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The principal object of our author was, he observes, the hyq drophobia ; but he has added so little to the remarks of Dr. Fothergill, that we cannot perceive any advantage likely to accrue from it to the public or to himself. An experimental Enquiry into the Nature and Qualities of the Chela

tenham Water. By A. Fothergill, M. D. F. R. S. 8vo. 6d. Johnson.

As the ingenious author does not offer his analysis to the pub. lic as complete, we shall not mention fome defects in the chemical

part of his work. Ds. Fothergill aims rather to examine this water as a physician ; and enough is distinctly ascertained, to direct an intelligent practitioner.

From the preceding experiments, a gallon of the water (wine measure) appears to contain the subsequent principles, and nearly in the following proportions, viz. Native Glauber salt combined with a por

tion of Epsom salt, Sea salt

5 grains. Dron combined with fixed air

5 Magnesia combined with fixed air

25 Calcarious earth or selenite Fixed air combined with a portion of phlogisticated air,

24 ounce measures. - To these may perhaps be added a small portion of hepatic

I OZ.

40

gas.'

sis;

The principal doubt arises on the subject of Glauber's falt. There is great reason to think, that the neutral salt is wholly of the earthy kind, with magnesia or calcareous earth for its ban

for these minute points are not properly examined. If we fuppose an alkali to be the basis of some part of the neutral, we mult, to account for the superior solubility of the salt, suppose also the acid to be phlogisticated. The last opinion will gain additional force from some other appearances; but, in whatever itate the acid may be, the probability of the existence of an alkali is not great.

Dr. Fothergill next examines the medical use of the water, from all its different ingredients. This is a method which we shall not follow, because it is very doubtful. The chief effects are slightly laxative and diuretic from the falts, together with a fight stimulus on the stomach from the fixed air.

The waters must be serviceable in visceral obstructions and cutaneous complaints: we should suppose them too laxative for consumptive cases. The iron and the hepatic vapour can do very little service, or injury.

We wish for a more accurate analysis of all the mineral waters of Great Britain, as much as Dr. Fothergill; but we thould also wish, that this analysis should be more extensive and clear, than those which we have lately received from some English chemifts. Very considerable additions have been made to the lift of re-agents, but in this kingdom they are feldom ett ployed A concise Relation of the Effects of an extraordinary Styptic, lately

discovered. By Barth. Rupini, Surgcon Dentiff. 8vo. Johnfon.

This remedy has been employed chiefly on animals, though, in one or two instances, it has been applied to wounded'arteries of the human body. The author, with a commendable candour, does not speak from himself, but in the words of those who made the experiments, and related the events. The testimony is greatly in favour of the ftyptic, which is supposed to act as a sedative rather than an astringent. We do not indeed approve of this method of considering its effects, which feems to be somewhat inaccurate ; but this does not change the facts themselves. The remedy feems a valuable one, even though it should not be fo extensively useful as the eagerness of an inventor may expect; and we would recommend it to the attention, (may we add to the candour ?) of the faculty.

M I S CE L L AN EO U S. The History of New Hampshire. Vol. I. By Jeremy Belknap,

A. M. 8vo. The history of New Hampshire, as well as of the other parts of America, has been related by several writers, fome of whom not having any opportunity of consulting records, have depended entirely upon the authority of their predeceffors. The author of this volume, who is a native of the province of NewHampshire, has, it feems, had access to useful manuscripts on the subject of his work; and of these he has induttriously availed himself. The present volume contains the history of the province from its settlement to the year 1715. The narrative, which is perspicuous, appears to be conducted with fidelity; and in an Appendix is given a variety of papers relative to different transactions.

Mr. Belknap has inserted the subsequent petition as a curio. firy, and from the same confideration we also present it to our readers.

Portsmouth, the 7th of Sept. 1687. • To the much honred cort now fiting in said Portsmouth, for

the prouinc of Newhampfhir, • The humbel petihon of William Houchins, on of his ma

gelty fabgiats belonging to faid prouinc, humbly feweth for aduic, ade and releff in his deplorabell eftat and con

dition. • That whareas it has plesed God to lay his hand uppon him, and that hee is in such a condition not being abell to help him felff, as to the geting a living or proquering help or remedy for my deitemper, being low in the world, and hauing useed all the menes and aduic pofabell for nere fiue year past ; hauing bin

informed by fom that it is a deftemper caled the king's euell, so can not be qureed but by his magelly. Hauing litrell or nothing in this world, if my liff should go for it am not abell to trancsport my selff for England to his magesty for releff; thareffor humbly and hartly beg the help, ade and affiitanc of this honred cort, that thay would so far com miserat my deplorabell

ondition as order som way ether by breff or any other way that youer honers mall think m.oft meet to moue the harts of all cristen people with compation to beito somthing uppon mee, to trancsport mee for England, whar, God willing, I intend forth with to goo if pofabell, but without help not posabell. This humbly leuing my selff in the fad condition I am in, trusting in God and youer honers for help and aduice, subscrib youer por deplorabell faruant,

WILLEAM HOUCHINS.' Apology for the Life of George Anne Bellamy. Vol. VI. 12mo.

35. Bell.

The public curiofity, scarcely yet fatisfied with the former volumes of Mrs. Bellamy's Life, is again excited by a fucceeding one. This volume is intended to correct mistakes, and to supply defects ; but those who perused the former part, with an anxious attention to dates and periods, will not meet with many elucidations. As Mrs. Bellamy supposed that he was born in 1733, and first performed Monimia in 1744, many were surprised at her atiempting this character, at eleven years of age. But, on a more accurate enquiry, the year of her birth was 1731, and she was consequently thirteen at that time: and the has been also reminded of having forgotten to mention, that she had before played the part of Miss Prue, for Bridgewater's beneft. Perhaps the circumstance is not much less lurprising for this very important correction; and Mrs. Bellamy might have answered with the contemptuous imile of Voltaire, who was once informed that he had committed an important mistake in hiftory, by transferring the date of a battle, from one day, or from one year to another. In fact these minute details, these labours of little minds, are only important when magnified by dullness.

Yet we must own that the additions in this volume are sela dom of more importance; but they are often amuling, and to the loyers of the stage interesling. We shall select a Thort cne, as a picture of the theatre at no very diítant period.

Mr. Ryan might truly have been denominated, in the theatrical phrase, a wear and tear man; that is, one who had constant employment, and fills a part in almost every piece that is performed. This frequently occafioned his coming late to the theatre. I have known him come at the time the last music has been playing; when he has accofled the hoe-black at the stage door in his usual tremulous tone, (which it is impossible to give those an idea of on paper that never heard it, but those who have, will easily recollect it) with, boy, clean my Thoes.

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• As soon as this needful operation has been performed, he has hastened to his dressing room, and having hurried on an old laced coat and waistcoat, not a little the worse for wear, a tye-wig pulled buckishly over his forehead, and in the identical black worsted lockings he had on when he entered the house, order thecurtain to be drawn up. Thus adorned, he would then make his appearance in the character of Lord Townley; and, in the very tone of voice in which he had addressed his intimate of the brush, exclaim,

" Why did I marry; was it not evident, &c." And in the same harsh monotony did that gentleman speak every part he played.

. I have not introduced the foregoing circumstances to ridicule Mr. Ryan; as from the acknowledgment of Mr. Garrick, he was a just as well as useful actor ; but to point out the real Itate of the theatrical community, at the period I was interested in it.

• It will likewise be seen from it, that the dress of the gentlemen, both of the sock and buskin, was full as absurd as that of the lajies. Whilst the empresses and queens appeared in black velvet, and, upon extraordinary occasions, with the additional finery of an embroidered or tissue petticoat; and the younger part of the females, in caft gowns of persons of quality, or altered habits rather foiled ; the male part of the dramaris personæ ftrutted in tarnished laced coats and waistcoats, full-bottom or tye wigs, and black worsted stockings.'

The volume is filled with what, in a classic, would be styled the testimonies of authors ; in fact, with the character of the

Apology' in the different literary journals, and a short interlude, written by the late Mr. Woodward. We will coincide with Mrs. Bellamy in her with not to injure his pofthumous fame; but this will oblige us to say not a word of his;dramatic performance. The Village School; or, a Collection of Entertaining Histories for

the Instruction and Amusement of Good Children. Two small Vols. Marshall,

These little books are in themselves scarcely objects of criticism; but, as their design is important, and their influence may be extensive, we have perused them with some care. In general, the execution is judicious, and we have no objection to the lessons inculcated i these are highly proper, and the language frequentiy clear and exact. But we must also add, that it is in a few instances incorrect, or colloquial- off of the grafs' dawdled and played,' are both exceptionable expreflions. Ugly tricks,' a clever history,' “look purely again,' are deformities which should have been avoided. But we must acknowledge that there are very few of these defects : we have mentioned them to guard against their recurrence, for these early lessons often leave a lasting impression. Ser' instead of fit,' may be a press error.

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CRITICAL REVIEW.

Foro C T O B E R,

1785.

Elays on the Intellectual Powers of Man. By Thomas Reid, D.D. F.R.S. E. Profeffor of Moral Philosophy in the University of

Glasgow. 410. 11. 55. in Boards. Robinson. THIS ingenious author presented us, some years since, with

an. Inquiry into the Human Mind, on the Prínciples of Common Sense;' a work that, in some respects, enlarged our views, and in others corrected our mistakes. It has been the subject of much controversy; but, if we allow for a few errors, which humanity can scarcely avoid, and, in one or two initances, for a little intricacy, which the unsettled state of metaphysical language must necessarily occasion, enough will remain to raise Dr. Reid into a very respectable rank among authors of this class. The Essays before us are chiefly to be distinguished for the precision of the language, the perspicuity of the definitions, and the clearnefs of the reasoning. The definitions, indeed, are not always new; but we have often wished to find them in a valuable work, where they may be easily referred to, and whose acknowleged excellence will give them permanency and authority. This rank they have now attained. Dr. Reid, in his illuitrations, often conterids with Mr. Hume ; but we have much reason to suspect, that this sceptical enquirer purposely confused some parts of his reafoning. The man who would substitute doubts for certainty, and perplexity for order, may often, in the threshold, prepare for the subsequent confusion ; and there is some reason too, for supposing, that he wished to preclude those from reading his works, wliofe deficiencies rendered it probable that they would mistakes the application. From some of these causes it has certainly happened that Mr. Hume's works, whatever he might have intended, have really done less injury to religion than many laboured injudicious defences of it.

The first Efsay is styled preliminary. It contains the expla. nation of words ; treats of analogy, hypothesis, and their dif. Vol. LX. 08. 1785.

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