left for between six weeks and two months. At the into fusion, being enabled by that means to cover perance of the inferior potters' clay found in Dorsetshire. end of that time it was examined, and the buipeid fectly the fibre of the substances, and preserve them Over the well were various unbroken strata of sand was found whitened by a quantity of mercury, cough from the contact of the ait. Guided by this thought, and gravel, which, as the bank was broken dowo, gaye every part of tbe bottle, and the mercury remained apps be substituted phosphate of ammonia and borate of proof that, except for about a yard and a half below rently just as before.. soda for alum, &c. and he found that muslins thus the surface of the field, it had never been exposed to This experiment was repeated several times, showing treated could be placed in contact with ignited bodies day-light since the strata had been deposited. The that mercury is always surrounded by an atmosphere without danger. They were carbonized, but would foundations of some ancient Roman fortificacions occur of the saine substance.--( Fnraday, Quarterly Jamrud Dol ipfame." Journal of Science and the Arts. | a few yards to the west of where the well was formed. of Science, No. XX. p. 355.)


Deduced from Diurnal Observations, made at Manchester, in the year '1820,


Latitude 58° 25' North Longitude 2° 10' West of London.


Manchester. Ardwck Lgmn,


Greatest variation in

24 hours.
Spaces in inches.
Number of changes.

Highest :

Greatest var. in 24 h.



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January ....... 29.72 30.64 28.60 2.04 1.00
February..... 29.82 30.12 29.84 .78 .55
March......... 29.76 80.30 28.80 1.50 ,46
April. 129.80 80.46 29.12 1.34 .44

29.49 30.18 29.06 1.12 Jupe..go........

29.59 30.30 29.14 1.16
July.........../29.81 .80.40
August........ 29.72 30.12 29.371 .75
September.... 29.80 30.20 29.30 .90
Detober .... 129.13 30.45 28.45 2.00 .85
November ... 29.73 30.18 29.281.90 .42
December..... 29.83 30.18 29.40 .58 .36


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1.075 7 1.555 1.615
1.520 11 1.632 1.419
1.650 8 1.426 1.075
2.380 19 3.282 2.147||
5.910 21 5.812 4.964
2.790 17 4.198 2.265
1.440 13 2.228 3.384
3.650 20 4.232 3.178
2.440 15 3.086 3.137
4.310 211 3.944 3.228
2.175 16 2.412 1.945
2.850 18 3.694 1.802

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31 28

The annual mean temperature is nearly forty-nine and a half degrees; being a | lightning and thunder occurred on six days, in that month, and which were is Httle more than a degree less than the mean of last year. The mean of the first variably attended with rain; sometimes it fell in torrents; and in three instead three months 38 5; second, 54° 4; third, 59° 9; fourth, 44° 5; of the six win. | with hail.. ter months, 41° 5; six summer months, 57° 1. The maximum of 83° occurred My friend, Mr. Edward Stelfor, of Lymn, near Warrington, has favourede on the 27th of June; and che minimum of 13° on the 1st of January: difference with the above account of rain. Mr. S.'s rain-guage is exactly the same as the of these extremes 70o.

and I can rely upon his account as correct. His annual register of rain ter The mean annual pressure of the atmosphere is 29.70 inches; highest point.

year 1819 was 29.305 inches; for the present, a little more than 30 inches. *0.64 ; which occured on the 8th of January; lowest 28.45, wbich was on the Stelfor noticed the temperature, on the first of January, 1890, to be 130 5; OF LIT i7th of October : difference of these extremes 4.19 inches, The mean daily 3d, at 13°: and on the 22d of the same month, at 10°. movements of the baronielrical oscillations, measure nearly forty-four inches. The column of rain headed Ardwick, has been furnished by my friend ". Total number and changes, one hundred and twelve,

John Dalton: his rain-funnel is fixed about a mile out of Manchester in an en The falls of rain, hail, snow, and steet, during the past year have measured a 1 ly direction, and is situated some licile higher than mine. It has often beer?" Huile more than tbirty-two inches; which is something under an annual average. marked that Mr. Dalton's annual account invariably eroreds mine, sonetes Yery little rain fell during the first three nionths of the year; but the following by five or six inches, as in the present instance. Mr.D. thinks, that bis heute month (May) was very wet; for there was nearly six inches registered; op being larger, may in part account for the difference. wards of four inches fell in October. Total number of wet days for the year, 181. However, I fancy there is an error somewhere. It is much to be

The reporter, as usual, bas again to notice a prevalency of the south, south-west, one uniform plan could be adopted, with respect to tbe measuring of rain. 10 ad west winds Out of 365 notations of the wind, 214 were noticed to blow furnished a gentlemanfof Crumpsali, near Manchester, with a funnel, and these from the above points,

means of measuringthe rain as Mr. Stelfor uses (see Kaleidoscope page 1893}"* There has been more thunder and lightning during the former part of the year, from the results, it appears, that our accounts pretty nearly agree. kas has been noticed in several past ones, particularly in the month of May: 1

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