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lysis of mons. Bonnefoy ; a name, if it be not fictitious, well adapted to the pare he has undertaken to defend. His faith, however, mult rise to credulity, and his philosophy to the occult qualities of Aristotle, if he would defend Mesmer in his princi, pal positions,
The chief argument which deserves attention is, that the me. thods of Mesmer and Dedon are very different; but Deflon was an assistant to the former, and frequently officiated in his master's stead, so that little dependence can be placed on this part of his work. The Reports are then more particularly considered ; but they are attacked by declamation rather than reasoning; and by raising doubts with respect to other remedies instead of establiming the certainty of animal magnetism. The author's eloquence is much fuperior to his philofophy; in the latter, his mistakes are gross and numerous. On the whole, this is a weak defence, and therefore a real injury to the cause which he means to support.
Doutes d'un Provincial proposés a Meficurs Les Medicins Commif
faires. 8vo. Lyons and Paris. THIS work professedly contains the doubts of a provincial
, who answers for nothing but his doubts.' The disguise is well put on, and supported with confistency. The cool contempt with which he fpeaks of medicine, and those commissioners who are physicians, the indignation which he seems to suppress, and which appears only in the most pointed farcafins, betray a little more interest in the question than the author chules to acknow, lege
* Ah! would to God that magnetisin was the only medicine which clergymen employed with their parishioners, mothers with their daughters, fathers with their fons, relations and friends with each other. What delusion more delightful than to relieve those we love? and what reality more useful than to preserve them from a destructive art, or the assassin who practises it?'
• Gentlemen ! 'gentlemen ! if your science bad been exposed to this public investigation, if your commisioners had been your former patients, or the disciples of Melmer, -just Heavens ! what a report would they have made.'
• You have said so much, gentlemen, of imagination, that you have infected me with the disease ; and I imagine that one of the commissioners, appointed to determine the utility of phyfic, holds in his hands the horrible trumpet, and cries, Ye dead arise, and give your evidence on all physicians. Oh! gentlemen! what a terrible judgment would you undergo! What phyfician, at this frightful appearance, instead of concealing himself, wou'd dare to recriminate against magnetism ??
In this way our author proceeds in his address; and we rather wonder that some enemy of thè fcience, some favourer of quacks, does not put this well-written, animated pamphlet, into an Eng, You, LX. Oct. 1785.
limi dress. The arguments are often acute and pointed, but no striking or satisfactory. The delusion is in the style ; for, when we are pleased, we sometimes think we are convinced. The author dia, vides his address into three parts; first, on what the.commissioners did not choose to do ; fecondly, on what they have done ; thirdly, on what they ought to have done.
Yet the author is warm in his praises of the individuals who practise medicine; in no profession he finds more amiable mer, more true philosophers, good citizens, excellent masters, and faithful friends.
• It has happened, adds he, in your science, differently from what occurs in others : there are few sciences but what are more valuable than its profeffors; but, by a fingular contrast, there are few physicians who are not more valuable than medicine. Rousieau has said, “ bring the phyfic without the doctor." I should not hesitate to return, bring the doctor, provided he leaves his medicines behind." Thus he makes the amende honorable. Can we'blame him? by no means ; he has done every thing, except establishing the credit of Meimer and magnetisın.
Ρ Ο Σ Ι Τ Ι C A L.
Ireland, on a Motion made on Friday, August 12. 1785, by
tries. By.W. Woodfall. 8vo. 35. 6d. Robinson and Debrett. MR W. Woodfill, editor of the Morning Chronicle, has
long been celebrated for the extent of his meniory, and his great abilities in reporting" parliamentary debates, &c. in which' he is certainly unrivalled. Every reader of those producions must therefore reap peculiar fatisfaction, on finding that this extraordinary person paid a visit to the Irish capital, for the purpose of collecting and fiating the sentiments of the representatives of that kingdom, relative to the proposed commercial intercourse with Great britain, as delivered on the twelfth and fifteenth of August last. In performing this fervice, fo acceptable to the public curiosity, he has purposely, and for good reasons, omitted to enumerate every interruption given to gentlemen while they were speaking, and has noticed Tuch only as contributed to elucidate the argument, and explain
the particular fact to which they alluded. He has likewise, with equal propriety, contented himself with itating on which side of the question several gentlemen spoke, whom he either heard in, diftinctly, or who did not accompany the delivery of their opi. nion with any arguments or observations that were new, or more pointedly applied than they had been before by other speakers. Mr. Woodfall assures us (and from our experience of his fidelity, in numberless instances, we can rely on his affertion), that he has guarded against all national prejudice or party-colouring: and as a confirmation of the authenticity to which he has anxiously adhered, we find that he has been favoured with a number of the most satisfactory communications on the subject. For these reasons, we are persuaded that the sense of the debate, in general, is fairly and fubftantially conveyed in this publication. With regard to the speeches, we shall only observe, that several discover ingenuity, and others both in-. genuity and force of argument. But at the same time that we derive pleasure from these efforts of Hibernian eloquence, we cannot help feeling regret at the influence of what we think a groundless opinion, on the minds of some of the most distinguished orators.
Notwith tanding all the opposition, from whatever 'motives it may have proceeded, which has been made to the celebrated propositions for the establishment of an indissoluble commercial treaty between Great Britain and Ireland ; notwithstanding all that has been spoken in the parliament of both kingdoms, all that has been written, and all that has been thrown out in popular allemblies on the subject, this verbal, this declama. tory opposition bears not the smallest resemblance to that general ferment which arose in Scotland against the Union in 1706, when almost the whole nation became outrageous; when queen Anne's ministers were not only publicly insulted, but had nearly fallen a sacrifice to the furious resentment of the populace; when the execrated articles were burnt with indignation ; and an army was even raised to oppose this reprobated measure of government.--But, as an eminent historianhas observed, with regard to this subject, 'We now see it has been attended with none of the calainities that were prognofticated ; that it quietly took effect, and fully answered all the purposes for which it was intended.'
The perusal of this publication will correct many mistakes that have crept into the papers, respeing what was delivered by the members on each side of the question, the most ima portant which has been debated since the period above mentioned,
The Speech of Sir Hercules Langrishe. 8vo. 15. North. This Speech was delivered the 28th of April last, on the motion for a parliamentary reform in the Irish house of com
It is replete with strong argument against that project, and places the abilities of fir Hercules Langrifhe in a very conspicuous point of view. The Irish Protest to the Ministerial Manifesto contained in the Ad
dress of the British Parliament to the King. 8vo. Debrett.
This pamphlet contains the address of the British parliament to the king, with remarks on the address, and a copy of Mr. Pitt's bill. The author treats the subject with the warmth of a political partizan; but it is only dispassionate enquiry that can ultimately guide the sentiments of both nations in respect of a treaty so important to their mutual interests. Letters concerning the Trade and Manufačtures of Ireland. 8vo.
8vo. Stockdale. In these Letters fir Lucius O'Brien minutely investigates the iron trade, respecting which he differs, in the most important particulars, from lord Shefield. According to fir Lucius, the apprehension of any rivalship from the Irish, in the iron manufacture at least, is rendered entirely groundless by local circumstances; and it may be questioned whether, with regard to other articles of trade likewise, the pernicious consequences, so much dreaded by the manufacturers of both countries, are not in a great measure chimerical. This pamphlet also contains a Letter from Mr. William Gibbons of Bristol to Sir Lucius O'Brien, Bart, and his Answer. To these are subjoined, the Resolutions of England and Ireland relative to a Commercial Intercourse between the two Kingdoms. Mr. Burke's Specch on the Motion made for Papers relative to the
Directors, for charging the Nabob of Arcoi's privare Debts to Ewe ropeans, on the Revenues of the Carnatic. 8vo. 35. Dodiley.
This Speech is relative to a letter written by the court of directors, and altered by the board of India controul, of the 15th of October 1784, directing a certain annual reserve to be made from the revenues of the nabob of Arcot, for the liquidation of his debts to private individuals, and to the English Eaft India company. This measure was disapproved by the court of directors, as placing credits of a private and a public nature upon the same footing, or rather giving the former a preference. It afterwards became the subject of reprehenfion in both houses of parliament, where a motion was made for papers that might lead to a farther enquiry. In the present ipiech, which was delivered on this occasion, Mr. Burke, ás usual, gives full scope to his imagination.' He discovers great rhetorical vehemence, and, apparently, much force of reason ing. But when his arguments are examined, they are void o.
fufficient foundation. Particulars are magnified, or misrepre sented ; and, after all the declamation of the orator, the whole appears to be only a plausible delusion. An Address to the Loyal Part of the British Empire and the Friends
of Monarcly throughout the Globe. By John Cruden, Esq. 8vo. No Publisher's Name or Price. It appears that the American loyalists in the southern provinces took refuge in Florida, under the promise of protection from the British government ; but no ftipulation being made in their favour at the conclusion of the war, they were ordered to quit their new settlement by the Spaniards, to whom that province was ceded. In this diitressful situation they have empowered Mr. Cruden, one of their number, to negociate a lottery, in which the prizes consist of dollars, to procure them some temporary relief. It is certainly to be regretted, that men who have an equal claim to the humanity of Britain with the other loyalists, should not be included in the provision which the legislature has allotted for the subsistence of our unfortunate transatlantic adherents. But we hope, from the generosity and justice of the nation, that real sufferers will not be long permitted to experience neglect. Some Observations on the Militia, with a Sketch of a Plan for the
Rrform of it. 8vo. IS. Egerton. The plan proposed by this author for lessening the expence of the militia, relates chiefly to a reduction of the numbers called out to the annual exercise. As an inconvenience arifes from the service of a whole battalion terminating at the same time, he suggests that each battallion should be divided into five equal parts, and that these subdivisions should be enrolled for different periods of service, from one to five years. He likewise proposes various other regulations refpe&ting the militia; but some of them feem unnecessary, and others afford but little prospect of any certain advantage. The Oriental Chronicles of the Times. 8vo. 25. Ed. Debrett.
We here meet with the last change of the ministry, the e'ection of a new parliament, and some other public incidents, related in the eaitern style. The production is not void of ingenuity, but is fo partial to the party which forms the oppofition, that it only can be read with pleasure by themselves, and their interested adherents, The Claims of the Britisl, Seamen to a more equal Distribution of
Prize-Money, incontcfiibly aserted. 8vo. More. It cannot be denied, that the inequality in the distribution of prize-money, in the naval service, is a grievance which ought to be remedied. This mutilated veteran, as he styles himself, strongly recommends the correction of this flagrant enormity; but it is to be feared that his utmost efforts will