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poffeffion of the thing you desire. This, (continued they Miranda, is allotted for your pursuit.

The next, (said she) Florissa, muft be your care : a Bottle of Water, taken from the River of Good-nature, no less valuable than the Distaff, being endowed with the power conciling all differences ; one draught uniting the most bitter enemies : and it has also this peculiar quality, that, when once attained, it can never be exhausted, fince the more it is used, the more it continues to increase.

• The Spear of Truth is the next, and possesses even fuperior virtues to the former, having the power of overcoming all evil enchantment. Provided you keep the straight road, you need not fear any thing; but, should you once turn aside, the dangers are so numerous as to require the greatest experience and

fortitude to furmount. Be this your pursuit, Clementina.

• The Mantle of Meekness is the fourth, which confers a degree of immortality on the poffeffor: she who is fortunate enough to obtain it, immediately becomes beautiful as an angel, and, though the fiould live to the most extreme age, will still continue to wear the full bloom of youth on her countenance. May your best endeavours, my dear Bonnetta, not be wanting to acquire so great an ornament !

• The fifth (said she) is the Magnet of True Generosity : whofoever is pofseffed of it, is endowed with the power of transferring that pleasure they poffefs to another, which, at the same time, increases it in themselves. This, my dear Orinda, is the reward held up to you.

• Last of all comes the White Wand of Contentment (not lefs desirable than the rest), poffefsing the pleasing power of rendering the most disagreeable objects in nature agreeable. Let it be your care, Matilda, to return with this invaluable treasure.'

Their Adventures are the fubjects of the work; and, with the assistance of benevolent fairies, the fix heroines fur. mount every difficulty, and conquer the impediments which the bafer pafsions scatter in their path. They procure these rarities, and each adventurer brings home a' gentle knight, to whom she is afterwards married. The father and mother are also reftored to their kingdom.

We shall not enlarge on the particular Adventures, or anticipate the public curiosity by any extracts. The young readers who peruse this work with attention, will be amply repaid both by its entertainment and instruction.


Observations on the Typhus, or Low Contagious Fever. By

D. Campbell, M. D. 8vo. 25. Johnson. OUR UR author very clearly and accurately describes a variety

of the Typhus, which is frequently called the nervous. fever, and perhaps deserves this title better than that which he has assigned to it. It is distinguished from the other varieties, they are scarcely species, by a considerable affection of the nervous system, by a caufe operating unfeen, and produc-: ing an irritation, or the effects which frequently follow from a night but constant stimulus. In this state Dr. Campbell recommends opium in considerable doses : he recommends it, however, in a rational manner; and we are persuaded, from what we have ourselves seen, that it may be rendered useful. He refers to the practice at Edinburgh, not the wild visionary fcheme of Brown and his young adherents, but one we suppofe of the late amiable and benevolent Dr. Gregory. We shall mention the foundation of this plan, for the information of our author, who seems to have received no very satisfactory account of it. In the decline of the nervous fever, the symptoms of irritation of course increased; and, though opiates were occasionally employed during the progress of the disease, yet their full force were reserved for this period. When the more violent delirium had subsided, and the subfultus tendinum had grown into pretty general convulsions, laudanum was frequently employed both by Dr. Gregory and Dr. Cullen. It was precisely directed, as Dr. Campbell designs, to produce a sedative effect, or rather, to avoid infignificant cavils, leffen irritation and its confequences. In this way, we are well informed that many desperate cases have been relieved ; but those who are conversant with fevers and their periods, will learn to distrust the effects of any medicine used about the crisis, when the power of the remedy cannot be easily separated from the efforts of nature. It must, at the same time, be allowed, that the remedy was well directed, and promised to be useful.

The appearances, which indicate the use of opium, are seen in the following short and faithful account of our attentive author :

• After the symptoms of the first attack, such as laffitude, thivering, pains in the back, limbs and head, the patient takes to his bed; his nights are pasied without sleep; or if he falls into a short Number, he awakes disturbed by some unpleasant dream; he starts up, and wants to get out of bed; he is continually turning and changing his posture; complains much of pain, or confusion in his head; of noise in his ears, and thirti. His tongue is either dry and hard, or covered with a thick, disagreeable brown fur. His eyes begin to grow muddy, and 7

aflume dores

note, and fmall.

assume a dull look. The pulse is about 120 strokes in a mí.

The skin dry, or bedewed with partial sweats, which produce no alleviation of the complaints. These symptoms continue, and grow more alarming; uneasy" days facceed to restless nights, the patient is exhausted by pains, and by watching; the inclination and ability to take nourish ment diminishes; the delirium, which for a while only took place upon coming out of his flumbers, is now more constant; and if some means cannot be found to interrupt the progress of the disease, slight convulsions, total refusal of food, and insensibility, are certain to ensue ; which, with cold extremis, ties and involuntary evacuations, close the scene,

We shall next select the mode of employing the remedy.

• With thefe considerations, in my mind, I began to exhibit this medicine. As it is when joined to camphor so efficacious in producing a determination to the skin, and as this last medicine has been looked upon as an useful one in these fevers, I first gave it in the following formula : • R. Opii pur. gr. i. ad gr. if.

Camphor. gr. x. ad gr. Xv. f. bol. hora decubitus fu

mendus, • In this dore, when the fymptoms were mild, or in the carly stages of the disorder, it was attended with all the expected good effects; but when the disease had been some time, formed, and the symptoms more violent, it was not adequate to the purpose: I then augmented the quantity, and the fore mula which I now generally use is as follows :

• R. Tinct. Thebaic. gr. lx. Julep e camphora unc. is. m. and sometimes with the addition of thirty or forty drops of antimonial wine when the tongue is particularly dry and hard, or the thirst considerable,

of this the patient took two thirds in the evening, and the remainder at the end of two hours, if fleep, or at least reft, did not ensue. There was in the acme of the disorder generally a necessity for the whole quantity, but seldom any cccafion for more. I have, however, in fome, though few inttances, found it necesary to give twenty or thirty drops more of tinctura thebaica, at the end of other two hours, For it muit be observed, that unless the sedative effects of the opium be produced, that I never saw any good effects from this medicine. By this I mean that it should be given in a quantity sufficient to induce Neep, or at least rest, ease, and quietnefs, in oppofition to restlessness and watchfulnefs : and until the patient ceases to be fenfible of the head-ach, and pains in the limb's or other parts of the body; which is generally effected by the above dose. With respect to any farther quantity, it must be left to the discretion of the practitioner, and result from the neceflity of the case. From the return of head-ach and tendency to delirium, I have sometimes been obliged to repeat the

töses in the morning : but in general the truce obtained by the opiate given in the evening made the succeeding day pais on tolerably easily ; and the patient took the cordial mixture and food better; which last I always found to be a favourable symptom, as much as a total aversion to aliment was a bad one."

We have attended to this part of Dr. Campbell's work, because it seems chiefly to deserve attention. The practice and the regulations are generally judicious; but (we mean it not as a censure) seldom new. We should be inclined to dispute the contagious nature of the disease ; for we have feen more than one epidemic of this kind, supposed to be contagious, which was really not so. It is very difficult to separate the effects of a generally prevailing cause from contagion. We will beg leave to add one precaution to those which have been so very properly employed, in order to preserve the healths of the manufacturers, viz. frequent, showers of water through the room, or probably of lime: water. These may be effectually procured, without danger from damp, by that

very convenient machine, a chamber-bath.

Bibliotheca Topographica Britannica. No. XX. 410. 55.

Nichols, ΤΗΣ

HIS publication contains an account of the Literary Society

which met at Spalding, in Lincolnshire, in '1710, and was established on rules, in 1712, by a number of gentlemen, who, in the true ftyle of monastic antiquity, assumed to themselves the denomination of a Cell to the Society of Antiquaries in Lon. don * ; at once expressing their modeity, and their connection with that respectable body, of which most of them were also members, and with which they kept up an uninterrupted correspondence for upwards of forty years.

This society took its rise from a few gentlemen of the town, who met at a coffee-house, to pass away an hour in literary conversation, and reading some new publications. The founder was Maurice Johnson, efq. a native of Spalding, of the Inner Temple, London. He was only occasionally their president : but was their secretary thirty-five years; during which time he filled four large folio volumes with their acts and observa. tions. A fifth volume was continued to the end of the year 1753. These volumes contain a fund of discoveries, foreign and domestic, in antiquities, history, and natural philolo.

* The first meetings of the Society of Antiquaries were in 1707.. The members made a regular ele&tion of vificers in 1717-18; and were incora porated in 1751. Vol. LX. Sept. 1785.

sophy, sophy, interspersed with manuscripts of deeds at length, anecdotes, poems, &c. adorned with drawings by Mr. Johnson, and his daughter, Anne Alethea, and others.' Members on their admiflion presented some valuable book to the Society, and paid twelve shillings a year, besides a shilling at each meeting. By these means they had formed a valuable library. In 1743, the theological part was given to the church, and placed in cases in the veftry, where it ftill remains ; and the grammatical part to the school, where it still is; but both are reserved for the Society's use, till dissolved; and then these and all in the meeting room, to be appropriated to public use.

Mr. Johnson's communications to the Society of Antiquaries in London were frequent and numerous. Transcripts of the Minutes of the Spalding Society were regularly sent


and read to them; and if they do not appear fairly entered in the register of the latter, it must be owing to the negligence of the secretaries.- Mr. Johnson, the founder, died in February 3755

In this publication we have a complete list of the members of this Society, from its first institution, to the year 1753. le which lift. we have the names of fir Isaac Newton, 'fir Hans Sloane, fir Joseph Ayloffe, bishops Pearce, Pococke, Lyttelton, Drs. Jurin, Taylor, Bentley, Knight, Stukeley, Birch, Mr. Pope, Mr. Gay, Mr. Gale, and a multitude of other eminent men, accompanied with many curious biographical anecdotes.

Besides this list, the present Number contains the Introduce tion to the Minute Books of the Spalding Society; an Account of a Seal of Amei hyft; of a MS. of St. Paul's Epistles ; of Murrhine Vefsels; of Franchises, and Counties Palatine; of the Aflize of Bread ; of the Mint at Lincoln; and other pieces by Mr. Johnson. Some Account of St. Ambrose ; an Oration on the Art of Engraving ; a Differtation on the Celts ; a Vindication of a Paliage in Virgil, Georg. iv. 511; an Account of several Antiquities in different Parts of the Kingdom, by Samuel Gale, &c.

The most entertaining part of this publication is the Biogra. phical Account of the Spalding Society.



Ρ Ο Ι Ι Τ Ι C A L. An Explanation of the Proposal for the Liquidation of the National

Debt. 8vo. Law. IN N the pamphlet, of which this is an explanation, the author

proposed a general import on all the property in Great Britain, in the room of the taxes at present existing; and he now


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