Page images
PDF
EPUB

of our author and some others, might probably occafion. From the extravagance of Dr. Moseley's commendations, we almost suspect him of an ironical sneer. He would not else attempt to establish its power in clearing the mind's eye, or to support the following fancy of a poet.

• Coffee which makes the politician wise,

And see thro' all things, with his half-nut eyes.' A Treatise on the Properties and Effects of Coffer. By Benjamin

Mofelry, M. D. Second Edition. 8vo. 25. 6d. Stockdale.

When our account of the first edition was ready for the press, the second appeared, which is in many respects improved. The authorities are added, as well as an entertaining relation of the different fate which coffee first experienced at Mecca, before its use was established : the question was not, whether is was wholesome; but whether it was warranted by the Alcoran? Several political remarks are also added, which tend to encourage the cultivation of the vegetable; but the account, which we have received, differs from that of our author on this fubject: we have been informed that it not only will not grow in a poor foil, but that it foon impoverishes one that is rich. This Tubject deserves farther examination.

In other respects, this edition does not materially differ from the former. The praises of coffee are ttill raised greatly beyond their proper bounds; and though some unintelligible passages are now explained, we still think that much remains to be done. The advantages and injuries from coffee are yet uncertain, since its effects on the human body have not been ascertained with precision : at least they have not been related without either warm panegyrics, or the most pointed disapprobation. If we examine it by analogy, we cannot help considering its powers as suspicious, or more likely to injure than alift the fomach in its different functions; but analogy we know to be sometimes a fallacious guide, and we wish rather to trust careful observa. tion and actual experience. An Esay on the Retroverfion of the Uterus ; illustrated with Cafes and observations. By William Cockell, M. D. 4to.

Is. 6 do Law.

We do not perceive any considerable novelty in this work : nearly the same method has been recommended by different lecturers, and very lately by Dr. Hamilton of Edinburgh, in his outlines of midwifery. But the author seems to be a man of candoor and benevolence; nor will his attempt be useless, if ic only diffuses the knowledge of a mode of practice, often suc. cessful in a very dangerous complaint. For obvious reasons we cannot enlarge on it in this place. Practice of Medicine made cafy. By J. Fisher, M. D.

I 2mo.

25.

Here is much good matter in a bad form, like a good story marred in telling it.' The directions are heaped together without order, or without explaining in what circumstances each medicine is preferable; so that, though the remedies are often valuable, the unexperienced practitioner may fail in his intention, or do much mischief. Besides the objection we have often hinted at, chat it is more difficult to know diseases than to cure them, acquires, with respect to this little book, additional force, for the descriptions of diseases are very often imperfect. Yet if patients will be their own physicians, they will find at least as much useful matter, in a cheaper form, and smaller compass, than in some more laboured systems. We shall give a short specimen, relating to the albugo, or specks on the eye: perhaps the reader, like ourselves, may be displeased at the conItant recurrence of that pronoun, dear to every author, who is himself the hero of each little tale,' but he will find it so frequently, that we could not easily select any part without it.

each

• Cure. Amongst the many methods by which I have attempted to cure this disease, I have found the following to be the most generally successful. First I reduce the inflammation with which it is generally attended by bleeding from the arm, applying four or five leeches to each temple, a blittering plaster berween the shoulders, and by giving an ounce and a half of Glauber's falts diffolved in water. After a proper repetition of one or more of these practices, according to the effects, when I perceive the inflammation to be abated, I then order Sir Hans Sloan's ointment to be applied to the eye with a pencil or the point of a finger, twice or thrice a day. If it gives great pain and raises an unusual degree of inflammation again, by continuance, I omit the ointment for a few days till I have once more reduced the infiammation as before, and then I order the ointment to be applied again.' A History of the Practice of Trepanning the Skull, and the After

Treatment; with Observations upon a new Method of Cure, illustrated by a Cafe. By Robert Mynors, Surgeon. Small 8vo. 25. 6d. Robinson.

We have already had occafion to hint at the method here recommended, and to express our approbation of it. The design is to unite the parts of the scalp, raised in order to remove the fractured and elevate the depressed portions of the skull, by the simple adhesive inflammation ; and, in the case before us, the success was complete. It was communicated to the editors of the London Medical Journal, by Mr. Jones; but was abridged in that publication ; and, as the authors allege, the sense was, by that means, misrepresented. In a subsequent Number, the improvement was attributed to Mr. Wilmer of Coventry,

These circumstances have induced Mr. Mynors to publish a pretty extensive history of the usual methods; and among these, that of Mr. Wilmer is included. The case at large then follows, as we have been informed, in a corrected and improved ftate ; and the whole is concluded with some remarks on the utility of extending this mode of union to other operations.On this subject we need not repeat our opinion ; nor can we,

with propriety, accufe or defend the editors of the Medical
Journal. The History appears to us accurate, the observations
ingenious and juft. In the case, recorded by Mr. Wilmer, it
seems probable, that he might have intended to unite the Haps
of the fcalp by the first intention: he certainly preserved them;
but it is equally certain, that the cicatrix was only formed after
the usual suppurations. We ought to add, that he dues not
mention any intention of this kind. He probably could not
have succeeded, if it was really his design, on account of the
previous inflain mation on the dura mater; and we strongly sur-
pect that Mr. Mynors' method will, for the same realon, be
chiefly useful, when the operation is performed very soon after
the accident.
Chiropodologia, or a Scientific Enquiry into the Causes of Corns,

Warts, &c. By D. Low, Chiropodifi. 8vo. 35. fewed.
Hookham.

We do not think Mr. Low, chiropodist, very happy. in his physiological labours; but his practice is really · founded on the most approved doctrines of the frit medical and chirurgical authors:' and, though his Enquiry contains little new, we have no doubt but that his manual dexterity is very conspicuous. The nature of these trifling but painful excrescences is but little understood: we have however seen fome nearer approaches to a rational system, than this before us.

M I S CE L L A N E OU S.
A Letter to the Rev. Mr. T. Warton, on bis late Edition of Mil.

ton's fuvenile Poems. 8vo. Bathurst.
The author addresses Mr. Warton in the following manner,

! Sir, your publication of Milton's Juvenile Poems hath very lately fallen into

my

hands, On casting an eye over it, I found many things in it to praise, and some that deserved no small cenfure. I immediately conceived an idea of putting a few of the latter together, and sending them to you by the post ; such of them, I mean, as I thought molt worthy of your notice, in the case of a second edition.

• I have since changed my intention, and determined to give them to the public, for reasons which will appear in the sequel.'

We ought not to dispute the motives which any man publicly alligns for his conduct; but may be allowed to suspect, that another motive, very

different from the ostensible ones, had a share in the decision. There may have been some hope, however illfounded, that the public would treat a Letter of this kind with more lenity than the person to whom it is addressed. Did the critic never fail in endeavouring to recommend himself to an author, by abusing his works, in a Letter fint by the Post? and may not that miscarriage have occafioned this public addrefs to the laureat?

The

IS.

[ocr errors]

IS.

The author ranges the subjects of his reprehensions under three heads. First, Mistakes. Secondly, Redundancies. Thirdly, Errors arising from Spleen, Party-spirit, or Prejudice.

The mistakes are indeed very inconliderable, and the redundancies are fo pleasing, that by way of penance we would enjoin a repetition of the fault. The most prominent feature of party-spirit, which the Letter-writer chastises, is a flight com, mendation of bishop Parker, viz. ' that he was a popular writer, certainly a man of learning, and afterwards a bishop' Of this extraordinary praise, the first and last parts are allowed facts, and the critic has not advanced a single circumstance to invalidate the second. The author seems to be angry that Parker was once mentioned without an anathema.

On the whole, this Letter is a very trilling one, and rather fhows a carping discontented spirit, than a wiih to reform error or to supply defects. A Letter to the duthor of Thoughts on Executive fuffice. Small

8vo.

Debrett. In this Letter, the ingenious and benevolent author examines the · Thoughts on Executive Justice' with some attention. His chief argument arises from the facts, that in those countries where the punishment has been certain and severe, crimes have been more fanguinary; on this principle, that where no more cruel punishment than death can be inflicted for very dispropor. tioned crimes, the culprit will endeavour to secure his detection, for the robbery, by the death of the person whom he has plundered. At the same time he contends that, at the end of the war, in 1762, crimes were more numerous, and of a deeper die, than at present. These are circumstances which deserve attention ; but we apprehend, that the situation of the present criminals will not allow us to extend the analogy of other times, and different situations. Robbery is now a fyftem in which proficients are gradually inkructed, from picking pockets to robbing on the highway ; from petty pilfering in a ihop to housebreaking and its violent consequences. It ought to be considered, whether such dangerous combinations should not be broken by violence, since the common methods have failed ; and, in many respects, the arguments of the author of the “ Thoughts' seem yet to have been unassailed.

Lucubrations by a Lady. Is, 6d. Johnson. This is the production of a serious and contemplative young woman, who appears to have spent her leisure hours very laudably, in improving her mind, and cultivating the virtues of the heart. It consists of thirteen Lucubrations, or short essays, or the following subjects : Poverty, Nature, Knowledge, Laws, Society, a Future State, Virtue, Religion, the Pallions, the Miseries of Mankind, Fame, and the Being and Perfections of God

The writer is the daughter of Dr. Harwood.

I 2mo.

CRITICAL REVIEW.

For SEPTEMBER, 1735.

Letters to Edward Gibbon, Esp. Author of the History of the De

cline, and Fall, of the Roman Empire. By George Travis, A.M. 8vo.

Second Edition. 55. Rivington, . THIS is a learned and elaborate defence of the celebrated

passage in i John v. 7: " There are three that bear re. cord in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghoit; and these three are one.'

It was occasioned by the following note in Mr. Gibbon's fecond volume of the History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire:

“ The three witnesses (1 John v.7.) have been ellablished in our Greek Teftaments by the prudence of Erafmus; the honest bigotry of the Complutensian editors; the typographical fraud, or error, of Robert Stephens, in placing a crotchet; and the deliberate falthood, or itrange misapprehension of Theodore Beza."

In the first Letter, our author endeavours to shew, that this charge against the Complutenfian editors, Robert Stephens, and Beza, “is not warranted by fact, and cannot be supported in argument.'

As to Erasmus, he says, ' His conduct betrays, at least, great weakness. If he was really possessed of five ancient manuscripts, in which this verse had no place, and had thought it his duty to expel it accordingly from his two former editions [in 1516, and 1519] he ought not to have reitored it in his third edition in 152a) upon the authority of a single MS. only,-Either he could not produce the five MSS. in which he had alleged the verse to be omitted; or he had other authorities, much fuperior to the teitimony of a fingle MS, for replacing the verse, which he was not, however, ingenuous enough to acknowledge.' Vol. LX. Sept. 1785.

This,

M

« PreviousContinue »