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what they themselves censure, they, for the most part, To Correspondents.

your impartiality, I must request an early insertion et wwoid notice and seek the shade.

this note.-I remain, Sir, yours obediendy, Thus mankind is little benefited. An attentive ob- o The following notice, which appeared in the last

March 2nd.

CORNELIUS. server seldom opeas his lips, and still seldomer is seen Mercury, is transferred to the Kaleidoscope, for rea


Y. Z in print.

sons which will be obvious after a perusal of the latter " The perfection of the “The perfection of touk paragraph:

touch as well as that of the is likewise essentially coll. 1, Sir, would gladly form an exception to this too “ PLAGIARISTS, OR LITERARY HOAXERI.-The lines other senses, is essentially nected with the uniformig general rule of conduct; and since, like others of my transcribed by M. F. are not original, as our corres- connected with uniformity of action of the two sve fraternity, I cannot be accused of loquacity, beg I may

pondent would have us believe ; and if he dreams that of action in the two symme- metric balves of the body

they are actually his own composition, we will name trical halves of the body, and particularly of the now and then occupy a corner of your Kaleidoscope.

the work in which they have previously appeared. and particularly in the hands. Let us supposc, My fears are great, chat even there I may be unno There is something so mean, disingenuous, and dis- hands. Let us suppose, for instance, a blind persone ticed by your readers, and that the ladies, especially,

honest in this species of hoax to which editors are pe instance, a man, born blind, born with one hand he

culiarly liable, that no terms ought to be kept with to have one hand well or- pletely organized, and the will little care for one whom they do not know. It is

any correspondent who shall attempt to palm off the ganized, the other defective other deprived of the peppe to satisfy their curiosity, if they condescend to be cu compositions of another as his own, whenever an edi. in the power of moving the er of flexion and externt rious about me, that I devote, though with some reluc

tor may chance to detect the fraud, which cannot al. thumb & fingers, and form- of the fingers, 80 a caace, the remainder of this paper to a description of

ways be the case, as he has no claim to infallibility; ing only a stiff and im. form & round and 3.

nor can he be expected to see every composition in movable surface; such per- movable surface: this pe myself. .

prose or verse which teems from the prolific press of son would find it a very dif- son would acquire, with l'hough I have confessed my youth, permit me to the day; a previous perusal of which could alone put | ficult thing to acquire a just great difficulty, the ideas uy that I have always dreaded to be thought older

him effectually on his guard against such quackery and notion of the size and figure of size, shape, and din

literary imposition. than wise, and if wisdom is to be gained by looking

We shall resume this subject of bodies, because the same tion, because a unique

in the next Kalcidoscope, when we shall have occasion sensation would not arise sensation will be anse about one, I must possess a little ; as I have, from my to expose a plagiarist in another department."

from the successive appli. from the successive appli• birth, bad an extraordinary inclination to make the In pursuance of our intention, we now proceed to lay cation of each hand to the cation of the two hands w most of my eyes. before our readers a letter from a correspondent, con. same substance.”

the same object." taining charges of gross plagiarism, against one of In person I am tall, of a pale and bad complexion,

If we had not enlarged upon this subject already our correspondents; which charges are but too well long legged, and somewhat awkward. The grass never substantiated on a comparison of the Essay alluded to,

beyond any reasonable bounds, we should bare pia

the letter of FAIR PLAY ON BOTH SIDES. We grows under my feet. You, and most of your acquaint

with its literary prototype. CORNELIUS is not very

pledge ourselves to the writer to insert it in our veri: tace, Mr. Editor, must have seen me. Sometimes I

nice in selection of the epithets with which he has

and if we do not entirely clear ourselves even from the

loaded our quondam correspondent; and we are sorry mo discovered viewing a fire, at others a fight. The to be obliged to add, that the occasion affords but too

suspicion of the wilful plagiarism which he would

tach to us, in consequence of our mode of adDoneca perusal of placards, great and small, red and black, much justification for a deviation from that courtesy

the Narrative of the Siege of Lathom Hall, we should forms a part of my daily amusement. In short, little

so desirable in a literary controversy: candour, how
ever, compels us to say, that a careful comparison of

deserve that contempt which we ourselves feel for every cscapes my observation; and if you want to know any

the Essay in the Kaleidoscope, with the original work

thing in the shape of wilful falsehood and double one's equipage or shop, or office, nay, how many steps


fully justifies the assertion of CORNELIUS, that the pabe bas to his doors, or how many windows to his

per of Y. Z. does not contain a dozen original lines.

The DiscoXSOLATE BACHELOR may be assuredes It would be trifling with the time and patience of our

we shall render him every service in our potet, harity house, from me you can obtain correct information.

readers, to give all the corresponding passages alluded

ourselves (as the writer pretty broadly hints) expe? Thus prying about I have not unfrequently been to by CORNELIUS, we have accordingly taken at ran

enced the miseries of the single state; an experienc deemed no better than I should be: some bave taken

about a score of lines, by which our readers may form

which inclines us to side with Dr. Johnson, 10 3 a very correct estimate of the alledged originality of

opinion, that " Marriage may have its pains, bæ me for an assessor, others for a custom-house officer,

Y. Z. The coincidences observable throughout the

celibacy has no pleasures." _We regret that Hexen to which conjectures my neglect of dress may have remainder are to the full as striking as those in the

note did not arrive in time for to-day's publicatie; contributed. He who bestows his time on the inspec- passages we have quoted.

as a week's delay in such a case must appear an att

There is one advantage, however, which may as .cion of others, firds little leisure for the inspection of “SIR,I believe you will agree with me, in thinking

from the delay, which is that if the impression Dat? himself.

that plagiarism is mean and despicable, and must

by the present Dulcinea should be eclipsed by some ever betray the person guilty of it to be a man destiIt has been already observed that my passion for obtute of genius, and devoid of original ideas. This

new face, peeping from another l.eghorn bonnet, es servation (circumspection I am too modest to call it, as remark will apply indiscriminately to all those in the

correspondent may apprise us of the Det cold

time enough to suppress his present letter, apo that term is now synonymous with wisdom) is as old

habit of appropriating the produce of another writer's

spare the first fair one a disappointment, which wurde

brain. u myself. When first admitted to the dinner-table,

But there are different degrees of infamy : and surely nothing can equal the paltry imposition

be attended with the most fatal consequences they were obliged to place my chair with its back

which has been pleyed upon yourself by a person Letter VI. on the Study of Coins will be towards the window, lest I should feast only on the of this class. Enclosed I send you Kaleidoscope, No. week. After having prepared it for present prospect before me. Then came school : there I was

24, in which the first article is entitled, Original we ventured to withdraw it, to make mon 1

Paper on the Harmony of Action in the Organs of article on Capital Punishments; and we donot so e happy. My companions being too few to enjoy the

Man; written expressly for the Kaleidoscope. In the ANTIQUARY will readily yield the precedent. usual games of boys, were always ready for the inspec this very original paper, written expressly for your one week, to The PailanTHROPIST. Our curios tion and discussion of the daily occurrences, casualties Kaleidoscope, I beg to assure you that there are not al rondent would oblige us if he would inumis aad changes of the village. A bear-bait or a funeral,

dozen lines really belonging to the author. A few days how many letters his series will contain; 25 kW

ago, I happened to meet with •Physiological Researches sirable to comprehend them in our present sub a hack race, or a wild beast show was equally delighat.

on Life and Death, by Xavier Bichet; translated from which will terminate with the expiration of June ful; and when we read the Greek Testament, we the French, by F. Gold;' and being rather attracted / METEOROLOGICAL TABLES.No. I. of the

he elaborate

e Manchester compared ourselves to the Athenians, who “spent

with the work, read it carefully through. An ideal Meteorological Table is received from our Mancho their time in nothing else but either to tell or to hear

struck me that I had somewhere met with similar

correspondent, and shall be published the very e

thoughts, and that very recently; and on referring to some new thing."

the article alluded to, I found that five-sixths of it The Yorya ORSR

The YOUNG OBSERVER's second and third Essayer Since my abode in town I have not found this prowere pillaged from this work. The worthy plagiarist,

be attended to.

however, has given himself some trouble ; for instead pensity decrease; on the contrary, it has seemed to

of transcribing exactly from Mr. Gold's translation, We expect to be enabled to find a place dest" ecpand in proportion as its sphere of action has been he has rendered it in his own English. This, I sup the letter of W. S. H. ealarged, so that an occasional evaporation cannot fail pose, was done in order to make the deception pass

The account of RALPH HEATON (not Eaton) lo to be of service if you perinit me to make use of your

more easily: the ideas are precisely the same, and the I have an early place.

language very little different from that in Gold's. paper as a safety-valve. Having expatiated so much on

The passages are marked, for your accommodation, I

We shall say a word or two. next week, TOV this subject as expose myself to the charge of egotism, I pencil; and if you wish it, I will send you thê TURTON, of Gooseberry-hall.

! tball conclude with the hope, that as my plan is capable

work from whence they have been stolen. Quotations

ORTHOGRAPHICAL INNOVATIONS. We hare from Shakspeare, Cicero, and Somerville fill up nearly

serted the note of GEORGE MEANWELL, and of variety, and no topic foreign to the province of an

in our best the whole of the remaining sixth part of the essay:1 probably notice the subject further mou Observer, I may be fortunate enough to please some of and the meagreness of the rest perhaps is the best | The acceptable communications of M. an your friends; the old, perhaps one week, and the assurance of its having been the genuine production shall have a place in our next, together young the next; now the trifling, and now the serious

of the ostensible author. I do not descend to per | L. COLLUMELLUS-A SUBSCRIBER ANI reader. la which bope, I remain, Mr. Editor,

Bonalities : they are beneath me; and moreover, I do! WISHER-BETSEY, and the verses to aje

not know this sweet stealer of other men's fancies;' on leaving England. Your obedient servant,

but from the subject he has chosen, and the initials

of his signature, (Y. Z.) I fancy You Zany' might Printed, published, and sold by L. S
not be inappropriately addressed to him. From

54, Lord-strui, Liverpool

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cations of M. and of A.S

t, together with thos BSCRIBER AND WILI.

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sold by E. SUTA and

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This familiar Miscellany, from which religious and political matters are excluded, contains a variety of original and selected Articles; comprehending Literature,

Criticism, Men and Manners, Amusement, Elegant Extracis, Poetry, Anecdotes, Biography, Meteorology, the Drama, Arts and Sciences, Wit and Satire, Natural · Hizstory, Monthly Diary, Fashions, &c. &c.; forming a handsome Annual Volume, with an Index and Title-page.-Regular supplies are forwarded to the following Bury-J. Kay;

Hanley-T. Allbut;
Manchester - Miss Richards Prescol-A. Ducker;

St. Helen's-Edw, Glove
Chuter-R. Taylor;
Huddersfield-T. Smart; Ditto-J. Fletcher;

Preston--P. Whittle;

Stockport-J. Dawson;
Chorley-T. Parker;

Hull-). Perkins;
Dillo-T. Sowler;

Rochdale-J. Hartley;

Takefield-R. Hurst; 2le- T. Rogerson; Congleton-). Parsons ; Lancaster-G. B-otham ; Newcastle-U.-L.-C. Chester; Sheffield-T. Orton;

Warrington-J. Harrison B: 4-1. Kell, or J. Brandwood; Dublin-J. K. Johnston and Co. Lees-B. Dewhirst;

Northruich-J. Kent;

Shrewsbury-C. Hulbert; Wigan-W. and G. Lyon; B -. Stanfield; | Halifux-R. Simpson;

Macclesfield-P. Hall;
Ormskirt W. Garside;

Stoke-R. Č. Tomkinsoo; Ditt.-J. Brown.



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N. 41.–New SERIES.

TUESDAY, APRIL 10, 1821.

Price 31d."


The Gleaner.

frigate, from Captain (now Admiral) Bathe difference of the current, I perceived

thurst, downwards, had any notion of a dif- none; it is favourable to the swimmer on * I em but a gatherer and disposer of other men's

ference of the current on the Asiatic side, neither side, but may be stemmed by plungWotton. of which Mr. Turner speaks. I never heard ing into the sea a considerable way above

of it till this moment, or I would have taken the opposite point of the coast which the ANECDOTES OF SWIMMING.

the other course. Lieutenant Ebenhead's swimmer wishes to make, but still bearing Cuntinued from the early Numbers of our present sole motive, and mine also, for setting out up against it: it is strong; but if you cal. Volume, pages 9, 24, 32, 46, 64, 96.) from the European side, was, that the little culate well, you may reach land. My own

Cape above Sestos was a more prominent experience, and that of others, bids me proSWIMMING ACROSS THE starting place, and the frigate which lay be- nounce the passage of Leander perfectly HELLESPONT.

low, close under the Asiatic. castle, formed practicable; any young man in good health,

a better point of view for us to move to- and with tolerable skill in swimming, might [From Baldwin's London Magazine.) wards ; and, in fact, we landed immediately succeed in it from either side. I was three

below it. Mr. Turner says, “ whatever is hours in swimming across the Tagus, which LETTER FROM THE RIGHT HONOURABLE thrown into the stream of this part of the is much more hazardous, being two hours

European bank must arrive at the Asiatic | longer than the passage of the Hellespont.

shore.” This is so far from being the case, of what may be done in swimming, I shall Ravenna, Feb. 11, 1821. that it must arrive in the Archipelago if left mention one more instance.-In 1818, the * DEAR SIR,_In the 44th page, vol. 1st, to the current, although a strong wind from Chevalier Mingaldo, (a gentleman of Basof Turner's Travels (which you lately sent the Asiatic side might have such effect oc- sano) a good swimmer, wished to swim with me) it is stated that “ Lord Byron, when casionally.

my friend, Mr. Alexander Scott, and myne expressed such confidence of its practi- " Mr. Turner attempted the passage from self: as he seemed particularly anxious on cability, seems to have forgotten that Le- the Asiatic side, and failed; "after five-and-the subject, we indulged him. We all three ander swam both ways, with and against the twenty minutes, in which he did not advance started from the island of the Lido, and cide ; whereas he (Lord Byron) only per- a hundred yards, he gave it up from com- swam to Venice. At the entrance of the ormed the easiest part of the task by swim-plete exhaustion.” This is very possible, Grand Canal, Scott and I were a good way ning with it from Europe to Asia.” I cer- and might have occurred to him just as a-head, and we saw no more of our foreign zinly could not have forgotten what is readily on the European side. I particu- friend; which, however was of no conseEnown to every schoolboy, that Leander larly stated, and Mr. Hobhouse has done quence, as there was a gondola to hold his crossed in the night, and returned towards so also, that we were obliged to make the clothes, and pick him up. Scott swam on till the morning. My object was to ascertain real passage of one mile, extend to between past the Rialto, where he got out; less from hat the Hellespont could be crossed, at all, three and four, owing to the force of the fatigue than chill, having been four hours in ay swimming: and in this Mr. Ebenhead stream. I can assure Mr. Turner that his the water, without rest, or stay, except what and myself both succeeded; the one in an success would have given me great pleasure, is to be obtained by floating on one's back: hour and ten minutes; the other in one hour as it would have added one more instance this being the condition of our performance, and five minutes : the tide was not in our fa- to the proofs of its practicability. It is I continued my course on to Santa Chiara, Tour; on the contrary, the great difficulty not quite fair in him to infer, that because he comprising the whole of the Grand Canal, was to bear up against the current; which, failed, Leander could not succeed. There (beside the distance from the Lido) and got so far from helping us to the Asiatic side, are still four instances on record; a Neapoli- out where the Laguna once opens to Fusina. set us down right towards the Archipelago. tan, a young Jew, Mr. Ebenhead, and myself: I had been in the water, by my watch, with. Neither Mr. Ebenhead, myself, nor, I will the two last were in the presence of hun-out help or rest, and never touching ground enture to add, any person on board the dreds of English witnesses. With regard tol or boat, four hours and twenty minutes. To

het to the proofs o fint to infer, that becaushere (beside the

this match, and during the greater part of of crossing at the narrowest point, instead in Messina ; and more at home with the books el its performance, Mr. Hoppner, the Consul- of going up to the Cape above it, we should barked

Virgil than the books of the counting-house, 1 cm.

oing up to the Cape above it, we should barked on Sunday, the 16th July 1813, on board the general, was witness, and it is well known have been swept down to Tenedos. The brig

belonging principally to my father to many others. Mr. Turner can easily Strait is however not extraordinarily wide,

Troops of friends accompanied me as far as the

| Rock, and, drinking to my success, materially kell verify the fact, if he thinks it worth while, even where it broadens above and below the sened at best a pour stock of that vulgar beverage by referring to Mr. Hoppner. The distance forts : as the frigate was stationed some time

Barclay's Entire. Full of delightful anticipation, 1

bade adieu to the receding shore of Lancashire and we could not accurately ascertain ; it was of in the Dardanelles, waiting for the Firman, ihe ofi-frequented Bidstou Light-house, and sound course considerable. I bathed often in the Strait subsequently to

felt myself in a stale better to be conceived t Ball "I crossed the Hellespont in one hour our traject, and generally on the Asiatic

described by those who have experienced ibe me

ries of sea sickness. Five days, I cannot call them and ten minutes only. I am now ten years side, without perceiving the greater strength

tedious, because books formed a part of my cual older in time, and twenty in constitution of the opposing stream, by which Mr. Turner

brought us in sight of Land's End, Cornwall, a

in three more I found myself in the calm of I then I was when I passed the Dardanelles, palliates his own failure. Our amusement mouth harbour, after experieocing several serere! and yet two years ago I was capable of in the small bay which opens immediately

squails, particularly pear ibe light-house, on the

ne small bay which opens m egatery rocks called Longships, the appearance of water swimming four hours and twenty minutes ; below the Asiatic fort, was to dive for the during the gleams of a watery sun, surrounded and and I am sure that I could have continued land tortoises, which we flung in on purpose,

at times almost covered with foam, or what in the

Posts | vical language are called breakers, was arteir two hours longer, though I had on a pair of as they amphibiously crawled along the bot grand. trowsers--an accountrement which by no tom: this does not argue any greater vio

I was at night much interested by the lumiosas

appearance of the water in what is termed lite li dalam means assists the performance. My two lence of current than on the European shore. or immediately a-stern of the vessel. I found the companions were also four hours in the wa. With regard to the modest insinuation, that light sufficie

trong to 81 ter. Mingaldo might be about thirty years we chose the European side as “easier," I however, I attempted to secure the particies cca 3.

from the windows of the cabin. It was in rainy of age, Scott about six and twenty. With appeal to Mr. Hobhouse and Admiral Ba- played like globules of mercury in the water, sit this experience in swimming at different thurst, if it be true or no (poor Ebenhead be

occasionally washed upon the deck.

oor Evenneau de Satisfied without inqniry, it did not occur til periods of age, not only on the spot, but else- ing since dead.) Had we been aware of any to examine minutely a glass of the sea water, vacka where, of various persons, what is there to such difference of current as is asserted, we lüis voyage to Gibraliar, and who proved that the

| was afterwards done by the scientific Dr. Trail, de make me doubt that Leander's exploit was would at least have proved it, and were not light in question proceeded from a species ul media perfectly practicable? If three individuals likely to have given it up in the twenty-fiveo

or insect.

nyolive Falmouth was at that time a bustling place, ** did more than passing the Hellespont, why minutes of Mr. Turner's own experiment.” only froin its being, as it now is, the principal pack* should he have done less ? But Mr. Turner

station, but from the constant rendezvous of vessel failed; and, naturally seeking a plausible ex

proceeding with convoy, upwards of two hundred

sail of which were then assenubled. We strt W cuse for his failure, lays the blame on the

The Travelcr.

tained a fortnight before the men of war and 72:7 Asiatic side of the Strait : to me the cause

chant vessels for our destinatiou arrived fruit le TO THE EDITOR.

eastward, during which time I had an opportul is evident. He tried to swim directly across,

of viewing the environs. I was disappointed in instead of going higher up to take the van- | Sir,-After an interval of more than two years, I it was impossible without risking my passare, si

visiting the tin miues, vot many miles distant; but tage. He might as well have tried to fy am at length induced to comply with your very flatter- the signal for sailing heen made in my abscnce. over Mount Athos.

ing request, that I would contribute a narrative of my! Peudennis and St. Maw's castles protectie

foreign travels to the pages of the Kaleidoscope, and I trance of the harbour. The former is externa " That a young Greek of the heroic times, now hand you the first of a series of familiar letters

strong; the latter little more than a small ist eine in love, and with his limbs in full vigour, which I shall devote to the subject.

the town a fishing bamlet; although the ori bass

Guvernor, and the other sends its Jembyturen might have succeeded in such an attempt, To amuse is my humble aim, although to be the liament. Whilst remained at Falasti there is neither wonderful nor doubtful. Whether or wonderful mor doubtful. Whether, medium of instruction would afford me greater pleasure. were illuminations and other demonstraties citu

If then the facts or observations contained in the follow for the Hero of Waterloo, who had just before det he attempted it or not is another question,

ing letters contribute in the smallest degree to the arla the battle of Vittoria. Many officers and multi? because he might have had a small boat to vancement of literature, science, or the arts; to the

vancement of literature, science, or the arts; to the embarking to recruit bis rauks, full of this save him the trouble.

and contributed no little to enliven the scene. ! removal of prejudice, and the consequent enlargement

It was one of those eochavting evenings of the human mind, my ambition will be abundantly “I am yours, very truly, .

montlı of August so frequently affords, wheat gratified.

wishod-for signal bade us prepare, and the tech “ Byron, I have only to add, that important avocations so absorb

It avocations so absorb | tuoored. The sun was setting in the western octe', 6 P.S. Mr. Turner says that the swim-, my time, that I am unable to pledge myself to any de.

me, that I am unable to pledge myself to any de- and cast a warın glow upou every ohjort:lle | gree of regularity in my communications.

was bright and serene; the breeze, although face ming from Europe to Asia was the easiest | He easiest With best wishes for the prosperity of your useful

scarcely sufficing to fill the sails. All was trasy to part of the task.” I doubt whether Lean- and entertaining publication, I am

save the clearing cry of sailors heaving the

from the deep, and at intervals the wafted str.** der found it so, as it was the return; how

Your most obedient servant.

the bands át Pendennis avd op board the meu : ***

PEREGRINE. ever, he had several hours between the in

playing the national aniberu of Rule Brila bide tervals. The argument of Mr. T. “ that

Lirerpool, April 4, 1821.

Our convoy consisted of the Venerable, 74, HD

frigate, avd Echo sloop, having onder their profer higher un or lower down the Strait widens Nothing extenuate, nor sct down aught in malice."

"Du about pinety sail. amongst which was the mom so considerably, that he would have little “ The truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth.

brig Francis Ernest, of this purt, then corumid

by the notorious Delano. Jabour by his starting,” is only good for in

So lielp me, God!"

A few days of rough weather brought has aplo different swimmers. A man of any practice

famed 'Bay of Biscay O!' and in a weck more lloc LETTER 1.

misty mountains near Curuana were in sight. or skill will always consider the distance, less

I could not look upon the grave of the brave than the strength of the stream. If Lieu

Sir, -Quarreling with my bread and butter for auf riunate Moore without a nich.

| reasons which it is necessary to state, I cmbraced! We were highly favoured with fine w tenant Ebenhead and myself had thought an apparently eligible offer of a commercial nature' the west of Portugal, but alla

ked with fine weather 2011 mugal, but although we stesreal as

times pretty near the land, and left many vessels at we lave sometimes very sharp frosts in this mooth feeds on insects, in search of which it is continually Oporto and Lisbon, the atmosphere was too bazy to as well as in its successor, MÃY:

running up and down small branches of trees. The allow more than a faint glimmer of the rock near

house-wren destroys many pernicious insects. That The traveler deplores

most elegant little bird, the yellow-wren, is only the latter port.

The wild caprice of April's veering hours ; One evening, just before sunset, the commodore

noticed by the frequenters and lovers of the counNow, mid soft gales, throws back her wintry vest, made a signal for the ships to close, an enemy being

try; it is a more early harbinger of spring tban

Now, in the rude storm, földs it o'er her breast. in sight. It proved a false alarm, the supposed hos

any other of the migratory tribes : it animates the tile vessels turning out to be Portuguese men of The arrival of the swallow, about the middle of woods by its constant motion; and the frequent war. When the largest of them was descried, we the month foretels the approach of summer. The rejetition of its simple note bas a cheerful and had no doubt of ber being an American frigate, and swallow was a favourite bird among the Greeks: his varied modulation, that renders it very pleasprobably one of a squadron on a cruize, and I must first appearance made a holiday for the Greek boys, ing. Its arrival is coinmonly regulated by the sea confess I felt all anxiety to be eyewitness of au ac- and a song has been preserved in Athenæus, by son; but early in April, if the weather be at all jon. I observed the shark and the dolphin in these which the little mendicants used to levy contri-mild, the little groves resound with its harmony. eas; the latter is a most beautiful fish, in shape butions on the good nature of their fellow.citizens. The stone-curlew or great plover arrives about this like the salmon, but the brilliancy of its colours. It is the general opinion of naturalists that the same

time. exceeds description. I did not succeed in harpoon. pair of swallows annually return to the village where Most birds awake early, but yet are abroad at ing any, but the sailors informed me, that whilst the |ihey built the preceding year, and attach themselves different times. The rook is the first that awakes fish is in the agonies of death, it changes its colours to the same nest, if it remain: should it be destroy- to salute the rising morn: roosting higher than repeatediy. The dolphin of the ancients, wbich we ed, they erect another in the same station, and this most other birds, the rays of light first reach bis so often see introduced in candelabra and tripods, as long as they escape the various contiogencies of abode. The restless inquisitive robiu immediately is a fabulous creature. Nature seems to have given their migratory life. That rooks feel an attachment follows: he is the last that retires to his dormitory, great facilities to the escape of small fish from the to their old nests is obvious, from their commencing and is often about when the night birds appear; 198 of that insatiable mouster, the shark; as he is the repair of them so long before they finally inhabit and, moving very early in the moroing, he has less aliged, from the peculiar construction of his mouth, them, and the noisy warfare that resounds through rest than any other bird. The cheerful melody of

turn upon his back before he can seize bis prey. the rookery in contending for their ancient posses. the wren comes next, and we hear him caroling often amused myself with throwing cabbage leaves sions. There is perhaps no bird more attached to when the songster is hardly visible in the twilight. 1d other matters to entice them under the stern, particular sites thau the common flycatcher; one The sparrow roosts in holes, and under caves, where Ad although they swallowed every thing so given, pair, or their descendants, building for many years the light of the morning does not so soon enter, could not get them withio harpoon length. In ove successively in the same hole in the wall, or on the and bence he is rather à tardy mover; we see him tempt of this kind, I had well nigh gone overboard, same branch of a fruit-tree : being perfectly barm- peeping from his shed, to note what is going forbich made me desist.

less, and hence never molested, instinct may teach ward: should any food be about, the sparrow in an Passing pretty close to the promontory which them, that where they found safety for their young instant descends and makes himself welcome; and, Tes title to the veteran Earl St. Vincent, Cape at one time, they may find it at another. A pair with a boldness that no other bird possesses, filches rafalgar presented itself, and I sailed tranquilly of these birds has been known in one season to bis grain from the trough of the pig, or shares with fer the spot rendered famous by the deeds of the bring off two broods from the same nest without the gigantic turkey: scared away, he returns, and eroic Nelson. Several ships here left us for the its undergoing any repair.

pilfers a portion, undismayed. The constant atPetero Islands.

Young moles are now to be found in the nests; tendant on man, he follows him to the desert, assoWe had only just arrived at the mouth of the this is a good time, therefore, for destroying them.

ciates with him in a distant isle, and partakes the Straits of Gibraltar, when a violent gale from the There are commonly four or five in a nest, and

and profit of his industry; he is not known in a solitary astward, called by seamen a levanter, kept us toss. they are naked when first born. Weasels and sto

they are oaked when first born. Weasels and stoats and independent state. The blackbird leaves his og and tumbling two days and nights; it having,

19; Il maving, are great enemies to moles, and frequently get into ivy mautled shed. The martin welcomes the first wpfer, spent its fury on the third morning, we their holes. kill the inhabitants, and take up their solar ray, and from this time it is difficult to mark stered the Straits on the African side, and coasting,

f ou wakers: if in summer, an uniown ere. Thu

ral sorts of t more than of the wind, as far vermin belp to keep up a kind of balance of power versal tuning and piping confounds the first notes Apes Hill in Barbary, one of the Pillars of Her

of awakening pleasure; if in winter, their voices

nem. des, opposite Gibraltar, a light breeze carried us, The next bird which apnears after the swallow, is rarely detect them; a twit or a short chirp, when ter sixteen days' ploughing the main, into safel that sweet warbler the nightingale. From the time

disturbed, alone is uttered. chorage under the guns of this justly celebrated of Homer to the present day, the poets have ever The tenants of the air are, in this month, busily stress. The peculiar situation and great im

considered the nightingale as a melancboly bird. employed in forming their temporary habitations, istance of Gibraltar will be a sufficient excuse for

That beautiful little bird the wryneck makes its and in rearing and maintaining their offspring. y entering into rather a minute description of its rious interesting points, I shall therefore reserve

appearance about the middle of the month, pre- About the middle of April, the bittern makes a ch for the matter of another letter, and, in the

ceeding the cuckoo hy a few days. The well known hollow booming noise during the night in the breedlerim, bid you adieu.

cry of the cuckoo is heard soon after the wryneck, ing season, from its swampy retreats.
and ceases the latter end of June; its stay is short;

The song of the blackcap is heard towards the the old cuckoos being said to quit this country

end of the month, and affords great delight to the about the end of June.

lovers of raral harmony. The time of the arrival Hail to thee, shouting Cuckoo! in my youth

of the male bird is often the most enchanting part For APRIL, 1821. Thou wert long time the Ariel of my hope,

of our spring; the groves resound with that graThe marvel of a summer! it did soothe

tulation and harmony which are so particularly exTo listen to thee on some sunny slope,

hilirating at this season, after the long silence and Where the high oaks forbade an ampler scope [To be continued throughout the year.]

deprivation of winter. Tbe most eminent of the cboir Than of the blue sky upward--and to sit,

is the blackcap, and his fine clear melody is easily Canopied, in the gladdening horoscope

distinguishable. Immediately npon bis arrival he Which thou, my planet flung--a pleasant fit, low laughing SPRING comes on, and birds, in pairs,

begins to make a nest which he soon abandons, and hip in the lively woods, while balmy airs Long time my hours endeared, my kindling fancy smit.

commences another; and thus often makes a third ind warming beams, no more with frosts at strife, And thus I love thee still thy monotone

or a fourth essay before he is satisfied with his laake from its trance the genial tide of life, The self-same transport fashes through my frame;

bours or bis site: during the period of incubation hat, as it flows through Nature's swelling veins, And when thy voice, sweet Sybil, all is flown

he is timid and restless to a degree; when the sumrees every pulse from Winter's icy chains,

My eager ear, I cannot chuse but blame. ind tints her mantling cheek with rosy hue,

O may the world these feelings never tame!

mer fruits become ripe, his timidity ceases, and, and calls her vernal beauties all to view.

If age o'er me her silver tresses spread,

repairing to our gardens with all his progeny, comI still would call thee lry a lover's name,

mences bis ravages: the antwerp raspberry is his At this time of general renovation among the And deem the spirit of delight unficd,

delight, and he clears away the crop in our very arious tribe

is tribes of plants and trees, the swelling buds Nor bear, though gray without, a heart to nature dead !! presence with a boldness he at no other time posspring from their coverts,

Wifen's Aonian Hours. sesses. The garden fruit becoming scarce, he reAnd push away the withered leaves that hung

tires from the scene of his plunder, and leaves the

Theo Whispering through many a shivering, wintry blast,

The other summer birds of passage which arrive kivgdom very early. A gentleman once tried the To fall in the first breath of Spring at last.

this month, make their appearance in the following experiment of having a considerable number of the

order: the ring.ousel, the redstart, frequenting old spring flight destroyed previously to the hatch, but April the weather is mild, witb gentle showers, walls and ruinous edifices; the yellow wren; the with no success: the depredation on his fruit was ording to vegetables an abundant supply of water, swift; the whitethroat; the grasshopper lark, the not lesssened; be lost his barmuny, and saved no

so indispensibly necessary to their exist- smallest of the lark kind; and, lastly, the willow. fruit: the experiment was not repeated. A ripe his is the general character of April; yet, wren, which frequents hedges and shrubberies, and 'jargonel pear is one of his prime delights.

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Many compliments paid to each man or each maid, He held in his hand, not a magical wand,,
Who in dressing had shown a good taste,

But the pedigree through which he traces,
From the mob flew about with a laugh or a shout, And readily brings his descent from the Kings
Who then to the doors let them haste.

Of Cyprus and other great places.
At the entrance-hall of this gay fancy ball,

We are happy to hear, there's no longer a fear
The attention of each was arrested ;

That bis claims will be set at defiance; Shrubs and plants in profusion caus'd such a delusion, | 'Tis by Congress ad.nitted that Frank is well fitted

'Twas • Spring's breathing time" they protested. For a member of a holy alliance. . It is here we may mention what care and attention, Arnold Harrison now, with the antiquate bow, Indeed what exertions un wearied,

Which his ancient court dress suited best, John Turner alone to collect these had shown,

To a corner retiring, stood silent, admiring [ORIGINAL.] And dispose them ; so tastefully varied.

Frank's coat and magnificent vest. As the guests now on glided, a pavilion provided In friendship united, Frank and Arnold, delighted, Of the Bachelors' Ball (with the characters all)

With stars and with crescents resplendent,

With looks of regard viewed each other ; That was held at the Wellington Rooms;

In the grand Turkish style, which, on viewing awhile, Pylades, Orestes, by both well exprest is, Of this fanciful freak once more let us speak,

Show'd the same tasteful superintendent.

In heart and hand each a sworn brother. To describe the most curious costumes.

Here sofas all round, almost low as the ground, James Aspinall next, was a little perplexed, All the world of haut ton, all the strangers, each one, With Ottomans circled so gay,

His armour had weighty objections; With others from many miles round;

Pure Grecian, no question, young Foster's suggestion, Yet so polished was he that ourselves we could see, All the officers brave, all the gay and the grave,

The modern Palladio, they say.

Without making any reflections. In this motly mixture were found.

Quitting now this retreat and its soft easy seat, He had come from the wars covered over with scars, It was long buzz'd about that a mighty great rout

In passing the anti-rooms through,

As Sir Dugald Dalgetty of old; Was the Bachelors' determination ;

Sweet concord of sounds through the ball-room re- With a lance of great length and Hercules strength, But when it was known, and the thing fairly blown,


A knight as complete, brave and bold. It caus'd a most inighty sensation.

E'er they enter'd its dazzling view. The cards of invite flew by day and by night,

Sir Dugald, of course, lacked nought but his horse, Tho' bewildered the sight, yet with fondest delight Once Menzies' Sir Ulic, far-famed; At first to each favourite fair ;

The eye wandered quick, but confounding,

But Sir Dugald insists, since he entered the lists, Next--to country cousins, by sixes and dozens, As on every side 'twas in vain to decide

'That his horse great Gustavus be nam'd. And friends who would wish to be there.

On the costume and dresses surrounding. But who would not wish to partake of a dish

What a glorious sight to see such a knight They might ne'er in their lives see again; Many females so fair had assum'd a new air,

On such a grand charger firm seated ! What mind so invidious, what taste so fastidious,

And many, tho' oft styl'd the Graces,

When he next takes the field, let other knights pieb, What man so unlike other men ?

Had come to the Rooms in some ancient costumes, In despair, all disgraced, and defeated.

And look'd like old friends with new faces. Q believe us 'tis true, what we say entre nous,

Now looking around, Sir Ducald soon found That many who sigh'd for admission,

But in spite of old gowns, and broad hats with low That the girls were all smiling and smirking; After labouring hard, sans procuring a card,


So he doff"'d his cuirass and his helmet of brass,
Were compelled to repress their ambition.
Or with rouge, which no cheek e'er enriches,

And danced in a cool leather jerkin.
Their beauty shone through, so clear to the view,
But a card once secured and admission ensured,

We could swear they were Lancashire witches.

As Hudibras queer he now did appear, The happy delighted possessor

And still a knight-errant his trade is; Now ransack'd old prints, of all countries, for hints,

py others, dear creatures, preserved their sweet fea. But particular offers still waiving, he proflers Europe, Asia the greater and lesser.


His protection to all the fair ladies.

And came with their right honest looks,
Not a part of the globe but they eagerly probe,
Enchanted, enchanting, whatever was wanting,

Mr. Headlam, disguis'd, many friends much surprisede America, Africa too;

And as Duke of Ripperdo appear'd; Quick vers'd in these topics, from the Line to the Tropics,

'Twas clear they'd not studied from books.

With a fine Spanish gravity, mixed with suavity, Not a dress but they instantly knew. No Janus was there to make the folk stare

He wore his mustachios and beard.

At the face, or before or behind,
Portfeuilles of designs flew about and gave signs,
But profiles divided as if undecided,

Messrs. Lawrence, 'tis true, now came in our vel, 'Twas a chance if they e'er were recover'd ;

As De Jodelet, and De Mascarille,

Show'd youth and age strangely combined. For thus toss'd about many lost were no doubt,

In magnificent dress, which was nevertheless As their luckless collectors discovered. 'Mongst the men there were seen both the air and the

Mistook for a French deshabille. All the tailors of note who had e'er cut a coat,

mien, Having hastily taken new measures,

But we who can speak to these dresses antiqe, of many that might be styl'd gentle,

Which others have thought rather antic, Were employ'd, as they say, both by night and by day, light and hy dey | Who in foreign costume for once could assume

Can freely declare, if they'read Moliere, To suit all their customers' pleasures. | The manners of men with a rental.

They will prove themselves foolish or franti. All the top mantua-makers both Christians and Quakers, Many others with cloaks, which excited the jokes

It must be confessed they were not over dress'd; All milliners of a fine fancy,

of the fair, of their friends, or their neighbours, And of this we are certain and sure, So busy were kept that for nights they ne'er slept, Tho' ill they became 'em, with caution we blame 'em

That in trimmings and laces, in manners and graces, Mistress, maid, and poor 'prentice girl Nancy. For wanting some taste in their labours.

They correct were, not caricature. The Finneys, Macleans, Woodvilles, Hodgsons, and some men of condition and honest ambition

We now must give place to a curious Case, Cains, (Had such been their fortune or fate)

Which the greatest attention excited;
The Dansons, the Tetleys, the Rennies,
Stood fairly confessed, by their dresses express'd,

How the Case was so blunder'd, the company role in All names dear to fashion, led by Graystock and Cash on, How they long'd to be Rulers of State.

To see a Ratcatcher invited! Intent were securing the pennies.

Some fine Turkish habits with crmine of rabbits; But Burroughs most shone, as yet little known,

At first, on our word, we had thought him a Lord
Of red, green, or blue were here sported,

Of noble descent and degree;
A young London tailor of merit,
With turbans of white, grac'd with jewels so bright,

But his ribbon of blue, when it came to near view For th those who have tried him have always employed him, | And plumes of gay feathers assorted.

Was stain'd with the Rats, we could see.
And others will not long defer it.
Before the gay throng to the Rooms dash'd along, Many Scotchmen with green or red tartans were seen, As we think it but right to throw every light
They call'd by the way at friends' houses,
To distinguish his several clan,

On this case, it may fairly be stated,
Where crowds were collected, as might be expected,
With his kilt, fillibeg, and hose half up the leg,

Tho' he stood at A i the time is by gone,
Boys and girls, married men and their spouses.
Show'd off the fine form of the man.

And now down at E he is rated. At length, about ten, all the maids and the men

But the dresses alone which conspicuously shone, Yet his timbers are found so good and so sound, Whom the Bachelors kindly invited, Or to characters bore some resemblance,

That at Lloyd's they have once more insyr I hunga All flew to their carriage, as if to their marriage,

We'll not merely mention, but 'tis our intention Being pretty well pay'd they are not much sfraid, And (seemingly) quite as delighted. To name those we have in remembrance.

As they think of dry roi they have cured him. As the Rooms they drew near there was somewhat of fear, | First, Jordan so Frank, who aspired to the rank When again he sets sail he'll weather a gale, That the mob inight become rather rude, Of Devon’s great Earl, Couricnay,

Of avcrage losscs steer clear; For they forc'd down the glasses to look at the lasses. (Most correctly express'd and most splendidly dress'd) | With another good coating again set a floatings As oft as the carriages stood. I Bore a proud and pre-eminent sway.

1 And properly rigg'd he'll appear.


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