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endeavours to convince the public that, in consequence of the
Necelity of properly connecting their Commercial Interest with
This author argues for the utility of a free port in the West India islands; and the place he proposes is a fine bay in Grenada, where he thinks there ought also to be a royal dock, for the use of the English fhips of war employed in the protection of those colonies. The old Leeward islands, he observes, require affiftance, to afford which, he points out a mode that would not injure the public revenue. According to his statement, the four and a half per cent. now paid and levied in each ifland, after the deductions, before the fugar, for the payment of it is exported, and before the fales are completed on its arrival in England, leave not in the public coffers one half of what is paid by the planters. He therefore proposes that this tax Mould cease to be paid in the West Indics, and that one half of what he terms the present ideal tax be paid on the arrival of the sugar, together with the present English duties. To'give general relief to the planters and sugar-merchants, he also recommends to have sugar bonded, in the same manner as tobacco, in public ware-houses; or if the merchant, on entera ing the sugar when it arrives, would allow a douceur, instead of giving his bond for future payments, such an alternative would often be productive of cafe ; and, from the opulent merchant, immediate payment of the duties would give life and efficiency to the revenue.
Among the proposals recommended by this author, is that of a free trade between the British West India isands and Ame. rica. As arguments in favour of this measure, he mentions the former habits of commerce between those islands and the continent, and likewise the reciprocal friendfhip which would refult from a revival of such intercourse. These are doubtless considerations which ought to be allowed their due weight; but they would have merited greater regard, had the author previously removed the strong objections, offered by lord Sheffield, and other writers, against this much agitated proposal. R 2
The Power of Gold displayed. By Frs. Spilfoury. Folio. 61.
Mr. Spilíbury has changed his argumentative style into vehement declamation; and has filled fix folio pages with a bitter Philippic against the medicine act and the minister. If he has any specific in his difpenfary against madness, we would recommend that he be allowed to swallow it gratis, for the extraordinary care which he has taken of the health and pockets of his majetty's liege subjects.
Ρ Ο Ε Τ R Υ. Apologia Secunda : or, a supplementary Apology for Conformity.
8vo. 6d. Bladon. i Te may be proper to remind some of our readers of the Apo. logia prima, published fome time since. It was the Apology of a minister of the church of England (the Rev. Mr. Newton, rector of the united parihes of St. Mary Woolnoth and St. Mary Woolchurch) for quitting his religious connections with the Disfenters, and conforming to the established church * The Apologia was answered by a · Dissenting minifter,' under the title of ' A Shield for Protestant Diffenters, in these Times of Inftability and Misrepresentation t.' The two Epiftles, before us, are a second Apology, addressed in an ironical style to the • Awakened Clergy, a term by which the conforming minifters were addrefled in the Apologia. The tendency is to expose some apparent contradictions in the ceremonies of the church of England, and to point out its near approach to the ceremonies of that of Rome. In a sprightly work of this kind, we ought not to expect new arguments or connected reasoning : it is enough that we are amused by a lively representation of what have been esteemed errors; and, in this way, we think the Layman's success is not inconfiderable. Ecce fignum.
• To schismatic objections now having attended,
* See Crit. Rev. vol. Ivii. p. 318.
+ Crit. Rev. vol. Iviii. p. 77.
1 2 mo.
And let not the night-cap be deck'd out with lace,
35. Robinson. We suspect that we are indebted for these Fables to the ingenious author of the Letters on Talte and Genius. In this work he has assumed a humbler guise, and condescended to inftrud in the ancient and simple form of Fable. Compositions of this kind do not strike by the brilliancy of genius, or enlarge the mind by new and unexpected discoveries. It is sufficient, if they are plain and fimple; and this praise we can safely bestow on the Fables of our benevolent author. The morals also are drawn with truth; they are extended beyond the usual length, and instead of didactic dulness, are rendered pleasing and entertaining. On the other hand, we perceive no great variety of subjects, nor are the old ones enlivened by new incidents, or entertaining descriptions.
The introduction is clear and easy: we shall extract from it the distinction between Allegory and Fable, rather on account of the illustration than for the accuracy of the definition.
• The terms Fable and Allegory are frequently used indifcriminately, and perhaps cannot admit of definitions wholly distinct from one another. To allegorize truth under a fable, is not held an improper expression : and yet Fable, in the fimplest sense, and as Æsop understood it, that is, excluding the fables of the epic, of the drama, of romance, and novel, may be considered as distinct from allegory. This would be found to be the case, were we to have recourse to painting as a criterion. In that piece of Holbein called Death's Dance, we see emperors, beggars, and others of intermediate stations led up promiscuously, and without regard to rank. In this painting, the allegory is obvious. But were we to see a landscape containing, among other objects, an Ass and a Dog, a Frog and a Mouse, an Oak and a Reed, or other subjects of Æsopic fables; we could not know what fable the painter intended, or whether he meant any fable at all : much less would we be enabled to form any conjecture relating to a moral sense.'
In fact, when human passions are personified under the names of brutes, the Fable becomes to all intents and purposes an Allegory. But, when it relates to human conduct, which, though often under the influence of the passions, is not the object of the apologue, whoever are the personages, it is then a Fable. That of the Belly and the other Members, by which Menenius Agrippa checked the tumult at Rome, deserves the name of a Fable, though no animated being is introduced : that of the Grashopper and Ant, though not strictly an allegory, on the other hand, approaches nearly to it. This subject is however too extensive for our present discussion: we can only
lay a foundation, on which others or perhaps ourselves may fome time, build. Poems on several Occasions. By the late Edward Lovibond, Esq.
Small &vo. 35. Dodfey. The editor informs us that the author was a gentleman of fortune, and most respectable characier; that his poems being dispersed in the hands of different friends, his brother, at their request, communicated to him the following pieces for publication. The first, intitled, “The Tears of Old May-Day:' written on the reformation of our calendar according to the ge. neral usage of the rest of Europe, and published in the eightysecond N . of the World, potiffes much poetical merit, and is inferior to none in the collection. We mean not to insinuate any thing diftespeciful in regard to the others. Some are exceedingly pleasing, and none fink beneath mediocrity. His descriptions are often truly picturesque, and his fiyle easy and elegant. Two or three mort poems, written by a Miss G-, inserted in this publication, are entitled to the fame praise.
The Fall of Scepticism and Infidelity. Svo. 35. Cadell. • If the verfis fail of conferring praise they will manifest the defire; and should the notes want force to rečiify one notion in an ingenious and enquiring reader, fe muft ftill think they teach nothing that would (in) any wise hinder the welfare of mankind.' This declaration is modeft, and the author's design laud. able, but we cannot speak so highly of the execution. Nei. ther the verses nor notes in general are remarkable for perspicuity, or strength of argument; some sensible observations, how. ever, noi lo accurately expresied as we could wilh, are to be found in the latter. The Pittiad, a poetico-political Hisory of }’illiam the Second. See
cond Edition. 4to. 35. Jarvis. No publications circulate more rapidly than those which expose to ridicule illuftrious characters, on which account we are not surprised at the Pittiad's having arrived at a second edition, The conduct of the minister and his adherents is here exhibited in a ludicrous light, with some degree of humour. The wit is not very poignant; but abuse alone is sufficient to recommend a performance of this nature, The Obsequies of Demetrius Poliorcetes: a Poem. By Anne Francis,
40. 15. Od. Dodsley. For an account of this hero, the fair author refers us to the fifth volume of Plutarch's Lives, from whence she has extracted a relation of the magnificent manner in which his funeral riies were celebrated, and which forms the subject of the poem. Demetrius was the son of Antigonus, one of Alexander's most famous captains and fucceffors; and not altogether onlike that great hero in his virtues and defects : addicted to pleasure, yet enterprising and magnanimous, he experienced, to a high degree, both the smiles and frowns of fortune. Being taken priToner by Seleucus, he died, after three years confinement, in the cattle of Chersonesus in Syria. The poem opens with a description of the feet his fon Antigonus had prepared to convey his ashes to Corinth for interment.
• The brazen prows the swelling waves divide,
• Before the fieet the regal galley flew,
The account of the golden urn which contained the ashes of Demetrius, the votive garlands sent from different cities to adorn it, the approach of evening, and view of the castle of Corinth, are next delineated, and exhibited in the same pleaf. ing and picturesque manner.
The inhabitants, perceiving the fleet approach, • Slow from the steep descends the mingled throng,
Their heads with chaplets crown’d, their garments white; So pours the flock with gradual pace along,
Descending from Olympus' airy height.
Mark how the gallies o'er the biilows ty ;
And greet the dying breezes with a figh. The chosen vessel touch'd her native shore :
Huth'd were the winds 'twas filence all around, Save where the waves with undulating roar
Lull'd the fad soul with melancholy found. 'Twas then Antigonus, in fable veft,
The big round tears Now stealing from his eye, Wip'd his wan cheek, and smote his throbbing breast,
In filent woe and hopeless misery! Behold him pointing to the royal dead !
Quick and more quick his pungent forrows flow ! Each duteous subject hangs the mournful head,
And drops the tear of sympathetic woe.' The images in these lines are truly classical, and elegantly ex, pressed. Xenophantus, a celebrated mufician recorded by Plutarch, is next introduced, as giving the funeral song in praise