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will long be remembered by those who had cessful debutante is also distinguished for musical capa. Pliny ordered his galley, and, urged by his philosophie the good fortune to enjoy his acquaintance: city.-Miss W. herself is eighteen years of age, and ar- spirit, went forward to inspect the phenomenon. la:

ticled to Mr. Welsh cill she completes her 21st year. short time, however, philosophy gave way to humanity, while, among a numerous circle of relations

She was likely, in the first instance, to become a pupil and he zealously and adventurously employed bis galing and friends, the kindness and generosity of of Lanza's; but circumstances induced her friends to in saving the inhabitants of the various beauuful villas his character have rendered his death an seek the tuition of her present able instructor. Experi- which studded that enchanting coast. Amongst others irreparable lose. To the poorer classes his ments of the kind are so doubtful, that Mr. Welsh de- he went to the assistance of his friend Pomponianus, whe

clined the task; but handsomely offered to allow Miss was then at Stabiæ. The storm of fire, and the tempest professional advice was at all times gratuit

all times gratuit | W. opportunities of improving herself, and developing of the earth, increased ; and the wretched inhabitat ously open; and such was the disinterest - her talent under his observation, while teaching others. were obliged, by the continual rocking of their houki, edness of his conduct, that his income | The ability which she soon displayed led to the more to rush out into the fields with pillows tied down by en never" was nearly so great as the celebrity

permanent arrangement now existing, and which is likely | kins upon their heads, as their sole defence against the

to turn out so beneficial to both parties. The fame of shower of stones which fell on them. This, in the com of his name might have procured.

her London success has procured her offers from Edin- of nature, was in the middle of the day; but a deeper We know of no one to whose life and burgh and other places, from which it is said sbe would darkness than that of a winter night had closed around conduct we can more truly apply the clas- | receive £5000 within the present year.

the ill-fated inmates of Herculaneum. This artificial sical words which he himself inscribed on

darkness continued for three days and nights; and she, SACRED MUSIC.

at length, the sun again appeared over the spot where the tomb of one of his earliest and most

Herculaneum stood, his rays fell upon an ocean et lang! valued friends : “ Vir priscæ virtutis, per Under this head we hav

There was neither tree, por shrub, nor field, nor boase, omnes vitæ gradus, et in omni vitæ officio, | MODY for churches, chapels and families, which is pub

nor living creature; nor visible remnant of what buwan probatissimæ."-Scotch JOURNAL. lished at the usual places, and is highly approved. It con

hands had reared-there was nothing to be seen but one tains all the established favourite church tunes, with a black extended surface still steaming with peptic choice selection from Handel, Purcell, Corelli. Haydn. 1 pour, and heaved into calcined waves by the opera &c. Mr. Webbe has also published “ Laudate pueri." a of fire, and the undulations of the earthquake! My favourite Quartett or Trio; the Lord's Prayer for one

was found dead upon the sea shore, stretched up voice; and, “ Holy! Holy! Holy?" an anthem for

cloth which had been spread for him, where it three solo voices and chorus, withtan accompaniment:

jectured he had perished early, his corpulent and opel * The following are two articles, which, although the words by WM. Roscoe, Esq.

plectic habit rendering bim an easy prey to the suffocatuak they amount, in effect, to regular advertisements, we

atmosphere." coceive to be adapted to the plan of our work, in the promotion of refinement and science :

The Gleaner.



Musical Notices.

I am but a gatherer and disposer of other men's | Comprehending Notices of new Discoveries of Impresa One of the highest treats which the musical world can her expect is promised at the Music-hall, in Easter


ments in Science or Art; including, occasionally, Seek, wben the performances, which take place on

singular Medical Cases; Astronomical, Mechanica, Monday, Tuesday, Friday, and the following Monday, will be enriched by Mr. Kiesewetter, whose transcen.


Philosophical, Botanical, Meteorological, and MA dent powers upon the violin have created the greatest

ralogical Phenomena, or singular Facts in Natural astonishment among those before whom he has played.

History, Vegetation, &c.; Antiquities, &c; W * It is, therefore, but reasonable to entertain very san.


continued in a Series through the Volume) guine anticipations of the wonderful effect which his performance is expected to produce. One of the papers speaks of Mr. Kiesewetter as follows:- The We extract the following fine effort of descriptive THE NEW ANTARCTIC LAND. greatest povelty at the Drury-lane Theatre Oratorio eloquence, from the Review of Mr. Atherstone's Poem, was the first public appearance of Mr. Kiesewetter, tirst violin to bis Majesty's Chapel Royal at Hanover. The

on this subject, in Baldwin's London Magazine for the renown which bad preceded his arrival, had not exag, present month :

[Continued from page 50 of the presentadata. gerated his talents; they are of a superior order, in all " A great city-situated amidst all that nature could styles; for, the Concerto which he formed, called for a display of the most varied, as well as of the niost powercreate of beauty and profusion; or art collect of science

Respecting this country, the discovery a ful abilities. He evinced the taste and execution of a and magnificence-the growth of many ages-the resi-1.. master. The moment of his performance, in fact, pre- dence of enlightened multitudes the scene of splendour,

which was first announced in the Literary sented a phecomenon, which we have seldom remarked in our Theatres'; or which, if we have observed, has

and festivity, and happiness in one moment withered | Gazelte, the Edinburgh Philosophical user never been of such duration as on this occasion: it was

i/ as by a spell--its palaces, its streets, its temples, its nal has obtained some further interestiny that of complete silence. Not only was every movement gardens 'glowing with eternal spring,' and its inhabi.

accounts. They occur in a notice of suspended, every voice hushed, but every breath tants in the full enjoyment of all life's blessings, obliteseemned held, as if hearing had become the only sensa- rated from their place in creation, not by war. or famine. second voyage, under E. Barnfield, Daster tion for the thousands assembled! The faintest note,

the most delicate thrill, rose, as it were, distinct in or disease, or any of the natural causes of destruction of the Andromache, who was despatched vacancy. The soul followed it, till it gradually died to which earth had been accustomed_but in a single the brig which originally visited News away, and became almost an imagination. Never was night, as if by magic, and amid the conflagration as it Milton's description of the Nightingale's song, more

n, as it land (the William) in order to ascertu truly realized :

were, of nature itselt, presented a subject on which the
wildest imagination might grow weary without even

the truth of the statements brought by NF. "Silence was pleased."

equaling the grand and terrible reality. The eruption Smith and his crew. The writer says: The applause, which delight held captive whilst Mr.

Ir. of Vesuvius, by which Herculaneum and Pompeii were - We sailed from Valparaiso on the Kiesewetter continued to weave the spell of harmiony, burst in thunders at its close : and, as no audience has overwhelmed, has been chiefly described to us in the Dannn

e December, 1819. but did not arrive ever been thrown into such a state of enchantment, never letters of Pliny the younger to Tacitus, giving an account did it bestow such rapturous marks of admiration on a of his uncle's fate, and the situation of the writer and his

cruising ground till the 16th of January performer.” Besides this attraction, there are engaged, Miss Wilson, Mr. T. Welsh, and Mr. Braham ; of the

mother. The elder Pliny had just returned from the 1820, having been almost consta two latter it is unnecessary to speak; but we must de

bath, and was retired to his study, when a small speck rassed with baffling winds and call Vote a few lines to Miss Wilson.

or cloud, which seemed to ascend from Mount Vesuvius, orius This favourite songstress is a native of the southern attracted his attention.

Si arrived in a high southern latitude. U

This cloud gradually increased, part of Berwickshire, in Scotland, her father being from and at length assumed the shape of a pine tree, the day, however, we had the sun the town of Coldstream. A younger sister of the suco trunk of earth and vapour, and the leaves, . red cinders.' discover land to the southeast

Falso on the 20th o

been almost constantly bar ming winds and calms till!


the good fortune 1

to the south eastward, eso

Backing at a distance from the tops of the plumage, web-footed.imals described

coast appeared high, boid. The was not web-footed. Plecies we met with that thing to card, must also be

ending on both bows as far as the eye could cipally of four species of the penguin ; with sea-lion is, I am told, nearly equal in value each. At a distance, its limits could scarce- albatrosses, gulls, pintadoes, shags, sea-swalo to that of the spermaceti whale. And the by be distinguished from the light white lows, and a bird about the size and shape of great number of whales we saw every where clouds which Aoated on the tops of the the common pigeon, and of a milk-white near the land, must also be an important mountains. Upon a dearer approach, how-plumage, the only species we met with that thing to our merchants, as they are said to ever, every object became distinct. The was not web-footed. We also fell in with a have been lately very scarce to the northwhole line of coast appeared high, bold, and number of the animals described in Lord ward. rugged; rising abruptly from the sea in per. Anson's voyage as the sea-lion, and said by “We left the coast on the 21st of March, sendicular snowy cliffs, except here and him to be so plentiful at Juan Fernandez, and arrived at this place on the 14th of there where the naked face of a barren many of which we killed. Seals were also April, having touched at Juan Fernandez black rock showed itself amongst them. In pretty numerous; but though we walked for refreshment." the interior, the land, or rather the snow, some distance into the country, we could It is a singular coincidence, that the Noped gradually and gently upwards into observe no trace either of inhabitants or of biography of Capt. Cook closes (by way of high hills, which appeared to be situated any terrestrial animal. It would be im- summary) with the declaration, that she ilkome miles from the sea. No attempt was possible, indeed, for any but beasts of prey lustrious navigator had decided two great nade to land here, as the weather became to subsist here, as we met with no sort of problems-namely, that there was no ant.

ather threatening, and a dense fog came vegetation, except here and there small arctic land, and no passage into the arctic - which soon shut every thing from our patches of stunted grass growing upon the polar sea. These un lucky assertions are, jew at more than a hundred yards distance. surface of the thick coat of dung which the by a strange chance, both negatived in the

boat had been sent away in the mean sea-fowls left in the crevices of the rocks, same year, 1820.
ime to try for anchorage ; but they found and a species of moss, which occasionally
the coast completely surrounded by dan- we met with, adhering to the rocks them-

SKELETOX OF A WHALE FOUND ON A TILL K zerous sunken rocks, and the bottom so selves. In short, we traced the land nine or

NEW SOUTH SHETLAND. foul, and the water so deep, that it was not ten degrees east and west, and about three thought prudent to go nearer the shore in degrees north and south, and found its ge. We have been favoured with the perusal of a letter, the brig, especially as it was exposed to neral appearance always the same, high, dated “ Ship George, New Shetland, Jan. 3, 1821,"

from a young man who embarked from this port, in the * almost every wind. The boat brought off mountainous, barren, and universally cover

fur trade, to that newly-discovered island. The George some seals and penguins which had beened with snow, except where the rugged visited the Falkland Islands, where it was hoped to shot among the rocks : but they reported summit of a black rock appeared through | kill some of the numerous cattle that herd on that shore; them to be the only animated objects they it, resembling a small island in the midst of but they were too wild to permit a near approach. They had discovered. The latitude of this part the ocean ; but from

however killed 142 wild 'geese, and a bear, which af

the lateness of the forded a seasonable supply. They quitted these falando of the coast was found to be 62 deg. 26 min. season, and the almost constant fogs in which in November; and, in December, reached New Souch S. and its longitude to be 60 deg. 54 min. we were enveloped, we could not ascertain Shetland, the barrenness, and inhospitable climate of W. whether it formed part of a continent, or which, the writer describes with the spleen of a dimpo

pointed traveler. One day, while walking on a moun. "Three days after this, we discovered and was only a group of islands. If it is insu.

tain, never probably before trodden by human foot, be ochored in an extensive bay, about two de- lar, there must be some of an immense ex-discovered the skeleton of a whale, lying in the snow, Tees farther to the eastward, where we were teut, as we found a gulf nearly 150 miles in which does not disappear in that region even in summer.

The discovery of this animal, at a distance from the enabled to land and examine the country. depth, out of which we had some difficulty

sea, and on the height of a mountain, gives ample Words can scarcely be found to describe its | in finding our way back again.

scope for speculation to the naturalist, curious in delde Jarenness and sterility. Only one small “ The discovery of this land must be of vian lore. The people of the George had not seen a pot of land was discovered on which a land great interest in a geographical point of view,

whirol point of view star or moonlight from the time of their arrival; the

sun was only 2 hours under the horizon during the 94 ng could be effected upon the Main, every and its importance to the commercial in.

But the fog was sometimes so dense, that on one OOCAsther part of the bay being bounded by the terests of our country must be evident from sion the boat was dashed among the unseen rocks, and mame inaccessible cliffs which we had met the very great numbers of whales with which

very great numbers of whales with which the crew with difficulty escaped destruction. The vald with before. We landed on a shingle beach, we were daily surrounded ; and the multi

lei (in January, which is the summer of these regions) was

similar to that of our Christmas. They had secured 9000 on which there was a heavy surf beating, tudes of the finest fur-seals and sea-lions skins, and continued to kill about 1,000 senia a week and from which a small stream of fresh-water which we met both at sea and on every point although they were not so numerous as had boen repian ran into the sea. Nothing was to be seen of the coast, or adjacent rocky islands, on sented at Liverpool. but the rugged surface of barren rocks, upon which we were able to land. The fur of which myriads of sea-fowls had laid their the former is the finest and longest I have

DUCK EGGS. eggs, and which they were then hatching. ever seen ; and from their having now beThese birds were so little accustomed to the come scarce in every other part of these An elderly lady, in Dumfries, on breaking open an sight of any other animal, that, so far from seas, and the great demand for them, both legg at supper, was greatly astonished to see something

like a worm put up its snout, and then disappear. Think being intimidated by our approach, they in Europe and India, they will, I have no ing she might be mistaken, she put on her spectacles even disputed our landing, and we were doubt, become, as soon as the discovery 18 she spread the contents on a plate ; when, lo! it proved

and not being disposed to taste such a delicate morsel, obliged forcibly to open a passage for our-made public, a favourite speculation amongst to be either a worm or an asp, about an inch and a half

| long. The egg (that of a duck) had no smell, and ap. selves through them. They consisted prin- our merchants. The oil procured from the I peared to be quite fresh. - Dumfries Journal.

3. 54 min.: season, ana : bue

her part of the which we had met the very stear surrounded ; and the rame inaccessible anded on a shingle beach, wides of the finest fur

( Trunsmitted from Manchester.). \ inducement to persons of skill to exercise their inver

tion for the purpose of imitating it; but they have y Ah, simple maid! that gentle breast,

yet so far fallen short in their projects, as not to be The pillow now of peace and rest,

able to deceive the most youthful collector May heave with woe, may swell with care, May prove the pangs of féll despair ;

We frequently find coins in which the letters are Then let no vagrant wishes find

displaced, as is particularly common in those of Clau. An entrance to thy spotless mind,

dius Gothicus; but they are not so much esteemed. :: :: Poetry.

My sweet, my artless Mary.

and their condition is also regarded as dubious. Ne Then let not pride's fallacious ray:

ther are those so highly valued, the reverses of which LINES

Seduce thee from the hunıble way: .

are blundered by a slip of the hammer; and not only . OT THE DEATH OF

· Ambition dazzles to destroy,
And wealth but seldom leads to joy :.

the reverses, but we sometimes see a double head, The gold and gems that shine so fair,

whilst the figures on i Look on the ruin Death hath made ;

the other side are perfectly vel Too often hide a heart of care,

struck. There is also another biemish, which, tete How wasted now those lov'd remains l;

My sweet, my. artless Mary.

withstanding, is a recommendation, inasmuch as its , How dreary the eternal shade,

Ah! let not gaudy toys ensnare ;

looked upon as a proof that the coin is of undoubted Which wraps them in the spoiler's chains!' , Sell not content for empty glare :

antiquity; that is, when the edges are split, and even

Here health is fuund in every gale ; Once o'er that pale and marble brow.

Fair virtue loves the quict vale:

they appear sometimes split as far as the middle by che Her smiling train Hope gaily led ;

She flies the senseless giddy throngi

force of the hammer; a further description would be And from those dark’ned orbs below,

To dwell the sylvan groves among,

unnecessary. But as this crack, has been attempted to 'Mid many a sunny ringlet play'a.

My sweet, my artless Mary,

be imitated, a few hints may be useful: iz tae ancient Bright was the glow on that wan cheek,

Take now the moral of the lay :

ones the branches of the crack will be in an irregular

Ath! never discontented stray, * The hues of youth were blushing there ;;

From that safe path where peace presides,

and gradually diminishing form, whilst on the form And sweetly did the flatt'ter-speak .

To flaunt where empty pomp resides;

geries you may plainly discern the marks of the file Of many a gay returning year..

For man will flatter to betray,

and its sudden termination ; a little practice may be

Then leave with scorn their helpless prey, Cold too are now those pallid lips,

necessary at first, but in a short time the distincim

My sweet, my artless. Marj. That wont to smile in youthful glee si

will be so evident as to cause a surprise that you should

For I, whatever ills. befall, And mute the charm, so used to fix

ever have been deceived by such a vile attempt.

Would love thee, though despised by all ; · Th' admiring ear with harmony..

Would mourn the fate that bude thee roam;

The most exquisite imitations of the money d' ta Oʻor all that forms proportion rare,

Would try to lure thee to thy home ;

ancients are those of the Paduans; and in such high

And, if affection could not save, The stift”ning hand of Death is laid;

estimation are they held, as frequently to fetch a bigber Would sink with thee into thy grave i

price than those they are made to imitate; and for a Still is the foot, chat light as air,

My sweet, my artless Mary.

further description of the various modes of countertos so oft hath cript the woodland shade..

ing, the reader is referred to the chapter on that de The joys, the sorrows of her breast,

Fine Arts.

ject by Pinkerton, who has enlarged very fully on the · Shall wake the swelling sigh no more;

subject, as well as afforded the means of discovered The throb of life has sunk to rest,

ON THE STUDY OF COINS. such from the genuine. And Mary, blooms.on Eden's shore.



Liverpool, March 26, 1821.

Written for the Kaleidoscope.),

Thou mighty pow'r unseen, yet felt and heard

DISCOVERY OF A ROMAN ALTAR. - (For now I feel thy pinions cross my cheek;.

ON THEIR FORGERIES. And hear thy voice, and oft articulate word,

(From the Chester Guardian.) • At lonely midnight have I heard thee speak ;). Ostay thy rapid footsteps, for I seek


A few days since, in an orchard, in the holding a M; To know thee, and from whence thou comest, and where

Faulkner, in Further Boughton, near Chester, I fou Thy going is, when thou hast ceased to break,

SIR, -As the variety of the reverses forms one of the Altar, in an excellent state of preservation, retete With the wild strife of clemental war,

It is about four feet high, with a shallow bit ADS Light zephyr's soft repose, calm slumbering in the air. chief. recommendations of this study ; so, perfect pre

top, supported by two volutes. The shaft of the carte servation constitutes one of its greatest beautics. InIn Ocean's gloomy caverns dost thou dwell?.

is four sided; on two of its sides is the following ako Or is thy habitation in the skies?

deed, it is highly risible to see a collector poring over tion : What mystic form does herald thy assail the obliterated remains of antiquity, and from each


ET * To the bold seaman, ere the waves arise

letter, or even sometimes from but the moiety of one, To mountain billows, and the vessel flies,

which to complete is a riddle in itself, forming a word

Like a scar leaf before thy withering blast ?
O thou art wonderful ! thought prostrate lies
which he eventually translates into some remarkable

V.V. Before thee as a deity: how fast occurrence, suitable to its small remains. This folly in extended characters, Nymphis et Fontibus Lupin

Vicessima valente vitrici; which may be thus English Thou hast been hurrying past me, yet thou art not past!

is justly and well ridiculed by the facetious author of

of | Dedicated to the Goddesses of the waters and to keep All things created have a form but thee.

Peregrine Pickle ; in which he introduces a virtuoso, rits of the Fountains, by the soldiers of the Tochter How like a Gou the sun pursues his way

who, out of an English farthing, with nothing remain | Legion, the powerful, the conquering. Diffusing life and beauty! but we see

ing of the word Britannia, but the NI, finds the victory ... " It appears that Chester was the seat of the The . From whence proceeds the vivifying ray:

tieth Legion, or Legio Vicessima valens on this But thou art vicwless, formless; night and day of Severus over Pescennius Niger: and equally liable | although it might possibly have been anteriorly a Ban Thy steps are on the ocean, on the earth, are all to fall into the same error.

station, there is little doubt of its having been laut And far above, the clouds thy will obey. Before the heaven and earth, wert thou brought forth? | Nothing contributes so much to their preservation as by Ostorius Scapula, for the protection of the Rupit

u and capture of Caractus, Or, did this globe, in space, produce thy mighty birth? | that fine rust, with which we frequently find them army, after the defe

'|A. V. 50.". According to which, this altar has been

surrounded; and which is caused by their lying in a placed in its present situation somewhere about 1 Of all the created things, within the ken

particular soil. But while this rust is so ornamental to years. The ground near to where it was formes E Of human knowledge, thou resemblest most. The Great Original; and there are men, the brass and copper, it is most prejudicial to the gold been considerably underdug, so as to drain off the upper

waters, but there can be little doubt, that, at the sa So far in their own mazy reasoning lost, and silver, which never admit of a perfect coat, on the

date, this scite abounded with springs and seda Who say, thou art the Mighty One, that dost

former it preserves the medal from the ravages of time, water. At the introduction of Christianity 11:30ak Guide with a skilful hand this ponderous carth.

yet does not conceal one line which is on the coin island, this altar was most probably overthrown **** How wild and weak the subtle reasoners boast ! The same Almighty Cause did give thee birth,

itself; but on the two latter it corrodes the coin instead found lying on one side) and the heaps of clases

* over it, as may be now seen. Various remains of That brought the globe, the heaven, and all existence

of preserving it: and, as the state of such coins is the quity have been found on the spot, as pieces os liga forth. Ljverpool, 7th April, 1821..

z. cause of their fetching high prices, so it has been the pottery, &c

the defeat

Scientific Notices. mals, and the most remote from bumavity ? the heightened by the previous little scheme, the detail most incapable of human ideas and sensations of which will perhaps not be uninteresting to some

of your young readers who beheld the mechanism TO TAB EDITOR. Beyond all doubt, those which in their form least

of M. Louis, though invited less mystically: but it resemble man'

| is chiefly meant to show them on how slight a basin $12,-As it may be interesting to many of your

Lavater frequensly dwels apon the forehead, the the magic wand of good humour can raise a fairy readers to possess a scale of the gradations of the

nose, and the chin; which be conceives to be the superstructure, and add to the happiness of bome, facial line, as arranged by Professor Camper I have

T. of P. three leading features. He asks, “What care of

24th March, 1821.

. : made a drawing of a size suitable for the columns

M... education can arch the skull of a negro like that of of your entertaining and useful publication, which

a star-conversant astronomer?' b at your service, sbould you think it worth the

According to Professor Camper, the facial line of The Naturalist's Diary, trouble and expense to have it engraved for insertion. la monkey makes an angle of 40 degret's with the

FOR APRIL, 1821. With it I inclose a few extracts from authors who

horizontal line; tbat of an Oran Outang, 58; that bare written on the subject.- I remain yours, &c. of a negro, 70; of a Chinese, 75; of au European,

Concluded from our last.) April, 1821.

T. T.

80 or 90. The Roman painters preferred the angle Lavater says, 'It must have been already remarked, of 95 deg.; the Greciao antique, 100. If above. The progress of vegetation is general and rapid in

this month. that I take the system of the bones as the great out. 100, it begins to grow monstrous; aod with a greater

The blossoms of trees now present to the eye a line of mad; the skull as the principal part of that angle, the head must resemble that of a child labour

most agreeable spectacle, particularly in those coonayatem, and that I consider what is added almost as ing under hydrocephalus. See the scale above. ries which abound with orchards. Blackthorn is the colouring of this drawing; that I pay more at: Dr. Thuuberg says, “The language, which fre- / the first that puts fortb its Aowers; a host of others

follow, among wbich may be named the ash, groundBeotion to the form and archiog of the skull, as far quently is almost the only thing that distinguishes;

besivy, the box-tree, the pear-tree, the apricot, the I am acquainted with it, that all my predecessors; the indolent Hottentots from the brute creation, is peach, nectarine, the wild and garden cherry; and and tbat I have considered this most firm, least poor, unlike any other in the world; it is pronounced ihe plum; gooseberry and currant trees; the baw.' thangeable, and far best defined part of the human with a clack of the tongue, and is never written.'- thorn, the apple-free, and the sycamore."

The beech, elm, and larch are now in full leaf. The body, as the foundation of the science of physiog-Gamon says, "The sound of their voice resembles

Iarch also exhibits its red tufts, or flowers, wbich pomy.'

sighing. Spitsbergb says, that their language soon expand into cones, and the fir tribe show their He asks, Wbiebi are in general the weakest ani- resembles the clucking of a turkey.'

cones also. The first larch-trees ever seen in Scot

land were sent to the Duke of Athol 'at Dunkeld,' By way of illustration, the annexed sketch may be referred to.

in the year 1738, in two gardeo-pots. They

came from Switzerland, and were at first put into Tihe green-house. By degrees it was discovered that that they could bear the winter of Scotland without injury; they were therefore planted in the Duke's park at Duokeld, very near his house. There they may be still seen, baving grown in the course of 81 years, which have elapsed since they were planted, to the size

of very large trees. Their circumference, about a foot А в

above the ground, is nearly 18 feet; and at the A. Monkey; B. Oran Outang; C. Negro; D. American Savage ; E. Asiatic; F. European; G. Beau

height of 8 feet, the circumference is nearly 14 feet. Ideal of the Roman Pointers; H. Grecian Antique.

Tbus ip 81 years Ibey bave produced as much wood • The Roman Painters preferred the angle of 95°.

as an oak would in the course of several centuries. Froin these two parent trees havesprung all the larches

which abound so much in Scotland. The reproacbes ELEGANT AND INGENIOUS CHEMICAL | Till magic power shall give it birth,

of Dr. Johnson turned the attention of Scottish land And in heaven's colour call it forth. EXPERIMENT.

lords to plantiog; and in many parts of Scotland, What shall destroy this mighty world ?

particularly in Perthshire, the defect of which 'The

That power apply: the veil's unfurlede. DOMUS AMKA, DOMUS OPTIMA After reading this with much surprise, her atten- greatest planters of trees in that county, and per.

Doctor complained has been removed. . The two tion was called to the piece of blank paper ioclosed haps in Scotland, are the Duke of Athol and the TO THE EDITOR.

in the note. Puzzled at first, she knew not what to Earl of Breadalbane; each of these uoblemen, it is make of it; but sbe soon conceived that she was said, bas planted at least sixty millions of trees.

to employ the agency of fire, and, on heating the There could scarcely be a publication more fitly

That magnificent and beautiful tree the horse-ches. y paper, she beheld it covered with characters of a affording room to expatiate on the pleasures of home

nut, ouw displays its honours of fine green leaye.

nt. now displays its honours of fine creen ome |úne blue, and was able to read as follows: than the Kaleidoscope, which so often conduces

and its handsome" spikes pyramidai" of white and

Yet the magician* waves his wand, to the amusement of the family circle; and he who

red flowers. It is quite the glory, of forest trees.

The sylph yet in the ether dances, should make that subject the theme of his tribute to

The common laurel is in flower,

The musie wakes to lifeless hand, its columns, might, with ability, ricbly add to tbeir

Many and lovely are the idwers which are show.

The peacock in proud glory glances; worth, and produce pleasure and benefit to many of The serpent wreathes his train of gold,

ered, in profusion, from the lap of April : among its readers,

The bird of paradise is singing:

them may be named the jonquil, agemodé, ranunThe pleasures of home are varied and infinite; I She who would the scene behold,

culus, polyanthus, and the crown imperial. Other but their excellence is only koowo to the serene and Must watch when eight the bells are ringing.

Aowers wbich adorn our fields, at this time, are the virtuous mind. To tbe soul which suffers itself to The fire has glowed; the secret's known :

chequered daffodil, the primrose*, the cowslip, the be the slave of violent passion, those pleasures are Vanish words! the charın is done. as transient gleams of sunshine on a stormy sea; ||

* THE PRIMROSE. The blue characters obeyed this injunction ; fur | sud to the eye, ever bent on the selection of a novel

Welcome, pale Primrose! starting up between while the young lady continued gazing on them and object of dissipation, the joys of home are as things

Dead matted leaves of ash, and oak, that strew gs trying to guess the meaning, the whole gradually The every lawn, the wood, and spinney through, invisible, or else not existing. These observations

vanished, and the paper remained in her hands blank Mid creeping moss and ivy's darker green; lead to the introduction of the following trifle, which

| as at first. She ai length-remembered having asked How much thy presence beautifies the ground ! shows that the slightest occurrence may be directed

her brother if Mr. Louis's exhibition was still in How sweet thy modest, unaffected pride . by tbe willing miad to augment the simple joys of town, and when he would go with her to see it; and

Glows on the sunny-bank and wood's warm side. the fireside. now she found her queries answered by the mystic

And where thy fairy flowers in groups are found. A short time ago, a young lady was one afternoon paper, and held herself in readiness accordingly.

The school-boy roams enchantingly along, presented with a vote, on opening which she found,

Plucking the fairest with a rude delight: The pleasure afforded by the exhibition was in the handwriting of one of her brothers, the fol

While the meek shepherd stops his simple wong. bwing lines :

To gaze a moment on the plasing sight, • The magician, mechanical musician, peacock, bird, O'erjoyed to see the flowers that truly bring . Lady! a secret, dark and deep..

&c. formed a part of the ingenious exhibition of the The welcome news of sweet returning Spring. Must on this album ever sleep mechanism of Mr. Louis.


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The Philanthropist.

lady-smock, and the hare-bell. The yellow star of their depredations are most to be dreaded, lay small and to realise the satisfaction and thrill of las... Bethlehem in woods; the vernal squill among heaps of dead leaves, and half-decayed turnips, or which the blessing of the receiver sball brine

upon them, a pleasure unequalled and vpalloyed; for

arer sball bring down maritime rocks; and the wood-sorrel are now in full cabbages, and if tbe season be dry, water them plen

it is more blessed to give than to receive. It might be

pon taem., Power. The leaves of the wood-sorrel abound with lifully at night; in the morning remove these heaps,

objected that it would be liable to great abuse; bue. acid, which is extracted, and, when chrystallized, and you may be assured, that, at the same time, you

should this prevent the attempt? What charity, or cha forms the salt of lemons, useful for removing stains will remove great numbers of slugs.

ritable individual, but is occasionally imposed upon? in linea. This and the wood-anemoné now in flower, Curlews, and other birds that live on worms, may | And should the honest and deserving become suffer have both white blossoms, and inbabit shady woods. be kept in gardens, for the purpose of destroying owing to the ever-ready, indolent, undeservice in The word anemone bas been adopted into our Flora them, with some advantage.

postors who would seek its advantage? There from Tbeophrastus and other Greek naturalists. The spring flight of pigeons appears in this month, must be in this town a large number of respect. Pliny says, it never thrives but when the wind blows; or early in the next.

able men, who are ever moving about in the visits et aad hence the name anemoné nemorosa. The anem Dry weather is still acceptable to the farmer, who

compassion and mercy among the poor and afilicted. oné, bere alluded to, adoros most of our woods, pret is employed in sowing various kinds of grain, and

These would be able and willing to select and bring tily tinged with a pale blush colour; but wben the seeds for fodder; as buck-wheat, lucerne, saintfoin,

forward recipients for its relief, most deserving of

benefits; and surely none could object to place their wiods of March and April cease, and the warmth clover, &c. The young corn and springing grass,

bounty at the disposal and advice of such responsible of May commences, it fades to pallid white, and dies however, are materially benefited by occasionalmen. Or it might be arranged for subscribers to seet

showers. The important task of weeding now begins, out the proper objects, and recommend them to The early part of this month, in backward springs, with the farmer; and every thistle cut down, every mittee, with whom regular gratuitous visitors should affords great advantage to the curious botanist ; for plant of charlock pulled up, may be said to be not be connected, who would immediately inspect the the barrepness of the hedges leaves exposed many only an advantage to bimself, but a national benefit,

bedoee leaves exposed many only an advantave to bimself but a national benefit. cases, and report theni to such committee, 10 tbato plants whicb Ibrive in thickets; and the early stages When the warmth of the season has caused the indiscriminate relief should be afforded to say. It of some, and the entire growth of others, are often sap to rise in the oak, 80 that the bark will run, or

might be further advisable to make the individual

| assist themselves by small weekly payments, tomando hidden from view by the tangled bramble and thick strip off easily, this is ibe time for felling that sort of

the benefits they were to derive from it. Same would foliage of the hawthorn. Of this kiod is the spurge timber.

feel disposed to ohject, perhaps, by urging tbat such a laurel, an evergreen shrub, with numerous lance

society would prove only an encouragement to the eril shaped leaves on the tops of the brancbes, and small

it sought to remedy; but could tbe plan be adopted, it . yellowish green flowers; but so deep in the thicket,

would be, no doubt, assisted with proposals and advice that, if the foliage were much advanced, the plant

sufficient to prevent this: It might be. perhaps, made would be hidden from notice. Apother, deserving

rule to relieve none more than once. You will pe

TO THE EDITOR. attention, is the cuckoo-piot, or wake-robia. This

ceive my intention is only to draw attention to the is not in Aower till nexi month ; but as the leaves

object, and to induce some able and respectable pervas

SIR, You are often called upon, as the Editor of a and Aower fall off as the seed ripens, leaving only a widely-circulating and useful journal, to become the desirable to lend their support to the commencloga ,

to lend their thoughts to it; and should they think naked spike of red berries, the whole plant is never advocate of benevolence; and, did a proper feeling which, for myself, I should be very glad cosce accom. ween entire; and, to obtain a correct kpowledge of it, I exist, generally, in the minds of those you are enabled plished. The society might be called the Liverpool the differeut stages should be attended to. In this to address, it would be, perhaps, one of the most | Redeemine Society: aad no institution. I think, will month, the leaves will be found on hedge banks, pleasing parts of your public duties. If there is one have equal oppor

| have equal opportunity of learring the situation of aod in the thickets and woods. “They are of the ar action of the human mind that yields the greatest sa

many decent and distressed famillies, or be capable or row-abape, of a glossy green ; some spotted with tisfaction, and affords more real pleasure than another,

rendering them more advice. By this institution many it must be that which prompts to universal and unirregolar black spots, others witbout such marks.

impositions they are subject to would be brought to ceasing benevolence; and, those who thus feel it, will It will afford much amusement to watch the pro

light, and many grievances be redressed for them. ever be thankful when a new channel is opened for the Many a useful mechanic, by baving his tools restored gress of vegetation in this plant.

diffusion of it. "Tis with such, immediately in my To the interesting violet, we cheerfully add an- view, I venture to solicit your attention, and that of vide for his family, and it would exceed your limits to

of it. 119. With such, immediately in my to him, would be able to return to his work and proother tribute to that already given in March. your benevolently-disposed readers, to the considera- point out the pumerous benefits the poor would reap

tion of the practicability of instituting a new society, I from it. Sent to a Lady addicted to fashionable hours, with

for the relief of the deserving poor, the object of I remain, Gentlemen, your obedient servant, A VIOLET. which should be to raise funds for the prudent release

W.SI of pledged property, to restore it to the unfortunate Did you but know, when bathed in dew,

Liverpool, March 7, 1821. .. owners. It would, I tbink be almost incredible, could How sweet the little Violet grew

it be known, the extensive articles of furniture, tools, Amidst the thorny brake,

and domestic comforts, which lie in tbe hands of pawaHow fragrant blew the ambient air,

Correspondence. brokers, for a very small and insignificant amount: ar.O'er beds of primroses so fair,

ticles which have stripped the dwellings of many honest,
Your pillow you'd forsake.
but humble individuals, and rendered, perhaps, even

Paler than the autumnal leaf,

many a habitable but comfortable cellar, cheerless inOr the wan hue of pining grief,

deed. In an hour of temporary distress, or in a season of The cheek of sloth shall grow ;

long-continued want ot work, many decent families, | SIR, -Perhaps the two following letten bar be Nor can cosmetic wash, nor ball,

to prevent the exposure of their situation; or obliged, thought interesting to some of your readers, or terte Nature's own favourite tints recal,

in order to obtain the necessaries of life, have parted as a supplement to the eighth lucubration of you If once you let them go.

with their bedsteads, comfortable beds, and clothing,

c. and withal but very classical correspondent M. They will be found in the Various kinds of insects are now seen “ sporting 1.

to lie upon the ground, on straw, and witbal but very

tbinly covered. On the articles as little has been asked fourth volume of the Pocket Magazine, the Edirok or in the san-beams," and living their « little hour."

as was sufficient for the immediate disficulty, and often which never introduces quotations or mottoes in Land The mole-cricket is the most remarkable of the insect much less than a pawnbroker would bave been willing lor French, without giving the substance is plaid but tribe seen about this time. The blue flesh-fly to lend upon them: times have grown no better with nad the dragon-fly are frequently observed towards them, or they have obtained no more than was suffici

lish; a duty, which, for a very obvious reason, there is the end of this month. Little maggots, the first ent for the wants of the family, and the articles have never be overlooked by edicons of cheap publicata. state of young ants, are now to be found in their lain, without redemption, till they have fallen a sa

I remain, Nests. The great variegated libellula (libellula varia crifice at public sale. The application of a very small

A SUBSCRIBER TO THE KALEIDOSCOPE of Shaw) which appears, principally, towards the de sum, in this way, to many a family, would pro

duce them more joy and comfort than if expended cline of summer, is an animal of singular beauty.

comfort than if expended | Manchester, April 5, 1821.

for them in any other way. I have, perhaps, alThe cabbage butterfly also now appears.

ready hinted sufficient to excite in many, a disposition “SIR, Being an ardent admirer of genuine poetry The black slug abounds at this season. The com

to raise objections. One class of persons might be, as also a collateral descendant of one of some mon brown slug, the brown, the yellow, and the smaller

rhaps, disposed to say, “The calls upon us are already | celebrity in the annals of English literature, and grey, are found in gardens and in fields, and where too numerous :" that they are numerous, is readily ad-taken some pains to gratify the laudable en que Ever there are planis to support them,-For the demitted ; that the streams of many fountains of bene- | your correspondent • Beppo,' relative to the place struction of slugs in gardens, we must recommend volence are flowing down among the poor of Liverpool, I residence of that Rural Bard, Robert Bloomine the saine means as for other uigbt-feeding insects. | is also too visible to be doubted: but, are there not The information comes from an authentic source, Either late at nigbt, or very early in the morning,

many who could do much more for their fellow-crea from the poet's son-in-law; who told me, la rep tures than the

d they remember themscarch must be made, and care taken to secure

some questions put to bim regarding his te poti selves to be stewards of a property they must soon give circumstances, that he had enough to do to win every slug that can be found. Vegetables lately

up and yield an account of, and that their Master himself and family; but he had learnt that buste planted, half-decayed cabbages, and witbered leaves, sanctioned tbe appropriation of his own property to bad been employing bimself in wntus pust be more particularly examined, as these are its acts of benevolence, and put peculiar honour on those new work (or works) and would shortly come favourite baunts. And be it remembered, that no who sought out objects for the extension of it, they side in London, for the purpose of getting is for barn search need be made but in wet weather. but in wet weather. To would be more ready and anxious to gain the cominen- | published.' I

In would be m parts of the garden where they abound, and where dalloa, “ Well done chou good sad faithful serviat," I piece of intelligence, I feel ao doubt (judging love


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